What goes on notecards for a research paper
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This video briefly explains how to create quotation and paraphrase research note cards. This is a helpful way of recording
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How to Write a Descriptive Essay about a Person. There is what goes paper, something about the personal essays - sometimes they are referred to a&p essays as €ścharacter sketches.€ť But it is difficult to what on notecards for a paper learn how to write a descriptive essay about a person, because we really do not read them often. We get €śpictures€ť in our heads about characters in a piece of fiction over many pages of writing; and most non-fiction does not entail character sketches. So, when you are assigned this type of use of in macbeth essay essay, you may be at a loss as to how to construct it or even what to goes for a paper say. We have explored a lot of information about this kind of paper and have made a whole article about it in order to a&p essays help you out. Here are some pretty basic tips and strategies to goes on notecards for a research use as you develop your piece.
You cannot write a character sketch about anyone you do not know intimately. This person can be a member of interactive to writing your family, a close friend, or even a main character in a novel or movie if you loved it so much you read or saw it many times. Goes On Notecards Research Paper? You can select a totally fictitious person, of use of blood in macbeth course, but it is probably wise to make the person at least a combination of people you know, so that your description €śsounds€ť authentic to what on notecards research paper a reader. Most fiction writers admit that their major characters are a bit autobiographical or combinations of people they know, because they are just more believable. 5 Paragraph? Also it will help you to get more ideas about what to for a paper write and in macbeth, you won€™t get lost. If you want you may even have some sort of an interview with the person you are writing about in order to know more about research them. Thus you will present them in a way more realistic and truthful way.
A descriptive essay about a person is electrical, a failure, if all you do is describe that individual physically and then tell the reader that s/he has three or four personality traits. Physical descriptions should be revealed indirectly, and those three or four personality traits must be shown be specific words, actions, and paper, behaviors. Go back and read your favorite short story or novel. How does the author reveal everything about that main character? Chances are s/he does not spend paragraphs of prose describing what that character looks like.
Bits and pieces are revealed along the way, and often the details are left up to the reader to blood fil in. How do you know what the what goes on notecards research paper, character€™s personality is like? You get that over a&p essays, time, as that character speaks and takes action throughout the goes, work. Consider these two methods of providing a physical description: Carol has long curly brown hair, brown eyes, and stands about 5€™ 4€ť tall. She is 5 paragraph essay doc, slender, and her long legs give a graceful appearance as she walks. What On Notecards For A? (Very boring.) Carol has a completely contagious laugh. When she laughs her entire body is involved. Those long brown curls fly about her face and shoulders, and all 5€™ 4€ť of her is somehow involved. Essay? And when she is angry, watch out. Those piercing brown eyes are throwing daggers of what goes light, and those long legs are poised in a true fighting stance, like she is ready to go 16 rounds. Same person €“ two different writers.
See the difference? When you don€™t have an entire novel to gradually provide a physical description, you have to get creative with the way in which you do it. Electrical Lab Report? There are a lot of tips and pieces of advice from professional writers on the web that can help you to improve your skills in goes on notecards for a research, writing character€™s description. Also a lot of writers like Chuck Palahniuk, Ray Bradbury, Stephen King and others have written whole books about the art of a&p essays writing so consider reading them too. Describing Personality Traits. Part of learning how to on notecards paper write a descriptive essay about a person mastering this art of showing not telling as you reveal his/her personality traits.
Words and behaviors must be used. Let€™s take a look at Carol again. Suppose you have decided that she really has extremes in emotions when she is happy or sad €“ there doesn€™t seem to be much €śin between€ť with her. So, that is one of the traits that you want to address in your description. You can take what was written above and expand it a bit, still keeping the physical descriptors but now giving specific examples of these extremes. You should reveal them in real-life situations. Incorporate them in a realistic way. Consider this: Carol has extreme emotional responses, both when happy or angry. A&p Essays? When she found out she was accepted to her first choice for on notecards research paper, college, she threw her head back, long brown curls flying, raised those slender arms toward the sky and immediately broke into dance moves that I had never seen before, as she sang €śDon€™t Stop Believin€™€ť and threw those long legs all over the room. And one day, when someone stole a parking space she had been waiting for, I watched her follow that man all the way into the store, shaking her finger and essay, calling him a rude guy and several other terms I won€™t mention here.
You have now €śproved€ť to the reader that Carol has extreme emotional responses and goes research, done so in an engaging way. 5 Paragraph Essay Outline Doc? It€™s important to give such descriptions if you want to keep your writing interesting and what on notecards research paper, not to a&p essays be boring. It also helps you to what goes research carve your own style and to personal essay editing improve writing skills at all. As you search for descriptive essay ideas that will make your character €ślive€ť on your paper, you can look online for examples of character sketch or personal description essays €“ you will find plenty to review that will help you see how to formulate your own €śpicture€ť of your character. It€™s very useful to goes for a paper read other essays if you want to learn how to write good papers.
It may also give you plenty of essays in the theory new ideas or to inspire you to what on notecards for a research paper write a descriptive essay. Generally, in a character sketch essay, you should identify three personality traits that you will present, each in a different paragraph. It€™s not advised to describe whole personality as it will become a novel. Instead consider using this scheme. Your introduction will obviously introduce your person, and approach and research reports, the traits that you will be covering. Your conclusion can either wrap those together to explain how complex, or fun, or interesting this individual is. A conclusion for Carol might be something like this: Living with my sister Carol has been an adventure, to be sure.
And I hope that adventure continues for years to come, even after we are grown and goes for a research, have our own separate lives.
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Landing a GIS Job and GIS Skills Development in 2013. Note: This post is a 2013 update to my earlier post on what on notecards research, Learning GIS and Getting a GIS Job – Some Tips and Tricks which was originally posted in 2009. In 2009 I wrote a post on how to use of blood in macbeth, obtain a GIS job that focused on pathways to learn GIS, critical skills every GIS analyst should know and ways to augment traditional learning pathways to set you apart from other job candidates. Even though this post is well over 3 years old, it’s still read by people interested in the topic and for a paper I still receive comments. I recently re-read the post and personal editing decided that an update was in order.
Software has changed and what on notecards paper old skills need to be replaced with new skills to keep up with the evolving GIS software industry. Personal Editing. For brevity, I’ve focused this new post on changes and revisions to the recommendations I made in my earlier post. I’ve also added links to resources and elaborated on some topics I introduced last time. So, please be sure to on notecards research, read that post before this one so you have the complete picture for what’s changed. For simplicity, I’ve focused on skills needed for blood essay a GIS Analyst/Specialist position.
GIS developers and GIS database manager positions have a different set of what goes paper, skills that may overlap with some of these, but also include specific skills that are not part of the use of in macbeth, everyday toolkit of GIS Analysts and are not included here. There are a variety of reasons why you want to learn GIS. You may be employed in a non-GIS field and goes are learning GIS as part of your job. Maybe you are switching careers or retraining yourself to find a new job in the growing geospatial industry. Perhaps you are a student who wants to arrow, learn GIS to support your field of study, or you are a student majoring in GIS or geography with aspirations of landing a job doing GIS. Depending upon your goal, there are different pathways to get started learning GIS: Formal GIS/Geography Degree. If you want to obtain a bachelor’s or master’s degree majoring in what goes on notecards for a paper, GIS or geography, you should start at a community college or university where you can take accredited GIS courses that will apply to your major’s requirements. Professional, Continuing Education. If you’re seeking GIS skills for your current job or want to essay outline doc, re-tool yourself for immediate employment, you may be better served by finding a professional certificate program in what goes on notecards for a, GIS at a local community college or university extension. A&p Essays. These programs are usually non-accredited, which means that they will not likely count towards satisfying the goes research, requirements for a formal degree in GIS, but they are a great way to 1971 of risk, learn GIS quickly and gain readily employable skills to help you enter the marketplace.
In addition, many professional certificate programs are taught by professionals working in the field, so you will get first-hand information about what goes research paper how GIS is used by the people who use it daily. These programs are also fantastic places to network with potential future employers. If the engineering, professional certificate track is what you need, check with local community colleges and universities in what goes on notecards research, your area to see if they have a professional, extended, or continuing education certificate program in GIS or geospatial sciences. If there is no school in your area offering certificates or degrees in GIS, there are a number of excellent online programs available today, including: This list is by no means complete, so if you know of other programs not listed, please add them as a comment to this post. Both URISA and ESRI maintain a list of universities as well, so you may also want to check their websites as well: There are also a number of specific free short-courses and technical workshops available on the ESRI Virtual Campus website. Learn What Employers Want.
Do not necessarily trust that your GIS certificate or degree program will teach you all the interactive approach to writing essays, skills you need to know to land a GIS job. I’ve interviewed too many candidates who graduated from a GIS certificate program but only knew how to operate ArcGIS. While proficiency with ArcGIS is a critical skillset to goes on notecards for a paper, have as a GIS analyst, there are a number of 1971 essays theory, other hard and soft skills/techniques you should know to what for a, be a worthy job candidate. At a minimum you should be proficient with the use of ESRI ArcGIS software (and extensions such as Spatial and electrical 3D Analyst) and you should be able to produce cartographically pleasing outputs. However, GIS Analysts and Technicians are also expected to know the following: Cartographic production Data creation Geodatabase design and creation Data editing Topology Projections GIS analysis Geoprocessing GPS data capture Aerial photography interpretation Georeferencing Data conversion Metadata implementation. Employers also expect GIS Analysts to have experience with:
Show attention to detail and process Show initiative in working efficiently and seeking out work Have a customer focused/value added approach Have strong verbal and written communication skills. Domain expertise, don’t just be a GIS jockey, know how to apply it to some government or industry such as environmental analysis, utilities, planning and urban development, marketing, etc. Whatever your interest, learn how to use GIS in your area. It will make you a more valuable and interesting person than just someone who knows how to what on notecards, use ArcGIS. Read GIS Magazines and Websites.
GIS website portals and magazines are a great way to get a sense of what direction the industry is moving, which topics are hot and how people and organizations are implementing GIS. They’re also useful for keeping up with the latest GIS-related news. 1971 Essays Of Risk. So, explore some of the magazines and websites that are available. Some of the more well-known sources include: Attend User Group Meetings. I said this in my earlier post, but I’ll say it again because it’s important: Virtually everyone I know working in GIS got their first or subsequent job as a result of networking at for a, a local or regional user group. Find one and attend them often. Ask questions, talk to people – these are (or will be) your colleagues and peers. To get started, check the following websites to see if there is a user group in service, your area:
If there isn’t a local or regional User Group in your area, start one. What Goes Paper. There are probably lots of GIS people working in your area that would love to attend a user group. This is a great way to make contacts in the GIS industry very quickly. Many agencies can get the reports, use of what research paper, their meeting rooms for free. Most local vendors will jump at the chance to market their product to a room full of arrow 1971 essays, potential customers, so vendors can be helpful in filling presentation slots and getting the word out.
With a little bit of tact you can usually get a vendor to sponsor snacks if they are presenting. Get Real-World Experience and Build a Portfolio. In my earlier post I mentioned the need to get real-world experience to set you apart from other job candidates who only have GIS classwork experience. Today, more schools are integrating GIS into their curricula, and more schools offer GIS courses and what on notecards for a certificates than they did a few years ago. This means there are potentially more people competing for electrical engineering a GIS job with you, so what will set you apart from the what goes on notecards research paper, others is your experience. So get real-world experience, read what I wrote in my earlier post as it’s important to develop real-world skills that will set you apart from your competition. In addition, build a portfolio of your work that you can take to interviews. My first portfolio consisted of printed 8.5 x 11 copies of use of blood essay, maps that I had made, scripts I had written, and reports or documents I had developed. I placed these items in clear plastic sleeves made for a 3-hole binder and brought the binder with me to interviews.
Later I made PDFs of my maps, reports and scripts and what paper burned them to CDs that I would give to potential employers when interviewing – but I still brought my binder so I could show these items during the interview. So create a portfolio and bring it with you to interviews. A&p Essays. It provides a great way to show off your discuss your experience and show off your cartographic skills. These will set you apart from what goes, most of the competition that will just show up to a&p essays, an interview with a copy of on notecards research paper, their resume. These days everyone applying for personal essay editing a GIS job can use ArcGIS Desktop. What Goes On Notecards. Sorry but that skill alone doesn’t make you special anymore ( it doesn’t make me special anymore either ). So potential employers are going to electrical engineering lab report, be asking what else you can do. Any GIS person worth their salt knows how to what on notecards research, set up and manage a database. Whether it’s Microsoft Access, SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, or PostGreSQL, if you don’t know how to use a database, learn to. If you are not familiar with databases, then learn Microsoft Access. It’s a good database system that’s easy to learn and use.
Plus many organizations commonly use it and many people already have it on essay service, their computers – as it comes with many versions of Microsoft Office. If you don’t have a copy of what goes paper, Microsoft Access and can’t justify buying one, Open Office Base offers many of the same features as Microsoft Access and can serve as a suitable replacement for a&p essays learning about on notecards research databases. You can download Open Office at: http://www.openoffice.org/ From there you can graduate to the workgroup and enterprise systems such as Microsoft SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, PostGreSQL, etc. All of use of blood in macbeth essay, these database management systems offer free versions for development or personal use that you can download to what on notecards research, get experience using them. See the links below for each software application: There are many actions we routinely perform in GIS which can be manually repetitive. A&p Essays. Consider the example where you are given a disk with 100 shapefiles that are in the WGS84 projection and you need to import them into on notecards research paper, your GIS data library (a geodatabase).
To do this you’ll need to re-project them to the coordinate system you use (NAD 83, UTM Zone 11). You could do this manually in ArcCatalog or ArcMap but it would be better to construct a workflow that could automate the process and do it 100 times. Model Builder is use of blood in macbeth perfect for this kind of task. ModelBuilder is an application you use to what for a, create, edit, and interactive approach to writing and research reports manage workflows that string together sequences of geoprocessing tools, in which the tools feed the output of one tool into another tool as input. ModelBuilder is a visual programming language for building these workflows. Why learn it? Model Builder is a key GIS Analysis skill because: Performing actions like manually importing 100 shapefiles is tedious and not a good use of your time. What On Notecards Research Paper. Complicated analyses often require a lot of geoprocessing actions and a&p essays you’ll often find that you may need to repeat an analysis. If you need to run a complex analysis again and you didn’t build a model, you’ll have to goes on notecards for a research, re-do all your geoprocessing tasks manually and hope you took really good notes of your processing steps. If you’re working with large datasets, geoprocessing tasks can take a long time.
In this case, it’s best to construct a model to perform these tasks after hours instead of doing each task step by step (by hand) and waiting long periods for theory of risk bearing the output. Models can be incorporated into ArcGIS Toolboxes and easily distributed to other users so they can quickly repeat an analysis. Models can be uploaded to goes on notecards paper, ArGIS Servers to enable processing of files on a server or in a&p essays, the cloud. Finally, savvy employers know about what for a research paper Model Builder and electrical engineering it shows up as either a required or desired skill in job advertisements. To get started learning Model Builder, visit the on notecards for a paper, following links: If you are going after a GIS job in a large organization with an existing GIS program, there’s a chance that you’ll be asked about your experience with ESRI’s ArcGIS Server product. A&p Essays. ArcGIS Server is a web server application that allows you to what on notecards research, share GIS resources (maps, globes, tools, geoprocessing workflows, etc.) over the web. These resources are hosted on the ArcGIS Serve to facilitate sharing data that is interactive approach essays centrally managed, supports multiple users, and contains the what goes on notecards research, most up-to-date information. ArcGIS Server skills are in blood in macbeth essay, demand these days and it’s a key skill to learn if you can. However, learning ArcGIS Server isn’t easy. Installing, managing and operating ArcGIS Server requires knowing a little about how to manage a file server and web server and active directory permissions.
In the what paper, real-world, data is messy; it contains a mixture of values in electrical lab report, a variety of formats. Knowing how to what goes paper, quickly clean up a dataset is an essential GIS skill. So I use excel to change data from UPPERCASE to lowercase to replace portions of data with other values, to trim data, and to combine and split data. However, I rarely make these changes manually. Instead I use powerful functions in Excel that automate these corrections across rows and columns. While Excel has many functions, I typically use only a&p essays several for goes on notecards paper my data cleansing.
So learn how to use functions in in macbeth, Excel; how to write them, copy and paste them. On Notecards Research Paper. In particular, start with the lab report, following functions, as they are most commonly used to manipulate data: To learn more about Excel functions, simply search Google or Bing for what on notecards research paper “learning excel functions”. A good tutorial for getting started is personal essay editing service also here: http://blogs.mccombs.utexas.edu/the-most/2009/05/07/learn-excel-functions/ In my earlier post I recommended learning a scripting language because knowing how to write a script comes in handy when you need to scrub huge databases or perform actions like correcting addresses for better geocoding accuracy, reformatting data, exporting and on notecards research importing large datasets, and other manually repetitive activities GIS people are routinely tasked with. Back in electrical lab report, 2009, I suggested that Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) was a good way to get started. Since that post ESRI has deprecated support for VBA in ArcGIS 10.x and VBA is what on notecards for a research not the preferred way to script in their latest product lines. Today, scripting in ESRI is all about Python. Engineering Lab Report. Python is a free, cross-platform, open-source programming language that is widely used and supported in the open source and esri GIS environments. It is become the scripting language of what goes for a research paper, choice for geoprocessing users and ESRI has fully embraced Python for ArcGIS. So I would advise anyone in GIS who doesn’t know Python to learn Python.
Here are some links to get started learning about Python in ArcGIS: Finally, while ESRI may not support VBA anymore, VBA is essay outline doc still widely used in Microsoft’s Office product line though it’s being slowly replaced by Microsoft’s Visual Studio Tools for Applications: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc175562(v=vs.90).aspx. In my previous post, I wrote about the what goes for a research, virtues of blood in macbeth, learning Crystal Reports. Crystal Reports is a powerful reporting tool that can read databases and spreadsheets, perform queries, sort and summarize data and generate professional looking PDF or live reports. Crystal Reports used to be included with ArcGIS Desktop, however at ArcGIS 9.3, ESRI stopped including the full Crystal Reports product; and the Crystal Reports Wizard is no longer included in ArcGIS 10.x. As a replacement, ESRI now offers a reporting application built into ArcGIS Desktop that provides much of the what on notecards for a paper, same functionality that Crystal Reports offered. However the reporting application cannot be accessed or used outside of essay service, ArcGIS Desktop and must be used from the ArcGIS Desktop user interface. You may be wondering whether it is still important to learn Reports for what on notecards research paper ArcGIS.
Yes, because it’s not always about the map; in use of in macbeth essay, fact, it often isn’t about goes paper a map at all. I know us GIS people got into GIS because we like to make great looking maps, but the mistake we make is thinking that everyone else likes maps too. When I started working in lab report, government GIS, I was amazed at what goes on notecards research paper, how often I was asked to create a report showing the results of my analyses (for example, a report containing a table summarizing the number of acres of different vegetation types that will be impacted by a proposed development). No map; no polygons on essay, a nice aerial photo – just a table of numbers representing the results of for a, a geographic analysis. Of Risk. There was still a lot of cool GIS analysis that went into generating the report, but the end product wasn’t a map.
While the software may have changed, the need hasn’t so I’ll continue to recommend learning how to for a paper, design and in macbeth essay create reports of research, your GIS analyses. Today, we would accomplish this with Reports for engineering ArcGIS. So to learn how to use the integrated reporting tools, see the goes, following links: While I’ve written this post within the context of obtaining skills you need to land a GIS job, these are equally appropriate skills for those already employed in GIS. The industry continues to change rapidly, and you can get rusty pretty fast if you’re not keeping up. Each new software version brings new features that offer new opportunities for learning a new skill or adding to our existing knowledge base. Personal. For example, I recently learned how to what on notecards for a, write and deploy ArcObjects applications in ESRI’s new ad-in framework and plan to learn how to use the new Python ad-in framework in ArcGIS 10.1. Learning these employable GIS skills is also a very good investment. GIS jobs are still ranked very high in job growth outlook – the Bureau of Labor Statistics lists an expected 35% growth in 1971 in the theory of risk, jobs for “Geographers” (http://www.bls.gov/ooh/life-physical-and-social-science/geographers.htm).
Whether you’re looking for what research your first GIS job or looking to move to a new organization, these skills will make you much more marketable than your typical competition. Finally, I’ve tried to identify those skills that I view as important for obtaining and maintaining a GIS position. Use Of Blood. I’ve also focused on skills a GIS Analyst or Specialist should know. If you’ve read this and can think of other important skills I didn’t mention, please leave a comment to goes on notecards for a paper, benefit the larger community. Thanks for reading. Reblogged this on geoDemesne and commented:
A very good post on geospatial skills needed for landing that GIS Analyst/Specialist job. Juan, Thanks for your comments and for reblogging my post. Bearing. Glad you liked it. Reblogged this on John Donoghue II and commented: It had been 3 years since my last blog post on tips for getting a GIS job. What On Notecards For A Research. So an update was in order.
Thank you for the insight and GIS related links. Great Article! I’d like to share another source for an excellent GIS Certificate program for those in the Washington, DC area: George Mason University’s Office of Continuing Professional Education in Manassas, VA: http://www.ocpe.gmu.edu/programs/gis/gis.html. They’ve offered the interactive approach to writing essays, eight course program since 1999, and teach a variety of application oriented classes. Norther Arizona University also has GIS Degrees online and on campus. Thanks !! Really nice updated article for on notecards research paper Geo-geeks : ) I am no longer positive where you are getting your info, but great topic. I must spend some time studying much. more or working out editing, more. Thank you for magnificent info I was on the lookout for this. info for my mission. This is a great summary to furnish the link between Geospatial and technology.
It appears that employers want the whole lot (of skills) but would be satisfied with a subset of these skills. The Geospatial Office in what, New Zeaand has been hijacked by GIS Software Vendors and GIS Service Providers whom are calling the shots for recruitment. Personal Editing Service. A Geospatial Professional requires more than a technical level of what on notecards for a research paper, expertise. They also need to geospatial business analysis and problem-solving experience, or else they will remain a GIS technician for life. I have tried to summarise the New Zealand problem in my own article below. Nice response in reports, return of this matter with genuine arguments. and describing everything about that.
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I enjoy this article. I have a certification in his not able to for a paper, nail a job and now wanting to refresh my knowledge after reading this some things were an eye opener. A&p Essays. I am going to retrain myself. Sorry for typo. His =gis my tablet did auto correct. Thanks for guidance and information , I am planning to switch my career to GIS but didn’t knew how to what goes research, begin , this hasbgiven a clear view. Each year the importance of 1971 in the theory, this article becomes more and more relevant to Geospatial skillsets. I am constantly seeing Business Analysis missed out of goes research, a Geospatial Professional resume. Perhaps the 5 paragraph essay outline doc, role of on notecards research paper, a Geo analysts will go some way to meeting the void between the Business Intelligence and personal essay service GIS as an integrating technology. I beloved as much as you’ll receive carried out right here. The sketch is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nevertheless, you command get bought an edginess over that you wish be handing over the following. sick without a doubt come further earlier again since exactly the similar nearly very often inside of case you shield this hike.
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What The Top Consulting Firms Look For in what goes, Resumes #038; CVs. Even if you have already secured your interviews, you should still read this article, because it explains why you were selected, what biases the personal essay, firms have, and what areas of concerns the firms may have that they will likely test you on during the in-person interview. In other words, what follows is an explanation of research paper how the consulting firms think about recruiting new consultants. Once you understand this psychology, it makes everything the firms do very predictable . Keep in mind, these resume tips apply only to strategy consulting firms (as opposed to IT or HR consulting firms) such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group (BCG), Bain, AT Kearney, LEK, etc. In addition, my comments are largely true regardless of which level position you are applying to (analyst, associate, APD, experienced hire, etc..) To start, let me dispel one myth: Resume Format.
Many people obsess over how the resume is formatted. The truth is the words on the resume matter more than font size, columns, or margins. Simple example, if I see a resume that has the electrical lab report, wrong margins but the resume says, Harvard University, #1 in Class, Physics (okay, I'm not even sure if Harvard ranks or has a physics degree). I will notice the what on notecards for a research paper, resume. So the first big takeaway is this: WHAT you say matters more than how you FORMAT what you say. In screening resumes, I have seen dozens if not hundreds of in the of risk bearing formats.
Many different formats can work. The most important thing is the major accomplishments are easy to read. Here is what goes for a research what the big firms are looking for: 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) 3) High Standardized Test Scores in Math. 4) Evidence of lab report Leadership and People Skills. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) Keep in for a paper, mind, these are resume criteria for engineering lab report ALL levels of consulting, not just post-college roles.
Let me explain WHY each one is important. 1) Big Brand Name Employers or Schools. To be blunt, the top consulting firms are school snobs. What Goes For A Paper? They like big brand name educational institutions for 5 paragraph essay doc the simple fact that it impresses clients. If you're an what for a paper, Associate making $150,000 - $200,000 USD per year, your employer is probably billing you out to approach reports, clients at for a paper, $600,000 USD/year. Electrical Engineering? That's $50,000 USD/month. The client is going to want to know what and on notecards for a research, who they are getting for 1971 in the theory of risk bearing that kind of money. When the answer is on notecards John or Jane Doe, who has a BS from Dartmouth, a MD from approach, Yale and research paper, MBA from a&p essays, Harvard, clients respond with an Oh wow. that's impressive comment. It makes it easier to what paper, get new clients to say yes.
Now plenty of people get into the top firms (McKinsey included) that do not have such a perfect ivy pedigree. but if you got it, make sure it is OBVIOUS (it will help a lot). Let me explain the thought process of some of these biases. The thinking is that only arrow 1971 essays in the bearing super high achievers get into the top schools. and the top firms really like hiring super high achievers. This is what for a research paper not to say that the firms do not hire from non-target schools (they do), but they assume the highest achievers from non-target schools will work really hard to contact the firm (generally via networking) -- thus demonstrating their determination. (There is a lesson here. Arrow 1971 In The Of Risk Bearing? If you do not have a super pedigree, you'd better be super determined, as evidenced by the amount of effort you put into networking.) In addition, it is very expensive for the firms to do on goes on notecards research paper campus recruiting. Approach To Writing And Research Reports? So they stick to schools where the on notecards for a research, offer rate vs. applicant ratio is high (high being defined as greater than 1%). For example, Stanford (undergrad) is a target school and my year, 400 students applied for full time jobs, 6 offers were extended. and this was considered a very successful recruiting ratio by McKinsey). As a point of reference, when I was recruited by McKinsey, I heard a rumor that the firm spent $100,000 USD in recruiting expense to hire ONE Business Analyst.
This figure included all billable hours of interviewers and interactive to writing, consultants who go to on campus recruiting events as well as hard costs for travel, renting conference rooms, hotels, etc. The recruiters or resume screeners also look for recognizable employer names. It is easier to understand a candidate's accomplishment via the implied credibility of the employer name and it is also easier to convey to clients. It is the same reason everyone wants to what goes on notecards paper, work for MBB - McKinsey, Bain or Boston Consulting Group -- it implies something on personal essay editing your resume that stays with you forever. To this day, I am known as a Stanford Grad and goes on notecards paper, an Ex-McKinsey Guy. It is how I am introduced formally or informally when I give speeches.
It stays with you for doc a very long time. Let me give you a personal example that helps illustrate the importance of the big brand name on your resume. When I applied for what on notecards for a research consulting internships in my junior year at Stanford, I got rejected across the board -- not a single interview. The following year, I got interviews with every major consulting firm that I applied to 5 paragraph essay doc, -- with no exceptions. I got interviews at McKinsey, BCG, Bain, Booz, LEK, AT Kearney, Monitor (since acquired by Deloitte), Oliver Wyman (formerly Mercer), and a few others. (I also got offers from every consulting firm I interviewed with except BCG where I got rejected in round 1, and Booz when I decided to cancel my final round.) So what did I do in the 12 months that made such a big difference? Well I looked at goes research paper, who got interviews (most were friends of mine) and tried to figure out 5 paragraph essay why they got interviews. Their GPAs were identical to mine. Their areas of academic study were identical to mine. The only thing I noticed was many of them had worked for well known companies the prior summer, and what on notecards paper, I had not.
I decided to focus on improving the brand name factor on approach and research reports my resume in two ways. First, I did an internship at Merrill Lynch during the school year. I worked in the evenings doing telemarketing cold calls to wealthy families in Silicon Valley selling tax free investment income opportunities (LOL. I still remember my phone script, I said it so many times). By the what for a research, way, this was an unpaid internship. so I worked for about 4 months every other night making cold calls for Merrill. just so I could put Merrill Lynch on my resume. This decision was very deliberate as almost nobody else my year did an internship during the academic year. Second, I was able to get an internship with a big company (now called ATT) for that summer. So when I applied again my senior year, I now had two big brand name employers on my resume, whereas just 12 months earlier I had none.
As I mentioned earlier, the following year, I got interviews with every consulting firm I applied to, in large part because of the brand name employers on my resume (I was competing against 400 other Stanford students -- we all had the famous school on the resume so that was not a differentiator). Similarly as a resume screener, many of us would read resumes with a big red marker. All we would do for hours was skim resumes while circling certain brand names on the resume that jumped out as recognizable or impressive. 2) Academic Performance (GPA) The top firms want to know if you are smart. It helps to put your GPA on arrow in the theory bearing your resume. If you do not, they will either 1) ask you for it anyways and write it by hand on your resume after you submit it, or 2) assume it is low and assess your resume accordingly. If your school's grading system is goes research paper not well understood by others, you should explain the grading scale your school uses. Most US schools use a 4.0 GPA system - perfect marks is a 4.0 GPA out of a possible 4.0. If yours is different or you are applying from one country to an office in a different country, then you want to put on your resume some way for the reader to interpret your GPA (put your rank or put your %. Editing? like top 1% of class, something along those lines). For applicants coming out of college, many firms will ask for goes on notecards for a research paper your transcript to see your specific grades on specific classes.
In particular, they are looking for your grades in quantitative classes. Oftentimes your resume will be read by a recent graduate from a&p essays, your school. So if you went to Stanford and what goes research, took Geology 101, the electrical, reader is what paper going to 5 paragraph essay outline, know that you took Rocks for goes for a paper Jocks (the nickname for that class amongst Stanford students) and interpret your grades accordingly. Again there is not a cutoff and the standard will vary by in the theory of risk, school. Amongst the top undergraduate institutions, a 3.5 GPA or higher is what goes on notecards for a research good enough to not get disqualified from the electrical, process purely because of goes on notecards for a research paper GPA. The resume reader will most likely read the rest of your resume before deciding. My GPA at Stanford was 3.5 at the time I applied to the major firms. so nowhere near perfect, but in hindsight it was good enough when combined with other factors to get many interviews. 3) High Standardized Test Scores in to writing essays and research reports, Math.
Many firms will want to see a standardized test score of some sort - SAT, GRE, GMAT, MCAT, LSAT. Because it is sometimes hard to compare GPAs from one university to what goes paper, another, the standardized test score is an easy way to compare measure of one's math ability. Strong math skills do correlate strongly with the ability to electrical, think in a logical and what for a research paper, analytical way -- the preferred thinking style that consulting firms favor enormously. Since I applied coming out of college, I had only use of in macbeth taken the SAT (the US standardized test high school students take to what on notecards research, apply to US colleges) and I had a score of 800 on the math section (800 out of 800). It is not necessary to have a perfect score, but certainly the higher the to writing essays and research, better. There is for a research paper no absolute cut-off as it depends on the impressiveness of the rest of your application. That being said, outperforming 95% of other test takers is essay ideal if applying to the top 3 firms.
The standard is not as high with other firms. 4) Evidence of Leadership People Skills. Being smart (factors #2 and what goes on notecards research paper, #3 above) is not enough to do well as a consultant. A&p Essays? You also need to be able to work with clients who sometimes do not like you or resent you. So one of the things most firms look for what goes on notecards is some evidence of people skills or leadership skills. The firms want to know you can handle a difficult interpersonal situation -- especially any one involving high stress, deadlines, inter-personal conflicts. You will get asked about a&p essays, these kinds of leadership scenarios in your interview. They also look for it in your resume and consulting cover letters too. If you have these experiences, PUT IT IN THE RESUME.
It is what goes for a paper a big mistake if you do not. These experiences can include: * Specific experiences at a particular job (especially people-skill type accomplishments that might not normally be valued by other employers in a&p essays, that industry, but would be valued by consulting firms.) The more technical your background, the more important it is to emphasize these leadership and people skills. If you have a PhD in Physics from MIT and have been published 10 times, this is goes on notecards for a research paper no guarantee of an interview. Here's why. With a PhD in Physics from MIT, it is assumed you have the analytical skills to do the quantitative aspect of the consulting job. But now the editing service, firms want to know if you can work with people. or if you are a brilliant but arrogant ass. In your resume or CV, you want to deliberately emphasize team work opportunities, leadership experiences, public speaking experiences, conflict resolution, people management, and team management type experiences.
Now if you had a PhD in Physics but also did sales jobs to goes for a research, pay your bills during school and you were the top producing sales person, that would be intriguing. and clearly someone worth interviewing. In other words, you need to engineering, be the OPPOSITE of the stereotype for your area of academic study. If you are an what goes on notecards, English major, the a&p essays, assumption will be you are good with people but lousy with numbers. On your resume, you need to prove the opposite to be true. 5) High Achievement Career Experiences (Proportional to Length of Career) For applicants of all types (undergrad, post-MBA, experienced hires), the firms are looking for an impressive (career trajectory vs. length of career) ratio. So if you've worked 1 year in your career, they want to see 1 impressive year.
If you've worked 10 years, they want to see 10 impressive years. Things to emphasize in describing job experiences: * Emphasize OUTCOMES, not just responsibilities. * When possible, quantify your accomplishments with numbers. * Don't write everything you did on the job, focus on what is most relevant to consulting firms. For example, if you have a very technical degree, really good math test scores, 4 years of work experience in a very technical field in a very technical role, it is a waste of space to what on notecards for a research paper, spend too much time emphasizing your technical accomplishments. Use those bullets to emphasize business results (derived from your technical work), the financial impact, quantify the measurable change in behavior from your work (because of this new system I developed, 8,000 people now get their performance metrics through this system vs. In Macbeth? 0 when I started, that sort of what goes on notecards for a thing). If you have a liberal arts background, a liberal arts major, lots of extra-curricular activities where you showed you were a people person. in your job descriptions, emphasize how you built a statistical regression analysis and model to forecast prices of Gold in the commodities market.
Or became a self-taught software developer in engineering, a particular job. So the key message here is this: Pick your job description bullet points strategically . You don't have space to put everything you did, so you must focus on emphasizing those things you want to convey about goes on notecards for a, each job to 5 paragraph essay outline doc, round out your profile. Another way to balance out which points you choose to goes on notecards for a, emphasize in the bullet points under each job description -- look for the unusual combo. I remember one classmate of mine who interned at interactive approach to writing, Bain.
She was an English major, but took several advanced math classes -- well over my head as a Quantitative Economics Major -- and got perfect grades in each of them. What Goes For A Research? That's an unusual combo. Another way to think about it is something one of arrow 1971 in the bearing my McKinsey colleagues said to me. We like to paper, hire engineers with people skills. And we like to engineering, hire poets who can do math. If you have an what goes on notecards research paper, unusual combination of skills, be sure that comes through in your resume. Bust the stereotype that you might get type cast in. Thoughts on Resume Formatting. Many different formats work, but a few general common sense rules of thumb apply: * Put your education experiences at personal editing, the top. Make sure the name of the school you went to is easy to read.
Whether you've never worked full time or have been in industry 10 years, put the schooling at the top -- it's what resume readers look for goes for a paper first, so don't bury it. (If it is buried, it is arrow 1971 assumed that the school name must not be impressive.) No matter how long you have been out of school, put a standardized test score in the education section of your resume. If it is missing, the goes on notecards for a research, assumption is it must be low (otherwise you would know to put it). * List your career experiences in chronological order (most recent job at 5 paragraph essay outline, the top, following education) -- make sure employer names are easy to on notecards for a, read. * Keep the a&p essays, resume concise -- 1 page for what goes for a research anyone with little work experience, 2 pages max for blood in macbeth essay experienced hires. * Use bullets to save space. Keep the points short and to the point. A good rule of thumb is goes research 2 - 4 bullets per job experience, ideally most bullets being 1 line long. * Make sure the font size is easy to read.
Since a size 11 font will vary depending on which font is used, just make sure the reader can read it. * Make sure to bold all school names and employer names. No need to bold your job titles. Recruiters look at use of in macbeth, employer name first, job title second. Emphasize the what for a research paper, things that will catch a recruiter's eye first, draw them into reading the approach reports, resume, and then discovering everything else you have to offer. If you worked for a no name employer, but all your clients were famous. list the client names (possibly bold them too. might be a little over the top, but at least it will get seen). So if you worked for John Doe Consultants. but the client you worked with most was Bill Gates or the founders of Google, say that! This is not resume writing, it is marketing! * Do NOT include everything you ever did in your life.
The point of a resume is NOT to write a personal biography. The point is to SELL YOU. The key to sales in any format (resume, cold call, powerpoint, sales meeting) is to just show what the customer, or in this case employer, cares about. * Use language and descriptions that the resume reader will understand. What On Notecards For A Research? If you did your school work in Spain, but are applying for a job in Paris, do not assume the arrow essays in the theory of risk bearing, recruiter in Paris will know what a 9.5 GPA is. explain it is a 9.5 (out of what on notecards for a research 10.0) GPA. If you won an equivalent of a Nobel Prize in your field, say won XYZ Award - awarded to a&p essays, 1 person out of 10,000 applicants.
These are phrases that any resume reader can understand. YOU MUST UNDERSTAND THE AUDIENCE before you write your resume. Do NOT assume they have the sufficient background to what on notecards, appreciate your accomplishments, you need to explain them on your resume. Good luck on your recruiting process. Also keep in mind that my website has over blood 500 articles, all on the topic of case interviews. If you are looking for more information on a specific topic, just go to: If you found this post useful, I suggest becoming a registered member (it's free) to get access to the materials I used to what on notecards research paper, pass 60 out of 61 case interviews, land 7 job offers, and end up working at McKinsey. Members get access to 6 hours of video tutorials on case interviews, the actual frameworks I used to pass my interviews, and over 500 articles on case interviews. To get access to interactive approach essays and research reports, these free resources, just fill out the form below: Note: All registrations require you to on notecards for a, confirm your email address. Please type your email address carefully, entering your email also subscribes you to personal service, my Case Secrets Email Newsletter.
This article was great Victor! The breakdown and examples were especially useful. Goes Research Paper? I follow your site fervently and find your insights and advice really authentic. Electrical Engineering? I have a few questions if you would be able to goes on notecards for a paper, give me some advice. Approach To Writing Essays Reports? I would absolutely love to work at Mckinsey (NYC office, because that is where I am from). Goes On Notecards For A Research Paper? I dont plan on applying anytime soon but am trying to steer my career strategy towards an eventual move into Consulting. I am currently working for a fortune 100 engineering company (Deere Co.) as a Product Engineer and am planning to get a Mba from approach and research reports, one of the top 5 schools. My concern is if I do make it to the one of the what on notecards for a paper, schools and then apply for arrow in the bearing a spot at Mckinsey, would my company and Mba school be enough brand naming for me to be considered? In regards to GPA, my undergraduate GPA was quite low although I still managed to acquire a job at what on notecards for a research paper, Deere which is use of blood in macbeth essay consistantly considered a top engineering company. Also I went to a top 10 Engineering school (Purdue University), but not top 3 like MIT. Would these things be detrimental to my future application?
I will have about 3 years of work experience by the time I am ready to start my Mba. I was hoping that if I can secure a high GPA at the top Mba school, then I could use that for my GPA on for a the resume. Lastly I feel that I have great social skills in addition to my analytical prowess due to me being an essay outline, Engineer. For A Paper? Although I am quite technical I have a varying array of interests, ranging from quantum physics/mathematics to economics to immigrant identity in the western cultures to cultural/social processes of thought in eastern cultures compared to western and the art of Comedy. Would any of this be relevant to making me stand out as unique? Im sorry for the obnoxiously long comment lol, but I am hungry for some direction in my endeavor to arrow essays in the of risk, get back home with the great prestige and opportunity of working for Mckinsey and am trying to what goes for a paper, get the best strategy to do so. Thanks for all the essay service, help so far. Short answer: When you have a Harvard MBA, a lot is forgiven or forgotten. If you have a top 5 mba and do well, have a strong GMAT score, a less competitive pre-mba can be compensated for. Yes, it is noticed — but if the overall trajectory of goes on notecards research your resume is personal editing service strongly upwards, it can be a compensating factor.
It might not be enough to for a, get into the top 3 firms, but certainly the rest of the top 10 is a definite possibility. The GMAT score will be crucial for you. The interpretation you want the reader to have is essays and research reports 1) smart enough to have gone to harvard for undergrad, but for whatever reason the opportunity didn’t exist for this person at that time. In terms of the low undegrad gpa at a non target school, the goes, interpretation you hope for is the essays theory, person was smart, but lazy as an undergrad… and for a variety of reasons, got serious and what on notecards research, the more recent accomplishments and test scores reflect being smart with the work ethic. You don’t want the undergrad gpa to be interpreted as that was the best the person could have done. The person worked as hard as possible and the maximum performance the outline doc, person’s intellect was capable of was the low gpa. Now if that happens to be true, it will most likely be reflected in on notecards research, a gmat score in a range similar to the undergrad gpa. Editing? But if the GMAT score is what goes on notecards substantially higher than the undergrad GPA and the mba GPA is excellent, the interpretation (which they will never public admit) is the arrow essays of risk, person was smart but lazy in college. (Or smart but suffered from illness while in college, or had some family tragedy, or some other non-intellect factor) Action Items: GMAT 720+, get into top 5 mba, graduate at top 20% of your class. This is what on notecards great! But do I have no real chance at a&p essays, the top three firms, even if I accomplish the said action items?
I have become very keen on being able to work at Mckinsey and from many of the stories I have read on your site it seems that people who have not gone to target schools as undergrad were still able to work at the top 3 firms. I was under the impression that if I worked hard enough with all the material and advice you provide and also network well at what, one of the top 5 Mba programs, that I would have a fighting chance. I mean I know that nothing is definite, but your opinion as a former Mck interviewer is obviously very potent and relevant. 1971 Essays? If my future application with all the things I am trying to accomplish is still by your standards not up to par, I have to respect that. What Paper? I know you always say that anything could happen and to find my own way is key but knowing your experience as a resume screener and interviewer, I can’t help but re-evaluate. Still, I do intend on trying and striving towards a spot at the top and if it doesn’t happen then I will still have all my accomplishments to essay outline doc, fall back on. Anything you can give me so to bolster my future candidacy would be of immense worth and focus, this is the path I have set out and my determination to goes for a paper, go to Mck is absolute. Thanks Victor for the direction, I will fervently strive to one day be on your success stories section. Hi Victor! As an undergraduate student applying for consulting internships for next summer, I found this article incredibly helpful.
I have one question about the standardized test scores – I have 5’s on both Calculus AP tests and both the language and literature AP tests. These scores are better than my SAT scores in math and critical reasoning – would it be acceptable to use my AP scores on my resume for the standardized test section? Hey Victor, I have been reading your articles all summer and they are super insightful! Question: Would any of the firms hire someone with a B.A. majoring in Biology and English who is medical school bound? I am going to medical school September 2015, and essays in the of risk, have a gap year. I ultimately want to work in a place like McKinsey after pursuing an on notecards research, MD and getting some clinical experience. How should I proceed? Do you have any advice on moving from IT/HR consulting to Strategy consulting? Outside of going back to get an MBA or other advanced degree, I’ve heard the paths are extremely limited. I have an undergrad degree in a&p essays, aeronautical engineering from an overseas university with a 7.00/10.00 GPA, and I’m currently working on my Master’s in Aerospace Engineering at on notecards for a research, Penn State University. Outline Doc? My GPA will only be around 3 when I’m done, however I have 710/800 in Quants and 700/800 in research paper, Verbal from use of blood, my SAT in senior year of high school.
I also have 800/800 in Quants and 740/800 in Verbal on the GRE when I applied to grad school. I have realized only after coming to grad school that engineering isn’t what I really want. I have pretty good critical thinking and analytical skills. And I have been told my communication skills are very good too. I have been thinking hard about research paper, consulting over interactive essays and research the past several months and what on notecards for a research paper, I think consulting would be a great fit for me.
What do you think are my chances of 5 paragraph getting a top 10 company to give me an what on notecards paper, interview shot with the above criteria? What else besides the GRE and SAT scores would I need to offset that bad GPA? I’m looking to attack all other areas of a&p essays my profile as much as possible so I would really appreciate your feedback on what goes this. Thanks! Thank you for interactive to writing essays and research reports this great site too! Helpful and insightful article. You have answered all my questions.
I have fired blanks all the time with Consulting companies though I considered myself well suited – Executive management experience more than 15 years management and project management experiences, two masters degree – one cum laude from what goes for a, private college in my home country. Re-reading your article suggest, i have no chance in electrical engineering lab report, hell in landing that consulting career with a big consulting house. What a pity. Should post-college graduates abridge resume to what goes, 1 page? In terms of resume length, the a&p essays, rough rule of thumb is what on notecards research paper one page per blood in macbeth essay, decade of on notecards for a paper post college work experience. I am working as a procurement research analyst in a start up company in India. The company I work for is 8 years old but all our clients are billion dollar global companies including the fortune 500 companies. I have 3 years work experience after an MBA from essay, a state level top b-school. I am aiming at the big 4. Do I have a chance? Resume might not be as impressive as Harvard but I will give my best in the interview.
My question is am I even in what on notecards for a paper, the race? It’s hard to tell. The easiest test is to look at other graduates for your business school to see if any are working at personal service, the too 4 consulting firms. Just wanted to give you some Kudos for that helpful article. Greetings from Germany, I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into research IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. What are my chances of a&p essays working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and what paper, non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? Hey Victor, I’m an undergrad at berkeleys business school but the problem is I transferred from community college.
Berkeleys undergrad biz school is super hard to get into, about 6% Acceptancce rate. If I do well at berkeley will any of the top consulting firms even give me a chance? Please feel free to be honest. Thanks. By itself, I don’t think it is a deal killer. But, you will have to do well at Cal and realistically better than you normally would if you went their directly from high school. My college roommate at Stanford was a community college transfer. He was a Stanford Computer Science major with a 4.0 GPA — needless to lab report, say nobody cared how he got into Stanford, only how he performed as he left. Incidentally, the “story” you want to imply (assuming it is true) is that you went to what goes on notecards for a, community college to save money (which most consider an acceptable reason to go) but were qualified to use of in macbeth, attend an elite university (and your high gpa at on notecards for a research, the elite university is arrow 1971 of risk bearing indicative of your ability to perform at a high level). The “I couldn’t afford it” is a much more acceptable “excuse” than “I wasn’t ‘smart’ enough to get in”. It would help to have a super high SAT, GMAT or GRE score too.
Thank so much for the reply victor. For haas business there is a curved GPA, do you think they will take that into consideration if I don’t have a 4.0? I think I should have a 3.75-3.8 is that ok? That’s pretty good if it’s a STEM (science, technology, engineering or math) type major. Resumes get reviewed on the whole picture. You don’t need everything to be perfect, but if one thing is what for a paper low something else on essays reports the resume needs to stand out as a compensating factor. So a low GPA with a perfect GRE score might still get considered if a good explanation for the low GPA came along with it.
A less prestigious school with a #1 rank amongst all students would often still get considered. My consulting resume toolkit includes a dozen or so resume grading calculators. You can find the link somewhere on the website, probably at the top. If everything across the for a research, board is poor, that’s a deal breaker. If one thing is poor, but the rest exceptional that’s a possibility.
If everything is above average, that’s a possibility, etc… Numerous ways to get considered. Also have you ever heard of people getting a job at a top consulting firm (MBB) with a lower GPA? 3.5 or higher is the norm, under that would require exceptional circumstances. I am a mech engineer with a Masters from a top 15 school in the US and a bachelors from a top 10 (non-IIT) school in India. I moved into IT through a scholarship by NIH and have been with a not-for-profit managing their entire IT department (13 million) since. I’ve been admitted in SBS (Oxford) for a MBA. Editing Service? What are my chances of working with one of the top three consulting firms? Does a not for profit background and non-branded background rule me out as a candidate? The non profit background does not rule you out.
The lack of brand is an issue, but can be compensated for. Oxford is what goes on notecards for a research a target school so that is going to be of enormous help for you. The lack of brand employers can be compensated in few different ways. If your prior work achievements were exceptional, that will help. Your performance at Oxford will be heavily scrutinized. I don’t know if they track and publish school rank, but if you were in the top 10% I think you would get interview opportunities. The final compensatory factor would be to personal, network, meet people in the firms you want to what goes on notecards for a research paper, target, and get them to recommend to their recruiting departments to interview you.
The above maximizes your chances of essay editing service getting the interview. For A? Then you have to perform exceptionally well on the case. To Writing And Research? It can not just be an what goes on notecards for a research, marginally acceptable performance (which someone with a stronger background might be able to a&p essays, get away with in the first round), in your case it really needs to be exceptional starting in for a research, round 1 to 5 paragraph essay outline doc, offset the perceived risk of hiring someone without a brand employer background. From an interviewers point of goes on notecards view, it is extremely, extremely difficult to turn down a candidate in essay, round 1 who did exceptionally well. It is VERY hard to do that. If there is a resume issue, the thinking most interviews will do is they will struggle with the decision, and what goes paper, then decide to pass the decision to the round 2 interviewers. I should point out I have received many emails from in macbeth, people with backgrounds with a perceived negative item or two (some much “worse” than yours). They have gotten into the top firms.
BUT, and I can’t stress this enough, they were EXTREMELY motivated and for a, probably put 100 – 200 (the highest I’ve ever seen is approach to writing and research 300+ hours) hours into goes on notecards paper case prep and several hundred hours into networking. It can be done, but the arrow 1971 of risk bearing, “worse” the resume (and I don’t consider your resume bad, the Oxford piece is what goes for a paper quite the accomplishment but the lack of brand employers is arrow 1971 essays in the theory bearing a valid issue in the eyes of consulting firms) the harder you just worker AND very importantly the EARLIER you must start. What For A? If possible start 6 and preferably 12 months earlier than when you plan to interview. Personal Essay? That is one of the common traits among those who got offers from the on notecards for a paper, top 3 with some kind of disadvantaged resume. Flat out, they wanted the offer badly and were willing to put in arrow 1971 essays of risk, the effort. Thank you for your reply.
I am probably 7 months away from starting school and 14-15 months away from interviewing. For A Paper? What do you recommend I do to get started? I am a slow learner but a hard worker so what should my first step be? Is there a course I can join or should I get started with your videos? Also, I’ve heard the term “networking” thrown around a LOT since I got admitted. Is there a good place to learn networking 101? What should I be doing now to get placed a year later? Thanks so much. Your reply was very helpful.
Do you think regardless of blood in macbeth your grades a referral/recommendation from a top employee within the firm can still get you a job within the company? No. It might be possible to get a case interview opportunity based solely on goes on notecards research the relationship, but absolutely impossible to get the personal editing, job offer at the top few firms without doing well on the case. Goes On Notecards? From the firm’s point of view, there is ENORMOUS risk in putting someone without certain skills in front of a client. A&p Essays? The fear is that one mis-hire could ruin the reputation of the goes on notecards for a research, entire firm by saying something really “stupid” (e.g., in the firms’ eyes that would be stating a conclusion that is logically and factually incorrect). When I was a McKinsey consultant, if I made a major error with a client, it will not be described as “Victor made a mistake”, it will be described by the client as “McKinsey screwed up”. THAT is why the firms are so intensely focused on the case interview. That are totally paranoid about the scenario I just described. Hey Victor, thanks for letting me know. Essays Bearing? What books do you recommend for case interviews?
Or any tools that would help with acing case interviews? Thanks. I’m a bit biased on this one. I recommend my own book Case Interview Secrets. For more advanced training, my Look Over my Shoulder program is what goes on notecards very effective. It contains recordings of 20+ hours of actual case interviews with candidates with my real time analysis and critique of the candidates performance. It also specifically compares the differences between poor, average,and exceptional case interview performance so you can see, hear and experience the differences between performance levels. Also if you do well in your interview (that is if you got an interview through an employee) and your grades aren’t top notch, say maybe a.
3.4-3.5 can you still secure a job at interactive, one of the what for a paper, three (MBB)? Yes absolutely. I had a 3.5 GPA coming out of personal essay editing Stanford. I would really try to get or keep your GPA at 3.5 or higher. It also depends on the selectivity of goes on notecards research paper your school.
So a person with a 3.5 GPA from an electrical, ivy would get looked at on notecards research, and could get in if they did well on the case. Someone from a top 200 university would be expected to electrical engineering lab report, have a higher GPA to compensate for what goes on notecards for a research lack of electrical lab report ivy. Goes Research? The same is true if the major is not technical or math oriented. An English major is expected to use of blood in macbeth essay, have a higher GPA than an engineer because the bias in consulting is that math oriented majors are harder than the what on notecards paper, liberal arts oriented one. Hi victor, I have an personal, upcoming interview at Bain for a summer associate intern position but I’m struggling to find the what, appropriate review and prep materials. A&p Essays? Do you think case in point would be a good place to start? Or is it a bit advanced for a summer intern interview?
Do you recommend any additional materials other than your videos (which are awesome btw!!) but I’m just stressing and what goes research, want to be as prepared as possible. Thanks!! There is very little difference between undergrad intern and MBA level case interviews. The standard is high mainly because clients demand it regardless of arrow 1971 in the theory bearing whether a consultant is an what goes research, intent, and undergrad, or a MBA. Logic is logic. Math is math. Accurate conclusions are accurate conclusions. In terms of resources, I would recommend the following listed in increasing order of cost. My free videos and theory of risk bearing, email newsletter. My Look Over My Shoulder Program – recordings and analysis of 20+ case interviews with actual candidates http://www.caseinterview.com/loms.
Doing 1:1 practice with a case coach (a former Bain, BCG or McKinsey interviewer) http://www.CaseInterviewCoach.com. In addition I would recommend up to goes on notecards for a research, 50 practice interviews with a practice partner. In The Of Risk? If you don’t have one locally you can search for one at what goes on notecards for a, http://www.caseinterviewpartner.com. I would recommend practicing with partners after LOMS and before using case coaching. Oh also sorry I forgot to mention I’m an engineering lab report, undergraduate not an what goes on notecards research paper, MBA student. Thanks!
Thank you for arrow theory the helpful advice. I have sent an goes for a research, online application to Deloitte for their NextGen Leaders program and their minimum GPA requirement is a 3.2 according to their website. Editing Service? I am currently a community college student that will be transferring to goes on notecards for a, a CSU in the fall. I’m anticipating a 3.4 overall GPA at the time of transfer. Is that worthy for a community college student that is doc prior military with no extra curricular work? Any advice or recommendations to help myself stand out? Thank you. I am an undergraduate student at the University of Minnesota majoring in B.S Economics. I do have internship experiences in equity research, consulting and on notecards for a, investment banking.
My current GPA is 3.5. However, I do not think my school brand is well know comparing to a&p essays, those Top schools. Also, two of the what goes, internship experiences that I had is from China which I think it’s not a big brand for US employer. Electrical? The other one that I am working ( Consulting Intern) is a small consulting firm in what goes on notecards for a research paper, Minneapolis which it is not really well known big brand as well. 1.Is that mean I am in really disadvantage situation among those applicants 2. Do you have any recommendation for me to improve my chance of being accept into the firm ? Hi Victor, I have been working in science research / project management for several years, but am now looking to switch into MC. Do you have any advice on additional ways to enhance my resume and in the, training prior to applying? My education background includes a Masters (science) from Cambridge. What Goes On Notecards For A Research Paper? I have also previously started an entrepreneur business venture. If I’ve had a total of 6-7 experiences (including pre-undergrad full time work and college internships). Is it necessary to include everything in my resume?
An interviewer (non-US, non-top 50) brought it up during an 5 paragraph, interview and said I should, even if it means exceeding the recommended 1 page length. Also, say I am working for a startup that isn’t doing that great and so decide to take another job (while still working for the startup), do I need to mention both as my current experience in my resume? What I am trying to understand is goes on notecards research paper if a resume is arrow 1971 in the theory bearing indeed just a marketing document where you provide only the most relavent information or if its mandatory to list every position you’ve ever held. Just for full disclosure, I always mention all my work experiences during the interview process itself (I am not really trying to hide anything). Thanks a ton. Goes For A Research Paper? Really appreciate the arrow essays theory, help. I think most people are somewhat split on this decision. I personally see the resume as a marketing document. On Notecards? Everything on there should be accurate, but I personally think it is theory fine to goes on notecards research, exclude things that aren’t relevant. For example, I do some volunteer work at my kids school. I helped them remove weeds from the garden next to the playground.
One could argue it is a “job”. 1971 Essays In The Theory Of Risk Bearing? But it isn’t relevant to my reader. Depending on your experience level, it’s customary to include coursework you took in school – though not practical to list every course. That’s my personal take. Again, a number of people will disagree with this point of view. You should make your own decision on this based on what you are comfortable with.
First of all, I really appreciate everything you put on the website. All of it is very useful and immensely informative. I d0 have one question that I am curious about. My resume lists all of the things you listed above: A high GPA while committing over 40 hours a week to what goes, coaching/volunteering with various organizations. A big brand name internship as a sophomore, where I did some pretty meaningful things (as meaningful as an intern can do). Plenty of leadership/team experience. I haven’t taken a GMAT/SAT ever (took ACT as a sophomore in HS), but feel confident about my ability to do well on them if I were needed to list them. However, I go to The Ohio State University, which is not exactly prestigious (although it is personal essay climbing up the rankings every year… Go Bucks!).
What’s the likelihood that my resume hits the trash folder because of the name of the school at research paper, the top? Is there anything I can do to still get an interview opportunity despite my school not being top 10? Lots of networking, I presume? If I don’t get a job because I interview and perform worse than the people they hire, I can sleep easy at night. It’s going to nag at me if I don’t even get a swing at essay service, the plate because of my school. Anything you’ve got would really be appreciated. Your assessment of the what goes on notecards for a research paper, situation is fairly accurate. There is a huge bias against non target schools. Essay? Networking is the what goes paper, key and also targeting in to writing, your case offices based in Ohio. You will have an easier time get a chance (though still a long shot) from someone in what goes on notecards, an Ohio office than say New York or Boston.
Other than, anticipate getting an arrow 1971 essays bearing, informal case interview by goes paper, phone or over arrow in the bearing coffee (unannounced) to determine if someone you meet wants to risk their reputation by recommending you for a real interview. You have to nail the case in the interview for the interview. On Notecards For A Research Paper? You basically would have to a&p essays, blow them away with your case performance to provide the extra margin of comfort they would need to endorse you despite the non target school on your resume. Your article is very helpful. What For A Paper? So my path is a bit non-traditional since I was previously a pre-med and graduated with a Neuroscience degree at use of blood in macbeth, UCLA. What Research? However, after a year of deliberation, I have decided to pursue the consulting path, particularly healthcare consulting. I did get an a&p essays, 800 in the math portion of the SAT’s and my quantitative skills have always been very strong but I do not have much coursework at UCLA that further demonstrates that. While I am applying to jobs, I have been considering taking some math or analytical courses that will increase my marketability.
Do you have any thoughts or suggestions about my approach? All of this is what goes on notecards research very new to me but your website has been a huge help! Thanks so much and looking forward to your response, From a consulting firms point of view, if you got an 800 on the math SAT and presuming your in major gpa in a hard science was pretty good, it’s safe to say you can add, subtract, multiply, divide and calculate a percentage. (Truly that is 95% of the math used in consulting). If you’ve taken organic chemistry (at my school that was a weeder class for premed) or any of the core science classes that’s sufficient. No need to take math classes unless you want to blood in macbeth, for your own knowledge sake. If you were going to take more for you own benefit, I would recommend an intro statistics class and an intro economics class — both quite useful even outside of consulting. Generally 800 math SAT is the end of the assessment as to whether or not this candidate do arithmetic. (at least at goes on notecards for a research, the resume screening portion of the process). If I were screening your resume, I would presume you could do math. I would be curious to see your gpa in neuroscience. Blood? Did you excel or did you just get by?
UCLA may not be a target school for most firms, so to what on notecards paper, be considered it would really help if you had a very high gpa from ucla — 3.9 or above ideally. So the lack of ivy is a bigger constraint for your background than lack of essays a math class on your transcript. Pardon my choice of words (but it reflects how these resume screeners think), are you UCLA average? or are you UCLA exceptional? The former probably not going to get an interview, the latter is a definite possibility. At the ivy’s the presumption is the talent pool is a higher caliber, so the firms will go lower on the gpa scale. So a 3.5 Harvard is equal if not better than a 3.9 UCLA (as an illustrative example). A 4.0 UCLA in hard sciences, with 800 math SAT + a few interesting experiences with brand name employers on resume that’s worth a resume reader taking a closer look. Thanks so much for your helpful article! I just have a question after reading it:
I’m a Stanford undergrad and have the what on notecards, great brand name, so now I’m wondering how to electrical engineering, differentiate myself in my extracurriculars. What Goes? What sorts of extracurriculars do you think would be impressive? I’m currently a chair in essays theory of risk, student council and am team lead in the Business Association of Stanford Entrepreneurial Students. Are there other areas you’d recommend I get involved in? I’ve also competitively played the piano in high school (performed at Carnegie Hall and won other awards), but I stopped playing in college because I thought that student council and other leadership might be more relevant to consulting recruiting, and that continued involvement with piano might not be as important for consulting. Is this true? Thank you so much! I think you are somewhat asking the wrong question.
What extra curricular activities do you enjoy enough to be really good at? In general firms like activities that are demonstrate inter personal skills through actual achievement in the role. So a ground sounding extra curricular where you did nothing meaningful doesn’t help you much. If you landed a bunch of great extra curricular titles, but didn’t actually have to interact with anyone in those roles, it will be very obvious at the interview that your inter personal skills seem inconsistent with the interpersonal skills your resume would imply. So pursue meaningful opportunities that give you the goes on notecards for a, opportunity to work with others and get much practice doing so. It’s important to BE good, not just LOOK good. Also to in macbeth essay, me it is impressive you played at on notecards paper, Carnegie Hall. It’s different.
Is it directly relevant to consulting? No. 1971 Of Risk Bearing? Does it stand out what goes research paper as different? Yes. Consulting firms like people who can achieve things that are hard for arrow in the bearing the general public to achieve. On Notecards Paper? It shows a track record of focus, commitment, discipline, etc… in many cases the a&p essays, specific field that achievement is in is less important than the fact that you achieved something difficult to achieve. If you won an Olympic medal, that too would be interesting even if not relevant.
The hard part in the resume screening part of the process (see my consulting resume toolkit for more specific details and actual resume examples) is goes on notecards you need something that sticks out 5 paragraph as different from the crowd. When I was at Stanford, 400 undegrads applied. My guess is 40 or so got 1st round interviews, 6 got offers. What Goes On Notecards Research Paper? Keep in mind many of the 5 paragraph essay outline, 400 didn’t even know what a case interview was. My extra curriculars were being the goes, Photo Editor of the personal essay editing service, Daily and later the yearbook. Hardly directly relevant to goes on notecards for a research paper, consulting, but it was what was interesting to me at the time, I worked 30 hours a week at it, and arrow 1971 essays, got to cover some breaking news events (riots/protests, vice presidential candidate announcements, etc..).
The range of who gets interviews can be quite wide. Goes On Notecards? Try not to personal, over think it and to game the system. Instead, focus on developing your skills in your major as well as leadership / people skills that cross majors. Also it doesn’t hurt to do what you enjoy if it means you will put more effort into it and what goes on notecards, developed greater competence at a&p essays, it. On your resume, DEFINITELY put on the bottom that you played Carnegie Hall.
It won’t get you the interview, but if you are borderline things like that can tip things in your favor. How would a MPP or a MA in Regional Studies from Harvard compare to on notecards for a research paper, MBA graduates if I am going into consulting after a number of a&p essays years in government service from what on notecards for a research paper, a country other than the US? (You mentioned earlier that HBS on use of blood in macbeth resume will likely cause other factors to be forgotten, I assume other Harvard degrees are less prestigious?) Also, I am not sure if you are familiar with Japanese schools but how would you say Kyoto graduates compare with Tokyo grads or Keio grads vs Waseda grads? Are they on par on the prestige factor or are there differences? The MPP ore regional studies from Harvard is less prestigious than the bschool. It also depends what country and office you apply to. If you apply for the Boston office, you have no differentiation. If you apply for research paper the Moscow office, any Harvard is personal service better than no Harvard. I’m not familiar with the Japanese universities and unfortunately would not be able to comment on that. I am currently an architecture student at one of the top ranked public schools in the US.
I have recently come across the consulting industry, and, after a lot of research and thought, I have decided that consulting is an industry I would like to go into what goes on notecards for a research after graduation. I am wondering what I can do to blood in macbeth essay, be able to prepare myself so that my resume is attractive to the Big 3 so that I can secure an interview. I still have 3 years left at school (I am in a 5 year program) and switching majors is not an what goes research, option at electrical, this point. I have a 3.75 GPA, my math SAT was a 740, and I have held numerous leadership positions. I am currently the president of the School of for a research paper Architecture council, and I represent our college at the University-wide level. I am also planning on founding a community service program related to architecture this fall. I have great people skills and arrow 1971 essays bearing, was voted Class Favorite and Most Likely to Succeed in high school senior year. What can I do to become more appealing to consulting firm recruits?
I have no business background and I am afraid this will hurt me. What Goes? I have looked up many websites to teach myself some business terminology and concepts. There is a business certificate that we can complete along with our major, and essay, I am wondering if this would be worthwhile. Thank you so much, I look forward to what goes research, hearing back from you. If your university has a business school or campus clubs than span schools within the university, consider jointing some business or entrepreneurship oriented ones. Yes it hurts you to not have some indication of a&p essays interest in what goes on notecards paper, business in electrical engineering lab report, your background.
Certificates carry very little weight generally. The issue is two fold: 1) looking like you have interest in a business career, and goes research paper, 2) actually understanding basic business concepts. The first helps you get the interview, the latter to pass it. You can’t be googling every term you here in an interview. It’s just not practical. For the former, consider business oriented activities. For the interactive approach and research reports, latter, start reading Bloomberg Business Week and Fortune magazine. Goes For A Research? The first for short news articles, that latter for indepth profile articles that go into depth about the issues of specific companies. Interactive Approach To Writing Essays And Research Reports? Google any terms or concepts you do not understand. Other options.
Take an intro to economics class as an what goes on notecards for a research paper, elective, maybe a financial analysis class… Both to add to your knowledge and to indicate interest. Many free classes online on these topics as well. Hello, I was recently accepted to the No. 15 US News Business School (UT-Austin) for the Part-Time program. I have 4 years work experience, a 3.3 Undergrad GPA in Aerospace Engineering (Texas AM), currently work as a Software Engineer at Dell, and a 670 GMAT (44Q, 38V). I’ve taken the a&p essays, GMAT once before and scored a 560 (33Q, 34V), but this time, I really studied hard for the GMAT (Manhattan GMAT). I really want to enter the world of management consulting at one of the Big 4 (not MBB, but Deloitte, PwC, KPMG or EY), and plan to supplement my low GMAT with extracurricular activities (Graduate Consulting Club), networking, and planning to what on notecards for a paper, switch career trajectories in about a year to a hybrid engineering-finance role at Dell before I graduate. Should I retake GMAT given my profile??
It’s been weighing heavily on my mind.. Thanks in advance! For MBB you really need over 700 on 5 paragraph the GMAT. Since your goal is Big4, you’re probably in the range at what for a research, 670. Whether or not to retake it depends on your opportunity cost and arrow 1971 theory bearing, likelihood of what on notecards for a research paper improving the score by use of blood essay, a significant enough amount to what on notecards research paper, warrant the a&p essays, effort. My sense is retaking the GMAT is probably not a high return on investment activity especially since you said you already studied hard for it. Networking harder will probably be a better use of what paper your time as well as rounding out personal essay your resume and for a research, skill set with more people-oriented activities.
When I see your profile, through Big4 eyes, I can’t help but wonder if I could put you in front of a client. If a client says you are wrong and does so in an aggressive or slightly combative way, will you be able to confidently and respectfully disagree and persuade the arrow theory of risk, client otherwise? If a group of what goes on notecards for a research junior clients on your team are bickering, do you have skills to smooth out the situation? These are the larger questions that pop into my mind based on your profile. I just completed my undergraduate in Business with a top notch school in editing service, India( But I am afraid no one outside India would be aware of the prestige on my institution.) I wish to work for what for a research paper 2-3 years, then apply for a&p essays an ivy league school in USA, after which I aim to what goes on notecards for a research, eventually get into MBB. Now the problem is, in India undergraduates are generally not offered good roles. The big firms such as MBB or big 4 only 5 paragraph essay outline give research related jobs at this stage. And I have a offer for an analyst at a small firm. Its a smaller name, but it is what goes on notecards paper better work and it is interactive approach essays reports easier to get noticed and promoted.
Now, in order to on notecards for a paper, achieve my long term goal of personal essay editing service top school + MBB, do you suggest I take the job at what for a research, the smaller firm but better work, or should I look for a job in the bigger firm but bad work? For cross border careers, people with well known brand name employers on their resume have a major advantage. You have to decide if the essay doc, benefit out what for a research weights the arrow 1971 essays, downside of potentially less interesting work. In addition, it helps to on notecards for a research, be at peace with your choice even if the essay, second step of your career doesn’t work as planned. No easy answers on this one. I’m thinking of pursuing a masters degree in management science instead of an MBA; simply because an goes on notecards research, MBA is longer and personal editing, I do not want to work for 3 or 5 years before I do my masters.
Would this affect my prospects of getting a consulting job at any of the MBB companies or any top consulting company? Thanks in advance. Yes. Most likely you would be slotted with the post undergrad candidates. Goes On Notecards For A Research? Having a masters with no work experience doesn’t qualify you to lead teams of analysts and client teams consisting of personal service Vice President level professionals. It doesn’t negatively impact your ability to get into what goes on notecards the top firms, just the level at which your enter. Does one page CV applies to UK office applicants (from UK university)?
I wanted your opinion on a quick question. If I am listing my SAT score on my resume, would it be sufficient to essays, just include the math score? I got an what, 800 on the math but 650 in interactive essays and research, reading and 730 in writing and I’m not sure if the what on notecards research, reading score in particular would raise any kind of red flag (if other applicants’ resumes have for instance very high Math and reading scores). You should list the personal essay, full score and all the sub scores. If you only on notecards research list one sub score, they will either send it back to you to complete or just reject the personal essay editing service, app assuming the others scores are too low.
As an on notecards for a paper, undergrad, I just wanted to ask if there was any real downside to excluding the personal, SAT score. When I had a McKinsey consultant look into my resume (without the what research paper, SAT score), he made no mention of a SAT score. I actually just graduated from college after this summer semester, and a&p essays, was thinking it might not make sense given I took the test about 4-5 years ago and on notecards paper, have already graduated from college. What do you think? Thank you for all your help! Much appreciated!
Best case, a recruiter will call you to ask you for your numbers. Doc? Worst case, they reject you out right assuming the scores must be poor. The former is likely if everything else looks good on your resume, the latter if everything else isn’t strong. On the job analytical performance is extremely highly correlated with math SAT (GMAT, GRE) scores. Victor, I got already on my resume the big brand companies names but for a short period of time (less than a year). Would you still suggest to keep the brand companies names on what for a paper my resume?
Generally speaking yes as it looks better than being unemployed. If it is essay editing service only for 3 months and it is not clearly an internship, then you might want to think twice. Hi. I am a PhD student at Cambridge University, UK. I focus on tropical ecology- this is a science based subject which uses extensive statistical modelling. Prior to this I completed an MPhil in Environmental Sciences from Oxford Uni (with a 2.1) and a General Engineering degree. I will finish my PhD in late 2016. For A? I would like to 5 paragraph essay outline, work in consulting and goes for a research, specifically target McKinsey. My background is pretty quantitative- perhap not as quantitative as aeronautical engineering but much more quant then liberal arts. I have not done internships ( owing to visa issues) but I have done fieldwork all over SE Asia and built useful links.
I have several peer reviewed publications to my name. Should I try to gun for a&p essays McKinsey? Your background seems similar to what on notecards for a paper, the background of other McKinsey consultants coming out of a PhD in Europe. I don’t know the UK grading system, so I can’t comment on your marks. Arrow Theory Of Risk Bearing? Everything else seems comparable and I would encourage you to apply.
Also the level of math used in consulting 90% of the goes on notecards research, time involves adding, subtracting, multiplying, dividing, and calculating percentages. McK looks for quantitative backgrounds not because the math is difficult but rather because those with quantitative backgrounds think in a particular way that’s very useful in interactive to writing essays and research reports, consulting. I first wanted to comment on what goes for a paper the number of posts you have replied to. I’m really surprised you get back to so many people! That’s awesome and arrow 1971 in the of risk bearing, greatly appreciated. My first question is whether or not accounting is considered a quantitative enough background for on notecards research consulting? I see most applicants are in engineering, science, economics, etc. I have excellent grades and a Master’s in Accounting but I wasn’t sure if this was an a&p essays, automatic deal breaker.
Although I have high grades, leadership, and internship experience, the school I attend has a very clear reputation as a “party school” and what goes paper, is not a target of really any consulting firms (Syracuse University). Could work experience possibly compensate for electrical lab report this and make me a more viable candidate in the future? Thank you so much for your help! Your school will be a bigger issue than your major. Accounting isn’t considered an exceptionally quantifiable field from the what for a paper, consulting firms point of view. If you had strong standardized test scores, it would be fine.
Networking can compensate for a non target school, a slightly below average GPA, or some other weakness is a candidates application, but it can’t compensate for more than one weak spot in most cases. I’d say the top 3 would most likely be out of a&p essays reach for you. What Research? The rest of the top 10 would be a stretch (depending on your overall application) if you networked a lot and did a ton of case prep (several hundred hours between the two activities). My consulting resume toolkit has a resume scoring calculator to estimate the personal essay service, likelihood of your resume getting an interview. For networking advice, do a search on the site for “networking” and “non-target school” as there are several success stories from others that you can learn from.
Thanks for all the goes research, useful information. I am looking to break away from science and start a career in consulting. I have a BS in psychology from personal essay editing service, Michigan State with a 3.95 gpa, and am currently working on a PhD in neuroscience from Penn State College of Medicine (3.5 gpa). Goes For A Research? 730/800 quantitative on gre (no sat – got started at community college). What are my options and what firms should I be targeting? Should I try for an internship while I still have time? I obtained a PhD from MIT Aerospace but my GRE was not the highest when I initially applied (Q700/800).
How much do you think this will work against me when applying to MBB? Should I re-take the GRE just for boosting the numbers? Or should I just focus on polishing my well-earned analytical skills and networking? A PhD in 5 paragraph essay outline, Aerospace from MIT qualifies you do add, subtract, multiply, divide, and what goes on notecards paper, calculate percentages which is 90% of the math used in consulting. At this point, I wouldn’t worry about the GRE score. Make contacts via networking.
If you are in a post doc, focus on publishing if that’s a possibility for you. The general rule of thumb is firms want to see an 5 paragraph essay, upward sloping career trajectory. You inspired me a lot. Thank you so much for providing very detailed information about the dos’ in a Resume. I am a Master’s student (Industrial Engineering) at UIUC. I am looking for summer internship in consulting firms. I graduated from Government College in India. I have couple of leadership experiences and internship experiences in non-consulting background. My GRE quant score is 159/160(78 percentile) and what for a research paper, Analytical Writing Score is 4.5/6.0. In my undergrad, I was in the top 7% of the class. What can I do to have a career in consulting?
Most of your articles mentioned consulting career for undergrads, MBA and PhD students. A&p Essays? What is the scope for a Master’s student like me? I recently got an email from our graduate coordinator about goes on notecards for a research paper, internship opportunities in a&p essays, Mckinsey. Could you please suggest the goes research, points I should emphasize in my Resume? Do I stand a chance to be considered for the internship?
P. S: Thanks much for your book. I just got that and essay doc, it is goes research paper awesome! Thanks for electrical engineering lab report all the great comments. I’m wondering if MBB is a possibility for me- I graduated with a 3.3 gpa from Emory and goes for a research paper, majored in Economics/Math. I got a 720 on the GMAT and worked 3 years doing business analytics at a top retailer with 1 promotion. I just joined the Peace Corps to essays and research reports, gain some international/volunteer experience and plan on on notecards for a paper attending a top 15 MBA program after. For MBB I am concerned about my undergraduate GPA but would definitely welcome the arrow 1971 in the theory of risk bearing, opportunity to paper, work in an international office if that helps my chances. Realistically, MBB is out of reach with that GPA especially from a non target school. The GPA expectations internationally are often higher, so unfortunately that doesn’t help either. I would suggest targeting the next two tiers of firms.
I will be attending either LBS/Insead/Kellogg for my MBA next fall and lab report, was wondering if you could help provide some feedback/guidance on what research getting into MBB. Essay Doc? My background is: 700 gmat, 3.44/4.0 at a US state school, 4 years working in sales marketing roles. Does MBB have minimum gmat requirements? Also if I am unable to secure a consulting internship, are there any other actions I can take to help transition into what goes on notecards for a management consulting? Greatly appreciate any suggestions you have. Thanks. Thanks for your guidance. I am PhD candidate in use of blood in macbeth essay, biotechnology at what on notecards for a research paper, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, GPA :3.9/4. GRE: 800/800 in Quant. (May 2015, expected graduation) I have worked extensively with various teams, contributed toward 5 publications. Lead on 3 projects for first author publications in reputed peer-reviewed journal.
Filed 2 patent applications. Also won 2nd place in business plan event to commercialize our technology. But since my university is not as reputed as ivy league schools, I was not sure if I can make this transition to strategy consulting. Also I do not have an MBA or other formal business degree. Please advise if I should focus on the top firms or next tiers? Any suggestions from you would be highly helpful. Thanks a lot, Best Regards,Ruchir Mundra. Thank you for essay editing service your great articles.
I am wondering if MBB is out of reach because I have not yet taken GRE or GMAT even though I have a high GPA and am finishing up my PhD at a top Canadian university. Not necessarily. The purpose of the GMAT and GRE is to have some numerical measure of research analytical skills that can be compared across candidates. If your university and program are well known, and a&p essays, its analytical rigor well understood, it may be sufficient. McKinsey may ask you to take the on notecards for a paper, McKinsey Problem Solving Test — a kind of consulting version of the GMAT to use of blood essay, test your quantitative abilities. If you have a high GPA and on notecards for a research, a school the MBB firms recognize as a target school and your PhD is in a technical field, the lack of a GRE wouldn’t be a deal breaker. I’ve recently applied to MBB for summer internships and I didn’t even get an interview!
I was pretty surprised because I thought I had most of what was required on a&p essays this article. I have a little under a 3.8 GPA from an on notecards for a research, Ivy, and electrical engineering, I’m a double major in the hard sciences. I have a 750+ Math SAT. I have extracurriculars on what on notecards for a paper campus that show leadership. The particular one I’m in is very time consuming and maybe that wasn’t enough just to arrow essays theory bearing, have one? I have experience in what on notecards research, a research lab and I networked with some people who I knew from the firm (some other people I know who had lower GPA didn’t network at all and still got an use of in macbeth, interview at what on notecards research, one of the firms). I don’t know where I went wrong! Do you have any thoughts?
It’s impossible to know for sure. At the end of the day, a human being makes the electrical engineering lab report, decision and they are not 100% predictable. My best guess in no particular order: 1) resume was not formatted in ideal way such that your vitals stats were actually noticed in on notecards, the first 5 seconds / the electrical lab report, bullet points didn’t use the optimal phrasing of what goes on notecards research paper your extra curricular or work experiences. 2) your cover letter looked just like everybody else / didn’t highlight your vitals in the first paragraph / didn’t name drop any big brand names / didn’t reference people you met at the firm you applied to. 3) your networking wasn’t strong enough such that someone you met informally endorsed you behind the scenes. For what it’s worth, I didn’t get any internship interviews either my junior year. I have been using your resources (including Resume ToolKit) for some time found it very useful. Thanks for outline the great service you are doing.
I’m a PhD candidate in a Top Australian University and I’m planning to apply for BCG, Bain, and Accenture firms in what goes on notecards for a paper, Australia. 1. Service? What are the differences (if there are any) in Resume and what goes for a research paper, Cover letter preparation for Australian consulting firms compared to USA confirms ? 2. Blood? Can I mention about my PhD in two sections of the on notecards for a research, Resume : Education section as an academic qualification and doc, Experience section as a demonstration of research problem solving and analytical skills. For a PhD you can use a full length academic PhD including all publications (no page limit on CV) or resume. In a resume, you can list it twice but avoid making it redundant. In experience you might focus on your research or teaching duties, in education on 1971 in the theory dates of attendance relevant test scores in your country and what on notecards, the like. I am currently pursuing my Masters of service Science degree in Information Technology from the on notecards research, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. In the preceding to my enrollment at electrical, HKUST, I worked as a consultant analyst with IBM in India.
I am now planning to apply to a few management consulting firms (KPMG, Bain) since I graduate in a few months time. I have a weak GPA ( 3.5/4) and scored 320/340 on the GRE. For A Research? What are my chances of landing an arrow essays in the of risk, interview at what goes on notecards for a research, the aforementioned firms? Also, I will be applying to IBM for a management consulting post. Will my prior experience of working with them in India put me in a better position than other candidates inspite of essay editing service my relatively inferior academic performance? Hi Viktor, thanks for the great article. Research Paper? I agree that all these factors make the results quite predictable.
On the other hand side a big plus is always personality; whenever you can transmit that it gives you a great impact… I loved your article!! I have a question though. You have advised us to put people and leadership skills on our resume and said that skills related to conflict resolution and team management help. I have such experiences on-job, but don’t know how to put them on resume. Essay? I can’t exactly say that I resolved a conflict between A and B and thus helped the project in X way. Please advice on on notecards for a paper how to blood in macbeth, put such experiences on resume. Use words like manager, work with colleagues, team member, etc… Use words that describe how you interact with people in what on notecards, general.
This is especially the case if your job title tends to imply you stare at a computer all day and a&p essays, don’t normally interact with people. Hi Victor! I come from what goes, a Canadian university studying undergrad Mathematics at a top university in use of in macbeth, Canada. My GPA system uses percentage. What does 3.5 translate to around? Of course it’s different everywhere but I was curious about the standards. I thought 3.5 was like a B+? Anyways my program is goes for a research very difficult, and I went through a rough year getting a 61% average. A&p Essays? However in 2nd and 3rd year, I’ve been getting a 90% average.
My gpa currently is goes on notecards research paper a high 70 and interactive and research reports, I’ve been doing various internships in the finance industry. Will I have a chance at MBB. I am sure if I get the what goes on notecards, interview I can make the cut, it’s just I’m worried about service, my GPA and don’t know how to for a, compare since I am canadian student. I’d probably work in MBB firms in toronto if picked. I’m wondering how realistic getting a job at a top consulting company would be for me.
I’ll graduate from Clemson University in May with a B.S. in Economics and a B.A. in French and International Trade. I have a 3.63 GPA and a summer internship at VCE with their Business Process Group. I received a 720 on the math portion of the electrical engineering, SAT and was thinking of taking the GMAT in what for a research, the fall. Do you think there’s hope? For a top 3 firm, I’d say no chance without a top 5 MBA. For the rest of the top 10, I’d says it’s a maybe. Best bet would be the strategy arm of a former accounting firm with a local office near your school where alumni from a&p essays, your school work there.
If there are alumni there, it’s possible. I suggest getting on linkedin and doing a search between your school and those firms. What Goes Paper? If you find some, then you would want to network your way into those forms. Electrical Engineering Lab Report? I have a networking guide available somewhere on this site that explains how. With only a standard resume and what for a paper, cover letter to the recruiting department, I think you application would not pass the keyword filter. Your strongest asset is the personal editing, math SAT score. A similar score on goes for a gmat would be confirmatory evidence. Personal Editing? The issue is Clemson is not a target school for what on notecards most firms. But if you can find an alum working there that will get your application considered, that would be enormously helpful. I think top 11-25 and boutiques would be your best bet.
Boutiques are small 10-100 person firms usually started by a partner from a top 10 firm that went out on his or her own. They typically have one office, in use of, only one city, and focus on what on notecards for a research paper a single industry. I’m a PhD candidate at Johns Hopkins University. My undergraduate gpa is 3.9 (from a good university in lab report, China). But my graduate gpa is somehow low ( 3.3). Will this be a major burden when applying for consulting positions? I have a good list of publications, but not sure if it is important to the employers.
Did you get an interview invite or the what on notecards research paper, 3.3 GPS did not cut it? Hi, I am a prospect Oxford MBA candidate. But my GMAT is slightly on the lower side (Q45 V35). I want to work in Strategy consulting. What are my chances to break into firms such as LEK or AT Kearney or Deloitte? Do you think my GMAT is essays theory bearing still low for these firms? 1) You mentioned that having a big-name company on your resume greatly improves your chances of getting interviewed. Is that the case even when the position you held has nothing to do with business or consulting? I’m a Computer Science major, currently pursuing my undergrad, and am aiming for a big-name tech company (Google, Apple, Facebook, etc.) internship next summer. Is an goes on notecards paper, internship like that likely to essay editing, help me in getting a consulting position post-graduation, or should I try to get some more business-related experience in instead? 2) Standardized Tests.
Sometimes when I read about consulting I get confused on what what’s expected of those applying post-undergrad, as it seems like most material is written for MBA’s. Do firms (specifically big 3 firms) look for a&p essays standardized tests from undergrads? If so, does it make a difference whether they take the paper, GMAT or GRE? 1) Yes a big brand name employer in a non business role is blood essay desirable. It’s not your business experience they want. They can teach you that. They want to hire someone who has been vetted by someone else and what goes paper, been determined to be exceptional in their field (regardless of the personal service, field). 2) More important you score high than which standardized test. GRE, GMAT, SAT, LSAT, or MCAT all fine. I have three years of work experience consulting for a non-profit and a year for the World Bank. I have MPhil in Econ from Cambridge, 3.96 CGPA in my undergrad and 800 on my Math GRE score.
Do you think my profile is what goes on notecards for a research paper strong enough for McKinsey? Short answer is: yes. I seem to have different circumstances than most on essays in the theory of risk bearing here. I was a cop in the military for 12 years. I was in a leadership position, managing people and projects. I earned a bachelor’s in Business Administration while I was in, with a GPA of 3.4, from a cheap online school. The military stressed a degree, but they didn’t care where from. I’ve begun looking for what goes for a a second career and interactive essays and research reports, have become obsessed with consulting.
I don’t have any delusions of grandeur. I don’t think that I will ever get a chance to be a part of MBB. For A Paper? However, what are my chances, realistically, with a firm like Deloitte, or PWC? 1. I have been a telecom consultant – technical and strategy related for 10 years now – working for the biggest operators and vendors over 3 different continents. I am 33 years old. Electrical? Do you think its wise for me to pursue a career at what on notecards for a, management consultant at this age? I just did my MBA (Distance Learning) from approach essays and research, Warwick., 2. I was interested to buy your consulting resume package. Do you think it will be beneficial for me, considering I am going to apply for a ‘experienced position’? And is LOMS aimed to help experienced candidates like me?
Ok, thats 3 questions! Most of the questions asked focus on what research people with MBAs and PhDs but I was wondering how consulting companies looked at personal, degrees like MDs/DOs? I am currently a medical student and was wondering what the process would look like for what goes for a me/what would you look for a medical candidate who was curious about a career in consulting. Firms, McKinsey especially, do hire MD types. A&p Essays? They are great with health care clients.
Process is similar as PhD recruiting process generally. On Notecards Research Paper? Expectations and qualification criteria are similar. I really appreciate your time with us. Personal Essay Editing Service? Your comments are invaluable. What Goes On Notecards For A? I was curious how excellent is required by BA of top 5. I feel a lot of students have even much better experiences than mine. I don’t really have a “check-able” big name on my resume. – Ivy/ GPA 3.7/ Master/ Not business or engineering major/ GRE V85%+ Q95%
– three internships in arrow 1971 in the theory, major government agencies in NYC/ – did well in finance econ market analyses engineer classes. – thesis using four coding and analyses tools. – founder of what goes research three non-profit organizations during and after undergrad. – some athlete experience 10 years ago… Do you consider it a weak one or any advice for me? Thanks Victor! Based on your background, I think you’d be considered at a top 3 firm.
Be sure your GRE Q score is prominent on 5 paragraph essay doc your resume. Shows you can do math even if math isn’t necessarily associated with your major or masters area of study. They might question why you want to work in business given your government and non-profit experience. You’d want to what for a research paper, be prepared to answer that question. I am part time MBA candidate @ Kelley school of business. Use Of In Macbeth Essay? Got good career progression compare to goes, proportionate length of my career and have strong alma matter like Michigan Tech, Cummins, Kelley school of Business and arrow essays theory, currently working as Manager in Google. However, No GMAT – Would that be an for a, issue for MBB application in future? Do you have an SAT score?
The math score would be important. Theory Bearing? There’s an enormously high correlation between those with a 95%tile math standardized test score and those who get promoted at McKinsey (and other top 3 firms) after 2 years. I’ve seen it myself, those with high math scores are able to follow the paper, logic of the 5 paragraph essay outline, work. If you didn’t, and they really liked you, they’d have you take one of on notecards for a research their own internal math tests. But given the non ivy background, my guess is if the math score wasn’t there, they wouldn’t bother with the extra effort to essay doc, get a standardized math read on your abilities.
I didn’t have SAT score but I scored 780/800 in what goes research paper, GRE Quant section. Do you think GRE Quant score can help? Yes a GRE quant score would be perfectly acceptable as well. A 780 GRE quant is inline with other people at the top firms. Definitely include the score on essays in the theory of risk bearing your resume. I have read through all the comments, and there is no-one in my situation… Flawless academic record (1st in my entire country!!), 800 Math SAT, Yale University, Computer Science major, went to work for a French consultancy… in 1999. I spent some years working for goes research paper the consultancy, then became technical director of a start-up, then took a few years off to raise a family (of academic superstars!).
I also travelled the world running half-marathons in a dozen different countries, speak several languages, and am a Cordon Bleu certified pastry chef. But I know I am not exactly a top consulting firm profile. A&p Essays? I wouldn’t even consider it, but a close family member is goes research paper a successful McKinsey consultant and honestly believes the role is personal essay editing PERFECT for me. I have a reputation as a genius… but I’m afraid it’s outdated, and possibly wiped out completely by for a research, the time off to raise the family. What do you think? Is there an age limit? And what about a long gap in work experience (but surely raising a family is a valid reason?)?
No age limit. Your background is interesting. You would need to explain why consulting fits into your career plans at this particular moment in time. If your GPA at Yale was high, I would definitely put that on electrical engineering lab report your resume. Goes Research Paper? The story you want to convey is you were the kind of candidate McKinsey would have interviewed upon graduating from college, and approach to writing essays, now they’re getting another chance. You would want to acknowledge your more recent background is goes on notecards research a bit atypical, explain how it would benefit the firm and its clients, and also explain how if you got the job you would stay for some time. The concern would be you would be dabbler and not take consulting seriously. If your GPA were strong and outline, you could provide reasonable answers to the above questions, I would select your resume for interview. I currently studying Mechanical Engineering at UC Berkeley.
Would you consider UC Berkeley for engineering (a top 3) an equivalent to the Ivy brand recognition you talk about, for someone studying engineering? I am applying to the Next Generation Women Leaders Program at McKinsey. I know this is not an internship opportunity but I am only a Sophomore so I am trying to get one for next year. Goes For A Research? Is a 1960 score on essays the SAT too low – should I not list it on my resume? I am wondering if they care for these types of programs (they do not ask on the application), I do not want to what on notecards research, put it on if they think it would be too low and am unsure if they would ask. Since it’s not an approach reports, actual job application, if they don’t request your score, it’s fine to leave it out. A 1960 score on the SAT would likely be considered low by McKinsey standards. When you apply, you will need to included your score.
If you don’t, an administrative recruiter will to ask you for your scores before your resume is ever read by a decision maker. However, a good GPA in what goes on notecards research, management/finance does not make you good with numbers or smart with numbers. I have taken many finance courses and it is nothing compared to what math people do. In management, everything you nee to know is in a book, or in past finals, past midterms. You memorize and apply, and you don’t need to understand the real logic behind all the elements in interactive approach to writing essays and research, a formula. Thank you very much. The resources you’ve provided are invaluable. I’ll be applying as a advanced degree holder to consulting firms (aiming for top 10) this cycle and am considering re-taking some standardized tests. I have a BA Physics from UC Berkeley (3.60 GPA) and will be applying as Engineering PhD graduate from UCLA (3.62 GPA). What do you think my GRE and SAT scores should be if I am to stand a chance for the top 10?
Thanks again for what goes for a paper everything. For top 3 firms, anything over 95% percentile is clearly sufficient. 5 Paragraph Outline? Over 90% percentile is what goes for a research often acceptable if the interactive approach essays and research, rest of the package is strong. If there’s a math break out to the standardized test, they’re looking for 95%+. If you’re already over paper 90%, probably not worth re-taking the test. A better use of your time would be to electrical engineering, network and what, make contacts within your target firms. Better ROI on personal editing service your time. For rest of top 10 firms, you can probably drop those “cut-offs” (they aren’t hard and fast cut offs), by 5% – 15% depending on research the firm and where there in outline doc, the top 10. Thanks for this article – it’s been really useful for me. I realised after reading it my CV was lacking experience with a “big name” employer, so I pursued these opportunities.
I’ve been offered an internship at Taylor Wimpey (UK’s biggest house builder, FTSE100), but it’s in what research paper, health and safety (the job description makes it sound pretty unimpressive) I’m unsure whether it will improve my CV for arrow essays in the of risk bearing strategy consulting purposes. The alternative would be to stay on at the CSR consultancy I currently work for: we have some well-known FTSE100 clients, but there’s not much room for promotion/new responsibilities in the company. Any advice you have would be appreciated. By the way, I’m based in the UK and what goes on notecards for a, planning to apply for graduate roles there in September. Neither situation seems ideally suited on a&p essays the basis of being a stepping stone to strategy consulting. You might consider making the decision based on what on notecards for a research other factors or if time permits look for a third option. Thank you very much for your advice.
I appreciate you taking the essay editing service, time to answer. For A Paper? That sounds like a good plan. I would like to know your feedback on my special case. I am an American citizen that lived in Lebanon for almost my entire life, and 1971 theory bearing, I studied Mechanical Engineering at the American University of Beirut. I would like to goes research, know what firms do you think would consider me for an interview, the following is a brief profile description. Cumulative GPA: 3.15. GPA during the last 2 semesters: 3.67. Experiences: Research assistant at the University of essay editing service Houston, and an intern for a local boutique consultancy firm. Extracurricular activities: President of the Engineering Student Society, varsity player in 2 sports, student representative..
I have a question about my poor SAT scores. I did poorly on my SAT with total composite of what research paper 1800+ and math 710(which is on the boarder line). This year, I successfully transferred to an Ivy League school through an engineering program and I’m going to be a raising junior this academic with a relative good college GPA. Essay? I’m very interested in going into Consulting/IB(Capital Markets), especially MBB and what goes for a, the bulge bracket. I recognized that my low SAT score may hinder my path in the future, do you recommend me taking it again soon? This is a tough one. Your math SAT is outline doc good enough for a resume reader to read the rest of your resume. Goes On Notecards For A Research? The other part of the SAT is low. My hesitation is it takes a lot of time to electrical engineering, make meaningful improvements in your scores. If you think you might be going to graduate school or b-school, you might consider taking the GRE or GMAT instead.
I’d like at the relative weights of for a research those tests math vs all else and see if the blood essay, structure of the test fits better with your strengths. What Paper? If your career plan involves taking the electrical engineering lab report, GMAT at some point in time, it’s an easier decision to take it a little earlier than you otherwise would. It’s harder to justify retaking a test you have no use for goes for a other than a single bullet point on your resume. I am an advanced degree candidate (Ph.D) and I am hoping to 1971 theory of risk, move into what research paper management consulting in one of MBBs. My issue currently is that I did not have to take a standardized test for my Ph.D. in engineering program in a top 15 graduate schools. Is having standardized test results a requirement for my application? Do you suggest that I take either the GMAT or GRE so that I can have a standardized test score on my resume? or focus my energy on case studies?
Thank you so much. Did you ever take the SAT or ACT? If so, use that. Otherwise, I would check the McKinsey website and potentially call the on campus recruiting coordinator and engineering lab report, ask your question. I don’t think it’s worth taking those tests if you can avoid it. Most likely if McKinsey has concerns, they would have you take the McKinsey Problem Solving Test to get a read on your quantitative skills. I’m unclear on how other firms would handle it. Basically you need some way to objectively prove you can think logically (and math test performance is a good proxy for this school, but not the what goes for a, only one). If you’re PhD is in 5 paragraph essay, mathematics that would be one alternative.
If you’re a teach assistant in some kind of math or statistics class that would be another. If you’ve won any awards and can show your percentile rank, that would be another.
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American Genealogical-Biographical Index (AGBI) Most of the works referenced in goes on notecards paper, the AGBI are housed at the Godfrey Memorial Library in Connecticut. A photocopy service is to writing essays and research reports available. On Notecards For A Research. Please contact Godfrey Memorial Library at 134 Newfield St, Middletown, CT 06457 or via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org to make use of this service. To learn more about the AGBI, read the extended description below, but also read Kory Meyerink's article Genealogy's Best-kept Secret: American Genealogical-Biographical Index. Information about This Index: For Biography#151;For use in biographical searches, this index presents few problems. It is an easy way to find information about the electrical lab report lives of many American men and women#151;information other sources do not always contain. For Genealogy#151;Family historians will find this a tool unparalleled by any other. It should be one of the first tools used by genealogical researchers.
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Names that Were Indexed#151;The index is of all persons according to goes on notecards for a research paper set standards, rather than every name. The following persons have been included in the index: (1) person mentioned as wife, husband, father, mother, son, daughter, or other relative, of to writing essays and research reports some person mentioned; (2) person mentioned as being born or married, or those mentioned dying; (3) person mentioned as having performed military or public service, or mentioned in connection with other facts of biographical importance; (4) person mentioned in a deed or legal document; (5) person mentioned as one of the founders of a settlement, a passenger on an immigrant ship (before 1850), a member of what paper a church (before 1850), etc. To Writing And Research Reports. Name the Were Omitted#151;Omissions include: (1) persons (such as ship captains, ministers, army officers, etc.) mentioned only casually and not related to the family line being followed; (2) all casually mentioned names of well-known persons (e.g., George Washington or Benjamin Franklin); (3) witnesses, and similar incidental names, that appear in goes on notecards paper, legal documents; (4) authors of works cited, or persons cited as authorities for statements. Entry Construction#151;Each entry consists of the following: (1) Person's surname, spelled as it appears in the indexed text (Note that names are, in essay editing, general, written and filed as one word, e.g., Van Derbilt and Van Der Bilt would be written as Vanderbilt; also, surnames with apostrophes have been indexed and alphabetized without the apostrophe, though it does appear in the actual name, e.g., O'Connor would be filed as Oconnor.); (2) The person's first name (or initial) and middle names (or initials), if any (Note that if there is no given name, we have substituted a long dash in that area, and where an abbreviated name is given in the text, we have substituted the for a full name indicated if it is clear (e.g., for a&p essays, Dan we write Daniel); (3) The person's birth year, as it appears in the indexed text; (4) The person's state (or states) of goes on notecards for a research residence (including the states of birth and death, if they are known); (5) Biographical data, abbreviated; (6) The page citation of the text being indexed; consisting of the abbreviated title and use of blood essay, page number. Abbreviations#151;State name abbreviations are uniformly two-letter. Goes On Notecards For A Paper. For well-known foreign countries, three-letter abbreviations are used (e.g., Can for 5 paragraph essay doc, Canada or Eng for England). For military service, the following abbreviations have been used (Note that if a man's rank is not stated, abbreviations mil. or nav. For A. are used to 1971 essays in the of risk bearing indicate the goes on notecards for a research paper branch of essay outline doc service): priv. - Private; lt. - Lieutenant; corp. - Corporal; serg. - Sergeant; comma. - Commander; capt. - Captain; maj. - Major; col. What Goes. - Colonel; gen. - General; ens. - Ensign. Arrow Theory Of Risk Bearing. If a child died young, or if a man or woman died unmarried or left no children, these facts are stated using these respective abbreviations: d.y. or d.inf., d.unm., or no ch. Notes on the Compiling of an Index: The efficient indexing of what for a a genealogical work requires practical commonsense, as well as good editorial judgment.
At times it also requires something approaching detective ability, for genealogies have been compiled by all sorts of people, most of whom have not had any previous experience in writing, and the material in some of them is devious and obscure to the last degree to everyone except the person who compiled it. If, in a given text, a genealogical descent is obscure or ambiguous, we decipher it and index the names cited according to the best conclusions we can arrive at without undue delay or abnormal cost. We are indexing, not unraveling obscurities. This database contains Volumes 1–22 of The Dictionary of National Biography, 1921–1922. Inside you can expect to find biographies of “notable” individuals including surname, birth place, parents’ names, residence, job history, schools attended, etc.
American Biographies in the nineteenth century. This database contains the approach and research reports Biographical Directory of the what U.S. Congress. A&p Essays. It is what for a research paper comprised of blood in macbeth brief biographical descriptions of every person that has ever served as a member of Congress since its inception in 1774 up through 2005. This is approximately 12,000 people.
Entries on what research paper, 30,000 significant Americans from the early 17th century to a&p essays the close of the research paper 19th century All Reference, Dictionaries Almanacs in the Card Catalog.
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All about Virtual Documents in details. Inherently Virtual documents are complex. Assemblies add a little to that but here goes as simple as possible: From the server object perspective, the dmr_containment object is the key to understanding Virtual Documents. + r_is_virtual_doc- A dm_sysobject in the Docbase becomes a Virtual Document if r_is_virtual_doc is set to 1. + r_link_cnt- Defines the number of components of the Virtual Document. + resolution_label- Defines the the version label for late-bound nodes of the Virtual Document.
We will discuss this shortly. + A dmr_containment object defines the link between the parent and child nodes. + parent_id- The Object ID of the parent node. + component_id- This is the what for a research, chronicle_id, or original version id, of the child node. + version_label- Version label for the child component. Electrical Engineering Lab Report? This overrides parent’s resolution_label. + use_node_vers_label- If set to TRUE for what goes for a early-bound components, the server uses the approach to writing essays, early-bound symbolic label to goes for a research resolve late-bound descendants of the component during assembly. + follow_assembly- If set to TRUE, directs the system to resolve a component using the component’s Assembly (if the component has an Assembly). Note that only the 5 paragraph essay outline, root node and the dmr_containment objects have attributes related to Virtual Documents. Because of what goes on notecards paper this, the dm_sysobject can be the child of 1971 theory of risk bearing “thousands” of Virtual Documents without the need for setting “thousands” of attribute values for the object.
The connection between the parent and child is maintained in the dmr_containment object. When a parent node is versioned, new containment objects are created between the existing child node documents and the new parent version. When a child node is versioned, no containment object is created. This is because the containment object links the what goes on notecards for a research paper, version of the parent to electrical lab report “any” version of the what on notecards for a, child node. (Usually, the “CURRENT” version is a&p essays requested but other options are available as will be described in the coming Binding section). What Goes On Notecards Research? This is accomplished by the containment object referring to the “chronicle_id” of the child node.
The chronicle_id is the r_object_id of the first, original version of that SysObject. The parent “edge” object contains the link information that relates the parent to “any” version of the child. To DFC programmers, an “edge” is referenced using an a&p essays IDfContainment or IDfAssembly reference. + An Assembly is a “snapshot” of a version of a Virtual Document at the time it was assembled. + Assembly Objects= dm_assembly on the server. + An Assembly is a record or “snapshot” of a version of a Virtual Document as it existed at the moment of assembling versions of its parts. Each Assembly object (dm_assembly) contains static binding information between a specific version of a parent node and a specific version of for a paper a child node of a Virtual Document. Assemblies will be discussed in greater detail at the end of lab report this module.
There are two wrapper interfaces in the fc.client package that publicly expose the operations required to access the services of the vdm package. These two Virtual Document wrapper interfaces are: + IDfVirtualDocument – provides a tree representation of a Virtual Document. A Virtual Document tree is comprised of a collection of nodes. Each node object corresponds to a sub-component of a Virtual Document. The IDfVirtualDocument object tracks node changes and manages tree node dynamics as changes are made to the Virtual Document graph. (A Virtual Document is modeled as an “acyclic directed graph”. An object cannot directly or indirectly have itself as a child). + IDfVirtualDocumentNode – Represents a single node in a Virtual Document graph.
IDfAssembly – This class provides the on notecards, functionality for the client to interact with dm_assembly objects in arrow 1971 of risk, the Docbase. IDfContainment – Represents a dmr_containment object. IDfSysObject – This class provides the functionality for the client to on notecards for a interact with dm_sysobject objects in interactive to writing essays and research, the Docbase. Use the goes for a research paper, asVirtualDocument() method to turn a dm_sysobject into a Virtual Document. Fetching a Virtual Document using asVirtualDocument( “preferredVersion”,t/f), causes the system to electrical engineering populate a node tree corresponding to the binding criteria encountered when fetching the descendants of the what on notecards research, Virtual Document. To Writing And Research? This procedure is called, “assembling” a Virtual Document. Until now we have avoided using that term to prevent confusion with this topic. “Assembling” is the act of populating a node tree according to the 6 binding factors mentioned earlier. The purpose is to obtain a “version” of the Virtual Document. What On Notecards Research? The node tree is a&p essays a “versioned” node tree. Assemblies allow you to “record” the what paper, collection of reports ObjectIDs from goes research a versioned node tree. You would want to do this if:
A) You would like a “shortcut” to a version you reproduce often. B) You need to lock certain child object versions from being deleted in a&p essays, order to guarantee the ability to reproduce the same version of the child nodes in the future. Note : Although the current version of DFC does not support creating assemblies of what on notecards paper XML documents, you may find them useful to create a Virtual Document from various Docbase objects. Tip : An alternative approach to creating assemblies is to use version labels (like, “Assembly 1?) and a&p essays, binding to what retrieve specific past versions of the graph. This hint may be useful until DFC supports assemblies of XML documents. An Assembly, therefore, is a recording (or “snapshot”) of a version of a Virtual Document. It is interactive approach essays and research comprised of on notecards for a paper a collection of Assembly object elements. Each Assembly object in the Assembly collection references one version of one component (sysObject) of the Virtual Document. For each node in essay editing, the Assembly collection, an “Assembly object” exists in the Docbase server. An Assembly object is what goes for a research paper actually an instance of “dm_assembly” and arrow 1971 in the theory, contains the absolute ObjectID of the goes for a paper, version of the sysObject referenced by that node in the versioned Virtual Document. Each “dm_assembly” object has fields that are used when fetching the Assembly collection in the future.
All Assembly objects of the same Assembly have the same value for a&p essays their “book_id” field. The book_id is the objectID of a unique sysObject chosen to act as a “handle” for that snapshot. You can associate the collection Assembly objects with a single sysObject by calling: The Assembly collection is conceptually accessed from the Docbase server as a single unit using a unique sysObject we term an “Assembly Document”. An Assembly Document is a unique sysObject (specific version of what goes a document) that refers to that “snapshot” (collection of Assembly objects). It is the sysObject passed to the node.assemble() method.
An Assembly Document can only reference one collection of Assembly objects at a time. Therefore, make sure that the sysObject passed to the assemble() method is not already associated with an Assembly or you will lose the previous Assembly. The Assembly Document (or “ book “) can be either the sysObject referenced by essay the Assembly’s root node or some other sysObject. However, since an Assembly Document can only reference a single Assembly, a separate Assembly Document would be necessary when multiple assemblies from the same Virtual Document are required in order to goes on notecards for a paper avoid overwrite. When the Assembly is requested in the future, the interactive reports, system looks for the dm_assembly objects that share the same “ book_id ” value and fetches the sysObjects referenced by the “component_id” of that dm_assembly object. In this example, three documents are fetched from the goes for a research paper, Docbase. “doc” is a Virtual Document. aDoc1 and aDoc2 are generic document objects. The “doc” object refers to a Virtual Document but does not actually populate the node tree until asked to do so. Here, the node tree is finally populated using the binding criteria starting with “Released” as the preferred version. As you can see from the table on the left, the different nodes did not all retrieve the “Released” version of each child. This is because of the binding criteria as well as settings in electrical engineering, the nodes (such as early binding) may override the preferred version. Once all the child nodes are assembled, that collection of objects is recorded by calling node.assemble( aDoc1 ). This sets a value in the aDoc1 object as a reference to the collection of the bound version of the object at each node.
aDoc1 is the Assembly Document for the “Released” version of Virtual Document “A”. Here, another version of the node tree is populated (assembled) using the binding criteria starting with “CURRENT” as the preferred version. As you can see from the table on what research paper the right, the different nodes did not all retrieve the “CURRENT” version of essay editing each child. What On Notecards? This is because of the binding criteria as well as settings in the nodes (such as early binding) may override the preferred version. Once all the child nodes are assembled, that collection of objects is recorded by calling node.assemble( aDoc2 ). This sets a value in a&p essays, the aDoc2 object as a reference to the collection of the bound version of the object at goes on notecards paper each node. aDoc2 is the a&p essays, Assembly Document for the “CURRENT” version of Virtual Document “A”. Sometimes a Virtual Document nests an Assembly within its hierarchy.
When fetching a Virtual Document that potentially has sub-assemblies within it, it is often necessary to goes on notecards for a obtain the sub-assemblies. When you include an Assembly Document as a node in a Virtual Document, you must decide if the Assembly components should replace that node, and any of its containment components, with the whole Assembly, or to ignore Assembly altogether. + The default is that the electrical, Assembly components should be ignored and instead the server uses the binding criteria to fetch the components referenced in the dmr_containment objects; + The node can optionally override the what on notecards for a research, binding criteria so the server fetches the arrow 1971 essays in the theory bearing, Assembly components based on what for a paper the dm_assembly collection instead of the node or any of a&p essays its virtual children. To direct the server to use the node’s Assembly components, call node. setFollowAssembly(true) . If the node is not a Virtual Document, or it does not have children, or it does not have an Assembly, this setting on the node is ignored. + Cannot add or delete components from the Assembly. + That version of the component will be frozen. – Can’t change contents or attributes. – Assembly Document will be frozen.
– Can’t change contents or attributes. + May add or delete from the what for a research, Assembly again. + That version of the component is in macbeth essay unfrozen. – Can change contents and what for a research, attributes. + Only works if it is a&p essays not nested within another frozen Assembly. To remove the Assembly status from a sysObject and to remove all its Assembly objects, either call sysObject.disassemble() or node.disassemble() . You must have at least VERSION permission for the sysObject in order to delete its Assembly. Deleting an Assembly will remove all the Assembly objects but does not remove the what, sysObject components of the Assembly objects. Note: The ownership of the arrow essays in the theory bearing, article lies with the Original Author and goes on notecards for a research paper, is here only as a reference. The copyright laws applicable to this note are as defined by EMC Forums. BOF is a deployment mechanism we use for a number of different component types, like TBOs, SBOs, modules, aspects.
This is how it works from use of a 20,000 ft view. BOF modules are packaged using Composer into DARs (or docapps in what goes on notecards for a research, the old days). They are deployed to a docbase. In general, with the exception of SBOs, they have docbase affinity (you might get a different implementation from a different docbase). SBOs are deployed to a global registry docbase and so have a single implementation. Once deployed to the docbase, any DFC instance that communicates to that docbase will be sensitive to any changes made to personal the BOF module. If it detects a change (via an optimized polling strategy) it will download the new/updated module definition to its file system cache. On Notecards For A Research Paper? You can find these caches in $DOCUMENTUM/cache/release/bof/docbase. In these directories you will find downloaded jars and other downloadable resources (the jar names are the object ids). You will also find a content.xml file which is a manifest. These caches can be deleted at will and will be automatically reconstructed as necessary by a running DFC instance.
Zipping up this cache can be very useful collateral in debugging a BOF problem. The BOF runtime (within DFC) runs entirely from the interactive essays and research, file system. Goes Research? Class loaders are constructed which point to the jar files on the file system, so there is no performance penalty in a&p essays, deploying to the docbase (except for the initial reference). BOF supports hot deployment. If a DFC instance recognizes an what on notecards research updated BOF module it will download it and personal essay editing service, build a new class loader for that module which points to the updated jars. The next request for that module will use the goes for a, new implementation. Essay Outline Doc? Any preexisting objects remain using the old implementation and will be aged out as they are garbage collected. This is great for updating an for a paper implementation, but you must never update a public interface or you will cause havoc (you would need to reload the web app and ensure application compatibility first). The class loader and packaging implications of 5 paragraph BOF will be addressed in a subsequent post.
Developing BOF applications with Composer tutorial. 1 Understanding BOF class loading. Before you begin BOF development, it is important to goes for a paper understand how Composer categorizes JAR files, the BOF class loader, and the problems that you might encounter when developing BOF applications. 1.1. The BOF class loader hierarchy. Composer categorizes JAR files into three categories: Implementation, Interface, and Mixed. A different class loader is electrical engineering used to load the classes depending on the type of JAR file. The following diagram shows the class loader hierarchy: Implementation JAR files are loaded into module-specific class loaders.
Each BOF application has its own class loader and all of its implementation JAR files are loaded into this class loader. Classes in different module-specific class loaders cannot reference one another. This class loader is parent-last, meaning classes within the what for a, class loader take precedence over the same classes in its parent class loaders (the shared BOF class loader and the application class loader). Interface JAR files are loaded in a class loader that is shared across a DFC instance. 1971 Essays In The Of Risk? All interface JAR files for all BOF applications are loaded into what goes on notecards research the shared BOF class loader. This allows published interfaces to be shared across multiple components that require it. To Writing? This class loader is parent-first, meaning classes that are loaded by its parent class loader (the application class loader) take precedence over its own classes. What For A? Classes in this class loader cannot reference classes in the module-specific class loaders. Mixed JAR files are deprecated and should not be used.
The application class loader is typically where your client or web application is arrow 1971 essays in the loaded. This class loader cannot reference any of the classes that are loaded by the shared BOF class loader or the goes, module-specific class loaders. You must package any interface JAR files that are needed by electrical lab report your client application with the client application, so it is aware of your BOF application’s API. The different types of JAR files and their class loading behavior in a repository are more complex than in your development environment. Because of this fact, applications that work in your development environment might throw exceptions when deployed in a repository. It is important to goes for a research paper understand what to package in implementation and interface JAR files before developing your BOF application. As a general rule, you should not use mixed JAR files. Implementation JAR files typically contain the logic of your application and interactive approach to writing, a primary class that serves as the entry point to your BOF module.
Implementation JAR files are loaded into a module-specific class loader and classes in different BOF modules cannot reference one another. Interface JAR files do not need to include all interfaces, but all published interfaces that are needed by on notecards research your clients should be packaged. 1971 Essays In The Of Risk? Any exception classes or factory classes that appear in your interfaces should also be packaged in interface JAR files. Ensure that your interfaces do not transitively expose classes that are not packaged in the interface JAR file, which would lead to goes on notecards for a a NoClassDefFoundException. To be safe, package your implementation and published interface classes in different JAR files. Implementation JAR files can contain non-published interfaces (the interface is not needed by the client or any other BOF module). It is recommended that you also separate your implementation and published interface source files into separate directories so that the packaging process is arrow theory of risk less error prone.
1.3. Common exceptions caused by incorrect JAR packaging. If you do not package your JAR files correctly, the different layers of goes research class loaders can cause exceptions to occur. The two most common exceptions that you might encounter are ClassDefNotFound and ClassCastException. The ClassCastException occurs when you try to cast an outline object to an interface or class that it does not implement.
In most cases, you will be sure that the object you are casting implements the interface that you are trying to cast it to, so there is another point to consider when encountering this error. Java considers a class to be the goes on notecards, same only when it has the same fully qualified name (package and class name) and interactive approach essays and research, if it is on notecards for a paper loaded by the same class loader. If you accidentally package a published interface within an implementation JAR file, the service, exception occurs if you try to cast an object to that interface in your client application. For instance, say you created a BOF module that implements an interface and package the interface in an implementation JAR file: The interface that is packaged in what goes, the implementation JAR resolves to the module-specific class loader because it is parent last. Your client application instantiates the outline doc, BOF module and on notecards for a paper, tries to cast it to the interface. It uses the interface that is loaded by the client application class loader, because there is no way for your application to reference the interface in the module class loader (the parent class loader cannot see children class loaders). Java throws ClassCastException, because it expects the interface that was loaded by the module-specific class loader to be used to cast the BOF module, but you are using the one that was loaded by your application class loader. Alternatively, if you correctly package the interface inside an interface JAR file, it is loaded by the shared BOF class loader, which is parent-first. The interface resolves to its parent class loader first (your application’s class loader), and no exception is thrown. NoClassDefFoundException most often occurs when you transitively expose a class that a class loader cannot find.
A common example is when you accidentally package an implementation class inside an blood in macbeth essay interface JAR file, and goes on notecards for a research, that implementation class references another class in an implementation JAR file. The exception is thrown, because classes in the shared BOF class loader cannot reference anything in the module-specific class loaders. For instance, say you created a BOF module and accidentally packaged an implementation class inside an a&p essays interface JAR file: You call a method that references the implementation class that you accidentally packaged inside the interface JAR file. The method runs and in turns references another class inside the what on notecards for a research paper, implementation JAR file. Theory Of Risk? Java throws the what goes for a paper, NoClassDefFoundException, because the classes that are loaded in in the of risk bearing, the shared BOF class loader cannot see any classes that are loaded by the module-specific class loaders (classes in parent class loaders cannot see classes in child class loaders). This problem can manifest itself in other scenarios, but the basic problem involves referencing classes that do not exist (either through not packaging the what goes on notecards, class at arrow essays in the all or packaging the class at a level that is hidden from the referencing class). Understanding these two common problems can help you avoid them when developing your BOF applications. Because of these problems, it is recommended that you separate your implementation source files and published interface source files into different folders to begin with, so that packaging the research, JAR files is a simpler process. 2 Building the Hello World BOF module. Now that you have some background on BOF development, this tutorial will guide you through developing a simple Hello World BOF module.
You will create the following items when developing the Hello World BOF module: An interface for the Hello World BOF module An implementation class for the Hello World BOF module An Ant script that builds the interface and implementation classes into a&p essays separate JAR files A JAR Definition artifact that defines the implementation and interface JAR files as a Documentum artifact A Module artifact that defines the BOF module An Ant script that automatically updates the JAR Definition with the most recent version of the implementation JAR file and research, builds and installs the project. 2.1. Creating the essay editing service, Hello World Java project. To begin, you will first create a Java project that contains the for a paper, code for the Hello World BOF module. In Macbeth? During the project creation, you will also create two separate source folders for your implementation and interface classes. To create the Java project: Start Composer and click File New Java Project…. The New Java Project wizard appears.
Type HelloWorldBOFModule in the Project Name field and click Next . The Java Settings screen appears. Check the Allow output folders for source folders checkbox. Click Create new source folder . The Source Folder window appears. Type src-impl in the Folder name field and click Finish . 2.1.1. Creating the IHello interface.
The IHello interface defines one method: sayHello. This interface will be packaged in a JAR file that is designated as an Interface JAR when defining the JAR Definition artifact. To create the IHello interface: In the Package Explorer view, right click the what goes paper, src-int folder and use of essay, select New Interface… . The New Java Interface window appears. What Paper? Specify the following values for the following fields and click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld Name — IHello. 2.1.2. Creating the interactive approach and research, Hello World implementation class. The HelloWorld class implements the on notecards for a, IHello interface and prints out a “Hello, World” string when its sayHello method is 5 paragraph outline doc called.
The HelloWorld class will be packaged in a JAR file that will be designated as an what on notecards Implementation JAR when defining the JAR Definition artifact. To implement the IHello interface: In the Package Explorer view, right click the src–impl folder and select New Class… . The New Java Class window appears. Specify the following values for the following fields and click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld.impl Name — HelloWorld. You will now create an Ant Builder to automatically build the interface and implementation classes into two separate JAR files: hello-api.jar and hello.jar. When you make changes to blood any of your code, the Ant Builder automatically rebuilds the on notecards research paper, JAR files. To create the Ant Builder:
Right click the HelloWorldBOFModule node in the Package Explorer view and select New File . The New File window appears. In the File name field, type jarBuilder.xml and click Finish. The jarBuilder.xml file appears in the Package Explorer view and 5 paragraph essay doc, is opened in an editor. Click on the Source tab in the XML file editor, copy and paste the following code into the editor, and save the what goes on notecards for a research paper, file: Right click the HelloWorldBOFModule node in essay editing service, the Package Explorer view and select Properties . The Properties for HelloWorldBOFModule window appears. Select Builders on the left and click New… . Goes On Notecards For A Research Paper? The Choose configuration type window appears. Select Ant Builder from the list and click OK . 1971 Essays In The Of Risk Bearing? The Edit Configuration window appears. Specify the following values for the fields listed and click OK : Main tab Name — JAR_Builder Main tab Buildfile — Click Browse workspace and select HelloWorldBOFModule jarBuilder.xml Targets tab Auto Build — Click Set Targets… , select main , and click OK . The Composer project contains the what goes on notecards research, Documentum artifacts that are needed for 5 paragraph essay your BOF module. You will create a project that contains a Module artifact along with JAR Definition artifacts. To create the Composer project: Click File New Project , select Documentum Project Documentum Project from the New Project wizard, and click Next . The New Documentum Project window appears.
In the Project Name field, type HelloWorldArtifacts and click Finish . Composer takes a few minutes to create the project. If you are prompted to switch to the Documentum Artifacts perspective, do so. 2.2.1. Creating the JAR Definition artifacts. Before you create the BOF module artifact, you must create JAR Definition artifacts that reference your implementation and interface JAR files. The BOF module cannot reference JAR files directly. To create the JAR Definition artifacts: In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions folder and select New Other… .The New Wizard appears. Select Documentum Artifact JAR Definition and click Next. In the Artifact name field, type hello and click Finish . The hello editor opens.
In the JAR Content section, click Browse… and select the hello.jar file that is located in the workspaceHelloWorldBOFModulebin–impl directory. In the Type drop down menu, select Implementation and what goes research, save the JAR definition. In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions folder and arrow essays theory bearing, select New Other… . The New Wizard appears. What For A Research Paper? Select Documentum Artifact JAR Definition and click Next . In the Artifact name field, type hello-api and click Finish . The hello-api editor opens. Arrow Of Risk Bearing? In the JAR Content section, click Browse … and on notecards for a research, select the hello-api.jar file that is located in the workspaceHelloWorldBOFModulebin–int folder. 5 Paragraph? In the Type drop down menu, select Interface and on notecards research, save the JAR definition. In the Documentum Navigator view, right-click HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions hello.jardef and select Properties . Blood In Macbeth? Select Documentum Arfitact on the left, select Ignore Matching Objects for the Upgradeoption field and what goes on notecards paper, click Apply . Use Of Blood In Macbeth Essay? For the Upgrade option field, re-select the Create New Version of Matching Objects option and click OK . Composer does not set the what on notecards, Create New Version of Matching Objects option unless you set it to something else first. This bug will be addressed in future releases.
This option allows the client to detect new changes in JAR files in the repository. If you do not set the JAR Definition to this property, updated JAR files will not get downloaded to the client unless the essay outline, BOF cache is cleared. The HelloWorld.jar and IHello.jar files are now associated with a JAR definition and can be used within a module. What Goes On Notecards Research? If you decide to modify any code within these JAR files, you must remove the JAR file from the JAR definition and re-add it. Essay Editing? You must do this, because Composer does not use the JAR file in the location that the on notecards research paper, Ant builder outputs it to. Composer actually copies that JAR file to another location and essay, uses that copy.
The Ant Builder that you previously created updates the JAR file, but does not update the JAR Definition artifact. You can update the artifact manually by what goes research clicking the Remove button, clicking the Browse… button, and reselecting the appropriate JAR file whenever the JAR file is updated. A&p Essays? Later on in this tutorial, you will learn how to automate this requirement with another Ant script and headless Composer. 2.2.2. Creating the BOF module artifact. Now that you have created all of the necessary components, you can now create the actual BOF module artifact. To create the BOF module artifact: In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts Modules folder and select New Other… . The New Wizard appears.
Select Documentum Artifacts Module and goes paper, click Next . In the Artifact name field, type HelloWorldModule and click Finish . The HelloWorldModule editor opens. In the Implementation JARs section, click the Add… button, select hello from the list that appears, and click OK . 1971 Essays Theory Bearing? For the Class name field, click Select… , select com.emc.examples.helloworld.impl.HelloWorld from the for a paper, list, and click OK . Personal? This sets the HelloWorld class as the entry point for what for a research paper the module. A&p Essays? In the Interface JARs section, click the Add… button, select hello-api from the on notecards for a research paper, list that appears, and click OK . Interactive Approach To Writing And Research Reports? Save the module. The hello.jar file and the hello-api.jar file are now associated with the what for a paper, module. You can now install the module to a repository.
Now that you have created all of the needed artifacts, you can install the BOF module to the repository. Once installed, the module can be downloaded on-demand by clients that require it. To install the electrical, BOF module: Ensure that your Composer_rootpluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0documentum.config is properly configured with the correct Docbroker information. In the Documentum Navigator view, right-click the HelloWorldArtifacts node and what on notecards paper, select Install Documentum Project… . The Install Wizard appears. Select the repository that you want to install the engineering, BOF module, enter the credentials for that repository, and click Login . Goes On Notecards For A Research? If the login is successful, the Finish button is enabled.
Click Finish to install the project. 2.4. Creating the HelloWorld BOF module client. Once the BOF module is arrow 1971 of risk installed, you can write a client to paper test its functionality. When writing a client, you must include all of the interfaces that your client requires in your classpath. In this case, the essay outline doc, client requires the hello-api.jar interface JAR file. If you do not package the interface, the client is unaware of the API for goes on notecards for a research paper the BOF module. To create the client: Create the project: In Composer, click File New Project… . Select Java Project and click Next . In the Project Name field, type HelloWorldClient and click Finish . If prompted to switch to the Java perspective, do so.
Add hello-api.jar and dfc.jar to the build path: Copy the hello-api.jar file from the a&p essays, workspaceHelloWorldBofModulebin-int directory to the workspaceHelloWorldClient directory. Goes For A Research? Right click the arrow in the of risk, HelloWorldClient node in the Documentum Navigator view and goes on notecards research paper, select Properties . Arrow In The Of Risk Bearing? Select Java Build Path from the left and click on the Libraries tab. Click Add JARs… , select HelloWorldClient hello-api.jar to add the JAR file, and click OK . Click Add External JARs… , select Composerpluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0libdfc.jar, and click OK . Click OK again to goes paper close the Properties for editing HelloWorldClient window. Goes On Notecards For A Paper? Create the dfc.properties file for the client: In the 5 paragraph essay outline doc, Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldClient src folder and select New File . The New File window appears. In the File name field, type dfc.properties and what goes on notecards for a paper, click Finish . Specify values for the dfc.properties file as follows: Optional: Create the log4j.properties file for the client. If you do not have this file, the log4j logger will use a default configuration, but will post warnings to the console. Arrow 1971 In The Theory? In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldClient src folder and what goes on notecards paper, select New File . Electrical Engineering Lab Report? The New File window appears.
In the File name field, type log4j.properties and click Finish . Specify values for the log4j.properties file as follows: Create the client class file: Right click the src folder and select New Class . The New Java Class window appears. What Research? Specify the following values for the fields and doc, click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld.client Name — HelloWorldClient. Automating the updating, building, and installation process with headless Composer and Ant. Now that you have a working BOF module and on notecards for a research paper, client, it is useful to have a process in place to update the BOF module in the repository automatically. Previously, you learned that when updating code in JAR files, you had to also remove and re-add the JAR file to the appropriate JAR definition if you wanted the JAR definition to pick up the new changes. You can automate this step with headless Composer, a command line driven version of Composer that is used for build and deployment. The Ant scripts that you will create automatically update the hello JAR Definition with the most recent hello.jar implementation JAR file, build the use of blood, project, and install it to a repository. To create the headless Composer Ant scripts: Extract the headless Composer package to what goes a location of your choice. The extraction process unzips the package to a ComposerHeadless directory.
In our examples, it is assumed headless Composer is unzipped to electrical engineering lab report the C: drive. Modify the ComposerHeadlesspluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0documentum.configdfc.properties to specify the correct DocBroker information. You can also copy your existing dfc.properties file from what goes for a UI Composer if you want to use the same settings. Create a directory named HelloWorldBuild in the ComposerHeadless directory. Create a batch file, ComposerHeadlessHelloWorldBuildrun.bat, that defines the necessary environment variables and runs the Ant scripts. An example batch file is shown in the following sample. You can modify the strings in bold to meet your environment needs: The JAVA commands above should be on one line each in your batch file. When running the XCOPY command in the batch file, Windows might return an error displaying “Insufficient memory.” This might occur if the filepaths during the copy process are too long. Approach Essays? If this occurs, try changing your build workspace to what on notecards research paper a directory with a shorter name or download the Windows 2003 Resource Kit Tool, which contains ROBOCOPY, a robust version of the COPY command that can handle longer filepaths.
Congratulations, you have successfully built a BOF module, built a client to access the 5 paragraph essay, BOF module, and what goes research, automated the updating, build, and deployment of the module with headless Compose. Object Fetch Vs DQL Fetch Performance. A Object Fetch call would retrieve all attribute information of the object from server, this information will then be cached on the client side DMCL cache. A DQL query will only retrieve the attributes specified in the “select” statement of the query. A dm_document object has around 70+ attributes.
If you are only engineering interested in what goes on notecards paper, few attributes of an object you should use a DQL statement to personal essay editing avoid retrieving unnecessary information, this becomes significant especially in goes on notecards research, a low bandwidth environment. Object Fetch should used when most attributes of an object are wanted, and/or that attribute information is repeatedly needed in multiple places.