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Art Museum Essays and Research Papers. Dan Bussiculo November 19, 2005 Ancient Civilizations Museum Project For this project I visited the Metropolitan Museum of . Art , on at least four different occasions, September 20th being the first visit, the subsequent three I didn't write down. South! I chose to examine the Ancient Egypt civilization, which is extremely rich in everything from hieroglyphics and statues to jewelry and tombs. The first item I examined was the royal acquaintance Memi and Sabu, from Dynasty 4 2575-2464 BCE. It.
Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Egypt 837 Words | 3 Pages. Denver Art Museum The Denver Art Museum is one of the few luxuries Colorado residents and . tourists alike, have the pleasure of experiencing. It is truly a world class facility, from the outside in. Within the confines of its walls reside masterpieces from the likes of Monet, Degas, and Picasso. There is a broad spectrum of art from thesis papers all corners of the my land essay, globe represented here. This includes art from various European nations, as well as that of far eastern cultures to American Indian design. Each.
2nd millennium , Art , Art museum 1084 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Museum as a Racist Institute Racism, particularly against those of thesis African descent, is a very dark past for the Western world, one that . still prevalently haunts and invades the future. As racism is a part of societies’ history, cultural institutions that present said history, such as museums , deal with the idea of south essay racism every day in the exhibits within their walls. Many efforts are made to show how terrible the racism of the past was and is, but the line between the racism of the past and. African American , Art museum , Black people 2204 Words | 7 Pages. Art Museum as a Ritual Duncan begins her article, “The Art Museum as Ritual,” by security comparing . art museums to religious/ceremonial spaces, not only in architectural design but also in their purpose. She states, however, that unlike churches or temples, museums are secular places where “the secular truth became the authoritative truth.” Thus, a separation of my land essay church and state came to be an, as Duncan states, “religion…kept its authority only for about the stock crash, voluntary believers.” She then goes on to the essay, differences. Art museum , Florence , Kunstmuseum Basel 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Paper International Security! ?Curtis Hess Museum Experience The outside activity that I chose to do was to visit a museum . The museum in which . I visited was the Brandywine River Museum . This museum is located in Chadds Ford PA, which is south my land essay, right outside of writing an introduction Philadelphia, and like the name says it sits right along the Brandywine River. I went to this fine art museum with my sister who lives in the area and south, we did not take a guided tour, instead we just walked around on paper security our own time and were able to talk about the paintings with. Andrew Wyeth , Brandywine Creek , Brandywine River Museum 1096 Words | 4 Pages. COLEMAN ART MUSEUM The problem: The problem with Coleman Art Museum is the south africa my land, inability to produce . any revenue from the research paper about nursing, past three years as well as the company had gone into their financial reserves in order to cover costs from losses.
Company overview: The Coleman Art Museum (CAM) is a nonprofit corporation located in Universal City, which is a large metropolitan area in the western United States. CAM was founded in 1925, it was originally named Fannel county Museum of Fine Arts . But in 2000. South Africa My Land! Art , Art museum , Collection 1700 Words | 6 Pages. Q. Study one louis kahn building and express is principles Kimbell Art Museum Kimbell art . museum at fort worth, texas, is considered the crown jewel of Louis Kahn. The brief demanded for a modern building where natural light should play a vital role and the form to be a work of art of modest scale – not overwhelming the viewer and the artwork.
The museum is composed of university papers 16 parallel vaults that are each 100 feet (30.5 m) long, 20 feet (6 m) high and 23 feet (7 m) wide (internal measurements). Art museum , Ceiling , Concrete 1190 Words | 4 Pages. Essay! ? Denver Art Museum Visit Visiting the Denver Art Museum for the first time can be something of . clouded experienced. There is almost too much for one day for your mind to the stock market, overcome; the architect, surrounding area and, of africa essay course, the many wondrous works of art can overwhelm any first-timer. Although originally dating back all the service sector essay, way to 1948, the south africa, Denver Art Museum , as well as the surrounding Civic Center buildings have dramatically changed and become a work of art themselves. As anyone is sector essay, driving. Art museum , Arts , Denver 1422 Words | 6 Pages. Museum of africa my land Modern Art and Prominent Figures. 1.) Write the Full form of the following a.)PNG b.) PDF c.)JPEG d.)BASIC e.)ROM f.)DVD g.)GIF h.)LAN i.) VDU j.)CLUT 2.) Match the papers, . following Painters with their arts a. Michelangelo ____ A. Morning Haze b. Leonardo Da Vinci ____ B. Essay! The Sleeping Gypsy c. Salvador Dali ____ C. Persistence of university Memory d. Pablo Picasso ____ D.The Swing e. Henri Rousseau ____ E. The Last Supper f. Henri Matisse ____ F. South Africa My Land Essay! Gueraica g. Writing Essay! Claude Monet ____ G. The Starry Night h. Pierre Auguste. South! Barnes Foundation , Claude Monet , Henri Matisse 514 Words | 3 Pages. of news about Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) drew my attention.
It said that this nonprofit museum suffered decreasing . investment and donation since the worldwide financial crisis in 2008; indeed, it lost about 18% money. Indian Sector Essay! It is no doubt that the great power of south essay financial crisis damages the development of nonprofit museums , which rely on service the endowments and donations from the individuals, institutions, government, etc. There may be some negative expectation on the future of nonprofit museums because of the. Art museum , Federal government of the south africa essay, United States , Manhattan 2661 Words | 7 Pages. ART 185 Museum Of Modern Art: George Seurat. ART -185-SAS07: Art As Communication 3 December 2013 Museum Paper On November 9th, 2013, St.
Josephs College . hosted a field trip into New York City. The purpose of this field trip was to transport us into the city, and have the students visit a major art museum . There were a few different choices, the students had, but most went straight to the Metropolitan Museum of how to Art because the south my land, admission to the museum was whatever you want to contribute. However, we took a different approach. Writing Essay! My friend. Blue , Color , Georges Seurat 925 Words | 3 Pages. Museums as rituals Scott Cunningham, a writer, once said, “Rituals developed as a means of contacting and utilizing the energy . within humans as well as in the nature world” (Ascension Gateway). This thought provoking quote could be used to spark the thinking of how rituals are practiced in our daily secular lives. Carol Duncan does a great job with showing how rituals are practiced in our secular lives; she uses museums to essay, emphasize this point. Carol Duncan’s Civilizing Rituals: Inside. Anthropology of religion , Art museum , Florence 2711 Words | 7 Pages. Louis Kahn: the Salk Institute and Kimbell Art Museum. laboratories and study rooms which are given functionality through the servant spaces (Manrique, 11/08/04).
This concept was practiced through out most of thesis . Kahn's career, but is most notable in his ingenious designs of the Salk Institute and Kimbell Art Museum . The Salk Institute located in La Jolla California is of the most unusual nature. The building is set up into two large towers separated by a large concrete courtyard. The building is arranged in this way because one side of it faces the ocean. Africa Essay! Art museum , Harold Pinter , Kimbell Art Museum 1151 Words | 4 Pages. fire and the lighting bolt to the left also show danger. That’s how the university thesis papers, many formal elements were used through out the painting. Winslow Homer’s painting . “The Lifeline” uses American Realism to africa essay, portray something that really happened. Realism is an art that portrays “form in research paper about nursing the natural world in a highly faithful manner” (Getlein 551). Homer uses this to portray a scene of south essay bravery and paper international, heroism.
This painting shows a dramatic rescue of two people suspended above rough waves by a lifesaving device that. My Land Essay! History of painting , Painting , Philadelphia 1494 Words | 4 Pages. ? Museum Field Trip Last night I had an amazing experience. I toured museums in multiple States and on two . Continents. About The Stock Market Crash Of 1929! This also happened to be the least expensive cultural experience of my life since it was done from the privacy of my own home. “How is that possible?” you may ask. South Essay! I toured each museum from thesis my computer. Each museum had its own unique experience, complete with different types and eras of art . All of the art was beautiful in south my land its own way. However, I’d like to. Art museum , Context menu , Graphical user interface 1014 Words | 3 Pages.
Should Art Museums Be Democratized? The art museum is a place that collects and preserves very valuable and how to an editorial article, profound pieces of art created by some of . the most influential artists of all time. Not everyone can understand the south my land essay, emotions and profound ideas that are expressed in old works of art . Only a fraction of all people can really appreciate a fine work of art and an introduction of an essay, understand its true meaning. Many people that go to south my land essay, the art museum do not belong. They do not hold the higher level of education needed to look at a painting and indian service sector, see its. Africa Essay! Art , Art museum , Arts 1561 Words | 4 Pages. Thesis! Art Appreciation Compare and Contrast Vincent Van Gogh and Claude Monet In this Essay I will compare and contrast two paintings. The . first painting is Stairway at essay, Auvers by thesis papers Vincent Van Gogh. South Essay! The painting is one of of an 80 paintings done by Van Gogh during his stay in Auvers.
Stairway at Auvers was done on July 1890 shortly before his death. The second painting is Water Lilies 1916-1926 by Claude Monet. Both painting are oil canvas, Water Lilies is one of 250 water lilies paintings done by Monet. Auvers-sur-Oise , Claude Monet , History of painting 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Monica Vaughn Art History I 10 November 2010 Museum Project Ansel Adams, The Tetons and The Snake River, Grand Teton National . Park. 1942.
Gelatin Silver Print. My Land Essay! Featured at Phoenix Art Museum . Phoenix, Arizona. Ansel Adams (1902-1984) was born in San Francisco, California. Being raised in about the stock crash the shadows of the great Golden Gate Bridge was the motivation for his deep appreciation for nature and his early childhood would become his primary inspiration to pursue photography. Strangely enough the 1906. Ansel Adams , Ansel Adams Wilderness , Art museum 1693 Words | 5 Pages.
The Whitney Museum of American Art has often been referred to a citadel of American Art , partially due to the . museums facade, a striking granite building (Figure 1), designed by Bauhaus trained architect Marcel Breuer. The museum perpetuates this reference through its biennial review of africa my land essay contemporary American Art , which the Whitney has become most famous for. Indian Service Essay! The biennial has become since its inception a measure of the state of contemporary art in America today. Since the Museum's opening in 1931. Alexander Calder , Art , Arts 1179 Words | 3 Pages.
Background Museum : The McNeil Museum of south my land Art (MMA) is a not-for-profit museum founded in the . city of Universal, in the western United States. Originally chartered in 1925, under the founding name Fannel County Museum of Fine Arts , the museum went through a name change in 2000 to reflect the museum’s main benefactor, Jonathon A. McNeil. Before the museum went through a name change, however, in 1997 MMA benefited from a $28 million dollar bond election. How To Write An Editorial Article! This election allowed MMA to expand their. Collection , Curator , Fee 1482 Words | 5 Pages. Museum of Modern Art in New York Roxanne Briano The Museum of Modern Art in New York City is the . world’s leading modern art . Its exhibits have been a major influence in creating and south my land essay, stimulating popular awareness of modern art and indian service, its accompanying diversity of its styles and movements. The museum’s outstanding collections of modern painting, sculpture, drawings, and prints range from Impressionisms to current movements. Moreover, there are exhibits of modern architecture, industrial design, sculpture. John D. Rockefeller, Jr. , Modern art , Modernism 1626 Words | 5 Pages. The Metropolitan Museum of Art has one of the finest Asian art collections that has enlightened and africa essay, strengthened my . understanding in my personal art experience.
The Museum itself is an artistic architectural structure that graces the sector, entire block on 82nd Street in Manhattan. Entering inside, I sensed myself going back into an era, into a past where people traded ideas and learned from each other. It is a past, where I still find their works of yesteryears vividly within my grasp, to be remembered. Bodhisattva , Buddhism , China 1591 Words | 5 Pages. ?A Formal Analysis of africa my land Art Darlene Traci Kepner ART /101 February 17, 2013 Karen Witt A Formal Analysis of Art . The visual literacy of line usage by both artists is extremely different from one another. Van Gogh's The Starry Night Sayre, H. M, (2010) (Fig.73) and LeWitt's Wall Drawing No. 681” Sayre, H. M, (2010) (Fig.77) portray subject matter of different compositions. However, both depictions of art , also express, different qualities, styles, and eras. Van Gogh is from the eighteenth century.
Museo del Prado , Museum of Modern Art , Vincent van Gogh 980 Words | 3 Pages. ? MUSEUM REPORT ‘ISTANBUL MUSEUM of about home modern art ’ ISTANBUL MUSEUM OF MODERN . ART History of the Museum In 1987, the africa my land essay, project of Istanbul Modern arose at the first International Contemporary Art Exhibition, namely the International Istanbul Biennial. Nejat F. Research Paper About Nursing Home! Eczac?bas?, founder of Istanbul Foundation of Culture and Arts , impressed by the dynamism of the south, exhibition and proceeded to establish a modern art museum which is permanent. The Feshane, textile manufacturing. Art museum , Conceptual art , Contemporary art 821 Words | 3 Pages. advisors, scientist, and museum curators from the article, J. Paul Getty Museum , were approached by a man possessing a statue known as a . kouros. Gladwell continued by south my land essay saying that the museum spent fourteen months putting the statue through numerous test and inspections. In the fall of 1986, the museum agreed to buy the statue, and article, it went on public display for the first time in years. Here’s where the africa essay, story takes a turn. Thomas Hoving, the former director of the university thesis papers, Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, noticed. Argument , Art museum , Juan de Pareja 1289 Words | 4 Pages. Abstract Art “Abstract art seeks to break away from traditional representation of physical objects.
It explores the . relationships of forms and colours, whereas more traditional art represents the world in recognizable images.” In abstract art , the south africa, artist uses a style of shapes, forms, lines and colours to interpret a subject without actually providing the viewer with recognisable images or symbols. Artists have always found new and different ways to illustrate their world views and thoughts to. Collage , Cubism , De Stijl 1849 Words | 5 Pages. much obvious and indian essay, it?s possible that his severe attacks further dramatized his brush work. However, there is a consistency to south africa my land essay, his technique that adds even . more depth as well as a rich texture to this work of art . Starry Night is a beautiful painting, representational in the type of art . The size of the painting is 29 in. by an editorial 36 ? in., and oil on canvas were the materials used. Van Gogh is using an expressive quality and an emotionalism viewpoint. On the left side of the painting, there is a. South Africa My Land Essay! Albert Boime , Arles , Moon 1860 Words | 4 Pages. Cubism Art Cubism is the fragmenting of three-dimensional forms into areas of pattern and color, overlapping and intertwining so that . shapes and parts of the human anatomy are seen from the front and back at the same time.
Cubism was first introduced to the world in 1907 by an editorial article Picasso and Braque. My Land Essay! Its introduction, into university the art world, changed the viewer's visual representation. This was clearly evident with Picasso's painting, Les Demoiselles d' Avignon (1907). Many found this painting very disturbing. Collage , Cubism , Georges Braque 803 Words | 3 Pages.
Compare and contrast two works of Art. This essay will cover the similarities and differences between two Artworks The Little fourteen -Year- Old Dancer and Baboon and young. Discussion . about this works of africa my land essay Art will be based on the field man's analysis, thus description, analysis, interpretation and judgement on the subject matter, media and size, location and literal qualities, social, cultural and political issues surrounding the creation of the Artworks but in the form of compare and contrast. Indian Service Sector! I will also discuss how these inspirational. Drawing , Edgar Degas , Female 1311 Words | 4 Pages. children. Andrew was a sickly child and so his mother and father made the decision to pull him out of school after he contracted whooping cough. He received . schooling in all subjects including art education. Andrew had quite a vivid memory and a fantastic imagination that led to a great fascination for art . His father recognized an obvious raw talent that had to be nurtured.
While his father was teaching him the basics of traditional academic drawing Andrew began painting watercolor studies of the. Andrew Wyeth , Art museum , John Singer Sargent 785 Words | 3 Pages. next day, my wife convinced me to africa my land, get up and wobble over to an art museum . I reluctantly agreed. Essay! Unfortunately, the my land essay, stuff in the . museum was limited to badly painted depictions of stuffy Italian aristocrats from a century that required that people wear stupid hats. Still sick, I came very close to vomiting on one of those works of art . If I had, that very painting might now be hanging in an introduction essay the modernistic whacko section of the Whitney Museum , titled, “Portrait of the Doge of Genoa Covered in Puke.” . Africa Essay! Art museum , Influenza , Italian language 831 Words | 2 Pages.
As an paper art student, I find the art that we learn about in class very interesting because it is art that I would . never be interested in, but yet after learning the details I enjoy them. Although I don’t mind learning art through power points, I find physically looking at art more enjoyable. Getting the south essay, whole experience of physical artwork is paper home, a more exciting way to learn and catches my interest more, which is why I was so excited to visit a new museum and look at some art . Africa! For this assignment I decided. Art , Installation art , Light 997 Words | 3 Pages. Office Art Memo Jeffrey D Covington Hum 112 – World Cultures II Dr. Byron Wess Strayer University August 25th, 2013 Abstract In this . paper I will be writing a memorandum to my “boss” about various pieces of art (s)he wants me to pick out to decorate the new corporate offices.
I will be identifying three examples of 19th century Impressionist painting or sculpture and essay about of 1929, three Post-Impressionist works. In this memo I will explain how the my land essay, six pieces of art fall into these two styles. Service Sector! Also I will. My Land Essay! Claude Monet , Impressionism , Musee d'Orsay 1181 Words | 3 Pages. The Art of Byzantine Civilization: An Exhibition during 1261 to writing of an essay, 1557. became an official religion.
Christianity affected the Byzantine art . In Byzantine art the main subject of paintings ? icons . (Greek ? image) were holy figures: Christ, the Virgin Mary, the africa essay, saints, and the apostles. One of the most famous is icon with Archangel Gabriel, Byzantine (Constantinople or Sinai?), 13th century. There is the exhibition devoted to the art of Byzantine civilization at the Metropolitan Museum of Art . The exhibition begins in 1261, when the research paper, capital Constantinople. Angel , Blessed Virgin Mary , Byzantine Empire 442 Words | 3 Pages. the intellect or moral sense. The manifestation of life in art is one of the most sublimely beautiful things that I have ever encountered. C.S. . Lewis described art’s worth when he wrote, “ Art has no survival value; rather it is one of south those things which gives value to survival.” I believe that is the real point behind art ; to bring a kind of of an contentment that is logistically unnecessary, yet remarkably important. My Land Essay! My favorite piece of art is The Starry Night by Vincent Van Gogh.
Millions have witnessed. Service! Albert Boime , Expressionism , Impressionism 857 Words | 3 Pages. Arts painting reflection BobbyByron. ?University of Phoenix Material Painting Reflection Worksheet Visit a local art museum , or search the Internet for images of africa my land . paintings created from the writing an introduction essay, 1920s to the present day. Insert an image of each painting into this assignment, and cite each image consistent with APA guidelines. Reflect on the paintings related to the social and cultural events taking place at the time, and answer the following questions. Each response must be between 50 and 100 words. 1. Painting title, artist, date: A. Bombing of Guernica , Christina's World , Grand Canyon 754 Words | 2 Pages. ? Over the south africa my land, past 15 weeks, I have grown to understand, acknowledge and ultimately appreciate art , in a way like never before. From the very . Paper! first lesson, and south africa, every lesson following I learned something new.
Lessons detailing the different elements of art , principles of research home design and the evolution of art ! Thanks to this course, I am more knowledgeable in africa essay a variety of art media’s; architecture, film and video, installation and performance, sculpture, painting, printmaking, and drawing. I have to say the. Arts , Greek mythology , Installation art 1012 Words | 3 Pages. Journal 1, Humanities, Museum /Fine Art Gallery Visit The Saint Louis Art Museum’s architecture is beautiful. . There are many roman influences to about market of 1929, the outside of the building including round arches, tall stone columns and africa essay, roman statues of persons in robes and paper nursing, sandals. The building itself is south essay, very inviting and enjoyable to university, view just from the outside. When entering inside, one will notice the south africa my land essay, gorgeous marble floors, the lofty ceilings and the roman style pillars, wall trim, steps and how to an editorial article, hallways. The.
Art , Art museum , Cliff 845 Words | 3 Pages. South My Land Essay! Art is portrayed in so many different views. When looking at research paper about nursing home, each piece of art and its cultural background I was interested to . see more. I enjoyed each piece of art and the inspiration behind it was even more eye opening to me. There is my land essay, a historical perspective behind each piece of art and sector, we as people have not taken the time to south africa essay, see how art was started. I have never looked at art in such a serious way until now, being able to see such a wide variety of art and essay the stock market crash, how each piece was created was very. Art , Art critic , Art museum 2311 Words | 6 Pages. Office Art Memo Office Art Memo Office Art Memo. South! OFFICE ART MEMO 1 Assignment #2: . Office Art Memo, Brenda Roper Professor Lynn Wilson World Cultures II – HUM 112 March 3, 2013 OFFICE ART MEMO 2 The three impressionist painting I choose is Dance Class by Edgar Degas, Lunchon of the Boating Party by Piette Augustine Renoir. Essay Of 1929! Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec , Impressionism , Musee d'Orsay 1093 Words | 3 Pages. Visual Art Analysis University of Phoenix Stacey Pierce July 19, 2010 Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate, a second . before waking up By Salvador Dali, 1994, 51?40.5 cm, oil on south my land essay canvas Thyssen-bornemisza collection. Writing An Introduction! “A typical dream with a long theme, the consequences of south my land a sudden accident that causes the writing of an, awakening” –Salvador Dali.
The Style the artist has used is Surrealism., Salvador created this piece in south africa my land essay such a way that the picture looks exaggerated and real. Color , Color theory , Focal point 948 Words | 3 Pages. Ringling Museum of Art and research paper, Ca d'Zan Mansion As you turn into long the road leading to africa, the Ringling Museum of . Art , you can see the indian service, magnificent building just ahead at the end of the road. The Ringling Museum of south africa essay Art has the look of many fabulous mansions and writing an introduction essay, museums in Europe. The museum and mansion are located on approximately 66 acres of land next to the Sarasota Bay; the land was purchased by Mr. Ringling during the 1920s as part of the boom which took place during that time. The Ringling. 1920s , Circus , Florida 1014 Words | 3 Pages.
Metropolitan Museum of Art - Case Study. Executive Summary The New York Metropolitan Museum of the Art is a non-profit institution with an established history as a . behemoth of the south my land, artistic world. It was founded and maintains today the mission of about nursing home “establishing and maintaining in the city of New York a museum and africa my land, library of art , of encouraging and developing, the study of the indian sector essay, fine arts , and the application of arts to manufacturing and practical life, of advancing the africa my land, general knowledge of kindred subjects, and, to that end, of furnishing. Paper Nursing Home! Art museum , Manhattan , Metropolitan Museum of Art 4649 Words | 14 Pages. South My Land! When taking a trip to the Norton Museum of Art I chose a one dimensioned painting called Adam that was located on write the first . floor. The artist is Nicholas Carone and was painted in 1956. To the left of the painting, Adam, was another painting named Personage which was painted by Robert Mothewell in 1943. Personage is an south africa my land essay abstract oil painting on university canvas with multiple different colors. My Land Essay! To the research paper, right of Adam was a sculpture called Sea Quarry and was created by Theodore Roszak. The sculpture was not an.
Art museum , Expressionism , History of painting 606 Words | 2 Pages. South My Land! Art analysis- Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate, a second before waking up By Salvador Dali, 1994, 51?40.5 cm, oil . on canvas Thyssen-bornemisza collection “A typical dream with a long theme, the consequences of writing of an a sudden accident that causes the awakening” –Salvador Dali. The Style the artist has used is Surrealism, Salvador has done this piece in such a way though that the picture looks exaggerated and real. As it shows highlights, shadows and shapes of a realism. Color , Color theory , Focal point 1014 Words | 3 Pages. The Art of Travel Rheotrical Analysis. ?Kirsten Cooper Lara Jacobs WRTG 3020 2/4/13 The Art of Darkness: Beauty’s Dependence on Darkness in The Art of Travel “There . South Africa My Land! was only one way to possess beauty properly, and essay, that was by understanding it, by making oneself conscious of the factors (psychological and visual) responsible for it” (de Botton 216). In The Art of Travel, Alain de Botton encourages the reader to view the world through an artistic eye, one which is attuned to detail. By doing so, one can comprehend beauty by becoming ardently. Aesthetics , Alain de Botton , Cypress 1136 Words | 5 Pages.
A Day at the Orlando Museum of Art. Day at the Museum In the history of humanity, civilizations have always made a place for fine arts or works to be displayed to . the people; we know these places as galleries and museums . Presently many different genres of art are displayed but many of these works are similar in the fact that they are all influenced by styles developed in the early twentieth century. I went to south africa my land essay, visit a museum recently, I viewed the about the stock, art it was filled with, and south, I left with a different view of art than when I had arrived. 2007 albums , 20th century , Art 1026 Words | 3 Pages. recognizable piece of art . Sector! Salvador Dali was born on May 11th, 1904 in Catalonia, Spain (Dali). Persistence of Memory was done in 1931, while . he was living in africa essay Paris, France (Dali). The work itself is a surrealist landscape, which stays true to his style throughout his career. Persistence of Memory is full of symbolism and has many elements of art within the writing an introduction essay, piece. By dissecting the various parts of images used in Dali’s piece, we can begin to pick apart the different elements of africa art found and pull meanings. Element , Great Depression , Museum of Modern Art 1108 Words | 3 Pages. Writing An Introduction! bed, I see it on a daily basis and always can think of something new when I look at it. This is Salvador Dali’s abstract art in my land essay which he does . best.
Dali is a well-known Spaniard surrealist. Sector Essay! The name of the painting is my land essay, The Apparition of Face and Fruit Dish on a Beach. The artwork is so odd causing the explanation to be hard. Illusionistic Surrealism is one form of art that is portrayed very well in dalis artwork. The Big picture looking at research paper about nursing, it from south africa afar you will see a dog, a table, wine glass. Dog , Face , Faces 994 Words | 3 Pages. ? Formal Analysis of Art Nancy H. Wieczorek Arina Melkozemova University of . Phoenix September 28, 2014 [Title Here, up to 12 Words, on One to Two Lines] Formal Analysis Question 1 Van Gogh Gallery, 1889) (Every stock photo, 1968) When comparing Vincent Van Gogh's Starry Night painting lines to Sol Lewitt's The Wall Drawing No.
681, the nursing, lines. Albert Boime , Diego Velazquez , Metropolitan Museum of Art 1141 Words | 7 Pages. South Africa! I've never had a chance to visit any museum in real life, and it's even harder for me now since I've just arrived to the USA for research home, 3 months. But . I'm an art addicted, so I usually visit famous museums around the world on the internet. My Land Essay! One Of my favourite museums is The Walters Art Museum . The Walters Art Museum in Baltimore, Maryland is internationally renowned for its collection of art , which was amassed substantially by two men, William and indian service essay, Henry Walters, and eventually bequeathed to. Africa Essay! 20th century , 20th Century Fox , Art museum 346 Words | 2 Pages. ? Museum as Framing Devices A museum is an institution devoted to the procurement, care, study and writing an introduction of an, display of objects of lasting . interest or value1. Museums are not used for making profit or for economic purpose. They are intended to my land essay, attract visitors, to admire and to educate people with important pieces of humanity’s history. They contain permanent or temporary exhibitions of art all of around the papers, world. However, museums “frame” or shapes our understanding of the my land essay, works of an introduction of an essay art they exhibit.
A long. South My Land Essay! Antony Gormley , Art , Art museum 1116 Words | 3 Pages. Art Criticism on Vincent Van Gogh's Starry Night. Research Paper About! great work of art . The painting includes an 11 star and crescent moon filled night sky, a mountainous background of essay a small Dutch cityscape . with a large building, which appears to be a church. Finally, to the left foreground of the picture is an overpowering dark likeness of sector what appears to be flames. The sky also appears to be swirling viscously with wind.
Starry Night is currently on south my land essay exhibit in Atlanta where it has been since 2000. As I began my formal analysis of this piece of art , I decided that. Thesis Papers! Arles , Expressionism , Museum of Modern Art 1074 Words | 3 Pages. Herzog-Anton-Ulrich- Museum , Braunschweig. (126 x 167 cm) 3 Glackens, William. Family Group. 1910. Oil on canvas. National Gallery of . Art , Washington D. South! C. (183 x 213 cm) 4 Gerard, Marguerite. The First Steps.
1788. Writing Of An Essay! Oil on canvas. Yuspuov Palace Museum , Leningrad. (45.5 x 55 cm) 5 van Gogh, Vincent. First Steps. 1890. Africa! Oil on canvas. The Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York. (72.4 x 91.1 cm) 6 Caillebotte, Gustave. Paris, A Rainy Day. 1877. Research Paper International Security! Oil on canvas. Africa! Art Institute of Chicago.
Expressionism , Impressionism , Metropolitan Museum of Art 616 Words | 5 Pages. Exploring Every Detail Museums are mirrors of rich culture and history reflective of the rise of thesis papers a nation through time. Treasure of . art and culture is what we can expect while on a visit to the museum . Art lovers simply love the south africa essay, museums for how to an editorial, their great collection of rare paintings and sculptors dating back several centuries. They offer the visitor a glimpse into africa my land the past culture of any given city or country by displaying relics found throughout the world. Papers! It was with great anticipation that. South! Battle of Trenton , Emanuel Leutze , George Washington 1180 Words | 4 Pages. of research paper home Pierre Konowaloff, Paris, France, v. My Land! The Metropolitan Museum of Art New York, New York, Pierre Konowaloff alleges that the . Metropolitan Museum of Art acquired, displayed and retained a piece of international art that was confiscated by africa essay the Russian Bolshevik regime from his great-grandfather in research about 1918.
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In the first August this year, I visited The Collection of Asian Arts Museum which located in Downtown Dallas. When I visited the museum , it made me a nice impression. South! Afterward, I asked myself, do this generation have appreciation for ancient art ? In my visitation. Art museum , Buddhism , Florence 570 Words | 2 Pages. Diggs Art Appreciation- Art 100 Adam Veil November 21, 2014 I decided to do my museum visit essay . paper on the Torpedo Factory Art Center.
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sample resume sqa More than Eight years of experience in QA Management, QA Testing and Web Analysis, Web Development, web publishing, Web Administrating, Web mastering and Web site maintaining. Excellent experience in all kinds of web authoring and QA Testing tools. More than three years of africa essay experience in designing and developing the applications under the an editorial, client server environment using ORACLE RDBMS, SQL, PL/SQL, SQL Pus, JAVA, C, HP UNIX and africa essay Windows NT environments. Knowledge of QA principles, ISO standards, SEI SW CMM and/or SE CM models a plus. Familiarity with object oriented programming, UNIX scripting, software languages such as C++, JAVA, SQL.
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USAMail.com, New York, NY. Project Manager for QA. Worked as a Sr. Project Manager for QA Department on 8 different projects. One of the most important project is Mailwatch. Mailwatch is an e-mail firewall service that scans a stream of Internet e-mail messages for items such as viruses, SPAM, or offensive content.
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Used Empirix E-Tester, E-Load to perform functionality and university load testing. Evaluated new tool like Remedy to implement in Mail.com QA. Solveig American Intl. Group , New York, NY. INTEGRATED RECOVERY SYSTEM IRS. Manage four different projects for QA Testing and analysis. Responsible for maintaining resources, project budget and deadline dates. Managing more than 10 employees for different projects. Analyzed, Developed and africa my land Verified web based user interface application using HTML, Java, Oracle, NAS, and Unix.
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Primary responsibilities included validating testing the CAPP form generation process, Extract record process and DocuCorp interface. Specific responsibilities are as follows: Development and execution of Test Plan Test Cases for all Forms related issues. Created and ran automation scripts using SILK automation tool. Identified and developed automation process in MS Access and ORACLE to manipulate data in to database automatically. Developed ORACLE Queries to query the database to test the back end process of the application. SQL Procedures were developed to update the university papers, policy status. Responsible for monitoring the server logs and bringing the server up and down in south my land UNIX. Tracked the server log in order to find out the server crash reason.
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ENVIRONMENT: ORACLE 7.x, HTML, HP UNIX, Windows NT, Cute FTP, Web Server. RAMSFIELD TECHNOLOGIES, Somerville, NJ. WEB DEVELOPER and south essay QA TECHNICAL LEAD. QC DEPARTMENT WEB PAGE. Designed and paper nursing maintained homepage for africa essay, QC dept. with 5 child pages contained more than 5000 documents. This web page contained all reports, forms of QC sub-groups with huge size of ORACLE Database. Designed and developed ORACLE database for supporting quality assurance programs including equipment maintenance scheduling, calibrating machinery and write vendor history records. Established procedures for africa essay, quality assurance programs to perform testing on CDROM based applications. ENVIRONMENT: HTML, Java, Java Applets, ORACLE 7.x, MS front Page, Cute FTP, MS Power Point, Adobe Photoshop.
COMPUSOFT INC., INDIA. SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT ENGINEER. INTRANET WEB SITE DEVELOPER. Managed the overall redesign of a 1,000+ element Intranet. Responsibilities included designing, developing, and maintaining two other Intranet Web sites supporting end users for indian service sector essay, all applications. Redesigned the Document Viewer Home Page to meet Company s Web page standards.
Site to be deployed as part of an Extranet. Continuously worked to refine the District Intranet publishing process. Converted MS Word, MS PowerPoint, and MS Project documents to HTML for publishing on south africa essay the District Intranet. ENVIRONMENT: HTML, Homesite, HoTMetaL Pro 3.0, ORACLE 7.x, MS front Page, Cute FTP, MS Power Point, Adobe PhotoShop. PERSONAL INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT. Worked as a programmer to assist in the development of specification coded, tested Modules of indian sector system. The system was developed for a large investment company, integrates all investments pertaining to Shares/debentures. Consolidates money transactions by reporting online stock level, pending applications, call-money dues, stock to be received and gain/losses.
Output displayed as reports/Bar graphs. ENVIRONMENT: ORACLE 7.x, Developer/2000, SQL*PLUS, SQL, PLSQL,PB. DATATECH SYSTEMS, INDIA. CONSUMER ACCOUNTING SYSTEM. Responsible for the developing program specifications, requirement. Also responsibility included coding, testing and africa my land implementing several modules. This system was developed for research paper security, the state electricity board, maintains consumer accounting by south my land essay, monthly transactions such as collections, adjustment totals. ENVIRONMENT: ORACLE 7.x and an introduction SQL, PL SQL, C, C++. Diploma in Electrical Engineering, INDIA, June 1992 Advance Diploma in Electrical M/C, INDIA, Diploma in Computer Application, INDIA, April 1995.
Training in UNIX, C, Oracle, PB and Developer 2000 at Comp-U-Learn, Edison, NJ Training in HTML, MS SQL at RAMSFIELD Technologies, Inc. Somerset, NJ. Training in south my land essay Java, Java applets, SGML, XML at ATT, Bridgewater, NJ Training in NAS, PVCS, Starbase, Staffware at Solveig, New York, NY Training in Remedy bug tracking tool. Also took classes for RSW automation tool at service sector Mail.com, NY Training in WinRunner and LoadRunner at south africa my land essay ZetFormation, Edison, NJ. Furnished upon writing an introduction of an essay request.
To find a challenging position in africa Network Systems Analysis or Software Quality Assurance with opportunities for career enrichment. Firewalls Hardwares Network Associates PGP Gauntlet UNIXUnix and WebShield Firewalls. Hardware IBM PC, SUN SPARC, Ultra , Macintosh, HP B132, B180. Operating Systems MS-DOS series, Macintosh OS 7.5, 7.6, 8 , OS/2. Solaris 2.51, 2.6, 8, BSDI 3.0, 4.0, Linux5.0, 6.x. Essay Market. MS NT, 2000. Network Novell 3.12, 4.0, Microsoft Network, NT 3.51, 4.0, LANtastic Environments TCP/IP, NetBIOS . Programming Languages HTML, SQL, COBOL, QA Partner. Pursuing MS in, Computer Systems Management, University of Maryland BS in, Information Systems Management, University of Maryland. Network Technology Group, Inc., Rockwood, Maryland.
January 1999 to south africa essay March 2002. Senior Quality Assurance Engineer. Verified compatibility of Gauntlet VPN s compatibility with supported PKI servers Entrust, Verisign, XCert . Helped ensure that GEMS Global Enterprise Management System 2.0 was compatible with Gauntlet and WebShield firewalls. Thesis Papers. Led alpha testing of the WebShield E-ppliance 2.0 product. Directed the QA testing of the Gauntlet 5.5 and Gauntlet 6.0 updates. Generated test plans and matrices, andmatrix led a team of 5 people. Led QA team on the WebShield 300 version 1.5 and africa 1.5 update projects. Produced a revised WebShield 300 project test plan and matrix. Served as QA Lead of the Gauntlet/WebShield internationalization and localization project. Created test plan, matricesmatrix and reports to ensure that the Gauntlet and WebShield product lines functionedwere functional well in international environments. Led QA group for the Gauntlet 6.0 Firewall product.
Provided reports and matrix coverage status to the QA manager. Performed network security and network access testing, using DNS, Telnet, FTP, Email, and HTTP protocols with and Gauntlet firewalls and UNIX servers.services. Generated test plans by paper international, including test scenarios, test cases, testing environments, system configurations, and entrance/exit criteria. THE-ONE Corp., Springfield, Maryland. July 1997 to January 1999. Network Engineer/Quality Assurance Engineer. Performed network security and network access testing using SmartGate.Smartgate. Built and maintained an environment with a IIS, PDC, IIS, and an Exchange Serverexchange server for various testing scenarios. Generated and reviewed test plansplan by including test scenarios, test cases, testing environments, system configurations and entrance/exit criteria.
Assisted management with the on testing schedule and the software release. Africa. Managed VPN product testing within client/server and NT environments. Rickson Electronic Information Resources, Harvard, Virginia. February 1997 to June 1997. Associate Test Analyst. Conducted regression, functional, and the stock of 1929 ad hoc testing for a web- based application using Netscape 3.01 and Internet Explorer 3.0 on Windows NT, Windows 95, and Windows 3.11.
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Assisted development with to do troubleshooting, diagnostics, and solutionsolutions finding. United States Citizen. Network Associates MVP award February Feb, 2000. White Gate, Inc., Dallas, Texas. September 1999 through April 2002. Director of Quality Assurance. Hands-on management of testing efforts for projects for essay, the following clients: Hilton, Mazda, Universal Studios, Nokia, CBS, GTE/Verizon, Herman Miller, Procter Gamble, and research paper international security the Dallas Zoo. Managed all Quality Assurance assets including; hiring, salary negotiation, salary reviews, bonus reviews, and performance issues. South Africa My Land Essay. Made extensive use of automated testing tools including Mercury WinRunner, Rational TeamTest, and paper about nursing home Microsoft VisualTest VisualTest is now a Rational Software product . Integrated the use of essay scripting tools, specifically Mercury WinRunner, into the corporate Quality Assurance Methodology. Provided training, mentoring, and of an troubleshooting for Quality Assurance Engineers.
Tested static web sites staged on a wide number of server platforms. Tested dynamic web sites that utilize ATG Dynamo, IBM WebSphere, Interwoven, and ASP. Tested B2B portals, B2C portals, online billing projects, and e-commerce solutions that produce revenue in my land essay excess of how to 3 million per week. Trained, managed, and my land directed teams of Quality Assurance Engineers and indian sector Testers ranging in skill from entry to senior-level engineers. Developed and implemented methodology for assuring the quality of south africa my land White Gate deliverables including Internet web sites, Internet Ecommerce sites, multimedia presentations, and Internet B2B sites. Conceived, designed, and managed the implementation of the research international security, Change Request Database, a scalable web-based bug tracking solution. Implemented Change Request Database as a revenue-generating tool by selling licenses to clients.
Conducted site load testing, stress testing, and africa essay volume testing using java component called URLHammer. Created installation executable for easy distribution and implementation of URLHammer applet. How To Article. Managed development of corporate Methodology for south africa, all disciplines within company including Information Architecture, Development, Project Management, Configuration Management, and Quality Assurance. Envisioned, proposed, and implemented nationally directed Quality Assurance team in order to organize all Quality Assurance efforts under a single methodology. Increased degree of Quality for research paper, all projects. Streamlined corporate Development processes by analyzing current practices and identifying inefficiency. Improved process resulted in increased quality and increased work output. Developed Quality Assurance Intranet site that included training on Quality Assurance methods and practices, multiple templates for Test Plans, templates for Test Cases, and templates for Test Reports.
Written, maintained, and executed test plans and test cases. Determined the scope on multiple projects, provided estimates based on that scope, and revised the scope in my land essay order to meet the needs of the client. Attended training for Mercury WinRunner and subsequently integrated automated scripting into the Quality Assurance Methodology. An Introduction Essay. Provided training and mentoring for africa my land, authoring and maintaining of WinRunner automated scripts. Installed and maintained Microsoft SQL 7.0 and Microsoft SQL 2000; performed basic queries necessary to edit and essay update data within the database including fields and tables. Simplified installation of Taxware server program by creating installation executable using InstallShield, reducing installation time from south my land essay six hours to paper international less than 5 minutes. Built test Labs and actual networking models that include DHCP servers, DNS servers, WINS servers, and essay Microsoft Windows NT 3.51, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, and Microsoft Windows 2000 Domain Controllers. Built and maintained networks including all the aforementioned components, as well as providing a measure of thesis papers security using firewalls, gateways, proxy servers, and Intrusion Detection Systems IDS . Used tools to south my land essay capture and analyze unsecured network data packets in research paper about nursing a test environment, analyze and breech test networks, as well as initiate successful Denial of Service DoS attacks on test servers. Round-the-clock Consulting, Dallas, Texas. June 1999 through September 1999.
Contractor, Senior Quality Analyst. Provided contractual work at GTE for a Java-based Ecommerce Online Billing project. Authored and maintained overall Test Plan. Test Plans included the introduction a detailed description of the south essay, item being tested and its scope , user requirements, environmental needs, risk assessment, and approach/methodology. Wrote and executed detailed Test Cases including prerequisites, detailed instructions, and how to anticipated results. Assisted GTE Y2K Project Management Office in validating code for Online Billing project. Obtained and documented test data for justification and verification of results during internal audit. Installed and configured Windows NT 4.0 Servers and Workstations for team. My Land Essay. Provided limited Windows NT Administrative support. Microtech, Richardson, Texas.
September 1998 through June 1999. Quality Assurance Lead, Enterprise Team. Managed QA Engineers on the Enterprise team and the deployment testing of all Microtech products. Worked with Development and Product Managers throughout the product cycle to meet release deadlines and to identify target test areas. Authored Test Plans for research security, Enterprise deployment of the iGrafx product suite. Test Plans included a detailed description of the item being tested, its scope, user requirements, environmental needs, risk assessment, and south essay approach/methodology.
Test matrices included all Microsoft 32-bit Operating Systems as well as various network protocols, including TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, and NetBEUI. Authored Test Cases to include prerequisites, detailed directions and descriptions of the anticipated outcome. Automated some Test Cases through advanced DOS batch files and indian sector essay scripts written using Visual Test 4.0. Installed and administered the Test Lab, consisting of DOS, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0, Windows NT 4.0 Terminal Server, Windows 2000 Beta 3 Professional, Windows 2000 Server, and Windows 2000 Advanced Server. South My Land. Established and maintained Trust relationships with the indian essay, test lab s domains and other corporate domains. Provided OS and networking support for QA Testers. Tested deployment of applications in Enterprise environments during all phases of the product cycle. Africa. Worked with Developers, as necessary, to isolate and repair bugs.
Tracked software problem reports using Lotus Notes. Verified resolutions. University Thesis Papers. Developed and conducted training seminars on various topics, including Effective Software Testing and Troubleshooting, Administrating Windows NT 4.0 Server and Workstation , General Networking Issues Related to Software Testing, and Operating System Deployment and Configuration. Created, implemented and supported The Genesis Project: a simple, automated method to south install a clean OS using advanced DOS batch files with an paper, accompanying CD-Rom. Also utilized PowerQuest Drive Image to create backup images of clean Operating Systems. Provided batch files to Testers with an easy menu driven interface to select the file for my land, restoration, then initialized PowerQuest s image restoration software in an automated mode.
Both solutions supported full releases, upgrades, and Service Packs of all Microsoft 32-bit Operating Systems in eight different languages. Edited and participated in major revisions of the iGrafx Suite Network Installation documentation. Carol, Inc., Derby, Utah. May 1997 through August 1998. Software Quality Engineer, Java Applets Team and Web Products Team. Designed, developed, and executed Test Plans of Java Beans to be used in Open-J Suite.
Tested web-based Java applications constructed with Enterprise Java Beans and utilizing CORBA ORB technologies. Tested on platforms including Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT 4.0 and Windows 2000 beta . Communicated software bugs and enhancement ideas using established reporting procedures. Tracked reported issues through resolution. Conceptualized, implemented and maintained multiple web pages on company intranet, maintaining current information regarding ongoing projects with an emphasis on using current technologies including HTML, XML, ADML, and Java Applets, Java Beans and Java Scripts. Automated installation test cases using introspective Java Bean tools, batch files, and additional Java utilities written in-house. Essay The Stock Crash Of 1929. Designed, developed, and africa executed automated Test Plans and Test Cases for Carol WEB.SiteBuilder using Microsoft Visual C++ 5.0 and AppTester, a proprietary language, developed in-house . Assisted other teams with testing of Carol Netscape English and Portuguese versions , CarolCENTRAL English, Swedish and Portuguese versions , and Carol WordPerfect Suite 8 for Windows NT/Alpha. Installed and configured Microsoft SQL Server 6.5 for duplication of ODMA-related customer issues. Smart Link Technologies, Edinburg, Utah. February 1994 through August 1998. Quality Assurance Specialist and Windows NT Administrator. Tested data retrieval systems, Infobases, created using Folio Technologies.
Configured and maintained Local Area Networks for clients. Installed hardware and configured software aspects of south africa my land office networks implementing various network protocols. Maintained and upgraded computer hardware. Paper About Home. Installed and configured software packages. South Africa My Land Essay. Conducted Computer Literacy Training on an introduction the following topics: Understanding Computer Basics; Using DOS and Windows 3.11; Introduction to Windows 95; Introduction to the Internet; Using Electronic Mail; Using the Internet as a Productivity Tool; Designing HTML Documents; Using Windows 95; Using WordPerfect 6.1; Using WordPerfect Suite 7; Using WordPerfect Suite 8; and Using Word 6. Enterprise Application Administration. Installation, configuration, and maintenance of Enterprise software including Mercury TestDirector 6.x and 7i, Mercury WinRunner 6.x and 7.0, Microsoft SQL 7.0, Microsoft SQL 2000, the WordPerfect Office Suite, Microsoft Office, Microtech iGrafx Enterprise Suite, OpenDocs Open Document Management API ODMA , and various anti-virus software.
Disk utilities such as WinImage, PowerQuest Drive Image, PowerQuest Partition Magic, and south africa my land essay Norton Utilities. Sector Essay. Integrated Development Environments, including JBuilder, Visual Cafe, and Visual C++. Installing, configuring and maintaining Citrix Metaframe 1.8. Limited exposure installing and configuring Lotus Notes 4.6.3, Lotus Notes 5.0 Domino , and Microsoft SQL 6.5. Installation and maintenance of Internet and Intranet server software including Microsoft IIS 4.0, Microsoft IIS 5.0, War FTP Server, WS_FTP Server, Netscape Enterprise Server, Microsoft Proxy Server, and south africa essay Netscape Proxy Server. Monitored network connections to article Internet servers using Windows NT system tools as well as third-party applications. Administering and south africa my land use of client software including Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Exchange client, Eudora, Netscape Communicator, and Internet Explorer.
Installation and maintenance of user workstations. Maintenance and use of university thesis papers Adobe Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro, Adobe Pagemaker, Adobe Acrobat, PCAnywhere, Folio VIEWS, Microsoft Access, various CD creation utilities, and sound editing tools. University of Utah; Salt Lake City, Utah. Microsoft Certified Professional MCP certification in Windows NT 4.0. Finished the coursework for the Microsoft Certified System Engineer MCSE certification in Windows NT. SQA Methodology. Mercury Interactive WinRunner Webtest. Mercury Interactive TestDirector. Software/Hardware Test Engineer effective as both an independent and team worker. South Africa. Exceptional problem solver and troubleshooter, with diverse technical knowledge, including writing computer driven test programs to evaluate embedded computer equipment.
Development of test hardware interfaces to final products. System integration and signal analysis of complex large-scale data storage systems requiring the how to write an editorial article, use of network analysis test equipment logic analyzers, oscilloscopes, bus analyzers, spectrum analyzers , and computer test programs to verify system performance. Writing Acceptance Test Procedures for final product test certification. Africa Essay. Provide training and the stock support to Field Service personnel. SKILLS AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS. Strong technical skills in electronic hardware at both the system level and component level. Skilled in writing Unix operating system test suites borne shell, c-shell, Sed, AWK with functions written in the C programming language, and the Tcl programming language. Test suite development for evaluation of large-scale data storage systems NAS . Analysis of computer test program results NAS . Hands-on troubleshooting of systems with mechanical, electrical, and software components. Experienced in Small Computer System Interface SCSI standard.
Proficient in use of high bandwidth measuring instruments, and signal generating equipment, for signal analysis and debug of analog and digital circuits. Experienced OrCAD schematic capture user. Experienced Windows 95/98/NT user. Proficient in writing PC DOS scripts. Development of sub-assembly test fixtures for signal processing systems. Development of Test Procedures for south essay, sub-assembly components. PC driven Test Hardware/Firmware development to emulate host operation of product.
The Best Electronics, Cupertino, California. July 2001 - October 2001. Test Engineer II. Development of test methods to be used by production technicians in research international security testing wire harnesses using Cirris Systems automated testers. This work included identifying problems in the beta release of the Windows application of south Cirris CTLynx for the COMPAQ computer. CTLynx is a windows PC application that communicates through a COM port of the PC to a controller in the Cirris Cable Tester. CTLynx is a library of commands that can be included within a compiled language for paper home, communication to the Cirris Cable Tester.
These functions configure the essay, Tester to indian sector perform Hypot or Continuity test profiles on a cable connected to the Tester. Included in these responsibilities is selection of air and vacuum equipment to be used in testing semiconductor manufacturing equipment that uses compressed air and vacuum to control the manufacturing process. AMEX DATA SYSTEMS, Oakland, California. Senior Test Engineer. NAS Development of Unix-based test harnesses for automated regression testing Black Box and africa my land White Box to interface to embedded computer 19mm Digital Tape Recorders using the Small Computer System Interface SCSI standard. The platforms used in this development were SUN WorkStations using the Solaris version of Unix. Research Paper About Nursing. This test suite development was done in the c-shell which included writing programs using the Unix utilities Sed and AWK.
The scope of this work included writing test scripts to africa verify system performance; the research international, detection of failures, and africa my land the retrieval of sector system performance information at africa my land essay the time of papers failure for africa essay, both the Tape Recorders and the Robot-controlled Library in which the tape recorders are installed. How To Write An Editorial. This work also included the development of test scripts in the Tcl scripting language, which were called from africa within the Unix c-shell test suite. Worked in close coordination with system hardware and software designers in performance and failure analysis of detected problems. Developed Unix test suite programs used in FCC certification testing of 19mm Digital Tape Recorders and Robot-controlled Library. AMEX DATA SYSTEMS, Oakland, California. Senior Test Engineer. Primary responsibility was to about market provide engineering support to south africa essay 19mm Digital Tape Recorder system development. This included development of indian sector essay test hardware interface between PC driven software and the recorder.
Included within this hardware was 1.7 mbytes of SRAM, and associated control circuits, to store test data patterns to record and africa essay play back through the recorder. Checkout and integration of PC interface test hardware. Perform Acceptance Test Procedure on deliverable 19mm DD2 Recorders. Evaluation of 19mm Recorder Software and Hardware revisions using: Test scripts for how to an editorial, PC driven test interface. Intelligent Peripheral Interface IPI-3 standard interface test equipment. Design validation test development: Creation of system tests to south africa verify correct performance of university thesis 19mm tape recorder under all valid tape format configurations, as well as, fault detection verification for invalid tape formats and file transfer activities that did not conform to the format specification. Customer-site support of 19mm tape recorder during Host integration activities.
AMEX DATA SYSTEMS, Oakland, California. Development support of wideband 107mhz Digital Tape Recorder program through development of test equipment, procedures, and documents. Participated in system integration within Engineering group, and Final System Test group. User Interface Test Equipment: Design, develop, and africa my land essay document a versatile professional test interface which is an essential tool in evaluation and test of the recorder system. Wrote initial power-up and check-out procedure for the digital tape recorder. How To Write An Editorial Article. Provided documentation, test equipment, and south africa special tools for system integration and testing. AMEX DATA SYSTEMS, Oakland, California. Development of test equipment for an introduction of an essay, mass-storage digital tape recorder. Development of instrumentation panel for africa, multiple output general-purpose laboratory power supplies. Assist in wideband signal system experiments, which included maintenance of a baseline engineering evaluation tape recorder system test-bed and writing configuration of signal analysis test set-ups.
Technical support for mass-storage digital tape recorder Read/Write Hybrid Micro-circuit development, and associated test equipment. This activity included the development of a test fixture to evaluate the south my land, thermal characteristics of hybrid circuits during operation, using Pelter-effect thermoelectric modules to test the hybrids at research international the temperature extremes of africa my land essay -10 to +80 degrees C. Development, in the Pascal language, of data channel analysis software for testing the signal processing system of digital tape recorders. How To Write. Random and pattern-dependent errors were separately quantified. Obtained formal training from Mission College, Santa Clara, Calif, Associate in Science Electronics ; Electronics School, Naval Air Technical Training Center, Memphis, Tenn., also completed courses in south Pascal and indian sector essay C programming. I have spent the past 12 years in the mainframe, PC, and Internet testing environments, working with a large customer base to meet their business needs.
I have functioned as a Testing Project Lead and have served on various corporate committees representing the Q/A department. I have experience in both manual and automated testing, with a specialty in end-user manual testing. I am experienced in the lifecycle of a project from south my land essay inception to final production. Research. I have performed Q/A testing in both the essay, reporting and processing environments. June, 2000 present. Versus Systems, Dallas, TX. Quality Assurance Analyst. Represent QA in all phases of product development including requirement, design, construction, testing, implementation, code reviews and support. Conduct detailed analysis of software development requirements to an editorial article determine testability.
Perform risk analysis. Perform detailed testing and write/execute test plans for black box, white box and regression testing in both Unix and Internet based environments. Work closely with developers during test execution to ensure proper communication of defects. Manage defect tracking and defect reporting for assigned projects. Write detailed test documentation supporting assigned deliverables. Meet scheduled deliverables as defined by product manager. Interact with product support and customer service teams. South My Land Essay. Provide technical guidance and general help to less experienced QA staff. Support and perform maintenance on the QA web server and app server including daily environment builds, KIVA functions, and file syncs.
Troubleshoot QA environment problems for paper international security, internal and external customers. Applications currently supported include XML transactions, e-commerce, and africa my land essay AMF transactions. September 1997 June 2000. Blue Cross Health Plan, Arlington, TX. Analyst Tester II lead.
Function as Testing Project Lead for writing, all government/Medicare systems in the health plan, in africa my land essay Visual Basic and/or M204 environments: Participate in initial high-level evaluations and estimates for writing of an, customer business needs. Participate in technical specification designs. Assign projects and deadlines to testers in my team. Evaluate team s test plans and africa my land essay aid in their design as needed. Writing Of An Essay. Monitor team s progress and adherence to standards and business needs. Track defects in Test Director and my land essay supply defect reports as required. Coordinate all communication between the development team and the testing team. Papers. Review and sign-off on all release documentation.
Review final product with customers and south my land essay train them on new processes if necessary. Provide personnel evaluations for team members to management.Additional responsibilities include the indian service sector essay, creation of test scenarios, test scripts and test data, utilizing both automated testing tools and manual testing. Maintain and run regression tests. Write query scripts to gather test data in M204. Evaluate test results for accuracy and completeness in both a mainframe and PC environment. Report problems identified during testing in Test Director, and follow each defect through to south my land closure. Assist in the creation of an editorial article testing standards for south my land essay, quality assurance, functional compliance and application performance. Assist in university papers the creation of testing standards for operational function - data integrity, data accuracy and screen flows. Evaluate software for adherence to system standards and usability norms. Verify accuracy of my land essay processes designed to accept data input by, or received from, outside entities. Serve on university papers committee to south africa my land essay develop new technical specification requirements document.
March 1989 September 1997. Crystal Insurance, Dallas, TX. Technical Analyst / Lead Tester. Responsibilities included design and of an Q/A testing of marketing software in both Windows and DOS environments. Provide problem determination and document test results. Design input screens and output reports. Design and implement automated, manual and south africa my land regression testing criteria for essay, all product lines.
Write testcases. Write technical documentation for end users. Design and maintain current Help system. Assure compliance with all current and purposed state regulations. South Africa My Land. Act as a liaison between agents, Corporate Marketing, Corporate Legal and Systems. Provide technical help desk assistance to internal and external customers.
March 1983 March 1989. Southern Life Insurance, Waco, TX. Policy Service Technician. Process loans, withdrawals, 1099 reporting and complex policy changes. Security. Develop and maintain the company s first group life system. Telephone support to agents and customers. Hardware, Software and Methodologies List: Windows Unix DOS Mainframe HTML XML Visual Safe Source VSS Visio M204 Visual Basic SQL MS Word Test Director Remedy Defect Tracking Net Term Automated testing using in-house software Technical writing Photoshop ULead Gif Animator X/PTR TSO Black box testing White box testing Regression testing.
A Senior, Technical, Quality Assurance and Software Test Analyst with over ten years of experience in using computer technology for africa essay, business process automation. Able to apply broad technical and functional expertise to organize and implement white- and black-box test efforts and to analyze requirements for software design, development, and thesis papers validation. SKILLS INVENTORY AND KNOWLEDGE AREAS. Application Walk-through; Automated Testing; Black-Box Testing; Client-Server Testing; Code Review; Cross-cultural Communication; Design Analysis; Design Review; Documentation; End-to-End Testing; Functionality Testing; Graphical User Interface GUI Testing; Independent Validation Verification IVV ; Integration Testing; Interface Testing; Meeting Management; Oral Presentation; Problem-Bug-Enhancement Reporting; Problem Solving; Project Planning, Estimating, and africa Tracking; Proposal Writing, Quality Assurance QA of software test efforts; Rational Unified Process RUP , Regression Testing; Requirements Analysis; Requirements Definition; Requirements Traceability; Resume Review and Candidate Interviews; Risk Assessment; Software Test Design plans, cases, procedures, scripts, scenarios, matrices, etc. Paper International. ; Structured Inspections; Systems Analysis; System Testing; Team Building; Test Status Reporting; Tester Training; Unified Modeling Language UML , User Acceptance Testing; White-Box Testing, Year 2000 Compliance. SOFTWARE, PLATFORMS, AND TOOLS. Languages: BASIC, C, FTP, HTML, Pascal, SQL, Test Script Language TSL , UNIX Shell Script, Visual Basic. Mainframe: DB2, DynaComm Elite 3270, File-AID.
PC: Adobe Acrobat, Banyan Vines, dBase IV, Clear Case, ClearQuest, Code Wright, Citrix Winframe, Cognos, Datatect, Defect Control System, DOS, Exceed, Formtool, GrabIt Pro, Lawson Insight, LoadRunner 6.5, Lotus 1-2-3, Lotus Notes, MS Access, MS Excel, MS Explorer, MS PowerPoint, MS Project, MS Publisher, MS Visio, MS Word, Netscape , Norton Utilities, Novell Netware, Oracle 8.1.6, PC-Connect, Peregrine Service Center, PVCS Tracker, PVCS Version Manager, QA Partner, Remedy Action Request System, Requisite Pro, SQL Plus, TOAD, TCP/IP, Telnet, Test Director 6.0, Windows 95/98, Windows NT, WinRunner 7.0, WinVi, WinZip, Word Perfect, WP for Windows, Xtree Gold. UNIX: HP UNIX, Vi, Rational ClearCase. Nextstep: EO Modeler, Grab, NeXT Mail, OmniWeb. Macintosh: Adobe Photoshop, Claris Works, Conflict Catcher, Filemaker Pro, MacDraw II, Mac OS 8.0, MS Excel, MS Word, MS Works, Netscape Navigator, Norton Utilities, Quark Express, Virex. Member, American Society for Quality ASQ. Lake Erie College, B.S., International Business, magna cum laude, 1992.
Specialization in Computer Information and Decision Systems. Certificate of africa essay Completion in Computer Programming, Dec. 2001. U.S. Department of Agriculture Graduate School, Washington, DC. Object-Oriented and home Structured Analysis using UML and RUP Database Design PC Preventative Maintenance and africa Troubleshooting UNIX and essay the stock market crash of 1929 UNIX Command Shell Programming C Programming, HTML, Oracle SQL, and Visual Basic. ESI/George Washington University Project Management Certification Program. Received Certificates of Completion for courses in Managing Software Quality May 2001 , and Software Testing Apr.
2001. USDPI Conference on Testing Computer Software, Bethesda, MD. 2001: Conference Attendee. 2000: One-Day Tutorial, Fundamentals of Testing Software Intensive Systems by Selim Aissi of essay Intel. RECENT PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE. State Foundation for paper security, Medical Care, White Church, VA.
Senior Lead Programmer Analyst. On a subcontract to my land Northrop Grumman serve as Senior Test Engineer for the Department of Defense Worldwide TRICARE Information Center. The call center contract is to essay about market crash implement Oracle Applications: Financials, Customer Relations Management CRM , and Telephony Management OTM on south africa a thin-client intra/internet multi-tiered Oracle network computing architecture NCA . The front-end uses Netscape or Internet Explorer IE on a Windows 2000 or Windows NT workstation. The middle tier consists of Oracle products residing on indian service NT Telephony , IBM AIX, or HP 9000 UNIX servers and connecting to a RAID hosting an Oracle database back-end . Oracle Applications are developed using Oracle Forms, PL/SQL, and Java technologies. Test development and deployment of COTS applications. Conduct front- and back-end, white- and black-box, system, performance, functional, requirements, design, regression, and production-readiness tests. Write and execute test plans, cases and procedures. Design test scenarios and data. Perform code review of Unix shell scripts, PL/SQL packages, and Java programs to south africa my land essay derive requirements, test conditions, identify defects and debug code.
Make minor code changes to Java program under tutelage of senior programmer. Verify database test results using TOAD and research paper SQL Plus. Capture test artifacts using Access, Excel, Power Point, Project, Visio, and Word. Confirm requirements stored in Requisite Pro. Identify test programs and retrieve copies from ClearCase. Log bug reports in ClearQuest. Developed and modified test flat files using Notepad, Vi, and WinVi. Use Telnet and Exceed to FTP test files among Unix servers and NT workstations.
Model testing processes in MS Project and Visio. Conducted automated test tool comparison between Mercury Interactive s WinRunner and south Rational Software s Robot GUI test tools and provided recommendation. Market Crash. Serve as test representative to project s System Process Engineering Group SPEG . Participated Capability Maturity Model CMM Level 3 preliminary audit. Serve as KPA Owner for Level 3 KPA, Integrated Software Management IM . Author test portions of project proposals. Received training in CMM, Peer Review Moderator, and LoadRunner. Verified and modified automated test scripts created in WinRunner 7.0.
ABC Contract Services, Vienna, VA. Senior Software Test Engineer. Held senior test engineer position for a pharmaceutical order entry and inventory control system with an intranet browser-based component. The core application comprised a front-end developed in Visual Basic VB and Synergy running on a Windows NT or Citrix Winframe workstation, and a backend developed in C and Synergy using an Oracle 7.3, 8.1.6 database and south africa my land running on a Digital Unix server. Perform system, interface, integration, functional, requirements, design, black- and white-box tests. Participate in requirements review, and functional and indian service sector technical design review meetings. Perform IVV of developer unit tests. Create test cases, write test procedures, develop test data, and log defects in africa my land Test Director 6.0.
Perform front-end GUI validation and back-end database verification SQL Plus, TOAD of requirements. Start and stop UNIX processes, run scripts, review log files, and paper nursing home query databases. Simpson Hamilton, Arlington, VA. Senior Software Test Engineer. Held senior test engineer position for a military inventory-control system using a client server application and a hand-held device, being developed under contract from the Department of my land Defense DOD and a Foreign Military Sales FMS client government overseas.
The application comprised a PowerBuilder front-end running on papers Windows NT client and an Oracle database running on Windows NT server. The handheld device used a C/C++ user interface UI and DOS. It connects to the database using radio frequency RF technology and Java middleware. South. In a RAD environment, performed GUI, UI, system, end-to-end, requirements, design, black- and white-box testing of application and hand-held device. Wrote and revised test scripts.
Developed test scenarios and test data scenarios. Participated in test strategy planning sessions for in-country and field tests. Used Powerbuilder, T.O.A.D., Access, and SQL Plus to validate and manipulate database tables. Used Datatect to create and load test data into database. Wrote system change requests SCRs using Clear Quest.
Participated in System Review Boards SRBs to evaluate and classify submitted defects. Prepared and distributed formal meeting minutes. New Age Systems, Vienna, VA. Senior Software Test Engineer. Held test lead and test engineer positions for client-server applications. Tested and coordinated test efforts for applications with Oracle databases on HP50 servers running AIX, and with clients running Powerbuilder or Visual Basic VB applications and Windows 95. Analyzed Software Requirements Specification SRS and Software Design Description SDD documents to develop test strategies. Prepared formal test documentation including test plans, cases, procedures, and reports using American Red Cross ARC Standard Operating Procedures SOPs , Capability Maturity Model CMM key practices, and Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers IEEE standards, for Federal Drug Administration FDA regulatory compliance, and in cooperation with ARC Quality Control QC and Quality Assurance QA formal review processes. Essay About The Stock Of 1929. Performed system testing, server rehost testing, regression testing, and south africa black box testing.
Performed database validation using SQL Plus. Wrote Software Problem Reports SPRs and participated in Change Control Boards CCBs . ACM Technologies, Bethesda, MD. Held test coordinator and test analyst positions for Lotus Notes, client-server, and mainframe applications. Investigated, sampled, and selected automated test tool. Reviewed SQA Team Test, QA Run, and WinRunner.
Analyzed Notes applications for research paper international security, Y2K compliance: Analyzed design and properties for forms, fields, and views; examined design synopsis, functions, and Lotus script. Tested applications using Windows 95, DOS, or terminal emulator clients; using Notes Domino, MS SQL Server, DB2 or IDMS databases; and running on Windows NT servers or IBM mainframe. My Land. Coordinated test efforts of third-party vendor for Notes applications using MS Project. Performed independent verification and validation IVV of third party test efforts. Passed background check Form 85-P . Recorded and wrote WinRunner scripts using TSL. Prepared test plans, test cases, test data, and automated test scripts. Conducted peer and developer reviews of test documents. Executed Y2K compliance tests, documented results, and prepared binders for thesis papers, General Accounting Office GAO review. Interviewed and selected test position candidates. Participated in africa my land essay contingency planning for mission-critical applications. Digital Experts, Vienna, VA.
Software Test Analyst. Held production support, test analyst, and article test lead positions for multiple releases of small and large client-server applications. Coordinated test efforts of 3-8 person test teams. Negotiated inter-departmental test agreements. Evaluated test efforts and resource requirements for management.
Interviewed test position candidates. South Africa My Land Essay. Performed system, acceptance, end-to-end, integration, regression, and production readiness tests on client-server applications using Oracle databases, running on Unix servers, and using NeXTSTEP clients. Queried and verified Oracle database tables using EO Modeler and essay of 1929 SQL Plus. Executed SQL, Perl, and essay UNIX scripts to nursing perform updates and queries. Implemented project test plans and strategies. Ensured continued progress on test efforts. Conducted peer and developer reviews of test materials. Investigated and my land essay resolved low- and mid-level test issues for management. Prepared test plans and reported test progress. New Age Systems, Vienna, VA.
Software Test Analyst. Held test analyst positions for university papers, Benecom Web Project, iAccess NextGen Project, and One Call Transaction Processing System. On Windows 95 client, tested GUI, on-line documentation, real-time web page assembly, real-time assembly of hardcopy documents, and overall system functionality. Queried and modified tables on DB2 database using FileAID and south essay Access. About Crash. Conducted automated record and africa my land playback regression tests with QA Partner. Analyzed requirements documents. Wrote test plans and cases using MS Office.
Implemented plans and executed tests. Recorded test results and wrote bug reports using PVCS Tracker. Safe Information, Vienna, VA. Software Test Analyst. Held test analyst and lead positions for multiple releases of small, medium, and large client-server and standalone PC applications. Tested graphical user interface GUI , import/export functionality, and on-line documentation for PC-Windows, DOS, and client-server applications. Writing An Introduction Of An. Tested intranet applications using Netscape and Unix browsers.
Performed system, acceptance, regression, production readiness, and end-to-end tests on applications developed in my land Lotus Notes, Visual Basic, Visual C, and C++. Conducted automated record and playback testing using WinRunner. Of An. Tested internal and external communications infrastructures using LAN, PC-Connect, and africa my land TCP/IP. Analyzed technical specifications. Home. Designed test strategies.
Developed test plans and test scenarios. Africa My Land Essay. Wrote Requirements Test Matrices RTMs and test scripts. Implemented test plans and executed manual test scripts. Documented and about nursing home tracked problem reports using Remedy and essay DCS. An Introduction. Reported daily status of essay test activities. Trained junior analyst in software test techniques and methodology. Fannie Mae, Washington, DC. Organized layout of user reference guide and research paper about wrote user documentation. Analyzed and my land informally tested NeXTSTEP database application. Research Paper. Examined and interpreted technical specifications, and interviewed developers and business experts to gather resource materials. Secure a position in Quality Assurance where I can provide value to south africa the quality process.
Summary of Qualifications: Experienced: All aspects of QA, QA methodology, and the SDLC, including CMM, ISO 9002. Experienced in other areas of IT: software development, systems administration, network administration, and operations management. QA Process: Developed/maintained test plans, test cases, black box/white box testing, defect tracking and reporting, automation test suites, procedures documentation. Automation Tools: Rational Test Suite, Visual Test, Empirix e-Test Suite, Segue Silk Test, WAS stress tool, with scripting experience i.e. VB script, ksh/perl, Test4 . Configuration Management: Clearcase, Visual Source Safe, SCCS. Defect Tracking: ClearDDTS and university ClearQuest, MS Raid. OS Experience: Strong UNIX HP Sun , Windows 95/98, NT/2K, legacy platforms Prime, VAX, and south africa others . Scripting: Korn Shell, Perl, VB Script, Windows Scripting Host, scripting on legacy platforms. Web Skills: HTML, CGI, Apache, MS IIS, and experience in Java environments JSPs, EJB, Java script , DB integration. Database: Sybase, Informix, MS SQL Server 7/2000. Supporting DB Administrators, SQL scripting.
Systems Administration: UNIX and indian sector essay WinNT/2K building servers, test lab setup/teardown , MS IIS, MS SQL Server 7/2000, and legacy platforms. Internet/Network Skills: Solid understanding of south Internet technologies, experience in how to an editorial article building and managing a nation-wide switched network. Other Tools: All MS Office applications to a level of writing imbedded Visual BASIC in these , Samba, Scopus, Crystal Reports, Business Objects, Secure CRT, Reflection, PC Anywhere, Visio, Apache and CGI scripting, MS Front Page, IE and Netscape, Some Java technology, OO code Visual BASIC, WSH, and some C++ , MoDems, switches, routers and my land essay hubs. Jul. 2001 - Oct. 2001. Pasific Systems, Inc., San Francisco, California. QA Analyst IV, Automation Lead Engineer.
Lead QA automation engineer for the Pasific Systems s trade floor applications testing. Project management, training and mentoring for other engineers and essay crash test team. South Africa Essay. Liaison between QA and business unit managers, development teams, and essay about the stock market crash of 1929 support staff, and thus acted as the primary resource for africa my land essay, resolving issues. Successful completion of research paper nursing projects involving SCM utilizing Clearcase and Defect tracking using ClearQuest. Utilized Rational ROBOT for automated testing, and supported leading quality consultant in south this effort. Improved overall quality process by implementing project management procedures, documentation, and working to define our quality model, in line with CMM definitions. Lead in change management projects, communicating, reporting Crystal Reports for crash, defect tracking and my land essay change control issues, documentation, and presentations Power Point . Fixed numerous problems with the installation and use of the Rational Test Suite of tools. Performed tools administration, scripting where necessary, administration of Windows 2K, SQL server 2000, and required UNIX administration in order to resolve issues with the tools and the testing environment. Nov. 2000 - Apr. Write. 2001.
RTF Exchange, San Francisco, California. Senior QA Engineer. Lead test automation engineer for web-based and client/server based applications for specialized search technology. Creation of africa essay test plans and test cases, and an editorial templates for my land essay, these; supervised test teams work for each test phase. Charged with maintenance of build servers, and SCM, utilizing Visual Source Safe. Load/Stress testing with WAS, Automation testing with Silk Test and Epirix e-Test Suite, defect tracking using MS RAID.
Scripting where required with perl, ksh, Test4 and VB Script. Windows 2K administration duties as needed for setup/teardown of test lab servers and desktop testing clients. Provided any required technical support for paper about nursing, QA, development, business managers, project managers, and operations. Training and mentoring other QA staff, support for operations, business managers, product managers, reporting and communication to all departments. Defined new quality model in line with CMM definitions, and created a company-wide presentation for communicating role of QA in line with new model, and individual s role in the quality process.
Jan. 2000 - Oct. 2000. Crown Enterprise, Oakland, California. Analyst, QA Support Systems. Successful setup of automation test assets using Empirix e-Test Suite and Visual BASIC; created all test plans, test cases and automation test scripts for Crown Enterprise s online trade applications. Developed automation test procedures/policies for QA; defined Quality model in line with CMM definition.
Worked with and supported release team on applications deployment and acceptance testing. Provided technical assistance to operations, DB administrators, server administration team, business unit managers/users, trade desk staff, and our QA team. Testing efforts became more automated as opposed to completely manual prior to my start. Africa Essay. Supported development team in unit testing and integration testing and research international testing Java technologies EJB, JSPs, Java Script . Utilizing HTML, Apache, CGI scripting, created company Intranet with a vast resource for production batch job documentation, QA documentation including our new quality model , technical support documentation, production release schedules, and change control/defect tracking status and information. South My Land Essay. Utilized Web Trends to provide usage statistics and web server performance metrics to management on company Intranet. Successfully implemented automated production monitoring using web application monitoring features of e-Test Suite and MS Outlook so that support personnel could be paged during any failure, thus increasing our online reliability. Mar. 1999 - Jul. 1999. Albertson Truck Lines, Inc., Haywood, California.
Director of Information Systems. Charged with the international security, direction of africa my land Information Systems and the stock market Telecommunications for this leading West Coast trucking company. Africa My Land Essay. Involved in management of systems, operations, servers, communications all telecom equipment, wireless solutions, service providers, network providers, switches, routers, hubs, ISPs, satellite tracking equipment, our VPN, fax equipment . Supervised the software development team, systems maintenance vendors, operations/technical support staff. Research International Security. Implemented problem tracking and change management procedures in order to streamline the support and change management process; created a searchable knowledge base from incidents as added value. Instituted a more robust quality process through proper documentation, procedures definition and south africa essay training efforts. Research Paper. Successfully resolved issues with company VPN, and numerous other issues with voice/data network and equipment. Managed all technology vendors, and south africa maintained IT budget. Sep.
1994 - Feb. 1999. Davidoff Global Investors, San Francisco, California. Production Control Specialist. Specialized in quality management, primarily in production support and paper security operations. Supported all aspects of africa QA and change management; support for our testing efforts and the build and release process. Worked to refine and automate the QA and essay the stock of 1929 release process by incorporating new technologies and tools Clearcase, ClearDDTS, Scopus and others . Responsible for tools administration for south my land essay, the above tools, assisted with UNIX and essay Windows NT administration. Provided all necessary support for QA on legacy applications/platforms Prime, VAX . Often chaired weekly global change control meetings, and south africa provided answers or support where needed. Provided all support, testing, for research, all of BGI s financial applications, including Securities Lending, Fixed Income systems, Asset Allocation, Price Loads, Data Cleansing, Settlements, Cash Management, Trade Floor Operations, International Equities, production operations, technical support, network and server administration, and any other area as required.
Worked on south africa my land projects for migration to new platforms, implementing new QA procedures and tools, Y2K certification, T+3 settlements project, Euro implementation and more. Writing Of An Essay. Managed and reorganized our large production job documentation repository about 350 documented procedures . Strong Unix, Windows, HTML, perl, ksh, VB scripting and knowledge of tools, QA procedures, operations procedures and much more were utilized in south my land this role; numerous other tools such as Alexandria, Net Backup, and many others were learned. Indian Sector Essay. Charged with responsibility of production releases for all of BGI offices worldwide. Jul. 1988 - Sep. 1994. Morgan Jewelers, Oakland, California.
Systems Administrator/Operations Manager. Hired as software developer in Business BASIC for Albertson s retail operations and one year later, promoted to Systems Administration and Operations Management. Charged with managing the systems and operations of Albertson s data center. Successfully implemented numerous projects to africa my land refine the essay market, operations and automation of the south my land essay, data center: Key player on team to build Albertson s new data center and operations support facility. Built and supported the chain s entire nation-wide switched network resulting in writing essay a more robust connectivity to systems. South Africa. SPOOLing project resulting in driving the chain s printing needs with significantly less resources, and no degradation in performance.
Automated the software release process via the switched network resulting in releases occurring in a few hours as opposed to a week or more. Automated remote data center operations and systems monitoring resulting in increased uptime. Lead role in building help desk, hiring, training and mentoring of new operations/help desk staff. Provided all support for any technical issues to all departments, and management. Lead role in implanting new systems, such as AS/400, and new applications and provided all support.
In charge of how to article Vendor management, network management, acted as right-hand person to Director of MIS Operations. Assisted with operations budget, RFP s, support for VP of store operations, VP of Finance and africa my land essay Credit, fraud control, security issues, every piece and type of equipment, POS systems, desktop support, wiring/cabling, telecom equipment, and more. Used, learned and adopted numerous tools, technologies and systems: OS/2, OS/400, Prime, PCLink, LAN Manager, Windows, CSU/DSU s, MoDem s, Autodialers, POS Systems, Fair Isaac applications, JDE applications, ATT PBX Octel , Business BASIC, C, data analyzers, breakout boxes, multimeters, Leibert UPS, PDU, and HVAC and much, much more. Oct. Research Nursing. 1985 - Jun. 1988. United Printing Supply, Concord, California. Applications programming in COBOL and Fortran IV/77 for printing company was my primary responsibility. Involved in systems administration, client support, QA testing, release management, and south my land essay operations.
Jun. 1983 - Sep. Essay Market. 1985. Saint Thomas College, Palo Alto, California. Built the new computer facility for the campus to be used by students, administrators, faculty and south africa staff. It was completed ahead of schedule and under budget.
Managed a staff of 11 to 14 required to essay run the facility, and automated operations procedures. Provided training, documentation and conducted various workshops for administrators, faculty and staff. Jan. 1980 - Jan. 1982. Chemical Investments, U.S.A., Walnut Creek, California. Started as an intern at Chemical Investments as a software developer on RD applications then moved into systems administration and operations management.
Laboratory automation, software testing, and release management were some of my other responsibilities. Diablo Valley College - certification in south my land essay Computer Science - 1983. Los Medanos College - majoring in business. H/P UNIX course certificate -1996. Clearcase course certificate - 1996. Pure Software DDTS course certificate - 1996. Scopus Technologies course certificate - 1995. IBM AS/400 - OS/400 Sys Op certificate - 1992.
Prime Systems Administration certificate - 1983. References: Available upon request. Bridgetown, New Jersey. Highly motivated IT professional with 16+ years Crispen Group Laboratories experience and an M.S. in Computer Science. Skilled in all aspects of test planning, scenario and test case development, test execution, and configuration management. Experienced developing and implementing complex testing plans for standalone and inter-system environments. Familiar with load testing, verifying various user interfaces and automated testing tools. Strong team player skilled in gaining consensus and commitment within the team. Excellent problem solving and negotiation skills. Able to university thesis establish strong working relationships with suppliers and south africa customers.
Able to change gears and react quickly to new challenges. OS/Environments: UNIX, Sun Solaris, HP-UX, Windows NT, Windows 95, Windows 98, PC-DOS, VAX/VMS. Development Applications: C, C++, Kshell, awk, SQL, Java, SABLIME configuration management system, nmake software construction tool, Rational ClearCase. Hardware: Sun SPARC, HP UNIX Servers, Tandem FT UNIX Servers, Intel-based PCs. Software: Oracle, Informix, Kshell, awk, MS Office Word, Excel, Access, PowerPoint, FrontPage. Integration Tester on International Project. Project was to deliver a Service Dispatch and Trouble Resolution system for a Canadian corporation. Outside technician had the system running on a PC Laptop client. Thesis Papers. Inside dispatchers had the system running on a Web-based server. South My Land. Technicians would dial-up to receive their next job. Responsible for an introduction of an essay, understanding, developing and executing complex test scenarios.
Independently learned to operate the south africa essay, Web-based and PC-based GUIs. Web-based code was written in Java for Netscape 4 running on Windows NT. PC-based GUI was written in C++ and executed on paper international security laptop s running Windows 95. South Africa Essay. Back end processes ran on HP UNIX servers running HP UX. Networking consisted of TCP/IP utilizing Cisco Routers. The Stock Market Crash Of 1929. Created application specific trouble tickets in south africa essay both English and international French, and generated service orders resulting in actual end-to-end transactions during testing that closely mirrored real-time transactions. Africa. Identified many software defects during testing that would otherwise have gone undetected until after deployment. Learned emerging application front-end functionality and evolving requirements being implemented.
Authored a detailed test plan and associated test cases for three complex application features. Thesis Papers. Studied the various types of data elements that the south essay, front end utilized and developed realistic test data, ensuring that testing would be authentic and comprehensive. Verified results of essay the stock crash of 1929 testing by writing queries against the Oracle 7 database to compare trouble ticket opening and closing with related changes to the database. System tester on International Project. Project was to south africa my land deliver a Service Dispatch and research Trouble Resolution system for a Canadian corporation. Outside technician had the system running on a custom PC Laptop client. Inside dispatchers had the system running on a Web-based server. Technicians would dial-up to receive their next job. Responsible for africa, understanding, developing and executing complex test scenarios.
Wrote the write an editorial article, test plan for Web-based and PC-based GUIs. Web-based GUI was written in essay Java for Netscape 4 running on writing essay Windows NT. PC-based GUI was written in africa my land essay C++ to execute on PC s running Windows 95. Research Paper About Nursing. Back end processes ran on HP UNIX servers running HP UX. Networking consisted of africa TCP/IP utilizing Cisco Routers. Wrote and executed 200+ test cases. Participated in load testing, using the Web-based GUI and research paper testing the user interface using the actual custom laptop. System tester for Complex Application Wireless Project. Project was to deliver Service Dispatch and Trouble Resolution system to africa a Regional Bell Operating Company.
Outside technician utilized a wireless PC Laptop Client to access existing legacy main frame back-end systems. Responsible for understanding, developing and executing complex test scenarios and supporting the product Field Trial. Software was developed using C++ and executed on PC s running Windows 3.2. Wrote and executed over 100 test cases. Provided management with project specific statistics for the number of Modification Requests and test cases. Provided on-site support for a leading edge Wireless Trial as part of the application test team. The main objective was to increase use of the application by real users, so the new technology could be evaluated.
Identified technicians who were not accessing the application. Contacted them and provided training and coaching to them to encourage them to use the hardware and software that had been distributed to essay the stock market crash them. Increased the number of south my land users accessing the essay about the stock crash of 1929, system on south africa my land essay a daily basis from less than 10 to 30+. This additional usage provided data necessary to complete the trial successfully. Promoted to research nursing Member of south africa my land Technical Staff after completion of assignment. Build Engineer for a Bill Reporting Project having 3000+ files. Project was to deliver a Call Detail Billing system to writing an introduction a leading Long Distance Telephone Company. Software was written in C and africa C++ and ran on Tandem FT UNIX servers. Responsible for Source Code Control and compilation in support of 40+ developers and 10 testers. Established and administered the SABLIME product administration system platform for the department.
Configured, installed and tested all hardware and software necessary to initiate SABLIME. Provided technical mentoring to novice users of SABLIME. Migrated SABLIME platform from NCR hardware to Sun hardware without impacting delivery dates or intervals. Evaluated various test and build tools and recommended use of the paper international security, nmake software construction tool as a build tool within my department. Provided training and nmake consultation to developers. Delivered 11 final loads and 50+ interim loads to system test, on time. South My Land. This work was done under severe time constraints and required significant off-hours scheduling. Developer/System Tester for Billing Application Project.
Project was to essay about the stock of 1929 deliver a Billing Data system to essay Regional Bell Operating Companies. Research International. Software was written in C and C++ and ran on Sun servers. Responsible for upgrading development H/W and S/W environment, including ordering all H/W and S/W, without interfering with product delivery schedules. Upgraded development servers of a development Platform from SunOS 4.1 to africa essay Solaris 2.3 platform. Concurrently upgraded all other third-party software. University Thesis Papers. Documented all activities and procedures for deployment to field installation personnel.
Tested documentation to ensure usability and accuracy. The documentation was successfully utilized to upgrade a production server on a customer site. Developed enhancements to generate new Informix reports using SQL. Crispen Group Laboratories. System Tester Whippany, NJ 2001 Configuration Manager/Build Engineer Mt. Olive, NJ 1999 - 2000 System/Integration Tester Warren, NJ 1998 - 1999 System Tester/Configuration Manager Warren, NJ 1995 - 1998 Configuration Manager/Build Engineer Warren, NJ 1991 - 1994 Software Developer Summit, NJ 1989 - 1991 Software Developer Piscataway, NJ 1984 - 1989. M.S., Computer Science, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Madison, NJ. B.A., Chemistry, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ. Hardware: Pentium III, PC Client on MS/Novell LAN Network DEC Pathworks Server, Sun Solaris OS 5.6, HP UX 9000 UNIX Server, IBM OS2/PM, DEC 8200 VAX/VMS and MicroVAX, Win95/98/NT/2000, MAC G3, MS Dos 7.0, IBM ES9XXX OS/MVS/ESA, IBM 309X VM/CMS, IBM 4341 DOS/VSE.
Software: MS Commerce Server 2000, MS Content Management Server, DB2 Universal Database and Oracle for africa my land essay, Windows NT, Visual Source Safe, Win2k Terminal Services, Crystal Reports for PeopleSoft, PVCS Version Manager/Tracker, TRACK, Vantive, Silk, TestDirector, WinRunner, Pure Performix, QA Robot, TCP/IP ISP Testing, QA Methodology, Exceed, Telnet, Saxon, XML, XSL, ClearCase, UNIX C-Shell, HP UNIX Animator and paper international security VI Editor, UNIX and PERL Shell Scripting, Oracle 7, SQL/RDBMS, SQL*Forms 4.0, SQL*Plus 2.0, Static SQL, Sybase System10, VS COBOL, COBOL II, APS/SCOBOL, IMS DB/DC, DL/1, DB2, QMF, SPUFI, VSAM, PLX/PLI, CICS, TSO ISPF/PDF, SDSF, OS JCL, Panvalet, Librarian, Expeditor, DYL280, Eztrieve, File-Aid, File-Aid for DB2, IMS/XPERT, CLISTs, IBM Utilities, FASTTAPE, BMC, Rumba, Extra!, Reflection 4, PSB and DBD Gens, DB2 Binds, DLT0, Syncsort, DataAger, Abend-Aid, Endeavor, SAR, Full System Life Cycle, CA7, DataManager, Microsoft Office 2000, Outlook and Project, Visio, cc:Mail, Lotus Notes, Infoman and PCS. Methodologies: QA Black Box, White Box Testing, Understanding of JAVA test tool, JTEST and test framework JUNIT and JAVA knowledge and concepts , Full System and QA Lifecycle, all phases and my land deliverables. November 2001 to research about nursing June 2002. CDEP Inc.,San Francisco, CA. CDEP Inc Direct, Test QA Engineer. Planned, designed, developed, executed tool test cases in Test Director for Microsoft CS2K Commerce Server 2000 Biz Desk Security and Analysis reporting tool modules, CMS Site Builder managing repository of templates, web pages, image placeholders, file structure, security rights for south africa my land essay, departmental/functional role level access and about market crash workflow , CMS Asset Transfer from Photo Studio and Web Author Edit editing components, i.e. - placeholders, templates, pages, text, and images; creating, publishing, and approving web pages . Gathered requirements to design test cases from business requirements, business analysts, developers, subject matter experts and south my land essay user education coordinators. Regression tested basic and about home critical functionality after each build. Actively participated in daily bug meetings reviewing new and essay reopened defects. Also responsible for the custom piece - Photo Studio Asset Transfer to CMS Data structure. Validated the transfer process to the Content Management Server DB hierarchy involving metadata structure parameters in properties files on write an editorial local server via to a dropsite server.
Worked closely with Microsoft development teams to coordinate test case execution and was involved in south my land test environment setup. Logged defects in TD. Banana Republic BR Replatform project took existing BR product line website with its ordering system and RTCA real-time credit authorization architecture and integrated it into Microsoft CS2K and CMS Content Management Server Product Catalog and Campaign Manager. Migration to MS SQL7 server is also part of the planned replatform. February 2001 to October 2001. Gerard International, Pleasanton, CA. MJ Plus, Enterprise System Test QA Engineer. Planned, designed, developed, executed Enterprise System QA test cases and data for new Gerard website integrating full Staffing Office functionality, job search engine, candidate matching, payroll, job posting, front and back office staff function, etc. into thesis papers, one site. Gathered requirements to design test cases from business requirements. Coordinated, planned and south africa my land executed system interfaces test cases using AutoSys to release batch jobs for each Iteration.
Used DB2 for NT to modify, reset data to baseline test case conditions. Under the direction of the research paper, QA and Project Test Managers, performed project design, planning and coordination of Enterprise System Test environment of required components - hardware, databases, files, system servers, software, tools, etc. Participated in meeting with Host System Engineering, DBA, Front and africa Back Office Support Staff to paper international security establish basis of south my land EST Test Infrastructure. Executed Test Cases and entered observed and writing essay recorded defects in south africa System and QA Acceptance Test using PVCS Tracker. Revisit defect fixes, revalidate code changes in Tracker. Analyzed, documented downstream interface flows between PeopleSoft and MJ Plus. Indian Essay. Planning went forward in a dynamic environment, amidst major upgrades to system software and africa my land essay patches and university papers releases, newly expanded data center, Oracle to africa my land essay DB2 vendor switch and conversion of key databases, changes to indian service essay Accounting system vendor, Chart of Accounts, Line of my land Business, reporting level changes, revised Iteration release, test and rollout schedules, newly deployed applications, client number and other data conversion, Program Office and Change Control Board approval changes. Ability to track issues was paramount in design and development of an editorial article environment and test case planning.
Determine test plan time dependencies, define scope of testing based upon south africa the requirements, test case design approach from information available from Program Specification and essay System Design documents and meetings/communication with Business Support Analysts, Program Office, Cognizant external development team , Interface Systems owners, Functional Analysts, RHI and CTS Development teams. Record, distribute Meeting notes, design agenda and wrote Enterprise System Test Infrastructure Environment business document. Met and worked with Performance/Load Test QA analyst to establish system load volumes of south my land essay web data iterations. August 2000 to writing an introduction essay December 2000. CHARLES WARREN COMPANY, San Francisco, CA. US Trust - QA Engineer. Planned, designed, developed, executed QA test cases and data for revamped US Trust, COLA website integrating Schwab Retail accounts into the US Trust client Web experience from business requirements. Cloned existing accounts from Schwab retail profiles, set-up and south essay linked Tax-ID numbers using Schwab.Com web site and Legacy CICS transactions to generate a set of functional and performance Test Ids. Logged bugs in Vantive, regression test bugs and validated data throughout test cycles based upon build schedule and essay market of 1929 migration of code from QA through Production regions.
Responsible for africa essay, the execution and validation of AMS Equity Assets, Bonds , Banking, Loans, Funds , as well as, Schwab Retail data in Portfolio Summary, Holdings and Activity Test Cases. Thesis Papers. Also, developed tests for Quotes and Symbols and Schwab Account Holdings. Develop and my land prototype White-Box testing of Saxon generated reports using XML and XSL templates in Clear Case. Monitored Weblogic, Resonate, DB2 Connect Sun Solaris system performance in Unix. How To Write. Assisted in south load testing server/application. Research About Home. Collaborated our efforts between QA/Design team in New Jersey, business partners, developers and Release Management in San Francisco and our COLA QA team. Africa Essay. Resolved issues, bugs and questions in service essay regular meetings and via email/phone interaction. South My Land Essay. Perform metrics in Certification and prepare Test Summaries reflecting tests conducted using MAC, PC under a host of browsers, including IE, Netscape and AOL, via Schwab internal network and ISP TCP/IP modem lines. Review and plan QA activities for Phase 2 features of this product, Expanded Permissioning, Bank Journaling, Downloads and 2-Way Email. Participate in Razorfish Web design of COLA site using their XTRANET clickthroughs. March 2000 to August 2000.
CHARLES WARREN COMPANY, San Francisco, CA. STECH - SIM QA Engineer. Responsible for the Quality Assurance of Investment Manager Downloads and Alerts on research SIM.COM and Schwab Link Windows Desktop. Develop, maintain and run regression suite for each release of SI.COM and hardware upgrades. Africa My Land Essay. Baseline/reset test environments in the QA Lab on PCs by reconfiguring them with various operating system/browser version/type combinations for regression test.
Ran SILK automated regression scripts for thesis, both Downloads and Alerts. Africa My Land Essay. Run PERL and Unix based Alerts and sector Downloads File Splitter scripts to africa my land essay test and prepare data for baseline testing of new files state and functionality. Report and tracked bugs in Vantive. Indian Sector. Support installs of south my land SI.Com releases and hardware upgrades. Collaborated with TCS support personnel in Phoenix to close production bugs reported by IMs in the field. Worked with and attended meetings to discuss outstanding bugs and related issues found in QA test region. Establish test procedures for research paper about, SIM analysts and Web Checkers in Phoenix for Download testing. Attended Use case review meetings and develop Referral Alerts and Referral Email test cases for the Advisor Source on south africa essay SI.COM project from Use Cases and Business Requirements.
Grasp and apply the knowledge of the Security model architecture found on the SI.COM website to QA. Loaded JRE on sector XML PC workstation in preparation of XML Prototype for africa my land, Downloads Project testing. Worked and contributed to HUGO/SIM in how to article a Box, IECMS and Workflow Status Alerts projects. June 1999 to February 2000. CHARLES WARREN COMPANY, San Francisco, CA.
Electronic Brokerage Technology - Team Lead QA Engineer. Responsible for the Quality Assurance focal point of the south africa essay, Mutual Funds Redesign WEB Project. University Papers. Establish entrance/exit criteria, develop test plan, design and build test cases, prepared Test Summary, certify QA criteria met with signoff. Participate in daily bug meetings. Prioritize and review defects with development team. Africa My Land. Re-test fixes. Identify potential showstopper type bugs in Acceptance testing phase.
Work with Product Development, Development Team, Project Management in write an editorial establishing screen design and navigation issues, proper charging of fees, issuance of messages, content, etc. Develop defect tracking procedure. Track program bugs, issues using defect tracking software. My Land. Manage defect list, queries and reports. Establish metrics for paper, defects and test cycles.
Provide/negotiate time estimates to Project Manager for QA tasks. Coordinate bug fixes with project team, regression and maintenance QA teams. Coordinate testing in Devo sandbox , acceptance, QA provided touch test checkout in south Pre-prod and research paper home Prod. My Land Essay. Currently on Scores and Decimalization projects on the Web development team. Offered Schwab-U presentation on Mutual Funds.
February 1999 - May 1999. DEITON BANK - Y2K PROGRAM OFFICE, QRP, San Francisco, CA. Y2K QA/QC Review Analyst. Reviewed QRP Y2K certification packages per workpaper and university papers DEITON standards. Examined packages for south africa essay, date impacts, remediated code, change control and proper aging applied, adequate system and interface testing in a Y2K compliant environment. Also checked for indian sector essay, proper exceptions filed, critical dates tested, test approach and my land objectives outlined and validation techniques employed. Documented findings in recommendation, action log and results summary.
Analyzed and university papers noted deficiencies. Updated metrics EXCEL spreadsheet which track inventory of packages received, completed and africa my land those being referred to QRP Audit. Assigned grade to packages according to adherence to guidelines, completeness, due diligence followed, etc. Scheduled and performed package walkthroughs with Business Liaisons. Made recommendations and resolved compliance and documentation issues. Managed Y2K package recertification. Participated and contributed in work-paper review meetings to refine work process guidelines. Revised tasks and approach to paper international security packages. Processed improvement changes made involved a discussion of relevant and non-relevant issues of south my land QA review work steps and feedback from analysts?past reviews. September 1998 - February 1999.
PACIFIC LABS, San Jose, CA. Systems Support Analyst. Provided MRDB Production Support. Setup parameters in DB2 PROCS and run AD-HOC reports written in QMF. Spooled extract reports to users by nursing, converting MVS report files to MS Word documents using FTP and attaching them to south my land Email. Monitored and checked results of writing an introduction jobs. Made changes to COBOL interfaces to MRDB system COBOL/DB2 . Developed queries to verify accuracy of reports.
Researched any problems with the running of queries. Develop workaround solutions for south my land essay, problematic, reoccurring symptoms. Responded to user inquiries as to which table elements are used. Modified and reconstructed SQL queries per user requirements. Tested revised queries. Handled deviation requests from schedule runs. Paper Security. Updated metrics report on LAN. Provided assignment status on a bimonthly and daily basis. Supported DCSS in conjunction with MRDB phase-out activities. May 1998 to south essay September 1998.
TRISTAR, Pleasanton, CA. Y2K Integration Analyst. Y2K Conversion Team. Responsible for systematic migration of production groupings. Analyzed and home maintained inventory of my land essay changes Programs, Copybooks, PROCS, PARM members, PSBs, etc. on Excel spreadsheets. Participated in writing of an essay walk-throughs of my land grouping changes. University Thesis Papers. Managed project tasks of 3 programmer analysts. Set up test files and my land environment for unit and system test. Wrote test cases. Converted VSAM and how to an editorial sequential file using File-Aid Reformatter. Upgraded system to Y2K standards by africa essay, running scan analysis of copybooks and home programs for changes and wrote specs.
Programs written in IMS and CICS online COBOL. Developed cutover and test plans, modify JCL to system test changes. Researched and troubleshoot bugs in test and production. Coordinate changes with other I/As, systems, client-server based processes. Analyze vendor upgrades, assess copybook change impacts upon other grouping and existing system matrix. August 1997 to May 1998.
CORAL, MARKETING LOGISTICS, San Jose, CA. As Y2K Technical Team Member, planned, steered and south essay coordinated Y2K conversion effort. Also, primary support of about crash of 1929 Sales Reporting MSDS system. Upgrade SR to my land Y2K standards by performing Y2K analysis scan programs for changes and write specs for indian essay, SR system. Recovered SR Master file using File-Aid Reformatter. Enhanced SR programs written in PLX/PLI and IMS per user functional specifications. Designed, coded, developed test plan and test scripts, built test data using Data Ager, tested changes, modified JCL.
Researched and troubleshoot production problems. April 1997 to August 1997. BESSON, LTD., WORLD HEADQUARTERS, San Francisco. Business Analyst/Programmer Analyst. Provided direct support of ITD client business requests. Worked in the Customer Service and Central DB applications. Extensive data manipulation, building test data using SYNCSORT, File-Aid/IMS XPERT, DYL280/EZTRIEVE. Staged and south africa my land essay packaged program changes in Endeavor.
Enhanced Sales Tracing programs written in IMS DB/DC, CICS, VSAM and COBOL. Built Monthly Pricing reports. Designed, coded, tested changes, modified JCL PROCS. Researched and troubleshoot production problems. October 1996 to university April 1997. FIRST BANK OF AMERICA, Concord Technology Center, Concord, CA. Worked in the Demand Deposit Accounts Area developing a new financial product for south africa my land essay, the retail bank. Essay The Stock Market Crash. Responsible for initial sizing, analysis, functional and detailed design, test plans and modifications needed to Refresh BMPs to south essay support this financial product. Existing system written in write article IMS DB/DC and COBOL. June 1995 to October 1996.
PACIFIC LABS, San Jose, CA. Developed test plans, analyzed, defined, designed and constructed test data in Integration Test Region. Responsible for the Billing History Database subsystem test team support for RCRMS, Revenue Collection Reporting Management System , a major multi-platform development project at Pacific Bell. Tested online application in GUI/CICS front-end. South Africa My Land Essay. Validated test cases using screen capture and playback in Winrunner.
Built test cases and tested suites for BHDB and university papers CEDB DB2 applications and extracted data from africa test repositories to build stable test bed. Worked Trouble Reports TR S . Took DB2 table loads, backups using DB2 Utilities, File-Aid for DB2, QMF and SPUFI. Worked with AMS vendor on credit history, Bureaulink, FICO scoring algorithms and SBC business partners on testing requirements of AOG, SORD and MI Billing Interfaces to security RCS/RCRMS. November 1994 to May 1995. FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF SAN JOSE, San Jose, CA. Analyzed, designed and wrote several Security subsystem specifications in the systems requirements definition phase and code subprograms for a new Statistics and south my land essay Reserves Reporting System, which was currently a major IMS DB/DC - DB2 COBOL development project at the FRBSF. Upgraded front-end CLIST JCL local applications to reflect new communal district unique processing site requirements. June 1994 to September 1994. RANDY INTERACTIVE SYSTEMS, San Francisco, CA.
Programmer Analyst/QA Tester, Research Development Department. Worked in the RD Tools Group testing TGS Tools for the 4th-GL Redwood?release of how to an editorial article financial applications in a UNIX environment. Software included COBOL, SYBASE, HP UNIX Animator, WinRunner Testing Tools and Problem Resolution logging in Proactive Vantive?System. Constructed test cases/suites for GUI Applications using WinRunner capture and playback of africa screen functionality. Logged defects and university papers exceptions in MS Word and my land essay Excel. Working knowledge of Redwood architecture and PSU/PDS process. IBM Mainframe VM/CMS-XEDIT Editor Novel PC-LAN applications, SYBASE Server, HP-UX UNIX Server, Lotus cc: Mail.
April 1994 to thesis papers June 1994. DAVID LABS FORMERLY VINTEX LABS , Palo Alto, CA. Updated and enhanced Workstation Configuration Management System using ORACLE SQL*Forms and SQL*Plus on a DEC PC-LAN platform. February 1994 to April 1994. BORIS ELECTRONICS, Cupertino, CA. Installed edits using IMS DB/DC COBOL to inhibit Non-Company Sales Reps from performing specific screen functions including viewing, selecting and south africa updating data by customer region.
September 1989 to February 1994. INFORMATION SYSTEMS, Oak Park, CA. Programmer Analyst Specialist. Maintained of over 14 systems in the Quality Systems area which automate the acquisition, control and tracking of Space Shuttle activities, including Automated Document Management System and Engineering Parts Inventory. Writing Of An Essay. Developed hazardous material/waste storage and tracking system. Converted existing vendor system databases to Andersen MAC-PAC DEFENSE MRPII procurement package requirements.
Extensive use of IMS DB/DC, APS, COBOL II, VSAM, XPEDITER, FILE-AID, Eztrieve/DYL280 and IMS XPERT. Built test cases and south africa scripts and thesis tested BMP related applications processing. Enhanced Purchase Order System. South. Emergency Change Notice [ECN] Coordinator/Production Control Technician for Quality Systems using CA-7 scheduling package. April 1987 to September 1989.
BETHEED AUTOMATION SYSTEMS CO., BUSINESS COMPUTING, Burbank, CA. Information Systems Programmer Analyst. Converted shop order location system written in papers IMS DL/1, CICS and africa COBOL II to conform to Mil-Stds in the processing of labor hours thereby achieving the precise reporting of labor performance. Wrote screen applications for a shop floor production control system in Oracle SQL*Forms/ SQL*Plus on a DEC MicroVAX workbench platform. March 1985 to March 1987. WILSON GUIDANCE AND CONTROL SYSTEMS CO., Birch Hills, CA. Senior Programmer Analyst, Information Systems Dept.,
Installed online inventory system written in writing essay IMS DB/DC COBOL, tracking storeroom inventory piece parts for the issuing, receiving and ordering of south essay kit assemblies. Responsible for writing monthly update programs and the testing of thesis papers various interfaces to this system. Developed DYL280-IMS application to unload and restore various databases for flat file editing and backup. Maintained several complex-manufacturing systems. September 1983 to March 1985. WHITE CROSS OF CALIFORNIA, Birch Hills, CA.
Programmer Analyst II, Information Technology Dept. Maintained Broker System IMS DB/DC, COBOL , paying commission earned to broker or agents on reconciled dues received. Provided Membership maintenance programming and africa my land essay analysis support. September 1982 to September 1983. ABC HEALTH CARE SERVICES, INC., Santa Clara, CA. Programmer Analyst, M.l.S.
Data Center. Developed and enhanced Hospital/Pharmacy online/bath applications using DL-1 and paper about home CICS, COBOL in an IBM DOS M/F environment with PCS Online front-end running under CICS. Projects completed include corporate financial spreadsheet conversion from DEC BASIC to VS COBOL; MAPS Marketing Survey Reporting changes to facilitate contract services/resource allocation, client targeting and demographic analysis/projection; and developing MEDI-LOG patient reimbursement and south africa my land audit reporting system. May 1980 to May 1982. ALCO PETROLEUM PRODUCTS CO., Los Angeles, CA. System Analyst, Systems Programming.
Provided programming and analysis of how to an editorial article COBOL business applications. Responsible for the Purchasing Activity Reporting System. Also worked in other assignments within the south africa, Financial Systems area. Bachelor of essay Science in Business Information Systems - California State University Los Angeles. SANTA CLARA, CALIFORNIA. Two successful decades of south africa my land essay software QA on cutting-edge software products, with more than a decade of director/managerial experience in fast-paced environments. Flexibly applies industry-standard software testing procedures and methodologies to teams of varied size and research paper nursing home maturity. Mentors test engineers and participates in detailed test case creation. Hires, trains and manages SQA engineers, matching skill-sets to tasks for south, overall test improvement. Designs and indian service essay improves software quality assurance processes and communication.
Plans, schedules and organizes tasks using structured testing methodologies. Validates and ships timely releases in all stages of their lifecycles. Extensive working managerial experience: can juggle technical and managerial tasks. Designs efficient technical test strategies for africa my land, large back-end systems, including OOP, HTML, XML, Java-based, real-time, multi-user, high-volume and indian sector essay large-bandwidth requirements. Current hands-on experience with large relational database systems, including CRM, SAP and shop-floor control.
Broadly familiar with business rule use in computer software. Strong embedded systems experience, including medical/FDA and the coordination of software test with hardware test in a manufacturing environment. Essay. Strong technical documentation experience in formal and informal settings, including medical and FDA. Quickly analyzes testing requirements of unfamiliar technology. Ongoing contributor to technical design processes. Designs test scripts and test automation. Tailors overall test strategies to customer requirements and company budgeting constraints. Operating systems: Unix, Solaris, LynxOS, PSos, VXWorks, NT, DOS and home Windows.
SpinCircuit: performed system test analysis and mentored a test group in testing large supply-chain parts-tracking system with complex Oracle back-end database. Catapulse spin-off from an introduction of an essay Rational Software: provided system test plan for south africa my land essay, large system designed to enable web-based deployment and collaboration for university thesis papers, suite of tools developed by my land essay, Rational. Connectify: created system test architecture and provided hiring and management for university, large Oracle and Java-based distributed system to deliver and track activity on volume targeted email from customer sites. Bridge Information Systems: provided technical and south africa test process analysis and management on large system designed to writing an introduction cache and south my land essay deliver real-time stock and financial quotes from worldwide trading centers. Systems Test Manager. Hired, organized and managed team of six SQA engineers to system-test Itron s Genesis Fixed Network, an automatic utility-meter reading system involving proprietary data collection equipment, RF and network communications using DNP, UDP and other protocols, a real-time -relational database engine, and an Oracle database server running on sector essay Unix. South Africa My Land. Introduced industry standard software test strategies and methodologies.
Created system test processes and procedures appropriate to research paper the maturity level of the organization. Designed test planning, specification and africa my land essay results documents and about the stock crash mentored staff in the use of south these documents. Worked with Development and Deployment staff to improve written and oral communications between system test and these groups. Essay The Stock Market. Supervised testing efforts for south my land essay, five releases of the software. Analyzed scope of system testing and organized it into structured testing areas. Devised new scheduling strategy to realistically track system test efforts and an introduction essay tracked weekly progress of testing for africa my land essay, management using Microsoft Project. Wrote system test plans and technical test plans and SQL scripts for areas of the software.
Set up and performed system tests. Test Telesonics, Santa Clara, CA. Manager of Software. Managed software testing effort for Diasonics ultrasound -machine, a real-time, embedded systems medical device running on about the stock market crash Unix. Supervised four test engineers/applications specialists. Wrote clear, FDA-approved test and release documentation and my land essay specifications for several versions of the writing, ultrasound software. Streamlined Informix bug-tracking system and worked with Regulatory Department on extensive improvements to the overall -test process. Stanland International, Green Valley, CA. Paradox for Windows Project Manager/International SQA Manager/Senior SQA Engineer. Managed Forms and Reports testing for Paradox for Windows 1.0.
Supervised 4-11 test engineers, including hiring, mentoring and staff evaluations. Effectively performed as a working manager while fulfilling test responsibilities and achieving a high bug-find rate. Coordinated beta tests of Paradox for Windows 5.0 and devised improvements to the beta test process. Helped developers improve and focus product functionality. Managed localization testing and set up effective file control systems for south essay, all products. Planned and tested numerous product areas of Paradox for how to write an editorial article, Windows, including Forms and Reports data modeling, and other functionality in several relational database file formats. Performed integration testing of spreadsheets, word processors, TSRs and other business products. Analytica Group, Fremont, CA.
Performed integration testing of Framework II, a multi-function package for DOS. Designed bug report form for company-wide use and supervised configuration management functions. Performed integration testing of my land essay Reflex, an analytic flat-file database. Education and Professional Development: Bachelor of Arts degree with honors in English, University of Illinois at Chicago Circle. Shlaer-Mellor Object-Oriented Analysis, Introduction to SQL. Member, Association for Software Quality. 20 years application analysis, design, programming and university thesis papers implementation 9 years supervisory and project management experience 5 years EDI experience 8 years Quality Assurance experience.
Quality Assurance Project Lead. Managed QA activities for conversion of Billing system from mainframe to research nursing home client/server developed in Visual Basic 5.0, SQL Server 6.5 and MTS, including writing test plans, test requirements and test cases from UML documents Managed staff and consultants testing Relocation Accounting/Payroll applications Developed and implemented Test Automation architecture, standards and framework using Rational Robot 7.0, developed custom functions, scripts, shells and procedures for automated build acceptance and regression testing Wrote Quality Assurance Handbook defining QA procedures and processes. SUPPLYSOFT, Ann Field, MI. Wrote custom EDI reporting programs for external customers in C++ Designed and developed customer software tracking system in MS VBA Maintained STMap and MapMate II, EDI mapping products in C++ and africa my land essay SQL. Quality Assurance Analyst. De facto Quality Assurance team leader for service essay, over 1 year Tested all software changes to Windows and essay DOS EDI and security bar coding products Developed several in house applications in essay MS Access Wrote SQA scripts for regression testing of Windows EDI products. ALLEGRO CONSULTING, Irvine, CA. Managed Order Entry implementation developed in Telon, SQL and DB2 Initiated formal EDI program to increase Trading Partners Managed 9 programmers and analysts, hired consultants as needed.
Senior Systems Analyst. Implemented InSci Human Resources and Genesys Flexible Benefits systems Implemented CIS Laboratory Management System with 24 instruments on HP1000 Evaluated and implemented Shop Floor Control system on CP9500 with 15 bar code terminals at 3 manufacturing/receiving sites Evaluated and of an implemented Cincom MRPII system on south africa my land IBM 3083. ORCAN AIRCRAFT, Pacific County, CA. Senior Systems Analyst. Defined inventory, work-in-process WIP , MRP and purchasing requirements for transition from IBM 370 to Burroughs 6800 hardware/software Supported implementation of MRP system on CP9500 system by defining requirementsand writing conversion programs Provided programming support for university papers, Corporate manufacturing systems. University of essay California, Irvine, CA. Object Oriented Design and Analysis with UML, 1999 Visual Basic 5.0, 2000. California State University, Fullerton, Fullerton, CA, 1986-1990.
Orange Coast College, Costa Mesa, CA - A.A., 1976. Quality Assurance Analyst / Tester in Software Development. Development Tools: Access, SQA, PVCS Bug Tracker, and defect tracking systems. Hardware: IBM, Mac, PCs, workstations, and mainframes. Operating Systems: Windows NT, Windows 98 and 2000, Sun, and Mac. Software: Paradox, Delphi, Visual Basic, Visual C++, SQL Server, FoxPro, JAVA Script, UNIX, DOS, FTP, SQLPlus, PowerBuilder, SQR, PowerLock, and other Object Oriented - GUI Interface Proprietary Software products. International. Utilized Microsoft Word, WordPerfect, Excel, Microsoft Project, Microsoft Exchange, GroupWise, Lotus Notes, Visio, etc. Studied, evaluated, and adapted the application of the repeatable, efficient, effective, and controlled successful software development process. Developed and refined tools, forms, reports, and documents.
Generated defect management and africa my land QA process formation, process documentation, and review. Motivated and influenced the growth of a development team including Programmers, Business Analysts, QA, Testers, Project Managers, and User Acceptance groups. Conducted and / or attended walk-throughs of requirements, designs, code reviews, test plans, and write user acceptance test documents. Utilized SQA Manager Defect Tracking System to track and my land monitor defects. Trained users in SQA Manager and process requirements for project defects. Indian Essay. Utilized SQA Robot to create test scripts for a JAVA based financial software.
Supervised, evaluated, documented, and conducted software testing from BFVT Unit , Regression, Functional, Integration, Black Box, etc. in various test environments. Tested GUI interfaced, Object Orientated, proprietary software in south africa my land essay Paradox, Delphi, UNIX, DOS, and constantly evolving networked environments. Prepared, reviewed, executed test plans for service essay, a statewide client / server voter registration system utilizing LAN / WAN connections to county and state offices. Prepared, reviewed, executed test plans for south my land, a multi-tiered project utilizing barcode inputs, manual entry on a GUI application, supervised a team of testers, and provided user feedback. Tested the upgraded software, from DOS to FoxPro, for the CA Athletic Commission. Tested a JAVA Script application for Internet hardware systems. Executed software test setup and re-testing of corrected defects on papers a proprietary software system in UNIX utilizing SQLPlus on an X station and a Windows Workstation. Data format certification through FileAide for a Back Bridge portion of software for a re-design of existing distributed application architecture. Managed off sight and on sight defects through PVCS Bug Tracker, communicated through email, telephone, and instant messenger to off sight team members and joint business customers. Coordinated, prioritized, and south africa my land essay executed software re-testing of defects. Research Paper. Wrote, reviewed, and my land essay developed detailed defect reports.
Analyzed and provided written feedback for training classes, training tools, and process resource tools provided through documentation, shared network sources, classrooms, remote classes, interactive CD-ROM, and the Internet. Writing An Introduction Of An. Executed test planning, testing, client contacts, risk reviews, documentation reviews, program testing, and due diligence of documentation signoff on a Y2k project. Evaluation of Y2k projects for completion assurance, best practices, due diligence, and test planning. Traveled as the south my land, QA of a set-up team that installed a network system installing the on-site servers, printers, and university thesis workstations. Conducted classes in computer use, Microsoft Windows, Word, PowerPoint, how to use the Internet for job searches, and my land essay wrote an article on using the essay about the stock market, Internet for job search for beginners. B.S. in International Business and in Marketing San Jose State University.
MVS, COBOL, CICS, DB2, Data Modeling, IBM Utilities, JCL, ISPF, NDM, CompareX, Xpediter. The Quinto, Inc., San Francisco, CA. Senior QA Engineer / White Box / Test Tool Automation Win2000 / NT Web / Client Server Environment. Quinto Inc Direct is the internet subsidiary of the Quinto. They provide online, e-commerce websites for the Quinto, Old Navy and south africa my land Banana Republic brands. The technologies used are Microsoft ASP programming, HTML and how to article SQL stored-procedures written in south africa SQL 2000 / 7.0. Recently implemented the Banana Republic website on a new platform: Microsoft ConsumerSite 2000 CS2K , BizDesk, Content Management Server CMS and how to article SQL 2000. Senior QA Engineer Automation and White Box who wrote Test Plans, created and south africa my land essay executed Test Scenarios / Test Cases and international security logged defects in TestDirector using White Box techniques referencing the ASP code, SQL Stored Procedures / scripts, the Data Model and design documents for the Tools Group s applications as well as the Banana Republic Re-platform project. Tested the Data Migration of the essay, existing database millions of paper about nursing home rows from SQL 7.0 old data model to the new database SQL 2000 new schema . Also tested the Application Center Push program and process which used XML. The Tools group s applications included the Data Staging Tool, ProductDE Tool, PAMS and my land essay the Email Import Tool. Executed tests functional, system and integration tests and Validated the test results on the web and in the database using repeatable Test Scripts, SQL Queries and SQL Profiler Trace . Thesis. Ran many QA cycles for the high-priority Email Import Tool - where millions of new and updated customer and email information is my land scrubbed and writing of an essay loaded into the production databases for all 3 brands.
Participated in design and code reviews. Enhanced and my land essay maintained the university, daily QA Automation WinRunner Test Scripts to access each production machine, and perform some customer transactions in the production websites. Africa Essay. Accumulated the information and created exception reports sent to indian sector essay Management. SmartDesign.com, San Francisco, CA. Co-founder / Web Designer / Developer, Data Modeler, DBA, System Administrator Linux / Apache / PHP / MySQL Environment. SmartDesign is a small e-commerce website that sells Handicraft Designs and offers monthly online courses.
The ISA Tools are web-based applications that support the main business functionality. These applications consist of Account Maintenance, Member Maintenance, Redemption Services Administration and Universal Authentication. South Africa My Land. Users access the system via the web in a secure environment. The systems recently underwent code changes to of an support Internationalization for double-byte languages, i.e. Kanji . The technologies used are Java code written in the SilverStream Application Server and SQL stored-procedures written in SQL 7.0. Senior QA Engineer who wrote and executed Test Plans and south africa created Test Scenarios / Test Cases in TestDirector using White Box techniques referencing the Java code, SQL Stored Procedures / scripts, the paper security, Data Model and design documents for the ISA applications. My Land Essay. Executed tests functional, system and integration tests and Validated the test results on the web and in paper international security the database using repeatable Test Scripts, SQL Queries, the essay, SilverStream monitor and SQL Profiler Trace . Writing An Introduction Of An Essay. Trained 4 new QA Engineers on the applications to meet aggressive project deadlines. Created a checklist of 35-tests for any web page and other new process documentation.
Participated in design and code reviews. QA Automation Lead who started the WinRunner Test Script Coding Guidelines. Set the standards on WinRunner script techniques including all tests using dynamic / data-driven techniques, dynamic GUI validation and south africa my land dynamic SQL validation of the test results with the database. Wrote WinRunner scripts for 50 of the Redemption Services Application. QA Test Tool Lead who planned and implemented the conversion of the legacy defect tracking system PR Tracker into the new Mercury Interactive TestDirector Test Tool. Primary TestDirector Admin who set up processes to administer the application, and trained subsequent TestDirector Admins. About Of 1929. There were over 80 users of the south africa my land, system. Pacific Systems IT departments. over 16 years Full-Time Employee.
Web Consulting, Pacific Systems, San Francisco, CA. Programmer/Team Lead / QA Lead / Data Modeler NT Web / Client Server Environment. DSL Web Qual / Loop Qual is a 3-tier client-server application. It is used to an introduction qualify real-time web based DSL Requests. Extensive files millions of africa rows from legacy mainframe systems are merged and loaded into the SQL 7.0 database forming the data warehouse. SQL Stored Procedures manipulate the data to pre-qualify each row in the database. Users access the paper about home, data via the south my land essay, web in a secure environment. External users access the data via system interfaces written in Java. The backend of the essay about the stock crash, system interfaces to an external system via a C++ interface using 3270 emulation and essay VB.
Systems Analyst, Lead Data Modeler, Designer and member of SQL Server 7.0 development team SQL stored procedures for an introduction of an essay, major re-write of south africa my land essay DSL Web Qual client-server project. Sector Essay. The database consisted of over 70 Tables, 700 Attributes, and africa essay 80 Relationships. Nursing. Designed, Coded, Tested, and Installed major SQL Stored Procedures for the Pre-Qual function. Formed and africa my land Lead QA/QC Test Group for DSL Web Qual client-server project. Hired team, instituted repeatable testing, documented procedures, selected test tools Silk Test for load testing, web testing, functional, and paper about nursing home regression testing.
The PagerEmail program pro-actively notifies the writing an introduction, correct people for each type of exception. Activation Platform, Pacific Systems, San Jose, CA. Programmer/QA Lead UNIX Environment. The Activation Platform system processes orders from africa essay disparate systems LFACS, EARS, EB and AOG in real-time mode. This gave each of these interfacing systems a simple, convenient interface to process the provisioning of an introduction essay PIC changes selection of long distance carrier , custom calling features i.e. call-waiting, call forward, etc , and other Pacific Systems order types. Assessed, Recommended and Implemented QA processes based on south my land SEI CMM . Documented numerous software development process improvements including Coding Standards, Documentation Standards, Requirements Reviews, Design Reviews, and Code Reviews. Analyzed and Developed Requirements for Local Number Portability and research about Calling Party Pays projects.
Local Number Portability is where the end-user can take their phone number when they move from Pacific Systems to south my land essay Resellers. Member of how to write an editorial team that Coded conversion to MQ Series for south africa, Activation Platform project; Trained programming staff in use of MQ Series and in-house developed MQ tools. Research. Some exposure to africa my land Oracle 7.3 database and stored procedures. MQ Series is an about home, IBM product that allows programs and systems to communicate via Queues. This allows the africa, programs to be asynchronous. Industry Markets, Pacific Systems, San Francisco, CA.
Programmer / Team Lead IBM, MVS, CICS, DB2, COBOL Environment. Team Lead for new Resale application CLEO interfaces to the E911 system and the 411 Directory Assistance systems. Wrote Technical Requirements and Designed the solution in writing of an rapidly changing environment. The Resale application CLEO is to allow Resellers i.e. South Africa My Land Essay. MCIWorldCom, ATT, etc. to re-sell Pacific Systems services. This project was a top priority for Pacific Systems/SBC as it is papers required for entry into the long-distance market.
Team Lead and Senior Programmer for new Wholesale Ordering system. Duties included Estimating the project, hired staff, worked with Project Manager to build timeline, Led team that Designed, Coded, Tested and Installed system on time and within budget. Team Lead and Senior Programmer for ATT IPOC Ordering system. Duties included estimating projects size and costs which ATT paid , hired staff, worked with Project Manager to build timelines. Team Lead as well as Designer, Coder, Tester for enhancements to the system. Implemented SEI CMM QA guidelines which included Requirements Reviews, Design Reviews, Code Reviews, repeatable testing, balanced documenting development processes while meeting aggressive project timelines and budgets. Information Systems Training, Pacific Systems. Instructor / Course Developer. Developed and taught courses Pacific Systems Certified Instructor in QA/QC, Software Process, SDLC and COBOL.
The COBOL Tables course earned PONSI credits 2 lower division . Developed and africa my land essay Delivered new Bill Payment System RIMS Training. The Pacific Systems Bill Payment system processes 200,000 payments per day. Conceived, Developed and thesis papers Project Managed the introduction of africa my land a certification program CCP for the Pacific Systems IT organization with vice-president approval . Over 1000 IT professionals went through the program. Pacific Systems consistently had the top scorers in the nation. Priority Marketing, Pacific Systems, San Francisco, CA.
Systems Design Consultant II. Designed network solutions for the Federal Government Priority Account. Write Article. This included Voice/Data T1 networks, performed 800-number studies. Africa. Provided technical assistance to the Sales team for Pacific Systems data products. TIRKS, Pacific Systems, San Jose, CA. Programmer IBM IMS Environment. Analyzed, Designed, Coded, Tested and Implemented enhancements COBOL, IMS to the SORD interface to the TIRKS system. Thesis Papers. Installed and tested Bellcore TIRKS program and database releases. City of Orlando, Orlando, FL. Programmer Unisys/Burroughs Environment. Analyzed, Designed, Coded, Tested and Implemented COBOL enhancements to africa my land the Fire Department Fire Hydrant system.
This online system allowed Firemen to quickly determine the flow of the closest Fire Hydrants to any address. Analyzed, Designed, Coded, Tested and Implemented COBOL reports. 1997 - 2000 UC Berkeley Extension San Francisco, CA. Courses in C and C++ Programming, MFC programming, Intro to COM / OLE / Active-X, Win32 Systems, Debugging, OO Design. 4.0 GPA. 1983 - 1999 IS Training, Pacific Systems San Jose, CA. Courses in C/C++ programming, OO Design, ER Data Modeling, SQL Server 7.0, Oracle PL/SQL, DB2, QA/QC, SDLC, Project Management, CICS, MVS, JCL, Course Development and paper home Course Delivery certified , Telecom Network products. 1981 Florida International University Miami, FL. BSCS Computer Science. 3.5 GPA.
1990 Certified Computer Programmer CCP from the africa my land, Institute of Certified Computer Professionals ICCP. San Francisco, CA. To find a position in a cutting edge organization that will utilize either or all of research paper about my SQA Engineering and Management skills. Detail-oriented self-starter able to organize and africa my land essay execute multiple and diverse projects simultaneously; Analytic problem-solver with an ability to work in a high-stress environment; Strong organizational and follow-up skills; Able to follow directions, as well as to take decisive actions; Capable to excel in a team-oriented environment, as well as work and complete projects independently; Excellent interpersonal, written and an editorial verbal communication skills; Very quick learner with the aptitude to my land grasp an idea or subject instantaneously. Hardware: IBM PC and clones, Laptops, Palm and writing an introduction of an WinCE hand-held devices, iMac,Telecom Systems. Software: Microsoft Project, Visio, Power Point, Client/Server Applications, 3-Tier Applications, Web-based applications.MSSQL, MS Internet Explorer 4.01/5.0/5.5/6.0, Netscape Navigator and my land Communicator 4.08/4.5/4.6/4.7/6.0, Lotus Notes. Indian Essay. SUN NetDynamic, MS IIS, MS Exchange Server, TCP/IP, FTP, SMTP protocols, Ethernet, LAN/WAN networking, router configuration and installation. Tools: Rational Team Test 5.0, Rational Visual Test 4.0, Silk Test 5.0, Mercury Test Director and TracePlus32 Web Detective. Platforms: MS DOS, Windows 3.X, Windows 95/98/2000/NT Server and Workstation , XP, UNIX, Linux. DCOM systems, Palm OS, Win CE, Mac OS.
Languages: SQA Basic, Visual Test Scripting Language, 4Test Scripting Language,SQL, SQL+, PL/SQL, HTML, C++, Java, HTML. Databases: Oracle 7, 8, 8i, MS SQL Server, Sybase. Infrasoft Inc., San Francisco, CA. Software QA Manager. Created and managed Software Quality Assurance Department with the small start-up company.
Was responsible for south essay, budgeting, purchasing of equipment, staffing and project scheduling within Department. Participated in Business and Development specifications creation. Worked closely with potential customers in order to ensure product customization to fulfill customer s requirements. Designed and research paper international security performed Product Presentations and Software Lifecycle outlines using MS Project, Visio and MS Power Point. Participated in the development of documentation for training and support of the Applications. Implemented QA Methodologies and cycles.
Developed necessary documentation, introduced and implemented Bug Tracking system. Mentored QA team, Development team, Change management team and Business analyst team in terms of south africa my land essay using and indian service coordinate their work with Bug Tracking System. Established a working weekly build turnaround schedule. Owned the complete company s QA process and africa essay was able to deliver the product in time. Created a testing environment necessary for cross-platform testing.
Built test lab. Performed and research paper home installation and software configuration testing of web-based software as well as the africa essay, shrink-wrap version of international CD.Participated in application functionality and UI analysis along with Business Analyst, Development, Marketing Teams and south my land essay customer representatives.Managed team of 4 QA Engineers, 1 Technical Writer peer and 1 Trainer peer.Also performed QA engineers duties testing company s Web-based application along with a separate shrink-wrap version of service sector it and 3 powered by customer s web sites. Performed white/black box and performance testing of the web-based application. Environment: Web Environment. Application created with ASP, Java, VBscript front end. MS SQL back end.
Windows 2000/NT/XP, MAC OS. Tools: Rational Test Suite. Silk Performer. RDT, Inc., San Bruno, CA. Aug. 2000 June 2001. Software Quality Assurance Manager. Performing a management of a Project Testing Effort. Designed Master Test Plan and test strategy. My Land. Managing a team of QA Engineers performing White/Black box, Performance, Load and paper Stress testing.
Conducting and attending staff meetings and project meetings discussing all aspects of involvement of africa my land QA Department in Software Development Life Cycle. Coordinating a joint performance of the QA Department with Corporate Services and Business Capabilities departments. Evaluated Testing Automation tools and performed creation and maintenance of Automated Test Scripts for functional, regression as well as performance testing. Worked with development team located abroad. International. Coordinated a testing effort for a project developed by a third party. Bringing the south africa my land, operation of IT QA Department to IEEE and ISO9000 standards of Software Project Development.
Also performed testing of a web-based financial application as hands-on manager. Managed team of 7 QA Engineers. Environment: Web Environment. Application created with ++, Java front-end. An Introduction Of An. ORACLE back end. Essay. Win NT, Red Hat Linux OS.
Tools: Mercury WinRunner, Mercury LoadRunner, Mercury TestDirector. Pacific Software, Brisbane, CA. Sr. Essay About Market. Software Lead/ Manager. Performed a wide variety of different tests against functionality, usability, design and performance of a 3-tier architecture software. Africa My Land Essay. System included an ORACLE DB server, a SUN NetDynamics Application server, that is also utilizes MS IIS services and a client connecting to writing of an an application via Internet browser IE 5.5, Netscape Communicator 4.7 . South. System also included DCOM server. Performed installation, configuration and implementation testing of the research security, whole 3-tier system on a weekly basis as soon as new build comes up . Wrote detailed Test strategies, Test Cases and my land Test Approaches.
Trained a team of junior-level testers according to those Test Approaches. Constantly maintained DB Server and Application server side of the system. Participated in White box testing of thesis a C++, Java and Powerbuilder codes. Worked closely to south DBA team and Development Team. An Editorial. Also duties included building a test environment and a team of test engineers along with development all documentations necessary to ensure the proper functioning of a separate QA team. South Africa Essay. Build a test-lab from the scratch. Started as a Team Lead for the team of 4 QA Engineers and was promoted to QA Manager s position to manage the whole QA Process for the certain project within the Company. Managed the Team of an editorial 15 QA Engineers. Environment: N-tier Web environment.
Application created with C++, Java, Powerbuilder front-end. ORACLE, MS SQL Server backend. Windows NT/2000/98/95, Linux, UNIX OS. South Africa My Land. Palm OS, Win CE. Pacific Bell Directory, San Francisco, CA. May 1998-March 1999.
Software Quality Assurance Engineer. Performed functional, interoperability, regression and configuration testing of company-developed packages designed to writing be inserted as add-on tools into Windows NT operating system.Performed manual software installation and south my land desktop configurations testing so as network-based SMS package delivery and auto install testing. Duties included documentation reviewing and analysis. Communication with developing team and CMT Change Management team is provided on the daily basis. Research International. Experience with PVCS Project Management System. Environment: Shrink-wrap applications.
C++. Fitchburg Corporation, Oakland, CA. Testing Services/ Kaiser Permanente Software Analyst. Performed functional, regression, end-to-end and usability testing of Client-Server Software. Africa My Land Essay. Application used Windows NT clients with ORACLE Database. Wrote, updated and how to write executed test cases manually, executed test scenarios using Visual Test as an automation tool. Duties included documentation reviewing and analysis.
Wrote, followed and verified bug reports using company s internet-based WEB site. Worked closely with project management teams and neighboring projects testing teams to ensure better quality of delivered products, as they were part of one general project. Environment: Client-Server Environment. Application created with ++ front end. ORACLE, Sybase, Informix and africa my land essay MS SQL back end. The Stock Market Crash Of 1929. WinNT, UNIX OS. Tools: Mercury WinRunner. Heald Business College, San Francisco, CA.
Major: Business/Accounting, College of Marin, Kentfield, CA. Computer Science Dept: Software Architecture and Testing.
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The Argumentative Essay - Rough Draft. European Grey Wolf. Not blind opposition to progress, but opposition to blind progress. –John Muir. Most of the papers students write in college are arguments. This should not be surprising. We are surrounded by them. South Africa Essay? Every time we watch television, surf the Internet or read a magazine, we are bombarded with ads. Ads are persuasive arguments trying to get consumers to buy or do something. Write Article? Here are a couple of south africa essay ads that use interesting twists to paper international make their argument: Kleenex Tissue Ad 1990- Teach Them Not To Share
Irony is the use of words to convey one meaning that is the opposite essay, of its literal meaning (Irony). What is ironic about indian this ad? What is the south essay main argument of the Kleenex ad? Save America's Forests. What is ironic about this ad? What is the main argument of the research paper international security Save America's Forests ad? Is irony an south africa my land, effective way to make an paper about home, argument? When writing or analyzing arguments, we begin by examining how the argument appeals to the reader. There are three types of appeals utilized in arguments: logos or logical, pathos or emotional, and ethos or ethical appeals. Logos or the logical appeal relies upon well-developed, well-organized and well-reasoned arguments supported by evidence from reliable, authoritative sources.
When writing argumentative essays and papers, we rely heavily upon the logical appeal to make our case. The evidence utilized in the logical appeal is usually research-based evidence: statistics, clinical studies, any empirical evidence collected carefully and methodically. This is also why we write in third person. We let the evidence drive our arguments, so readers do not think our work is based upon africa my land essay, our biased viewpoint. Pathos or emotional appeal recognizes that humans are emotional beings. The key to using the emotional appeal successfully in papers is to provide an opportunity for an emotional response and not to try and orchestrate an emotional response. An example of the wrong use of an emotional appeal are infomercials for organizations like Care.
While there is no doubt their work and message is how to write an editorial, important, they try to manipulate the my land audience with the use of emotional music, manipulative photographs, with an emotional narrative running beneath the music and images. While this may be okay for non-profit organizations, it does not work in college papers. Do not try to write manipulate your audience this way. Also, do not try to south africa essay use emotionally charged language. Sector? Stay in south my land third person and avoid sounding biased, accusatory or self-righteous. Paper Nursing Home? As a writer, the people you are trying to persuade are the people who either disagree with you or are not sure. By sounding accusatory or self-righteous, you will put the opposition on the defensive, and south africa you have already lost your argument. The proper use of emotions is through narrative case studies. Case studies provide the opportunity to appeal to readers' emotions. The key is not to tell the readers what to feel or to try and manipulate the indian essay readers to feel a specific emotion.
Instead, writers tell the story and allow the south africa my land essay readers to decide how they want to respond. Readers can become emotionally involved with the topic or not. It is sector essay, up to them. This works well for africa my land social issues like hunger and homelessness, bullying, child abuse, or illegal immigration. The blending of specific case studies with empirical evidence creates a deeply meaningful approach to argument. If I am talking about homeless children in America, by providing the statistics on the large number of children effected by how to an editorial, this issue along with stories of the struggles of specific children, this drives the point home. South My Land Essay? We have a name and university papers face to go with those numbers making the argument very human. Ethos or the ethical appeal relates to the writer's personna being projected through the work. By using an unbiased tone and unbiased language, we project an image of south essay trustworthiness and credibility.
That is also why we use credible sources. We, as writers of college papers, do not have any credibility yet with our audience. By using authoritative, reliable sources, we borrow their credibility to help persuade readers to adopt our point of view. We are effectively saying, it is not just me that thinks this way. Here is a testimonial from Dr. So and So and his research that supports it.
The research, surveys or clinical studies provides the evidence that supports the argument. Looking back at how to article, the ads above, what types of appeals did those ads use ? Beyond the use of these appeals, there are some other elements to consider when analyzing or writing arguments: audience, purpose, a well defined issue, compelling evidence, refutation, and south africa essay persona . Audience : What audience does the writer have in mind? Who is the target audience the thesis writer is south my land, trying to persuade? As a writer, your audience is the first consideration. This determines the language you will use, the thesis papers sources you will cite, and the approach you will take. For example, if I were writing an anti-abortion paper, I would address a panel of scientists much differently than a church congregation. Some of my sources would change, and africa my land essay my language use would probably change. For scientists, I would sound more clinical. For the sector essay church congregation, I would sound more emotional.
My evidence would change, too. For scientists, I would use clinical evidence. For a church congregation. I would use sacred text. What if my target audience were children instead of adults?
Once again, some of my sources would change and my approach would be different. Purpose/Thesis: Why are you writing it? What are you trying to prove? The purpose is the thesis statement. As a writer, you need to south africa my land essay know why you are writing the paper. It cannot be just to fulfill a requirement. It is imperative that your position is clear. What exactly are you arguing?
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What is included or not included? As a writer, it is your job to set parameters around your argument. Be sure to clearly explain the main argument of the paper. For example, if I were writing an anti-abortion paper, I might set the parameters around third trimester. This defines exactly what will be included and what will not be included. In this example, the south africa my land essay paper is against third trimester abortions only, not abortion in write article general. Compelling evidence : What kinds of evidence are utilized in the paper? Is the evidence sound? Does it come from authoritative sources? Be sure to use reliable sources.
Do not just Google the topic and south essay grab the random information that may pop up. Indian Essay? Use journal articles when possible because they are usually written by authorities in a specific field. South Africa My Land Essay? They will provide multiple sources for their information because they must cite their sources. When using Internet sources, pay attention to the URL. How To An Editorial Article? What is the africa essay domain name? Is it a .edu, .net, .com, .org, .gov, .mil? How does this influence the information being provided? Who is the author?
What is the author's background? A part of what makes your argument compelling is the variety of sources that you use and the credibility of those sources. You cannot win an argument with random information. About The Stock Market Crash? Do not rely heavily upon a single source to carry your paper. A variety of sources shows that you have done your diligence as a writer and increases your credibility. Refutation : Does the author anticipate the opposition's main arguments?
Is the africa my land essay author prepared with counterarguments and research paper international security compelling evidence that can persuade the opposition to adopt a different view? Refutation or rebuttal is incredibly important to your argument. You cannot write a one-sided argument. You must first briefly identify an opposition's point. Then immediately address it with counterarguments and compelling evidence. As stated earlier, it is the opposition that you are trying to convince. My Land? So, how well you handle this section of your paper will determine its effectiveness as an argument. Persona : What is the author's attitude toward the topic? It is hostile, sarcastic, irate, or reasonable? What kind of language and tone are being used?
We touched on this when we talked about the ethical appeal. Research Paper International Security? Your tone needs to be calm and reasonable. Your language needs to be honest, clear and respectful. Essay? Avoid aggressive, confrontational or biased language and tone. First, you need to determine what kind of argument you are writing. Are you writing a position paper, pro/con? Sample topics would include illegal immigration, wolf protection programs, paying college football players.
Or, are you writing a solution paper, solving a problem? Sample topics include bullying, homelessness, pollution. Article? Next, identify what you already know about this topic. South Essay? Write a brief outline establishing what you want to argue on this topic? Establish the research international purpose of your argument. Establishing this before you start researching the topic will make it easier for you to determine what you need to cite in your paper. Next choose an appropriate format. Block Rebuttal Throughout - only south africa, works with pro/con topics. I. Introduction Thesis Statement. II.
Background information - this section is necessary for solution arguments but sometimes unnecessary for position arguments. A. Research About Nursing Home? Define key words and south africa essay terms that will help to define the parameters of your argument B. Provide background information. If I want to research paper solve global warming, I first need to explain what it is and how it works, so I can show readers how my solution will fix it. C. Establish the severity of the problem. In real life, solutions cost money. If you want taxpayers to pay for it, you need to clearly establish that the problem is severe and must be addressed. III. Essay? First claim: For death penalty because it will stop overcrowding. A. Give statistics on overcrowding B. Give statistics on future problems if no solution is provided C. Explain how the process will help D. Explain how if appeal process is limited this will further help the situation E. Research Paper Security? Transition.
IV. 2nd claim: For death penalty because it will stop repeat offenders. A. Give statistics on repeat offenders who commit murder B. Give statistics if this is not stopped C. South? Explain how process would work if implemented D. Explain how this would also stop overcrowding because repeat offenders would not be imprisoned E. Transition. V. 3rd claim: for indian service essay death penalty because it costs less money. A. Give statistics on the cost of housing B. Compare that to the cost of a limited appeal process C. Explain how this will work if implemented D. Explain how this too relates to south my land previous info E. Transition. VI. Rebuttal: Rebuttal of antideath penalty arguments. A, List a few of the opposition's counterarguments (three) B. University Thesis? Take each one, one at a time, and supply statistics to prove it wrong, example would be to prove that innocent people won’t be executed C. #2 Rebuttal: No other democracy uses it, their side, your side with statistics to prove them wrong D. #3 Rebuttal: Death penalty cheapens value of life: their side, your side with statistics to south back it up. Paper Nursing Home? E. Transition.
I. South Essay? Introduction and thesis. III. About Home? First Rebuttal -Death penalty is barbaric. A. Opposition side B. Your side C. Statistics to support your side and prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. IV.
2nd rebuttal - death penalty no other democracy. A. Opposition side B. Your side C. Statistics to support your side and south africa my land essay prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. V. 3rd rebuttal - killing innocent people. A. Opposition side B. Service Sector? Your side C. Statistics to south africa my land essay support your side and prove them wrong D. Explanation of how this will help society E. Transition. Resources for Writing Arguments: Develop a argumentative essay rough draft using block or rebuttal throughout Typed MLA formatted Argumentative essay, Four pages of text Plus MLA formatted Works Cited page Must utilize 3-4 sources, two must be database sources Provide copies of the sources utilized in the paper: web pages, database article pages, xeroxed copies of books, Must include in-text citations that identifies the source for the evidence Papers will not be accepted without these minimal requirements. Illustrate ability to use third person point of view effectively in an argument.
Present a thesis statement at the end of the university thesis papers introductory paragraph. Support the thesis using RESEARCH MATERIAL and specific details. Illustrate the ability to argue a position or a solution argument. Support the thesis using research material and specific details. Do not list sources in your Works Cited page that are not cited somewhere in the text of your paper. Failure to cite works quoted in your paper is south my land essay, considered plagiarism resulting in a failing grade on this paper. Writing An Introduction Of An? Be careful. Click the Submit button and follow the directions for submitting your work..
Remember when using sources, you have the south my land entire article, but I only have the quote or paraphrase that you have used in your paper. Be sure and explain the full implications of writing of an your quote. Peer edit your paper Review your rough draft Create a final draft with an MLA Works Cited page Be sure and include an MLA formatted outline. Choose a topic that you can argue either a position or a solution. South Africa? For example, to essay about the stock market crash of 1929 argue a position would be to argue for africa or against something, like the an introduction of an essay Death Penalty.
To argue a solution is to africa argue how to solve something, like how to solve the air pollution problem in Phoenix. On a blank sheet of sector essay paper, write your topic down and at least 5 pros and 5 cons for your topic. Or, if you are writing a solution paper, look at south africa essay, at least five different solutions for the problem. See how the pros and cons relate. Decide which you want to write about. Do you want to focus on the pros or the cons. How To Write An Editorial Article? Pick the south my land essay one you feel offers the most possibilities for exploration. Or, choose the solution that seems the most logical, the university thesis papers most doable. Freewrite.
Look at your diagram for ideas. Transform your chosen topic into a Guiding Question and write it down. Find at least three sources to help you answer your guiding question. Essay? You must use these sources in your work either in a quote, paraphrase and/or summary. source guidelines Use 3-4 sources. Use database sources and web pages. You can send web pages and articles off of databases to my email address. Be sure and turn in your resources with your final paper. Of An Essay? I will not accept any paper without the sources turned in to me. Create a Works Cited page from your sources. Now that you have gathered your information and collected new information, create an africa my land essay, outline of your paper.
Answer your Guiding Question directly with your thesis statement. Check your outline. Place your thesis at the top of the outline followed by the causes or effects: I. How To Write Article? II. III. Under each main point, place two main specific points that will support the south general topic sentence and the thesis.
Use capital letters for the specific points.
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an essay on poetry Hurting Love: Reckoning Poetry's Costs In Gwendolyn Brooks' First Fight. Then Fiddle. Gwendolyn Brooks' First fight. Africa Essay? Then Fiddle. initially seems to indian service sector essay, argue for south my land the necessity of research, brutal war in essay order to create a space for the pursuit of beautiful art. The poem is more complex, however, because it also implies both that war cannot protect art and that art should not justify war.
Yet if Brooks seems, paradoxically, to research paper, argue against essay, art within a work of how to article, art, she does so in order create an artwork that by its very recognition of art's costs would justify itself. Brooks initially seems to argue for the necessity of south africa my land essay, war in sector essay order to create a safe space for artistic creation. She suggests this idea quite forcefully in the paired short sentences that open the poem: First fight. Then fiddle. One must fight before fiddling for two reasons. First, playing the africa, violin would be a foolish distraction if an enemy were threatening one's safety; it would be, as the phrase goes, fiddling while Rome burns. Of An Essay? Second, fighting the war first would prepare a safe and my land prosperous place where one could reasonably pursue the pleasures of music. One has to essay market crash of 1929, civilize a space / Wherein to play your violin with grace.
It should be noted further that while Brooks writes about securing a civilized place to play the violin, she seems clearly to be using this playing as an image for my land essay art in service general, as her more expansive references to africa my land essay, beauty or harmony suggest. Nonetheless, much that Brooks writes about the necessity to fight before fiddling indicates the she does not support this idea, at least not fully. For example, Brooks describes making beautiful music as being remote / A while from malice and murdering. In addition to the negative way Brooks describes war in this line, as murder motivated by malice, the an editorial, phrase a while significantly qualifies the south essay, initial command to First fight. Then fiddle. While this initial command seems to essay, promise that one will only have to fight once in order to create a safe space for art, the phrase a while implies rather that this space is my land essay not really safe, because it will only of an essay last for south my land a short time.
War will begin again after a while because wars create enemies and fail to solve underlying conflicts. About The Stock Market Crash Of 1929? The beauty of violin playing remains illusory if it makes us forget that the problem of africa, war has not really gone away. Brooks suggests moreover not only that war cannot really protect art but also that art is not really a just excuse for war. Indeed, she implies that art might be responsible for war's unjust brutality toward others. This idea is research paper most evident in south the poem's final sentence: Rise bloody, maybe not too late / For having first to civilize a space / Wherein to sector essay, play your violin with grace. Though on first read it seems like this sentence repeats the warning to fight before it is too late, its language has a number of negative connotations that undercut this exhortation. Civilize might at first seem a laudable goal, but it is also hard not to hear in this word all the atrocities that have been committed because one group believed another group needed civilizing or lacked civility. My Land Essay? Moreover, if war inherently makes even civilized people uncivil because of its brutality, war's final achievement in the poem--a space / Wherein to play your violin with grace--seems heavily ironic. Grace can suggest a valuable beauty or refinement, but also more superficial manners.
And this possibility of merely superficial refinement, blind to the violence and even injustice committed in its name, is especially suggested by the image of having to rise bloody. The artist playing his violin so gracefully also has blood on his hands. The first hypothesis of the poem, that one can fight and then fiddle--that is, that once can fight and how to write an editorial article put the war out of one's mind by playing beautiful music--has been replaced by a recognition that one cannot deny the violence that made beauty possible. For at a minimum war continually threatens this beauty. Even worse, this war has perhaps been unjustly waged with the protection or promotion of civilized beauty as its excuse. This conclusion is striking since violin playing in the poem seems not only to provide a metaphor for artistic creation generally, but also writing poetry in particular. For by its heavy use of alliteration, assonance and consonance, the poem emphasizes its own musicality, as if it were like a violin being played.
In just the poem's initial line first fight fiddle alliterate, as well as ring changes on the different sounds of the vowel i; fight and south africa essay ply assent; and slipping string repeats the initial s and final ing sounds. Moreover, the sonnet itself is a very refined artistic form, easily associated with the difficulty and cultural prestige of violin playing. Indeed, as an research paper home emblem of Western civility (one thinks of Renaissance sonnets), the sonnet might be involved in the very justification of the destruction of other less civilized peoples that the poem condemns. South Essay? One might wonder why Brooks produces poetry, especially the sonnet, if she also condemns it. I would suggest that by critically reckoning the costs of sonnet-making Brooks brings to paper international, her poetry a self-awareness that might justify it after all. She creates a poetry that, like the violin playing she invokes, sounds with hurting love. Africa Essay? This hurting love reminds us of those who may have been hurt in the name of the love for poetry.
But in research paper international giving recognition to that hurt, it also fulfills a promise of poetry: to be more than a superficial social grace, to teach us something we first did not, or did not wish to, see.
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colorado essay Neuroanatomy and Physiology of the “Brain Reward System” in Substance Abuse. How does experimental use of substances of abuse lead to drug addiction in africa essay, some individuals? How do these drugs cause intoxication? Part of the answer lies in a common reinforcement pathway in the human brain which drugs of essay about the stock market crash abuse stimulate, potentially leading to addiction (1,2,3,4,7).
This reinforcement pathway, which is composed of both central nervous system structures and endogenous neurotransmitters communicating between these structures, has been termed the “reward pathway”(1). Africa My Land! The reward pathway evolved to promote activities that are essential to the survival of the human race as well as other mammals. One may compare the essay market, mechanism of drugs of abuse with that of viruses. Viruses and drugs of abuse are both foreign to humans. Viruses enter an animal’s cells and use the pre-existing cell “machinery” to synthesize more viruses, thus promoting their own survival. As the viruses infect more and more cells, the organism may become ill. Illicit drugs can take advantage of an organism in my land essay, a similar fashion. Just as viruses take over cell function throughout the body, drugs of abuse modify cell function in these important brain structures leading to modifications in behavior. These drugs enter the human brain and use its own “machinery” (the reward pathway) to promote continued use.
Just as the cell’s survival is dependent on its “machinery” so is the survival of the organism dependent on an intact brain reward pathway. Drugs of abuse, although harmful to the organism, are able to capture this “machinery “ in some individuals driving further drug use. Depending on our own characteristics (our inherited neurochemical make-up etc.) we may be more susceptible to the illness of drug addiction just as certain people are more susceptible to how to write article, infection. Certain pathogens are ubiquitous or occur so frequently that almost all of us are exposed to them. Those who have inherited genetic immunodeficiencies fall prey to these pathogens more than the general population. Similarly, individuals who have a genetic predisposition, may be more vulnerable to my land, addiction after exposure to the drug. As noted earlier, substances of indian abuse affect the brain reward pathway, which is made of neurons that release chemicals when they are stimulated. This release leads to south my land essay, subjective feelings of well being (1,2). This brain reward system evolved to subserve activities essential to paper security, species survival, such as sexual activity and feeding behaviors.
Activities that activate this pathway become associated with ‘feeling good’ (1,2). For example, sexual intercourse causes release of chemicals activating this pathway, and the result is a feeling of south essay well being. Thus, the reward pathway serves to promote survival of the species by rewarding behaviors necessary for continued survival (seeking food, reproduction, shelter, drink, etc). Drugs of abuse stimulate this “brain reward” pathway in a similar fashion, and this is why substance users experience feelings of pleasure or “high” when they use them (1,2). When drugs of abuse are repeatedly used, they may “commandeer” the brain reward system, driving compulsory drug use to the exclusion of other adaptive activities. Thus, “addiction” can be partially explained by service sector essay the action of africa essay drugs of abuse on this common reward pathway, in which drug use stimulates further use and drug seeking behavior (1,2,3,4).
In the following paragraphs, the basic anatomy of the reward pathway and brain structures that interact with this pathway will be discussed. Research Security! Next, the molecular physiology of the reward pathway will be delineated. After laying the foundation of the anatomy and physiology of brain reward, the specific interactions of drugs of abuse will be examined. Finally, with this understanding, we may examine treatments aimed at modulating this important pathway. II. The Structures of the south africa my land essay, Reward Pathway: The basic anatomy of the paper security, reward pathway will be described below. However, it must be remembered that the south my land essay, anatomical structures involved have complex interrelationships, and are modulated by how to an editorial other parts of the brain and africa my land essay other neurochemicals.
Many of the paper international, factors influencing brain reward may not be known or have not been well established. Therefore, this paper provides an overview of the most well established structures and pathways involved. With this overview we may develop a basic understanding that anatomical structures have evolved to promote the survival of the organism and how drugs of abuse stimulate and “commandeer” these structures. Core Structures of the south africa my land essay, Reward System. The core structures of the brain reward pathway is located in the limbic system, a set of primitive structures in the human brain (1,2,3,7,9). Conceptually, the function of the limbic system is to monitor internal homeostasis, mediate memory, mediate learning, and experience emotion. It also drives important aspects of sexual behavior, motivation, and feeding behaviors (9).
The primary nuclei (or parts) of the limbic system include the hypothalamus, amygdala, hippocampus, septal nuclei, and anterior cingulate gyrus (9). Also important in the function of the limbic system is the limbic striatum, which includes the nucleus accumbens, ventral caudate nucleus and the putamen (9). The nucleus accumbens (NA) has been implicated as an research international, especially important structure of the brain reward pathway because drugs of abuse target it. (1,2,3,5,7). South My Land! Other structures important in brain reward include the amygdala and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). (1,2,3). The majority of this paper will concentrate on the NA and the VTA. In addition to the other structures listed above, several other systems have an influence on the brain reward pathway as well.
The endocrine and paper nursing home the autonomic nervous systems interact via the hypothalamus, an integral part of the limbic system, and my land essay the pituitary (1). These structures modulate the reward pathway. The hypothalamus is of an involved in every aspect of south africa essay endocrine, visceral, and autonomic functions, and it is university thesis able to africa my land essay, influence eating, drinking, sexual activity, aversion, rage, and pleasure (1,9). Environmental stimuli may affect brain reward via this neuroendocrine axis. Electrical Stimulation of the Brain Reward Pathway. The link between the brain reward system and the hypothalamic-pituitary axis may be seen through experiments on animals where electrodes are placed into the nucleus accumbens (part of the brain’s reward system) under conditions of imposed environmental stress. Electrical self-stimulation experiments are designed in animal models such that electrodes are placed in various brain structure regions thought to be involved in brain reward (2). The animal then performs an activity (i.e. presses a lever) which leads to stimulation of the electrode and the neuronal structure. If the electrode is write placed in africa my land essay, a structure in university thesis, the reward pathway, the resulting stimulation is pleasurable and self-stimulation is therefore encouraged. South! In models of addiction hungry animals will demonstrate a preference for self-stimulation over food and drink to indian essay, the point of starvation (2). This experimental paradigm shows how drugs of abuse can commandeer this system and become even more rewarding than the behaviors it evolved to subserve.
Other techniques allow the animal to press a lever and the drug is my land injected into specific areas of the brain as illustrated below. If the point of injection is not within the brain reward pathway, reinforcement will not occur. Through these techniques, general anatomy of the brain reward system has been delineated. Experimental Self-Stimulation of the Brain Reward Pathway. Core Structures of the Reward System. As discussed before the reward pathway, located in the limbic system, is how to primarily made up of core structures that are connected by the median forebrain bundle (MFB): the nucleus accumbens (NA) , the ventral tegmental area (VTA) , the ventromedial and lateral nuclei of the hypothalamus, and the amygdala (1,2,3,7). The NA and the VTA are the most frequently implicated structures in the literature on drug reward.
The MFB is composed of nerves that connect the africa essay, septum, amygdala, the research paper security, NA and the olfactory tubercle with the hypothalamus and the VTA (1,9). In other words, the MFB is like a power line of africa my land neurons connecting the structures of the reward pathway with other brain structures. Experiments demonstrate that when this “power line” is cut, animals will decrease or stop self-administration of drugs. Thus, an intact MFB appears to be necessary for the “brain reward” system to function properly. Below are slides that show the anatomy of about market crash of 1929 neurons and africa essay the electrical activity that occurs between them. NEURON AND NEURON FUNCTION. ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY BETWEEN TWO NEURONS. Dopaminergic neurons making up the MFB or “power line” of the brain reward system run from the of an essay, VTA to other structures involved in south my land, brain reward. An Introduction! The neurotransmitter they release is called dopamine. One can think of this as the “current”, or energy of the brain reward system (1,2,3).
2.2 Communicating Brain Structures. The central reward pathway of the brain sends information to and receives input from south essay, many other brain structures: the reticular activating system (RAS), the central gray around the aqueduct of Sylvius, limbic regions, and the basal ganglia and cerebellum. Located in the brain stem, the RAS controls attention and arousal to various sensory inputs from our environment. Limbic regions such as the amygdala, the septum and the thalamus provide input to the reward pathway concerning motivational and emotional variables. Next, the reward pathway interacts with the basal ganglia and cerebellum to modify motor activity. These interactions between the reward pathway and other regions of the research international security, brain are complex (1). The hypothalamus, control center of the autonomic nervous system, serves as a major integrative circuit between the nervous and endocrine systems (1,2).
The components of the hypothalamus monitor blood nutrients as well as endogenous compounds in order to maintain homeostasis. To promote adaptive behaviors such as obtaining food, water, and sexual activity, the pituitary signals secretion of hormones that interact with the reward system (1,10). Africa! Thus, the hypothalamus is the command center interconnecting the reward pathway with the body and environmental stimuli. These stimuli are analogous to research international, a complex array of africa my land essay music each a melody of summation in the form of endocrine hormones, blood temperature, blood osmolarity, blood volume, and research nursing neurotransmitters are deciphered and directed by the hypothalamus. South My Land! This command center then sends out signals in university, the form of neurotransmitters (chemical signals) to south africa, various parts of the brain including the brain reward system. Why do recovered substance users relapse when their lives get stressful? The answer partially lies in the neurophysiology of the brain and interaction of environmental stimuli on it. Links between the hypthalamo-hypophyseal system and brain reward pathways have been established through experimentation. For example, the linkage between environmental and increased drug use is most likely mediated by how to the hypothalamus. Stress increases the self-administration of drugs of abuse, and co-administration of africa my land pituitary hormones alter self-administration in animal experiments. These experiments further support the university, view that environmental factors have a large influence on drug use and relapse (1,2).
III. Genetic and africa essay Biological evidence for a Common Reward Pathway. 3.1 Evolution of the Pathway. As noted earlier, the intrinsic purpose of an endogenous reward center is to reinforce behaviors that promote the survival of a species. When drugs of abuse (DOA) stimulate this center, drug-seeking behavior is also promoted. 3.2 Genetics and about crash of 1929 Population Studies. Why do studies show that many individuals experiment with DOA but only some become addicted? Genetic studies in my land, both animals and indian service humans have contributed to our ability to answer this question. Genetic studies on animal, or rodent populations, generally consist of inbreeding or selective breeding. Mating brothers, sisters, or first cousins creates inbred strains of rodents.
After 20 generations of mating a strain is created that is, for south africa my land essay all practical purposes, genetically identical (1). The next step is to look at differences in response to DOA through experimentation on different rodent strains. In selective breeding, a desirable trait is chosen. For example, researchers may breed for a high response to research paper nursing home, EtOH. Africa My Land! Rodents who have the paper nursing home, desirable trait are then mated. After 20 generations the strain is considered genetically pure for south essay the desired trait. Through such selective inbreeding experiments, it has been shown that a predilection for about the stock crash drug dependence is highly genetically influenced. Furthermore, those genetically predisposed to abuse one class of drugs may also abuse drugs of another class. Essay! It has been demonstrated that strains predisposed to thesis papers, cocaine abuse are predisposed to opiate addiction as well. Human studies investigating the genetics of drug abuse consist of either adoption or twin studies (1).
Adoption studies allow us to separate genetic and environmental factors by looking at individuals in an environment and comparing them to their genetically different adoptive parents. The individuals are then compared to south, their biological parents. With a large number of write article individuals, traits that are primarily under genetic influence and south africa traits that are under environmental influence may be described. In twin studies, identical and fraternal twins are compared. Identical twins share 100% of their genes while fraternal twins share 50% of their genes. The relative agreement of behavioral traits to university thesis, these percentages suggests the proportion of genetic and environmental influences. Some studies incorporate both adoptive and twin study paradigms to study addiction.
Through these studies scientists have shown that experimentation and initial use of drugs may be more environmentally determined by such factors as availability. However, progression on to drug dependence or addiction after exposure or “experimentation” appears to be heavily genetically influenced (1,9). IV. Molecular Physiology of the Reward Pathway. Dopamine Binding at the Neuron Level. The primary neurotransmitter of the reward pathway is dopamine (1,2,3,4). Africa! Although drugs of abuse often act through separate mechanisms and on essay, various locations in the brain reward system, they share a final common action in that they increase dopamine levels in the brain reward system.
However, neurotransmitter systems are inextricably intertwined. South Africa! Thus serotonin, endogenous opiates, as well as GABA also modulate dopamine levels in an introduction essay, the brain reward pathway (1,2,3). In the following paragraphs the major neurotransmitters involved in africa essay, brain reward will be discussed. Drugs of abuse have been shown to increase dopamine neurotransmitter levels in the reward pathway (1,2,3,4). In general, drugs that are not abused have no effect on dopaminergic concentrations (1,2). Some mechanisms that may contribute to increasing dopamine levels include blockade of re-uptake and stimulation of release (1,2,3). The specific mechanisms of action of various substances of abuse in increasing dopamine levels in the brain reward pathway will be described below.
Neurotransmitter Release and Re-uptake. 4.2 Other Neurotransmitters and write Brain Reward. Even though increased dopamine in south africa my land, the brain reward system is generally thought to be the final common pathway for the reinforcing properties of drugs, other neurotransmitters such as serotonin are involved in the modulation of university papers both drug self-administration and dopamine levels. Serotonin may be important in modulating motivational factors, or the amount of work and individual is willing to perform to obtain a drug (1). Serotonergic neurons project both to the NA and VTA and appear to regulate dopamine release at the NA. However the relationship between serotonin and dopamine release is complex in that, serotonin has numerous receptor types and its regulation of dopamine release is at africa times inhibitory and at other times excitatory (1,2). Thus, serotonin modulates the reward pathway through various mechanisms by writing interacting with different receptors throughout the brain. GABA, another neurotransmitter involved in the modulation of dopaminergic reward systems, plays a role in the mediation of effects of many drugs of abuse (1,2,3). GABA is an inhibitory neurotransmitter located diffusely throughout the brain. Drugs of south africa essay abuse (DOA) act on the GABA receptor to indian service sector essay, hyperpolarize neurons.
When a neuron is hyperpolarized, it is south africa my land inhibited from firing. An analogy may be applying brakes to a car. Just as greater amounts of gas are required to cause the car to move while stepping on the brakes, greater amounts of stimuli are required to cause a neuron to fire that is hyperpolarized. University Thesis Papers! When neurons fire they release neurotransmitter, and since drugs of abuse (DOA) inhibit these neurons, they release less GABA. When barbiturates, benzodiazapines or alcohol interact with the GABA receptor, they inhibit the release of GABA onto the dopaminergic neurons (1,2,3). South Africa Essay! Thus, this is like taking your foot off the sector essay, brakes allowing the car to go full speed ahead. The net result is south africa my land disinhibition of research paper dopaminergic neurons, making them fire more rapidly and releasing more dopamine in the reward system. With higher dopamine concentrations, feelings of well being or euphoria are induced. The net effects of inhibiting the diffuse GABA-ergic system are anxiety reduction, behavioral disinhibition, sedation, and euphoria.
Through GABA interacting with limbic structures many of these effects are mediated (1,2,3). Regions that mediate the sedative anxiolytic effects of the limbic system also interact with reward systems. In conclusion, GABA-ergic neurons are diffuse throughout the south africa my land essay, central nervous system and they are extremely influential in their interactions with reward pathways (1,2,3). 4.2c The Endogenous Opiates. Endorphin Binding at the Synapse.
Just as the structures of the brain reward system encourage adaptive behaviors such as seeking food and sex, endogenous proteins called endorphins also motivate behaviour (1,3). The “runner’s high” is thought to service sector essay, be related to the production of such endogenous opiate compounds or endorphins. In addition, place preference (animals prefer the africa my land essay, environment where the drug is administered to other environments) is elicited when endorphins are applied to the NA (1,2). Endogenous endorphins attach to the same receptors as exogenous opiates. Crash Of 1929! Through the same mechanism, they both increase dopamine in south africa my land essay, the brain reward pathway (1,2,3). 5. Paper International! Drugs of Abuse and the Reward Pathway. Primary Location of Action for Drugs of Abuse.
Experiments have shown that specific drugs of abuse affect receptors/neurochemical response act in different areas of the brain. The nucleus accumbens (NA) is the primary place of action of amphetamine, cocaine, opiates, THC, phencyclidine, ketamine, and nicotine. Opiates, alcohol, barbiturates and benzodiazapines (2,3,4) stimulate neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Africa My Land! The final common action of most substances of abuse is research paper international security stimulation of the brain reward pathway by africa my land increasing dopamine. Service Sector Essay! The action of drugs of abuse on structures of the my land, reward pathway at the gross anatomical level, followed by molecular actions of this system, will be discussed below. The complete discussion of the anatomical and biochemical effects of research about nursing home alcohol is beyond the scope of this paper.
In the following paragraphs, an overview of alcohol’s action on the reward pathway will be presented. Because of alcohol’s ability to pass freely through cell membranes, it affects many neurotransmitters and neurons throughout the brain. The focus of the discussion will be the molecular effects in relationship to the brain reward pathway. Alcohol has been shown to excite dopaminergic neurons in the VTA as well as in the NA (1,2,3,4). Africa! In animal experiments, dopaminergic agonists (chemicals which increase dopamine) reduce alcohol consumption (1,2,3).
For example, the dopamine agonist bromocriptine increases water intake and decreases consumption of writing an introduction essay alcohol in south my land essay, rodents(1). Dopamine agonists, however have not successfully reduced alcohol consumption in human experiments. Neurotransmitters other than dopamine are involved in alcohol dependence. Studies demonstrated that serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (medications that are commonly prescribed for depression such as fluoxetine ) may decrease consumption of alcohol in both rodents and in humans (2). How To Write! It is south essay not known whether this is due to a direct or an indirect effect of serotonin on dopaminergic systems, or a combination effect. Service! Larger scale replication studies are needed before this is understood. The effects of serotoninergic medications on drug self-administration may be due to their effects on motivational factors, as opposed to the specific reinforcing effects of the drug by modulating the reinforcing properties of other reinforcers such as food, water, alcohol and drugs of abuse (2). Opiate Action in the Brain.
Opiates influence dopamine levels and brain reward indirectly by inhibiting GABA neurons in the VTA (1). As noted previously the VTA is an africa, important structure in thesis papers, the reward pathway. GABA neurons inhibit dopaminergic neurons in the VTA. Thus when opiates inhibit GABA neurons, dopaminergic neurons are free to fire more often. In essence, opiates remove the south essay, “brakes” from dopaminergic neurons and allow them to fire more rapidly resulting in university thesis papers, an increase of dopamine release (1,2). Numerous studies support opiate action in key structures of the south, reward pathway. For example, dopaminergic neuronal lesions of the essay, NA or the VTA have been shown to either reduce or eliminate opiate reinforced behavior (1,3).
Opiate administration into the VTA leads to an increase in dopamine neurotransmitter release and promotes further self-administration (1). These studies further support the role of the brain reward system in opiate addiction. Some experiments chronic dopamine blockade is south my land essay unsuccessful at altering opiate self-administration, providing evidence that non-dopamine dependent reward pathways for opiate addiction also exist. (1,3). An Editorial! However, most experiments demonstrate that opiates function by stimulating both the south my land essay, NA and the VTA, both of which are key structures in the reward pathway. However, as lesions to dopaminergic neurons do not completely eliminate self-administration of opiates in some experiments, indirect and dopamine independent mechanisms of university thesis papers opiate addiction and reinforcement also exist (3). Like other drugs of abuse, stimulants increase dopamine concentrations in the brain reward pathway (1,2,3,4,7). Stimulants such as cocaine, amphetamines, caffeine and nicotine all stimulate the brain reward pathway through slightly different mechanisms and increase dopamine to africa essay, different extents. Moreover, the how to article, route of administration of stimulants also influences the addictive properties of stimulants, by influencing the rate at which dopamine “spikes” in the brain. In general, intravenous and transpulmonary (smoking) delivery is more “addictive” than nasal (“snorting”) or oral administration.
Cocaine Binding at the Synapse. Cocaine, like other drugs of my land abuse, increases dopamine in the reward pathway. Research Paper! Lesions to the reward pathway or pharmacological blockade of dopamine diminish cocaine’s rewarding effects (1,2,3). Thus, dopaminergic neurons in the reward pathway have been shown to be important in the reinforcing effects of cocaine (2). This increase of dopamine in the brain reward centers is dose dependent (the more cocaine that is taken in, the africa my land, higher the dopamine concentration in these areas). In fact, cocaine addicts describe their experience like “hunger”, ”taste”, or “sex” (2). These observations further illustrate how drugs of abuse stimulate structures of the brain that have evolved to promote behaviors that aid in the survival of the essay the stock crash of 1929, species (1,2,7). Cocaine’s effects on the reward system are so powerful that it may override other generally gratifying reinforcers: money, safety, loved ones, morality and even survival may become less important to south africa my land essay, the abuser than obtaining and using cocaine (2).
Thus, cocaine stimulates the brain reward system more effectively than the behaviors that the reward system evolved to reinforce! Cocaine acts to increase dopamine levels by inhibiting monoamine ( dopamine , serotonin, and norepinephrine) re-uptake from the nursing, synaptic cleft (1,2,3,4,6,7). The primary effects of cocaine on reinforcement involve its ability to bind to the dopamine transporter and prevent re-uptake of dopamine (2). By inhibiting dopamine re-uptake, it increases dopamine in the reward system. Like cocaine, amphetamines stimulate the africa my land essay, brain reward pathway by increasing concentrations of indian sector essay dopamine. South Africa My Land Essay! Amphetamines both decrease the re-uptake of dopamine and directly increase the neuronal release of dopamine (1,2,3,4) Many experiments have shown the importance of dopamine in the rewarding effects of amphetamines. For example, dopamine agonists (substances that can substitute for dopamine by binding to the same receptors and producing the similar effects) decrease amphetamine self-administration in animals (1,3). On the other hand, dopaminergic blockade (antagonists) decreases amphetamine self-administration in rats by service essay preventing amphetamine binding, thereby preventing its dopaminergic effects (3). Similarly, lesions to the dopaminergic neurons in the NA lead to long lasting decreases in self-administration of amphetamines (3).
These examples emphasize how drugs increase dopamine levels and stimulate the reward pathway. When dopamine levels are prevented from rising in response to drug administration (either producing chemical or structural “lesions”), then animals stop using the drug since it is no longer “rewarding”. South Africa My Land Essay! These elegant experiments demonstrate that the “rewarding” properties of the drug are directly related to whether it increases dopamine or not in the reward pathway. Nicotine is thought to affect the brain reward system by increasing dopamine concentrations through interacting with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors. It has been shown to sector, mimic endogenous (or the body’s natural) acetylcholine neurotransmitter. My Land! Nicotine increases dopamine efflux in the reward pathway by mimicking acetylcholine at presynaptic nicotinic receptor sites, and exciting dopaminergic neurons (2). Nicotine receptors are located throughout the brain; however, nicotine exerts its greatest effects on brain reward in the NA (1,2,3). By acting on research, these neurons, nicotine increases release of dopamine in the NA (1,2,4). Nicotinic antagonists, chemicals which block the actions of nicotine at its receptor, inhibit dopamine release while nicotinic agonists increase dopamine release (1,2).
Thus, nicotine leads to increased dopamine concentrations in the brain reward pathway like other drugs of abuse. Caffeine is the psychoactive drug that is most commonly used throughout the world (11). Caffeine blocks the actions of adenosine, an inhibitory neurotransmitter, by binding to africa my land, its receptor and preventing post binding changes from taking place (2). Caffeine is a “competitive antagonist” of adenosine. An Introduction Essay! Since the neurotransmitter adenosine is like the safety on a gun, when it is my land removed, neurons begin to fire. By blocking the effects of adenosine, caffeine leads increased firing of dopaminergic neurons. This is especially evident in the NA (4,5). 5.6 Treatment Implications of the Brain Reward System. Operating through different mechanisms drugs of abuse have a final common pathway by which they increase dopamine levels within the core structures of the so called “brain reward system” which includes the VTA and NA. A balance between the negative effects of the drug and positive feelings associated with stimulation of the write, brain reward system determine if an individual will enjoy and continue using the substance or not (1,2). Generally the positive effects or “high” of using a drug occur immediately or shortly after use, by south africa my land the action of increasing dopamine.
The closer positive and papers negative effects are to south my land essay, the actual time of drug use, the more likely we are to associate these effects with the drug. Unfortunately, the indian, negative consequences of drug use often come much later and more unpredictably compared to the immediate pairing of drug administration and reward. For example, the later potential negative consequences of chronic drinking (such as liver disease) may not be as important as the my land essay, immediate rewarding positive effects of drinking. Some approaches to treatment attempt to consistently pair the negative consequences of drug administration with drug administration. If one is taking disulfiram (Antabuse), the paper home, action of drinking will immediately cause a negative consequence (extreme illness).
The immediate negative consequence of drinking now competes with the normally immediate positive reward of south africa my land drinking to combat illness. By changing the time course of positive and negative drug effects through behavioral interventions or pharmaceutical interventions, we may be able to better treat addictions in the future. VI. Pharmacotherapy of Drug Addiction: Pharmacotherapeutic interventions have been developed to decrease drug use by influencing the brain reward system. The focus in the following paragraphs will be pharmacological treatment to prevent relapse of the addicted individual. General strategies for pharmacological treatment of how to write drug addiction include creating aversion to the addicted drug, bringing consequences or punishment closer to the reinforcement of drug use, modification of neurotransmitters to south my land, decrease drug intake, and long-term substitution with a less addictive and research paper home cross-tolerant medication (1). 6.1 Aversive Conditioning. Increasing the negative or aversive effects of south africa my land a drug is one effective treatment used for how to an editorial alcohol addiction. Disulfiram (Antabuse), metronidazole, or calcium carbimide is used to south essay, create negative effects with the ingestion of service sector essay alcohol (1,2).
These medications, when taken, cause the abuser to become extremely ill when they engage in drinking. Instead of experiencing the negative effects of alcohol the next day (hangover) or years later (liver disease), they experience unpleasant effects such as nausea, vomiting, and flushing in closer proximity to ingestion which opposes the normally immediate positive reward of the drug (see above). Although these drugs have been effective for some individuals by case report, these treatments have failed to my land essay, show efficacy in numerous clinical trials (1). However recent work by Carroll et al demonstrates that Antabuse can be effective in preventing cocaine dependent individuals from about market crash, relapsing into cocaine (12). By reducing alcohol consumption they were less likely to south africa my land essay, relapse to cocaine since alcohol may “dissolve” one’s “resolve” to stay abstinent, by research paper nursing home lowering one’s inhibitions and impairing one’s ability to make wise choices. 6.2 Neurotransmitter Manipulation. By manipulating neurotransmitters in the reward pathway, we can potentially modify cravings for drugs of my land abuse.
This can be accomplished in about nursing home, two ways. First, we can give drug antagonists, or drugs that block the south essay, addicting effects of the dopamine reward system. For example, dopamine blocking agents have been shown to diminish intake of all drugs of abuse in research, animal studies (2). However, application in south my land essay, humans has been less promising. In humans, the euphoria induced by amphetamine administration is attenuated by dopamine blocking agents. Thus, when the drug no longer increases dopamine levels and causes feelings of well being, the desire for the drug may diminish. Bupropion, a dopamine agonist, has been shown in nicotine addiction but has not been shown to be effective in cocaine addiction. University! Medications, which more directly influence neurotransmitters other than dopamine, have also shown promise in south essay, decreasing substance use.
For example opiate antagonists such as Naltrexone have also been use to down regulate the thesis papers, reward pathway in alcohol addiction. South Africa My Land Essay! In addition, opiate antagonists serve to decrease the positive effects of opiates (2). Fluoxetine, a serotonergic agent, has been shown to decrease alcohol consumption in essay about, nondepressed alcohol dependant adults as well (13). Both naltrexone and fluoxetine may indirectly affect dopamine in the “reward center. Thus, by manipulating neurotransmitter levels, we may reduce consumption of substances. 6.3 Pharmacological Substitution. By substituting one substance that stimulates the brain reward pathway with another less addictive/ less harmful substance, we may aid in south africa, relapse prevention. One example is the use of methadone to treat heroin addiction. Methadone does not have the euphoric effects that heroin does; however, it does adequately stimulate the brain reward system and provides a safer alternative to heroin use.
In adequate doses methadone reduces craving for heroin and thereby the risk for relapse to heroin. Methadone, an orally administered opiate, is associated with less risk of acquiring HIV, hepatitis C, and essay the stock crash of 1929 criminal activity - all of which are highly associated with heroin dependence (2). Another example of a substitution therapy approach is that of nicotine replacement therapy with the patch or nicotine gum (1). This allows the individual to struggle with behavioral aspects of drug addiction and minimize the pharmacological aspects for a time being. My Land! In addition, nicotine replacement is less addictive and less harmful to overall health than obtaining nicotine through smoking. This is because when one inhales cigarette smoke, nicotine is immediately absorbed in the brain in a spiking manner, which, as discussed above, is the most addictive pattern of drug administration (2). On the other hand, the nicotine patch provides the same net dose of nicotine, but has a time release mechanism to allow for security relatively constant blood levels. Thus, the gradual increase in nicotine that occurs with the nicotine patch will lead to more constant moderate levels of dopamine in the brain as opposed to the “spike and dip” pattern produced by most drugs of abuse.
This prevents dopamine from south, dipping to low levels, which may then prevent craving. Instead of quitting a substance “cold turkey”, and allowing dopamine levels to plummet, a chemical ladder that uses the brain reward system to slowly change dopamine levels may be used to more easily descend the cliff face of addiction, attenuating the pattern of craving and relapse. In the last decade it has become clear that addiction, in addition to having environmental determinants, is also of the brain. Scientists have found that a common reward pathway exists in the brain. Home! When stimulated by drugs of south my land essay abuse, addiction often occurs especially in those who are genetically or otherwise neurochemically vulnerable. Writing! This pathway, located in the primitive limbic system, has evolved over time to south africa, promote behaviors that increase the survivability of organisms, such as feeding and reproductive behaviors. Drugs of abuse also stimulate structures in the reward pathway, primarily acting on dopaminergic neurons in the VTA and NA. These drugs not only stimulate areas of the brain that have evolved to encourage adaptive behaviors; they stimulate these areas more effectively than the survival behaviors themselves! Substances of abuse may “commandeer” this reward system just as viruses “commandeer” intracellular machinery during infection, driving compulsive usage of those substances resulting in behavior that we commonly call addiction. How To Write An Editorial! Dopamine action can be increased in several different manners; drugs may increase post-synaptic sensitivity to dopamine, increase dopamine release, or inhibit dopamine re-uptake.
Drugs of abuse may accomplish this by south essay acting directly on dopaminergic neurons or indirectly through other neurons and neurotransmitters. Paper! Although these drugs interact through different mechanisms and essay different areas of brain reward pathways, they all converge on this common reward pathway and increase concentrations of dopamine in research paper nursing, its structures. As the mechanism of the reward pathway and its interactions with other areas in south africa my land, the brain become clearer, new pharmacotherapies and behavioral treatments may be developed to effectively treat substance use disorders and decrease its devastating human cost. 1.Lowinson, J; Ruiz, P; Millman, R; Langrod, J. Substance Abuse: A comprehensive Textbook 3 rd Edition. Essay About Market Crash Of 1929! Williams Wilkens 1997. 2. Niesink, R; Jaspers, R; Kornet, L; van Ree,J. Drugs of Abuse and Addiction: Neurobehavioral Toxicology.
CRC Press 1999. Ritz, Mary. Reward Systems and south my land Addictive Behavior. About The Stock Crash! Chapter 5, Pg124-149. Ritz, Mary. Molecular mechanisms of addictive substances. Chapter 6. Pg150-189. 3. Africa! Koob, G.; Nestler, E. The Neurobiology of Drug Addiction. The Journal of essay the stock Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 1997; 9:482-497. 4. Bardo, Michael. Neurophrmacological Mechanisms of Drug Reward: Beyond Dopamine in the Nucleus Accumbens.
Clinical Reviews in Neurobiology 1998, 12(12): 37-67. 5. Essay! Dager, S; Layton, Matt; et al. Human Brain Metabolic Response to Caffeine and the Effects of Tolerance. Paper International Security! Am J Psychiatry 156:2, Feb. Essay! 1999. 6. Childress, A; Mozley, D; et al.
Limbic Activation During Cue-Induced Cocaine Craving. An Editorial Article! Am J Psychiatry 156:1, Jan 1999: 11-18. 7. Little, K; Zhang, L; et al. Striatal Dopaminergic Abnormalities in Human Cocaine Users. South Essay! Am J Psychiatry 1999; 156:238-245. 8. Solhkhah, R; Wilens, T; Pharmacotherapy of Adolescent Alcohol and Other Drug Use Disorders. Alcohol Health and Research World.
Vol. 22, No.2, 1988: 122-125. 10. Graham, A; Schultz; T. Principles of Addiction Medicine. Indian Essay! American Society of Addiction Medicine, Inc. 1998. Koob,G Roberts, A; Neurocircuitry Targets in Reward and south Dependence. Chapter 6 73-82.
11. Sector! Joseph, R. Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Clinical Neuroscience: Emotion, Evolution, Cognition, Language, Memory, Brain Damage, and Abnormal Behavior. Section III. The Limbic System Williams Wilkens 1996. 12.Caroll Pharm Iv for south africa my land Alchohol and Cocaine Abusing Adults. American J of Addiction 2:77-79 1993. 13.
Navarjo Ca, Sellers Em, Lawvin Mo. Modulation of ethanol intake by research paper international Serotonin Reuptake inhibitors . J. Clinical Psychiatry 47: 16-22. 1986.