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cad resume Engineering Design Specialist. Thank you for your consideration, I'm looking forward to sharing my skills and experience as a part of your team. Ђў AutoCAD 2015,. Essays And Care. Ђў Inventor Professional 2016. Homeworks Agents. Ђў Mechanical Electrical Engineering Design. Ђў 3D modeling. Ђў 3D Printing. Ђў Document Control Management. On Trust. Design Drafting Skills: Ђў Mechanical Piece Part Fabrication. Ђў Sheetmetal Fabrication. Ђў Assembly Drawings. Ђў BOM (Bill of Materials) Ђў Site Planning for homeworks agents Capital Equipment Placement. Ђў Schematic Diagrams. Ђў Harness Assembly Fabrication. Civil Engineering Drafting: Ђў PID: Piping Instrumentation Diagrams for Building Sites. Ђў Vendor Instrumentation Research-Development, and Design Implementation. Ђў Piping Drawings for Building Sites and Roadways. Ђў Structural Construction drawings. Ђў HVAC: Heating, Venting, Air Conditioning Drawings for Building Sites. Ђў Electrical Conduit Schematic Diagrams / Drawings for Building Sites and Roadways.
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Planet Pharma Staffing Agency @ Biomarin, Novato CA. Temporary assignment to help reduce backlog of PIDs' drawings for the facilities department. Biomarin, Novato. Temporary Disability : Corrective back surgery; fully recovered with doctorЂ™s approval. RD Technical @ Therma Flite, Benicia CA. How To. Helping engineering department catch up on on trust drawings backlog using Solidworks and Autocad. RF BIOCIDICS, Vacaville CA (Autodesk Inventor Professional 2012 Autocad 2012) Senior Designer, Played a major role of a dynamic design team in the development of RF and Microwave systems designed for disinfection (pasteurization) and disinfestation of history questions food products. Responsibilities included conceptual design layouts for full system cabinet fabrication and complete engineering documentation release for product manufacturing. Responsible for materials evaluations and selection mostly aluminum alloys 6061 for tubing and machined parts 1100, 5052 for sheet metal panels and enclosures.
Some SST 304 316 for on trust and care continuously moving parts. Used various polymers like Delrin, ABS, and Teflon for non-conductive parts and tooling fixtures. Leads To Unemployment. Some simple FEA evaluations for on trust and care stress on modeled parts. Incorporating mass properties and running calculations on the Inventor CAD program. Write A Essay To Unemployment. Collaborated with mechanical systems engineer. APPLIED MATERIALS, Fairfield, CA (Solidworks 2008 Autocad 2008) Contract Mechanical Cad Designer. Developer of large-scale industrial glass-coating equipment. Supported core business by collaborating with colleagues in design of capital equipment. Created conceptual layouts from engineering design reviews. Facilitated engineering changes and upgrades to existing systems by providing design drafting expertise. Completed conceptual design layouts for essays and care innovative target assembly.
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Also used Autocad on occasion for facilities layouts, assembly and test instructions when needed. GENUS TECHNOLOGIES, Sunnyvale, CA (Pro-Engineer 2000i) Mechanical CAD Designer. Developer of Chemical Vapor Deposition and Atomic Vapor Deposition Systems for the Semiconductor industry.Supported core business by collaborating with colleagues in the design of creative writing pdf CVD and ALD capital equipment. Created conceptual layouts from engineering design reviews. Facilitated engineering changes and essays on trust and care, upgrades to existing systems by providing design drafting expertise. Completed conceptual design layouts for innovative Vapor Deposition mixed gas chambers and gas manifold assemblies. Made key contribution to How to estimate the value new product integration upgrades by supplying design layouts, contributing research and development of new technology, and interfacing and working with vendors and and care, suppliers. SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGIES, Sunnyvale, CA (Pro-Engineer Autocad) Designer/Drafter Ђ“ Technical Specialist. How To Estimate Of Life?. Developer of essays on trust and care Integrated Diagnostic and Tester Systems for the Semiconductor industry. Provided drafting and design support for new product development of integrated diagnostic systems using e-beam technology. Completed conceptual design layouts and standard drafting support for innovative diagnostic systems assemblies and tester equipment for back end semiconductor development.
Made key contribution to new product integration upgrades by supplying design layouts, contributing to RD of new technology, and estate agents, interfacing and on trust, working with vendors and suppliers. Supported calibration tools design for systems using laser opto-mechanics, for measurement diagnostics on a high precision air suspension test bench. Responsible for materials evaluations and selection SST 304 316 and dissertation, aluminum alloy 6061 for machined parts and frame weldments, 1100 series and 5052 aluminum for sheet metal panels, brackets, and enclosures. Various polymers for non-conductive parts and tooling fixtures. Essays On Trust And Care. LORAL FAIRCHILD, Milpitas, CA (Autocad) Design support for the product development of creative pdf infrared camera surveillance systems for commercial and military defense use. Essays On Trust And Care. Provided design and drafting support for existing infrared camera surveillance systems and industrial laser optics systems.
Made key contribution in packaging design with sheet-metal enclosures and brackets, machined parts and bracket design support, cable harness assemblies, Overall assembly production release. LOCKHEED LIFE SCIENCES @ NASA Ames Res Ctr, Moffet Field CA (Autocad) Provided drafting and design support for experimental spaceflight project equipment. Writing An Essay Conclusion. Provided design and standard drafting support for spaceflight project requirements for various customer country requirements from on trust Japan, Germany, and the United States. Made key contribution to new product development of equipment centered on scientific experimental projects. Created fixtures, rack and panel assembly modifications, power supplies, control units, cooling systems, UPS, and related cable harness assemblies. Estimate Of Life?. Created transport design support in on trust, rodent cage carriers, equipment shipping containers, and specialized ground support equipment and adapters. Responsible for generating and writing prompts worksheets pdf, periodic updates of the department design drafting manuals and procedures fully integrated with DoD-STD-100/1000 drawing requirements and ANSI Y14.5 standards. WATKINS JOHNSON VARIAN, Palo Alto, CA (Autocad Manual drawing) Joint Military Defense project between Watkins Johnson and Varian. Provided drafting and design support for Satellite Communications systems. Provided design and standard drafting support for essays Signal Gun assemblies, TWT assemblies, and related power sources Satellite systems. Manual PCB design support of multilayer power supply board assemblies.
Made key contribution to new product design by supplying drafting layouts, contributing to RD of new technology, and apply application, working with vendors and suppliers. Teledyne CME, San Jose, CA (Autocad Manual drawing) Military Defense project, provided drafting and design support for Airborne and Ship launched countermeasure equipment. Designed potting molds for high voltage RTV units. Made key contribution to new product development, and electronic packaging. Light manual PCB design support of analog and digital multilayer board assemblies. UC Berkeley extension San Francisco California - 2013. Post Baccalaureate Programs, pursuit of essays on trust and care UX-UI design. LearniT Computer Traning Center SFSU 2009 Ђ“ 2010. Vocational skills training, Multimedia - WEB Design Development Vocational job retraining program sponsored by the Workforce Investment Board (WIB) of Solano County. Funding for this program came from writing body Federal Government stimulus money under President Obama. Essays On Trust. As an unemployed Navy Veteran the Veterans Affairs department contacted me for pdf job retraining programs and I chose the WIB program among others that were available.
Activities and Societies: The Veterans Affairs department has been a great resource and blessing. University of on trust San Francisco. 2130 Fulton St, San Francisco, CA. Texas Application Essays 2013. Bachelor of Science, Organizational Behavior from the College of and care Professional Studies, received undergraduate degree in 2007. The College of Professional Studies program at write a essay on computerization leads the University of San Francisco was developed for mid-career level workers who wish to advance to a supervisory - management level in their present career. The program was designed for working adults to re-enter college and obtain their bachelor and/or masterЂ™s degree. Acquired skills in organizational assessment, diagnostic-analytics, implementation, evaluation, and design to assume leadership roles in on trust, organizational departmental development and management. Ideal for positions in estate, project and essays on trust and care, program management and as a director. Mission Community College Santa Clara California part-time.
DeAnza College Cupertino California part-time. How To Estimate The Value. Masters Institute Santa Clara California. On Trust And Care. Printed Circuit Board design training. Bay Valley Technical Institute , Santa Clara California. Vocational training in electro-mechanical drafting.
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The Limits of Modernity in Shakespeare#039;s King John - Essay. Steve Longstaffe, S. Martin's College Lancaster. Deborah Curren-Aquino, summing up fifty years of critical engagement with Shakespeare's King John, identifies a radical break with earlier views of the play in the tendency in post 1940 scholarship to describe John as ambivalent, ambiguous, suspicious, sceptical, questioning and ideologically subversive. 1 The form and tone of John, in essays on trust and care, other words, are recognisably modern. Few critics have gone as far as Sigurd Burckhardt, who in the 1960s asserted that the play documented Shakespeare's own modernity, defined as the recognition that order, or justice and truth at the heart of things, was of creative prompts worksheets pdf human, rather than divine, origin. Essays On Trust And Care! 2 Burckhardt's position, though not his confidence that he could show that when he wrote King John, or quite possibly in apply texas, writing it, Shakespeare became a 'modern', is echoed in Virginia Vaughan's claim of essays and care 1989 that the creative writing prompts worksheets, play like Shakespeare's other history plays depicts a crucial point in the inauguration of the relativism of the modern age. 3 But for essays on trust and care the most part, writers on How to estimate John have avoided such grand narratives of epistemological shifts, and found the play's modernity to be historically produced in a much more local way: as part of a Shakespearian negotiation with chronicle, source play, or the essays, history play genre. What John is sceptical about, in advanced higher history, other words, is other historical accounts of John's reign, especially regarding their relationship to what might still be termed Tudor ideology.
For many critics, Shakespeare's John is in and care, antagonistic relation to worksheets such sources as the anonymous Queen's Men's play The Troublesome Reign of essays and care King John and the 1587 Holinshed, interrogating the writing of advanced higher dissertation history of which these two texts, and the history play as a genre, were part. Such a John appears our contemporary, teasing out essays aporias and contradictions in Renaissance writings of legitimacy, faith, or patriotism. For Phyllis Rackin, it is a 'problem history' where the audience has no sure guide through the ideological ambiguities. 4 Larry Champion identifies it as an open-ended chronicle play with historical process transformed into human process, stripped bare of texas application essays 2013 Tudor providentialism and reduced to an individual self-interest that only in its best moments might be communally enlightened. 5 Guy Hamel argues that Shakespeare's assault on formulas [ . . Essays On Trust And Care! . ] reveals itself in almost every departure from The Troublesome Reign. Creative Prompts Worksheets Pdf! 6 To situate Shakespeare's play in a sceptical relation to ideology or generic formulas is, of course, profoundly unsubversive of the continuing critical imperative to speak with the Bard. The modern Shakespeare, as Stephen Greenblatt has pointed out, must subvert only that which is no longer subversive. The John worthy of modern critics' engagement is produced by a common critical strategy, which is essays on trust and care, most clearly visible in the conclusion of one of the play's editors that it would be a crippling limitation of the power of advanced history questions King John to on trust tie it too closely to the situation of the 1590s. 7 It is in its implication in the religious politics of the on computerization leads to unemployment, period of the essays, Spanish war that John is most clearly un-modern; it is part of the wartime anti-Catholic polemic, something which has been played down in order to produce a modernity which legitimates a continual critical return to the play, and to a lesser extent, to Shakespeare. It is not surprising that there has been relatively little interest in John's brand of Protestant nationalism of late, for, as David Aers has pointed out, many influential contemporary critics of early modern writing display a marked lack of interest in Christian traditions, Christian practices and Christian institutions. Creative Prompts Pdf! 8 Mid-century critics, following E. M. Essays On Trust! W. Tillyard's characterisation of the play as but Mildly Protestant in How to of life?, tone, stressed the moderation of the play's anti-Catholic sentiments, whilst identifying an assertion of Protestant nationalism.
9 Recent critics have gone further, identifying a play-world where all religious utterances are just further examples of debased political rhetoric in on trust and care, a world with no consistent values, not even Protestant nationalism. 10. But how debased is this rhetoric? Specifically, did the kind of language with which John defies the Papal legate Pandulph on his first encounter with him circulate in post-Armada London as a somehow debased version of earlier, more sincere, Tudor coinages? To stretch the application essays 2013, 1980s monetary rhetoric further, I suggest that, on the contrary, play rhetoric directed against foreign Catholics wishing to overthrow an English monarch was on the gold standard during this period of war with Spain. Essays And Care! John's words themselves are direct as he responds to Pandulph's demands in the name of the Pope:
Thou canst not, cardinal, devise a name. So slight, unworthy and texas essays, ridiculous, To charge me to an answer, as the pope. Tell him this tale; and from the on trust and care, mouth of England. Add thus more, that no Italian priest. Shall tithe or toll in our dominions; But as we, under God, are supreme head, So under Him that great supremacy, Where we do reign, we will alone uphold.
Without th' assistance of How to the value of life? a mortal hand: So tell the pope, all reverence set apart. To him and his usurp'd authority. 11. And on being accused of blasphemy by the French king, John amplifies his declaration with a piece of Foxean anti-Catholicism:
Though you and all the kings of Christendom. Are led so grossly by this meddling priest, Dreading the curse that money may buy out; And by the merit of vild gold, dross, dust, Purchase corrupted pardon of a man, Who in that sale sells pardon from himself, Though you and all the rest so grossly led. This juggling witchcraft with revenue cherish, Yet I alone, alone do me oppose. Against the pope, and count his friends my foes. This speech is immediately followed by and care John's excommunication, and by Pandulph encouraging both rebellion and assassination.
As Lily Campbell has pointed out, John is presented here as standing in the same relationship to the Catholic church as Elizabeth, even appropriating her own title of supreme governor in his use of creative writing prompts worksheets pdf Henry VIII's formulation supreme head. On Trust And Care! The clarity of John's position here is momentary, however; he does not reach these vituperative heights again. Indeed, he resigns his crown to an essay Pandulph later on. But it is important not to underrate the legitimating power of essays John's rhetoric. Such defiance, in the post-Armada period, places John firmly as a properly patriotic Englishman engaged in the same struggle as Elizabeth. The Protestant nationalism that supported Elizabeth's land and sea campaigns against the Spanish would thus have been engaged in homeworks agents, John's case. Furthermore, it could have been so powerfully engaged as decisively to affect interpretation of the on trust and care, play. In the post-Armada context, John is a true English king primarily because of the 'true' rhetoric he employs; his anti-Catholicism is central to the play's politics. King John is consensually dated to the period between 1587, when the second edition of Holinshed appeared, and 1598, when Francis Meres mentioned in homeworks, print a Shakespearian King John, though it is essays on trust and care, impossible to introduction body know whether that play was the on trust, one first printed in 1623.
13 It thus belongs within the core years of the Spanish war, and probably to the post-Armada period. After 1588, however, the apply application 2013, national mood was certainly not conducive to a relaxed and essays on trust and care, sceptical investigation of the possible hypocrisy of religious nationalism. Estate Agents! The defeat of the Armada, far from engendering a lasting sense of invulnerability to foreign Catholic invasion, fed a sometimes apocalyptic wartime paranoia. And Care! 14 Even in 1588, the official London festivities to celebrate the estate agents, victory were subsumed into the queen's thirtieth anniversary shows. Elsewhere in the country, David Cressy informs us, the Armada celebrations in 1588 were more solemn than jubilant [ . . . Essays On Trust And Care! ] the festivities were conducted in a minor key. Higher Questions! 15 London, though its strategic importance meant that it was carefully governed, had its share of hardship, and had to cope with returning soldiers threatening to essays loot Bartholomew Fair in 1589, and texas application essays 2013, with royal demands for men, ships, and money at a time when the capital was also struggling with plague and dearth. 16 Thousands were conscripted in the early 1590s, and on trust and care, City trained bands were often mustered. 17 In southern England there were general anti-invasion musters in 1590 and 1596. In the latter year, the Spanish cannon besieging Calais could be heard in Greenwich, the creative prompts worksheets, capture of which prompted Sir Henry Knyvett to write his civil defence tract The Defence of the Realm. The Spanish raided Cornwall in 1595, and sent another Armada in 1597. 18.
Although English Catholics protested their loyalty, and towards the and care, end of Elizabeth's reign did so vociferously, Cardinal Allen's assurance to Philip II that they would rise to writing body conclusion support an invasion was impossible for the authorities to ignore. 19 The early 1590s saw the final addition to Elizabeth's anti-Catholic laws. After the legislation of 1593 obstinate recusants were not permitted to travel more than five miles from on trust and care their homes without severe penalties. Creative Writing Prompts Worksheets! New anti-Jesuit provisions were also added to the 1581 Act to on trust and care retain the Queen's Majesty's subjects in their true obedience. 20 Though these measures were moderated in committee, and were not applied completely rigorously, they do indicate that the government were worried about estate agents Catholic invasion preparations. And Care! The church, naturally, was hardly irenic at this time.
Even before the war, anti-Catholic rhetoric proliferated as a discourse which structured, by way of reappropriations, most of the controversies that developed [ . A Essay On Computerization To Unemployment! . . ] between contending positions in the English church itself, especially those between Puritan radicals and the church establishment. 21 For the Protestant divine, anti-Roman polemic was at once an essays on trust expression of Protestant zeal and an implicit gesture of loyalty to a national church, the How to estimate of life?, Protestantism of whose doctrine was generally acknowledged. 22 Anti-Catholicism seems to have been one of the media through which the English church talked to itself; it functioned at least partly to legitimate what was being said. War against a Catholic enemy, and the anti-Catholicism of the English church, both would have both provided a context for interpreting John's defiance of Pandulph. In addition, anyone familiar with recent historical accounts of John's reign would have expected to see him presented as a legitimate king undermined by and care circumstances and Catholic conspiracy. John's use in this context by anti-Catholic polemicists has been well documented. 23 Foxe's account in the Acts and Monuments limits itself to religious matters, and places John within the perspective of the struggle between the body conclusion, true church and antichrist. Holinshed's account emphasises that the contemporary sources are Catholic and therefore biased, scarselle can they afoord him a good word [ . . . ] the essays and care, occasion whereof [ . . . ] was, that he was no great freend to the clergie, before criticising John for his great crueltie, and unreasonable avarice. 24 But Holinshed's John, like Foxe's, is a worthy pre-Protestant religious patriot.
Even those not well versed in the chronicles would have heard of John, and how after his submission to Pandulph most miserable tyrannie, raveny and higher history questions, spoyle of the most greedie Romish wolves ensued, through the on trust, deployment of this reign in the 1571 Homily against Disobedience. 25 Anyone aware of these versions of the historical John would have come to the play expecting to homeworks estate agents see a proleptically Protestant king subverted by the Roman church. Though Polydore Vergil and essays and care, John Stow did not write within this representative tradition, their impact on public opinion was likely during the immediate post-Armada period to have been negligible. The Value Of Life?! John does appear in the Huntington plays of the later 1590s as a wicked tyrant, but in these plays there is essays on trust and care, no attempt to address the political agenda of King John. There is no indication that a Protestant nationalist audience would have taken such plays seriously as historical accounts directly addressing the political concerns of the early-to-mid 1590s. Dissertation! Significantly, the Huntington plays were first performed in 1598, and thus may well have post-dated a realisation that the crucial phase of the struggle for western Europe was to all intents and essays, purposes over. Writing! 26. The repertory in the post-Armada years was dominated by serious matters with an immediate gut appeal to [. . On Trust And Care! . ] militarism, in the words of Andrew Gurr. 27 The growth of the English history play was due, according to homeworks David Bevington, to a need for relevant, but indirect, appeals to war fever. On Trust! 28 Anti-Spanish and anti-Catholic sentiments were common across a range of plays.
John's resistance to Pandulph in Shakespeare's drama would have functioned metonymically to link him to contemporary anti-Spanish and anti-Catholic sentiment, and to the Protestant histories and other polemical deployments of the write a essay to unemployment, historical John's reign. On Trust And Care! The ubiquity and strength of anti-Spanish and anti-Catholic sentiment, furthermore, could well have operated so as to estimate the value produce a strong cathexis for these sentiments and their utterer in the play, conditioning responses to, and interpretations of, it. In other words, the intellectual or emotional reactions to John's religious nationalism would not be qualified by elements elsewhere in the play; John's words in 3.1 would themselves qualify the responses to on trust and care the rest of the play, including some of higher history dissertation its ambiguities, suspicions, scepticisms and questions. Recent critics read John's rhetoric very differently. For many, the religious nationalism of essays and care his speeches function not to mobilise anti-Catholic and anti-Spanish sentiment, but to indicate that such a rhetoric, and such a mobilisation, is more fully present elsewhere, in the The Troublesome Reign. How To! The fact that this play has more anti-Catholic material than King John has often been taken to mean that the latter play fails to cross some (qualitative? quantitative?) threshold whereby it might be deemed to mobilise popular religious xenophobia. Thus, Phyllis Rackin sees the play compressing and marginalizing John's dispute with Rome.
29 For M. M. Reese, Shakespeare's play eliminates the essays, crude anti-Catholic bias of the anonymous play. 30 Robert Ornstein explains that Shakespeare lacked the temperament to exploit religious prejudices and hysterias [ . Worksheets! . . ] the religious issue very nearly disappears in King John, and John completely loses his stature as a 'reformation' hero. 31 John Blanpied agrees that Shakespeare neutralises the anti-Papal material, leaving John without a polemical base from essays on trust and care which to borrow his authority. 32. For many, the result of this compression, and homeworks estate, consequent neutralisation and marginalization, is a play which, in the words of Virginia Vaughan, presents politics, not polemics. Essays On Trust! 33 As long ago as 1962 Geoffrey Bullough drew this distinction, stating that Shakespeare turned away from an essay introduction body conclusion [ . . . ] sectarian propaganda to emphasise more purely political motives. 34 Such a construction of Shakespeare's John (and, of course, John's Shakespeare) as drawing a distinction between real politics and un-sophisticated (and explicitly anti-Catholic) rabble-rousing has received much critical support, though earlier writers attribute it to on trust a Shakespearian distaste for bias or rant, or a preference for complexity over simplicity, and later ones more to a textual refusal of the easy closure which a more foregrounded religious element would have allowed or perhaps necessitated. 35 The dominance of Christianity in Renaissance England is perhaps the most effective reminder of Renaissance difference; conveniently, Shakespeare manages to play down that difference and provide a transcendent scepticism for our age of suspicious reading. As can be seen from Blanpied and Ornstein, the playing down of the homeworks agents, religious element also means a John robbed of the and care, legitimating power of religious nationalism.
John's words to Pandulph are read as attenuated by John's compromised moral or legal status. Estate! Deborah Kehler states that in the light of his false claim, John's use of divinity to serve his own ends is essays and care, transparent, while for writing an essay introduction body conclusion Philip Edwards what seems an admirable quality of sturdy national courage is questioned by the moral quality of the speaker, and by his eventual fate in the play. 36 Responses to on trust and care John's words are conditioned not by their deployment of a powerfully cathected sentiment, but by character. Even those critics recognising the power of John's words conclude that they are an isolated and anomalous moment, occasional choric greatness, or an affect of efficiency, not magnanimity. Creative Prompts Pdf! 37 At best, for essays and care Larry Champion, the anti-Catholic John is just one of the equally persuasive views of the usurper, the wouldbe murderer, the terror-stricken capitulator, the sufferer, the patriot, and the kingly defender of apply application essays 2013 his nation.
38 Without a rousing crudely religious centre, the play's politics are nicely modern: for character within the play, there is no clear royal authority. For the audience watching it, there is no unblemished cause and no unquestioned authority to claim their allegiance, in on trust and care, Phyllis Rackin's formulation. David Womersley, though he sees the play as clearly conservative in its conclusions, agrees that it confronts the question of how one lives in a world without value. 39 Without wishing to write on computerization leads to unemployment play down the play's contradictions, I think that there is at least one value discernible. The play is clearly dialectical, with many causes and claims directly challenged. Essays And Care! 40 Falconbridge has long been read as a sceptical outsider, who has a complex relationship to the politics of commodity he describes, and perhaps practises. 41 More recently, readings of the play as oppositional and enquiring have been strengthened by feminist revaluations of Eleanor and Constance as subversive voices. 42 Equally clearly, John's involvement in Arthur's death may be perceived as moral weakness, just as Hubert's refusal to do the deed shows moral strength.
43 None of this, however, directly undermines John's unblemished cause of resisting Pandulph. Although he is criticised for much else within the play, the only voices raised against John's defiance are Pandulph's and those foreign kings' loyal to him, which is only to write a essay on computerization to unemployment be expected, as they are the targets of John's ire. The main reasons for the widespread critical perception of the play as modern in its politics are mentioned by Kehler and Edwards above: that John is essays, illegitimate, that he is lacking in a essay, moral quality, and that he later gives his crown, effectively, to the Pope. Of these, the moral argument is least persuasive. Essays On Trust! Machiavellianism does not preclude sincerity, especially with such an affective topic. Renaissance history plays often portray monarchs as complex, and attempt to manipulate audience responses via this complexity. Holinshed recognises John's faults, but does not allow them to an essay introduction body reflect on his status as proto-Protestant martyr.
William Camden, writing in 1605 of the essays on trust and care, Tudor bugbear Richard III, recognised that albeit hee lived wickedly, yet made good laws. An Essay Introduction! 44 The other two points require more detailed engagement. John's submission to the Papacy at the end of the play could well have cancelled his earlier robust anti-Papalism. Through an analysis of the representative strategies used for John's cession I will argue that it may not have done so. If he is not a legitimate king, then he is employing anti-Catholic rhetoric to bolster his position. He need not be shown to believe his own words. If this were so, John's use of religious rhetoric is on a par as a cynical manipulation of language with Richard Ill's political use of witchcraft accusations in Shakespeare's play and the anonymous True Tragedy of Richard III. John is and care, not illegitimate just because his opponents say he is.
The challenges of Constance or the Dauphin have no particular power on their own. Yet for many critics, whether or not they engage with John's modernity, it is axiomatic that John is an illegitimate king, that he is a usurper in possession of the application essays 2013, crown when the right lies with Arthur (and, some have added, the true kingliness with Falconbridge). 45 There are two cruces commonly adduced to support John's illegitimacy. Both can be read differently. The first is a critical exchange in the play's first scene, where John and essays on trust and care, Eleanor discuss the implications of the French challenge just made on Arthur's behalf. Eleanor reproaches John for homeworks estate not dealing with the question sooner, as This might have been prevented and essays, made whole/With very easy arguments of love,/Which now the manage of two kingdoms must/With fearful-bloody issue arbitrate (1.1.35-8). John replies Our strong possession and our right for us, to which Eleanor retorts, Your strong possession much more than your right,/Or else it must go wrong with you and writing an essay introduction body conclusion, me./So much my conscience whispers in your ear/Which none but heaven, and you and I, shall hear (1.1.39-43). On Trust! Most critics follow Reese's conclusion that this shows that John is estate, king de facto and possession is essays, his only 'right' , though Edna Zwick Boris points out that Eleanor is not denying John's right but emphasising the practical aspect of estate his advantage over Arthur. 46 Nothing in Eleanor's speech indicates that John has no right, or that he is and care, a usurper.
Eleanor's qualification of John's assertion merely draws attention to the relative usefulness of possession, and the military strength it brings, in the fighting to come. Given he is advanced history dissertation, up against French and other armies, it is obvious that his right alone is insufficient. The use of on trust conscience similarly does not have to imply a guilty recognition of the facts. Even within Shakespearian usage, the word at this time could simply mean inner knowledge. 47 Eleanor does not wish others to hear because a public acknowledgement of the relative uselessness of writing prompts worksheets John's right is essays and care, inappropriate to the dignity of his court, especially just after he has been challenged by Chatillon. Her subsequent words and actions are consistent with her holding the writing introduction conclusion, opinion that John's legitimate rule must be buttressed with her diplomatic sense. She refers to the will of Richard I, which in Holinshed plainly entitles John to the throne, in essays on trust, her confrontation with Arthur's mother: I can produce/A will that bars the title of thy son (2.1.470-1). Just as the fact that The Troublesome Reign is more anti-Catholic than John seems to license the claim that John is not anti-Catholic, so Eleanor's words that John's possession is more important than his right have led to the claim that he therefore has no right. The other key moment for John's illegitimacy, and for the play's exploration of the consequent instability of political legitimacy, is Falconbridge's reaction to Arthur's corpse at the end of the fourth act. Modern editors have been so sure that he accepts Arthur's claim that they have punctuated a potentially ambiguous speech so that only one interpretation is possible. In order to suggest an alternative reading which supports John's legitimacy, I will quote from the First Folio:
Bast. Go, beare him in thine armes: I am amaz'd me thinkes, and loose my way. Among the thornes, and dangers of this world. How easie dost thou take all England vp, From forth this morcell of dead Royaltie? The life, the right, and truth of all this Realme. Is fled to creative prompts worksheets pdf heauen: and England now is left. To tug and scamble, and to part by th teeth. The vn-owed interest of proud swelling State: Now for the bare-pickt bone of and care Maiesty.
Doth dogged warre bristle his angry crest, And snarleth in introduction body, the gentle eyes of peace: Now Powers from home, and discontents at home. Meet in one line: and vast confusion waites. As doth a Rauen on essays and care a sicke-falne beast, The iminent decay of wrested pompe. Now happy he, whose cloake and center can. Hold out this tempest. Beare away that childe, And follow me with speed: Ile to the King: A thousand businesses are briefe in hand,
And heaven it selfe doth frowne vpon the Land. 48. Editors of the advanced higher dissertation, recent Penguin, Oxford and Cambridge editions concur in seeing the fourth line as addressed to Hubert, who has now picked up Arthur as Falconbridge commanded, and in punctuating the passage so that From forth . . . begins a new sentence. Essays On Trust! 49 The clear interpretation is that, ironically, Hubert can lift all England as he lifts Arthur's corpse. Arthur is referred to as England at 2.1.91 and 202 by Philip of France. All the application essays 2013, life, truth and right of England, which resided in Arthur, has fled (like Astraea) to and care heaven, and all that remains for the country left behind is How to estimate of life?, a dogfight over the remaining in on trust and care, bones of power. Arthur is both England, and homeworks estate agents, dead royalty, and with his death dies political legitimacy.
No one speaks of Arthur's right more eloquently than the Bastard son of Coeur de Lion, according to Marie Axton. 50 For others, John's illegitimacy authorises views of the essays and care, play's modernity, and Falconbridge's speech marks the point where he chooses to essays support a king whom he has just recognised as a usurper, making his own political meaning in a world where there is no guarantor of legitimate rule. His decision to follow John must be an existential one, choosing a way despite his own awareness that whatever 'rightness' he invests it with is not inherent in on trust, it. 51. It is possible, however, to read the speech differently. If the advanced higher, thou of the fourth line is not Hubert, but the heaven to which Arthur's soul has presumably fled, Arthur need not be acknowledged as rightful monarch at all.
Arthur's soul is imagined both as actively fleeing and passively being taken up. Arthur's body, in essays on trust and care, a familiar metaphor, is a realme from which the ruler (England, as Arthur is higher history dissertation questions, English) has gone. Alternatively, the England that has left the body just suggests life, in conjunction with Englishness. Either way, Arthur's right is to the realm of his own body. Falconbridge then shifts to and care the larger realm, also lacking a ruler, but for estate the different reason that powers from home, and discontents at essays and care home are in conflict. The crucial point is writing introduction body conclusion, whether this realm refers both to Arthur's body and to England. A simple gesture could make clear that the essays, reference is to Arthur's body alone. Falconbridge is critical of John, but this need not impugn his legitimacy, as the terms he uses recall those used by the nobles disapproving of John's recrowning in 4.2. Each reference to John can be read as critical of the sumptuousness of the ceremony, and of the new clothing associated with it, much remarked on by the nobles at the time.
His first reference ironically situates John's majesty as bare-pickt rather than clothed with flesh. Proud swelling state refers back critically to the wasteful excess of the recrowning, as does wrested pomp (that is, pomp employed in the improper context of John's ceremony, rather than wrested from writing pdf Arthur). The final reference ironically characterises John's clothing as simple (cloak and center) and on trust, unlikely to last the tempest of disorder in the realm. Thus, although the whole speech is clearly critical of John, and registers Arthur's loss, Falconbridge is not necessarily affirming Arthur's right to texas the crown. Falconbridge's words are difficult to understand, but an audience accepting John's legitimacy need not have understood him to challenge this right, and it is possible to imagine a performance which makes clear that John is essays on trust, legitimate King. His legitimacy is further buttressed by texas 2013 the qualifications of Arthur's right implicit in on trust and care, the words and actions of those supporting it. A claim supported by estimate the value of life? a man who carries on his back the spoils of a dead Richard I is not likely to have impressed an Elizabethan audience, even if they responded positively to the bemused and passive boy who at one point states I would that I were laid low in my grave./I am not worth this coil that's made for me (2.1.164-5).
John's legitimacy, however, raises the question of on trust his cession of the crown to Pandulph, which happens just after the Falconbridge speech quoted above. If John is not legitimate king, then his act is robbed of political or constitutional authority, and is unlikely to bind his successors. In the 1960s John Sibly pointed out that papal claims for supremacy in England utilised historical as well as spiritual arguments, and suggests that John's illegitimacy was introduced precisely to prompts worksheets counter these arguments. He begins from the premise that technically, John was not a usurper until Arthur's death, as he could still have resigned the crown when Arthur reached his majority, and sees Falconbridge's words before the recrowning as recognising that John is now a usurper: it is immediately after the essays on trust, 'flight to heaven' of any 'right' John may have had in the realm, that he 'surrenders' his crown. To an Elizabethan audience, this must very forcibly have demonstrated that John had just given up what he no right to give at all; and Pandulph had 'restored' what he had no right to receive in estate agents, the first place. 52. The cession of the crown is and care, merely an index of the current balance of power, and for a Protestant audience devalues a morally bankrupt and/or illegitimate John still further. 53 If a legitimate John is posited, the status of this humiliating submission, to the value of life? the very man John had so strongly defied earlier, needs to be addressed. The mere representation of John's submission need not have functioned simply to condemn him, despite the on trust and care, commonsense appeal of this position.
The Homily Against Rebellion draws different conclusions. Advanced Dissertation Questions! Here John's submission to Pandulph is the clearest example, in its awfulness, of the chaos into which rebellion throws the country. The details of John's contract with the on trust, Papacy are spelt out to texas application indicate the essays and care, extremity of the situation when Englishmen [ . . Write A Essay Leads! . ] brought their soveraigne lorde and naturall countrey into this thraldome and subjection to a false forraigne usurper. 54 John's legitimacy emphasises the indignity of his submission. And Care! Holinshed reproduces John's charter of estate submission and his words of fealtie, but does not criticise him, as he does on other matters. Foxe is slightly more difficult to interpret. A paragraph of the 1563 edition, omitted from the 1583 second edition, explains John's reasons for submitting as fear of the French king, and the perception that nothing else could be found to avoid the present destruction both of his person and the realm also. Essays On Trust! As a sorry subject of the an essay, sinful seat of Rome he was sure, not without shame, that being under his protection, no foreign potentate throughout the whole empire was able to subdue him. 55 The negativity of shame here may be Foxe's judgement on John, or John's own opinion of himself. But the and care, 1583 edition reproduces John's Letter Obligatory to write a essay leads to unemployment the Pope, and is unequivocal in its identification of John as a hapless victim of that execrable monster and antichrist of Rome. Thus, though an audience may well have simply cathected John's earlier anti-Papalism, the reverse is not necessarily true when considering responses to his submission.
The signification of John's cession of the crown depended on its context, so that within a Foxean narrative it might simply indicate the effectiveness of the Papacy in persecuting and humbling its opponents. Essays! It is also important to recognise that John's cession of the crown in How to of life?, Shakespeare's play employs different dramatic strategies to his earlier confrontation, and that these strategies may well have directed an essays on trust audience towards a response the final result of texas essays 2013 which would be to essays and care confirm John as legitimate. The representation of English kings losing crowns on the London stage of the 1590s shows signs of having been subject to careful and subtle theatrical negotiations. Though recent critics have retreated from the once-commonplace conclusion that because the 1608 quarto of Shakespeare's Richard II was the first to feature his deposition it must have been censored, there is still the possibility that the first quarto of 1597, or the play as performed, was cut, or that Richard's abdication/deposition was somehow 'unwritable' at this period. Write To Unemployment! 56 This 'unrepresented' 1590s deposition can be compared to essays on trust and care those represented in Shakespeare's Richard III and 3 Henry VI. The 1595 quarto of the creative writing prompts, latter presents Henry's resignation of essays and care his throne to the joint protectors Warwick and Clarence in a scene half the length of its 1623 First Folio equivalent, in advanced higher history questions, which Henry accepts the arrangement so that the people of essays and care this blessed land/May not be punished with my thwarting stars (4.6.21-2). Agents! The 1590s quarto underrepresents, rather than omits, Henry's deposition In Richard III deposition is directly represented only in a stage direction in essays and care, which Richard fights Richmond and is slain.
Although the visitations Richard receives in his sleep before the battle can be argued to be a displaced representation of prompts worksheets pdf a deposing tribunal, to whose conclusions Richard involuntarily assents, the death of the king in this instance is underrepresented in that it is essays and care, a fait accompli. 'Underrepresentation' was not the essays 2013, only strategy used in the history plays of the 1590s. The 1591 quarto of The Troublesome Reign of on trust King John, which covers much of the same ground as Shakespeare's play, follows Foxe and the Homily in representing John's recrowning at Pandulph's hands. Writing An Essay Introduction Body! As with the two earlier texts, its principal strategy is to attempt to essays limit interpretation by presenting the body conclusion, deposition/abdication as primarily signifying John's helplessness in on trust and care, the face of higher history Popish prelates' persecutions, the final wrong turning in a Troublesome Reign. Essays On Trust And Care! The preface identifies John as a kind of English Tamburlaine, a warlike Christian and your Countreyman; For Christs true faith indur'd he many a storme,/And set himselfe against the Man of Rome. Apply Texas Application Essays! 57 This John, as in Shakespeare's play, defies Pandulph on their first meeting, and orders Falconbridge to ransack the essays on trust and care, abbeys, though The Troublesome Reign shows the action where Shakespeare only alludes to it.
John recrowns himself in front of his nobles, explaining that he does this not because he has been deposed, but because he is higher history dissertation questions, checking the assured witnes of your loves in essays, a ceremony to bind the nobles to him, (Troublesome Reign, 1555). The play deals with such potentially difficult moments by providing a clear cause for events, and this applies also to John's recrowning by Pandulph. He prepares to meet the advanced questions, legate by assessing his situation under the Papal interdict, recognising that his sins are too great for him successfully to banish Popery (though he looks forward to it happening), and resolving to essays finely dissemble with the writing body conclusion, Pope (2 Troublesome Reign, 275) as the realm's chaos is caused by Papal interference. He ends by resolving equivocation: Dissemble thou, and whatsoere thou saist,/Yet with thy heart wish their confusion (283-4). On meeting Pandulph, John offers submission, penance, and crusade, and is rejected. His first impulse is to kill Pandulph, but he again submits, to essays on trust and care be informed that surrendering his crown is the only acceptable course. John resolves to creative prompts worksheets pdf fight rather than do so. At that moment a messenger enters, telling that a large French fleet has put the country into essays and care, mutiny. Homeworks! On hearing this, John's resistance collapses. On Trust! He later receives his crown back as tenaunt to the Pope (637), berates himself (Shame be my share for yeelding to write a essay leads to unemployment the Priest), and in essays and care, his last speech traces this act as increasing his troubles: Since John did yeeld unto the Priest of creative writing pdf Rome/Nor he nor his have prospred on the earth (707, 1075-6).
The dramatic strategy of The Troublesome Reign is to try to contain the implications of John's submission to the Pope by inserting it into essays, a master narrative, the course of the ancient struggle between Roman and native Christianity (Protestantism). It provides a full account of an essay introduction how and essays on trust, why John yielded, and what John perceived the consequences to have been. By this strategy, the play attempts to contain the implications of John's act for posterity. Because the causes of the deposition easily fit into creative prompts worksheets, the Foxean picture of the embattled proto-Protestant subverted by Papal wiles, to represent the deposition itself is not necessarily to provide a subversive undoing of on trust and care John's status as proto-Protestant hero. This strategy might be called directive representation: the deposition is shown, but attempts are made to limit an audience's perception of its meaning. A third strategy is at work in Marlowe's Edward II, which was published twice during the 1590s also with a deposition/abdication scene. This third strategy might be characterised as overrepresentation, here defined as the representation of an action or event so that a conclusive meaning is difficult to draw from it. It is not clear, for example, from writing prompts Edward's abdication/deposition scene why he has given up the crown, whether he has a choice, or whether he is in a fit state to understand what he is doing. This ambiguity is foregrounded when Edward begins by comparing himself to a shadow now regiment is gone.
58 He then asks if he must resign his crown as Mortimer will take it, is told that it will rather pass to his son, denies this, is asked again whether he will resign, gives his crown to Leicester, takes it back just until night, is asked again for and care it, refuses, gives it back to protect his son's right on a reminder from homeworks agents Leicester, calls upon on trust another to take it from him, hands it over, and sends a handkerchief wet with his tears to queen Isabel. The switches of intent, and the complexity of Edward's emotional state make a mockery of Winchester's bland comment in the next scene that The king hath willingly resigned his crown (5.2.28). Moreover, Edward remains alive to worry at creative writing prompts pdf the contradiction of essays his status as king without a crown or regiment. Creative Prompts Pdf! Edward's abdication/deposition is shown, but what it signifies, other than that Edward no longer has the military or emotional resources to resist, is unclear. The deposition scene in the later quartos of Richard II works in a similar fashion. King John clearly underrepresents John's sensitive submission to the church. Where The Troublesome Reign attempts to direct attention from the constitutional consequences by on trust focusing on John's reasons for, and reactions to, his swearing fealty, King John takes only 65 lines (during which John also hears of the effects of Arthur's death upon the rebels) to cover the period between the first mention of the idea and Falconbridge's rejection of it as an How to estimate the value of life? inglorious league. John is not shown reflecting upon his tactics before he meets Pandulph, or on the submission's consequences. Although the play underrepresents this episode in comparison to The Troublesome Reign, what happens is still clear.
John states he has yielded his crown, and Pandulph gives it back, as holding of the pope/Your sovereign greatness and authority (5.1.3-4). Underrepresentation is not, however, non-representation, though Barbara Hodgdon has recently pointed out that the play seeks to suppress precisely those events that might divide or fracture audience response. 59 But the play can be read as recognising the problems even in underrepresenting John's submission, and that it attempts to contain the negative implications of and care this via overrepresentation. Writing Body! It does not follow the Foxean strategy of presenting the recrowning with minimal comment and leaving the reader to point the moral; rather, it makes it difficult to understand, and thus subject to recuperative qualification by essays John's easily intelligible speeches in 3.1. Overrepresenting sensitive events and topics was common in Tudor histories. A. R. Braunmuller has identified dramatist and chronicler as sharing the problem of avoiding both censorship and charges of partisanship, and as having two choices: leave out causal explanations as Fabyan did, or include too many causes (Hall's 'double grace') and avoid choosing among them. Shakespeare and Holinshed wrote confusing texts because each believed that confusion was not sedition. 60 Braunmuller's useful formulation of the available strategies is confirmed in Holinshed's preface to the reader: I have in things doubtfull rather chosen to shew the writing prompts pdf, diversitie of their writings, than by over-ruling them, and using a peremptory censure, to frame them to on trust agree to my liking: leaving it nevertheless to each mans judgement, to controll them as he seeth cause. 61. It is perhaps misleading to characterise historical writing as primarily concerned with avoiding sedition, rather than as attempting to make orthodox sense out of unpromising material. Shakespeare may have attempted a different, though still orthodox, treatment of apply application essays John's reign as compared to that in his sources, rather than avoided or covered up heterodoxy.
In the present context, Holinshed's crucial point centres on the notion of controlling the interpretation of things doubtful. Where two straightforwardly represented events contradict one another such controll would be likely to essays on trust depend heavily on extra-textual factors such as previous expectations. Thus, in the case of John, an estate agents audience might compare his submission with his defiance, and conclude that no conclusion was possible. But if the essays on trust and care, defiance was straightforward, and apply texas application 2013, the submission confusing, an audience is less likely to have seen the defiance as cancelled or invalidated by the submission. The defiance would be central to a response to the play, and the submission marginal. Though John underrepresents John's submission in comparison with other texts, the issues upon which an interpretation depend are overrepresented: the essays and care, validity of a recrowning, whether John can give away his crown, and an essay, what significance such an action has.
A parallel to this dramatic strategy can be seen in another text dealing peripherally with John. Thomas Wilson, writing in 1600 of the state of essays England, states that it is an absolute Imperiall Monarchy held neither of estimate the value Pope, Emperor, nor any but of God alone, and so hath bene ever since the year of the on trust, World 2855, which was 1108 years before Christ. 62 Wilson then engages with the supposed donation of Britain to the Papacy by the emperor Constantine, which he rebuts by pointing out that subsequent conquests extinguished Rome's right. The only other threat to advanced higher history this independent England is essays and care, John's submission: after this, K John did resign the Crowne to Pandolphus, the Pope's legate, and did receive it againe from advanced higher history him, to hold it of the Pope, paying yearly a certain Tribute; but then is easily answered (though it be the Pops strongest clayme) that King John was but an usurper, and being distressed besides with the Barons' Warres, he was forced to do yt to have the Pope's help, but his act was never confirmed by the States of the Country and therefore frivolous. 63.
This passage, written for private circulation and not printed until 1936, stresses the constitutional importance of an engagement with John's submission, though this is not a question Holinshed, Foxe or the and care, Homily addressed. Wilson overrepresents the arguments against Papal sovereignty; John is not merely a usurper, but a distressed, enforced and frivolous usurper. The tactic here is not to homeworks provide one conclusive refutation, but to produce the impression that the essays, cumulative force of apply all explanations is strong enough to show John's submission as irrelevant to the current situation. A similar process is at work in John, whereby a variety of qualifications are introduced to make a simple interpretation of the recrowning difficult to arrive at. In the essays on trust, play John does not explicitly challenge Pandulph's commentary on How to the submission's significance, but after Pandulph has left he introduces an essays and care odd qualification. Remembering the questions, prophecy that he would this day give off his crown, he comments I did suppose it should be made on and care constraint;/Heaven be thanked, it is but voluntary (5.1.28-9). Given that one of the texas application, foci of The Homily's treatment of John's recrowning is on the indignity of the English king being forced to essays on trust submit, this statement can be seen as an attempt by John to reiterate his independence of Pandulph, so that the recrowning is a tactic, a piece of equivocation meaning nothing to John.
At the least, the distinction between voluntary and involuntary uncrowning implies that this kind of recrowning is not as bad as its alternative. This muddle can be read as either denoting John's personal muddle (he has lost the crown but tries to persuade himself he hasn't) or as a piece of writing an essay introduction body conclusion obliquity for which there is no clear interpretation (though the implication is that the recrowning is not what Pandulph thinks it is). Falconbridge's prompt criticism of John's inglorious league (5.1.65) further confuses matters, suggesting John has made a military bargain. In the following scene, Pandulph is essays and care, shown to be unable to advanced higher history dissertation honour his contract with John. Lewis, whom Pandulph has encouraged to invade, is one of the threats John fears.
His first words after the truncated recrowning ceremony are to enjoin Pandulph to go to meet the French/And from his holiness use all your power/To stop their marches 'fore we are inflamed (5.1.5-7). Not only is Pandulph unable to provide what John needs; he is also met with a forceful declaration of royal independence of the Papacy: I am too highborn to be propertied,/To be a secondary at control,/Or useful serving-man and essays on trust, instrument/To any sovereign state throughout the world/[ . . Advanced History Questions! . ] must I back/Because that John hath made his peace with Rome?/Am I Rome's slave? (5.2.79-82, 95-7). Thus, although Pandulph clearly presents the recrowning as signifying John's subservience to on trust and care the Pope, it is followed by an obscure distinction drawn by John, Falconbridge's perception that a purely political league has been made, and Lewis' declaration that he (and by implication, John) is royal and thus nobody's slave. Later, in braving Lewis, Falconbridge stresses that John's submission was voluntary, referring to Pandulph as this halting legate here/Whom he hath us'd rather for homeworks sport than need (5.2.174-5). King John can thus be seen to on trust and care use the same tactics as Wilson's State, presenting several arguments against the value, the seriousness of John's recrowning, which have a cumulative as well as an individual effect. It might even be said that much of the last third of the on trust and care, play is constructed to contradict Pandulph's claims of the significance of the recrowning, for only two scenes before John receives the How to, crown back from Pandulph, he recrowns himself, and is criticised for so doing. In Act 4 John enters once again crowned (4.2.1). Though his nobles defer to John's right to do as he likes, the ceremony is presented, in essays on trust and care, the words of Pembroke as superfluous: you were crowned before/And that high royalty was ne'er plucked off,/The faiths of men ne'er stained with revolt/Fresh expectation troubled not the land/With any longed-for change or better state (4.2.4-8). Salisbury is more blunt, stating Therefore, to writing pdf be possessed with double pomp,/To guard a title that was rich before,/To gild refined gold, to paint the lily/[ . . . ] or with taper-light/To seek the beauteous eye of and care heaven to write leads to unemployment garnish,/Is wasteful and on trust and care, ridiculous excess (4.2.9-11, 14-16).
The nobles' criticisms emphasise John's sumptuous excess, as well as his political overcompensating: In this the antique and well-noted face/Of plain old form is homeworks estate, disfigured, so new a fashion'd robe startles and frights consideration (4.2.21-22, 27, 25). The physical excess of John's coronation will later be criticised in the Bastard's soliloquy over on trust Arthur's corpse. But just as prominent are the political arguments. John's new coronation cannot strengthen his title, as that was already refined gold. He is trying to increase the light of the sun (himself) with a candle. Pembroke implies that the ceremony of apply texas application recrowning might have some point in the context of a domestic rebellion as a reassertion of the proper relationship between king and nobles, but this does not validate the later recrowning, as no nobles are present. The overall impression is that as John is legitimate, he cannot make himself more or less legitimate with ceremonies; that a recrowning can be a political miscalculation; and that such a ceremony does not materially alter John's supremacy. The five lines exchanged between Pandulph and John two scenes later must be read in this context. The play's overrepresentation of the issues surrounding John's recrowning works in tandem with the essays and care, actual recrowning's underrepresentation.
The play gives little space to this traumatic event, but contextualises it so as to suggest that, whatever it is, is not a cession of sovereignty to the Pope by the Moses of the Reformation. A post-Armada audience interpreting King John would undoubtedly have had to controll and reconcile the anti-Papal John with the How to estimate the value, submissive John, and to negotiate the play's contestations of his authority. However, the text does allow a construction of John as legitimate monarch, and thus sincere in his anti-Catholicism. This presentation of John would also have accorded with those in Holinshed, Foxe, the Homily and The Troublesome Reign, and would not have offended contemporary anti-Spanish or anti-Catholic nationalism. On Trust And Care! The model offered by critics identifying the play as modern, in contrast, situates the play as against texas application 2013, the grain of most influential historical accounts, the predominant war fever of the theatrical repertory, and the likely mood of wartime London. At such a time, a play's religious politics are likely to be powerfully inflected towards orthodoxy in at least the most uncontroversial of areas: John's legitimacy as an opponent of the Papacy. To recognise this historical reading as possible, perhaps even likely, goes against the grain of post-Tillyard approaches to the history plays, which David Womersley characterises by critics' unwillingness to believe that Shakespeare might have written in support of essays on trust and care doctrines they find repugnant or risible and a consequent locating of a remarkable dramatic complexity 64 in the plays. A Essay Leads To Unemployment! The reinvention of the essays, history plays described from to unemployment a different perspective by and care Womersley and estate, Curren-Aquino has helped to continue Shakespeare's dominance of the Renaissance canon as continually relevant politically, something which happens surprisingly frequently by the traditional critical/polemical tactic of presenting Shakespeare, or his texts, as rising above the simplicity and essays on trust, polemic of contemporary sources. Application! I have attempted to show how it is possible to read King John as irrelevant to essays on trust and care modern political concerns, and worksheets, that in at on trust least one important respect Shakespeare is not our ambivalent, ambiguous, sceptical, questioning and ideologically subversive contemporary. 1 Deborah Curren-Aquino, King John: An Annotated Bibliography (New York: Garland, 1994), p. xxvi. 2 Sigurd Burckhardt, King John: The Ordering of estate this Present Time, ELH, XXXIII (1966), p. 133.
3 Burckhardt, 134; Virginia Vaughan, King John: A Study in Subversion and essays and care, Containment, in writing worksheets pdf, King John; New Perspectives, ed. Deborah Curren-Aquino (London and Toronto: Associated UP, 1989), p. 62. 4 Phyllis Rackin, Stages of History: Shakespeare's English Chronicles (London: Routledge, 1990), p. 66. 5 Larry Champion, The Noise of on trust and care Threatening Drum: Dramatic Strategy and Political Ideology in Shakespeare and the English Chronicle Plays (London and apply application 2013, Toronto: Associated UP, 1990), p. 98. 6 Guy Hamel, King John and The Troublesome Reign: A Reexamination, in Curren-Aquino (1989) p. 54. 7 Stephen Greenblatt, Invisible Bullets, in Political Shakespeare: New Essays in Cultural Materialism, ed.
Jonathan Dollimore and Alan Sinfield (Manchester: Manchester UP, 1985), p. 29; King John, ed. Robert Smallwood (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1974), p. 12. 8 David Aers, A Whisper in the Ear of Early Modernists, Culture and essays on trust and care, History 1350-1600: Essays on English Communities, Identities and Writing, ed. David Aers (Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1992), pp. 195-6. 9 E.M.W.
Tillyard, Shakespeare's History Plays (London, 1944; repr. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1986), p. 220; see also M.M. Reese, The Cease of an essay introduction body conclusion Majesty (London: Arnold, 1961), p. 270; Irving Ribner, The English History Play in the Age of Shakespeare (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1957: rev. Essays! edn, London: Methuen, 1965), pp. 121-2; David Bevington, Tudor Drama and Politics (Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1968), p. 200. 10 This argument is developed thoroughly in Deborah Kehler, 'So Jest With Heaven': Deity in King John, in Curren-Aquino (1989) p. 101. 11 King John ed E.A.J. A Essay On Computerization Leads To Unemployment! Honigmann (London: Methuen, 1954), 3.1.75-86. Unless otherwise specified all references to Shakespeare's plays are from the Arden editions. 12 Lily Campbell, Shakespeare's Histories (San Marino, CA: Huntington Library Publications, 1947;3rd edn, London: Methuen, 1964), p. 154. 13 C.W. Heiatt, Dating King John, NQ, xxxv (1988), p. 463 dates the play to 1593/4; Roslyn Knutson, The Repertory of essays and care Shakespeare's Company 1594-1613 (Fayetteville: Arkansas UP, 1991), p. 75 suggests 1596-97; L.A.
Beaurline's edition of King John (Cambridge UP, 1990), p. Writing Conclusion! 210 plumps for 1590; A.R. And Care! Braunmuller's edition (Oxford UP, 1989), p. 15 chooses 1595-96; Smallwood, p. 10 also supports 1593/4, and Honigmann, p. lviii 1590/1. 14 Carol Wiener, The Beleagured Isle: A Study of Elizabethan and Early Jacobean Anti-Catholicism, Past Present, LV (1971), pp. 52-3; R.B. Wernham, After the Armada (Oxford: OUP, 1984), pp. 453-60. 15 David Cressy, Bonfires and Bells: National Memory and the Protestant Calendar in Elizabethan and Stuart England (London: Weidenfeld Nicolson, 1989), p. 119. 16 Peter Clark, A Crisis Contained? The Condition of English Towns in the 1590s, in The European Crisis of the 1590s ed. Peter Clark (London: Allen Unwin, 1985), p. An Essay Introduction Body Conclusion! 55.
18 R.B. On Trust! Outhwaite, Dearth, the a essay on computerization leads, English Crown and the 'Crisis of the essays on trust and care, 1590s', in Clark (1985), p. 25; Henry Knyvett, The Defence of the writing body, Realm (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1906). 19 A. Pritchard, Catholic Loyalism in Elizabethan England (London: Scolar Press, 1979), pp. 6-8, 12. 20 T.E. Hartley, Elizabeth's Parliaments: Queen, Lords and Commons 1559-1601 (Manchester: Manchester UP, 1992), pp.
98-101. 21 Donna Hamilton, Shakespeare and the Poetics of essays and care Protestant England (Lexington: Kentucky UP, 1992), p. 4. 22 Peter Lake, Moderate Puritans and the Elizabethan Church (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1982), p. Homeworks! 6. 23 See Carole Levin, Propaganda in the English Reformation: Heroic and Villainous Images of King John (Lewiston/Queenston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1988). 24 Raphael Holinshed, Chronicles of England, Scotland and Ireland, Vol. Essays On Trust And Care! II (London, 1807; repr. Creative Pdf! New York: AMS Press, 1965), pp. Essays And Care! 339, 319. 25 Certain Sermons or Homilies (1547) and A Homily Against Disobedience And Wilful Rebellion (1570): A Critical Edition, ed. Ronald Bond (Toronto and London: Toronto UP, 1987), p. 243.
26 Wernham, p. 555. 27 Andrew Gurr, Play going in Shakespeare's London (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1987), p. 135. 28 Bevington, p. 195. 29 Rackin, p. 187. 31 Robert Ornstein, A Kingdom for higher history dissertation questions a Stage (Cambridge, MA: Harvard UP, 1972), p. 88.
32 John Blanpied, Time and and care, the Artist in Shakespeare's English Histories (London and creative prompts worksheets pdf, Toronto: Associated UP, 1983), pp. 100-101. See also William Hawley, Critical Hermeneutics and Shakespeare's History Plays (New York and Bern: Lang, 1992), p. 70. 33 Vaughan, 1989, p. 70; see also James Bryant's odd conclusion that John's antipapal remarks can be seen [ . . . ] not as being derogatory to the Roman Catholic Church but as an expression of the on trust and care, Reformation position, Tudor Drama and Religious Controversy (Macon, GA: Mercer UP, 1984), p. 133. 34 Narrative and Dramatic Sources of Shakespeare, ed. Geoffrey Bullough (London: Routledge Kegan Paul, 1962), Vol. IV, p. 22. 35 For the former stance, in addition to Bullough, Reece and Ornstein cited above, see Marie Axton, The Queen's Two Bodies: Drama and the Elizabethan Succession (London: Royal Historical Society, 1977), p. 108; Philip Edwards, Threshold of a Nation (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1979), p. 115, and Bevington, p. Writing Prompts Pdf! 198.
For the latter position, see Hawley, p. 70; Champion, p. 96; Hamel, p. 55. 36 Kehler, p. 103; see also Edward Berry, Patterns of Decay: Shakespeare's English Histories (Charlottesville: Virginia UP, 1975), p. Essays On Trust And Care! 115. 37 Reese, p. 275; Emrys Jones, The Origins of Shakespeare (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1977), p. 239. 38 Champion, p. Creative Prompts Worksheets Pdf! 96. 39 Rackin, p. 184; David Womersley, The Politics of Shakespeare's King John, RES, XI (1989), p. 502.
See also Robert Jones, Those Valiant Dead: Renewing the Past in Shakespeare's Histories (Iowa City: Iowa UP, 1991), p. 60 and Beaurline, p. 51. 40 Douglas Wixson, 'Calm words folded up in smoke': Propaganda and Spectator Response in Shakespeare's King John, Shakespeare Studies, 14 (1981), pp. 111-27 and Michael Manheim, The Weak King Dilemma in the Shakespearian History Play (Syracuse, NY: Syracuse UP, 1973), pp. 116-60. 41 Since at least James Calderwood's Commodity and Honour in on trust and care, King John, UTQ, XXIX (1960), pp.
341-56. 42 Juliet Dusinberre, King John and a essay to unemployment, embarrassing women, Shakespeare Survey, 43 (1989), pp. 37-52; Carole Levin, 'I trust I may not trust thee': Women's Visions of the World in Shakespeare's King John, in Ambiguous Realities: Women in the Middle Ages and and care, the Renaissance, ed. Carole Levin and J. Watson (Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1987), pp. 219-34; Rackin, pp. 146-200. 43 A topic of interest since at How to estimate the value least Adrien Bonjour's The Road to Swinstead Abbey: A Study of the Sense and Structure of on trust King John, ELH, XVIII (1951), pp.
253-74. 44 William Camden, Remains Concerning Britain, ed. Advanced Higher History Dissertation Questions! R. Essays On Trust! Dunn (Toronto and London: Toronto UP, 1984), p. 246. 45 See John Elliott, Shakespeare and the Double Image of King John, Shakespeare Studies, I (1965), p. 72; R Burkhart, Obedience and creative pdf, Rebellion in Shakespeare's Early History Plays, English Studies, LV (1971); Kristian Smidt, Unconformities in essays, Shakespeare's History Plays (London: Macmillan, 1982), p. Application 2013! 73; John Loftis, Renaissance Drama in England and Spain (Princeton: Princeton UP, 1987), p. 74; Bonjour, p. Essays And Care! 257; Reese, p. 263; Manheim, p. 131; Edwards, p. Writing Introduction Conclusion! 115, Levin, 1987, p. 221; Hamilton, p. 43; Berry, p. 115; Bevington, p. 243; Honigmann, p. And Care! xxvii; Beaurline, p. 47; Hawley, p. 64; Hodgdon, p. An Essay Introduction Body! 27; Robert Jones, p. 48; Rackin, p. On Trust And Care! 162; Kehler, p. 103; Dusinberre, p. Advanced Questions! 44. 46 Reese, p. 272; Edna Zwick Boris, Shakespeare's English Kings, the People and the Law (London: Associated Press, 1978), p. 133.
48 Mr William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories and Tragedies, facsimile prepared by H. Essays On Trust And Care! Kokeritz (New Haven and pdf, London: Yale UP, 1954), pp. 17-18. 49 Honigmann's Arden edition is closest to the First Folio, substituting an exclamation mark for its question mark; his notes indicate that the 'England' of the fourth line refers to both Arthur and the country. 51 Robert Jones, p. Essays On Trust! 60; see also Womersley, p. Creative Writing Prompts Worksheets! 502 and Smallwood, p. 38. 52 John Sibly, The Anomalous case of King John, ELH, XXXIII (1966), p. 421. 53 Emrys Jones, p. 256; Robert Jones, p. 57; Calderwood, p. And Care! 97; Bonjour, p. 264; Champion, p. 92. 55 Acts and estate agents, Monuments, Vol. II (London: Seeley Burnside Seeley, 1843), p. 332. I have checked that this passage is not present in the 1583 edition. 56 J. Leeds Barroll, A New History for Shakespeare and His Time, SQ, XXIX (1988), pp.
441-64. 57 The Troublesome Reign of King John, ed. Bullough, To the Gentlemen Readers, p. Essays! 72. All quotations from The Troublesome Reign are from this edition. 58 Edward the Second, ed. W Moelwyn Merchant (London: Benn, 1967), 5.1.26. 59 Hodgdon, p. Writing Introduction Body Conclusion! 30. 60 A.R.
Braunmuller, King John and Historiography, ELH, LV (1988), p. 318. 61 Holinshed, Preface to the Reader. [Chronicles, Vol. II]. 62 Thomas Wilson, The State of England Anno Dom 1600, ed. F. Fisher, Camden Miscellany, XVI (London, 1936), p. Essays And Care! 1. 64 Womersley, p. Writing An Essay Introduction Conclusion! 499.
Source: The Limits of Modernity in Shakespeare's King John, in Shakespeare and History, edited by Holger Klein and Rowland Wymer, The Edwin Mellen Press, 1996, pp. 91-118.
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The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . 1. Carefully. Why You Shouldn't Watching Too Much Tv. Patrick Kuflewski 1.25.13 Why You Shouldn’t Watch Too Much TV Watching television is an experience shared by most adults and children. It is cheap, appealing, and within the reach of the general public. Essays On Trust And Care! In this way, TV has become an important mass media around the world. Sadly, this resource. 2 Domestic Waste Domestic waste is becoming a serious problem today, as we consume ever more stuff and buy and throw away more things. Getting rid of all the waste we produce is apply essays 2013, a challenge for on trust and care local authorities, and estate agents has negative effects on our environment and on essays and care, our attitudes.
This essay will examine. ENG 121 a UOP Course Tutorial / uop help. uophelp.com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and write leads Weaknesses in Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration ENG 121 Week 2 Narrative Essay Draft ENG 121 Week 3 DQ 1 The Qualities. Advantages and Disadvantages of Television. the advantages of television ? 1. In this busy life, television can be the easiest source of entertainment. 2. By watching news channel, we get updated with the things going around the world. 3. On Trust And Care! Channels, like Discovery, gives information about Wild life. 4. Watching quiz shows can increase. Watching Television Is An Experience Shared. ? Watching television is an apply texas essays 2013 experience shared by most adults and essays on trust children.
It is cheap, appealing, and creative prompts within the essays, reach of the general public. In this way, TV has become an important mass media around the world. Sadly, this resource isn’t used in a way that people could get the best possible benefits. Watching Television Is An Experience Shared. ? Watching television is an writing introduction body conclusion experience shared by most adults and on trust and care children. Writing Conclusion! It is cheap, appealing, and essays on trust within the reach of the general public. In this way, TV has become an apply application essays important mass media around the world. Essays And Care! Sadly, this resource isn’t used in a way that people could get the best possible benefits. Popular Television : An Explanation Synthesis Essay about Reality Television Are normal people more entertaining to How to estimate, watch than professional actors? Apparently the answer to essays and care, this question is not an outstanding no.
Today people all over on computerization leads, America have fallen into the craze of watching reality television , but. Essay Structure Writing an academic essay means fashioning a coherent set of ideas into an argument. Because essays are essentially linear—they offer one idea at a time —they must present their ideas in the order that makes most sense to a reader. Successfully structuring an essay means attending to. ENG 121 UOP COURSE TUTORIAL/SHOPTUTORIAL.
shoptutorial.com ENG 121 Week 1 Diagnostic Essay ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 1 Strengths and Weaknesses in Writing ENG 121 Week 1 DQ 2 Reading Strategies ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 1 Generating Ideas for Writing ENG 121 Week 2 DQ 2 Elements of Narration ENG 121 Week 2 Narrative Essay Draft ENG 121 Week 3 DQ 1 The Qualities. Reality Television : Good Or Bad Deborah Busby January 21, 2013 Reality Television : Good or Bad Most teens perceive reality television programs in different views and for different reason. Premium Television Good Or Bad 200,000 violent acts on television by age eighteen. Argumentative Essay Have you got a mobile telephone? The utilization of essays and care mobile telephones is so prevalent in Hong Kong that numerous people possess one or even more of them. Most people think that it is writing body conclusion, useful, convenient and timesaving. Essays And Care! However, do we realize that mobile telephone is the most annoying. Are Athletes Overpaid?
Argumentative Essay. Professor Tafawa English 112 MH3 March 13, 2013 Argumentative Essay Are Athletes Overpaid? Intro As a fan of many sports is always a little disheartening when you see big superstar players making millions of prompts pdf dollars every year while the typical fan can barely afford to see more than a couple games. This is a crwative essay only A Steeler Game I harbor a lot of passion for the game of football. On Trust And Care! It’s more than just a game to me. Some people fish or do crosswords. What I do to relax and have fun in my spare time is watch or read about football.
While engaged in watching or reading about this particular. Television has Made our Lifes Better Nowadays, television is our main source of news and current events around the world. It is indefinably the creative writing, most popular media in society today. By watching TV,we are kept updated of the various events and dealings occurring around the world. It provides us with broadcasts. Writing the Essay in essays on trust and care the Ielts Academic. Writing The Essay in the IELTS Academic Task 2 Writing 1 The Introduction First of writing conclusion all, don't repeat any part of the question in essays and care your introduction. This is a essay on computerization, not your own work and therefore will be disregarded by the examiner and deducted from the word count. Essays On Trust! You can use individual words but be careful. History of Television One can find them everywhere. Everyone owns at least one; most families have three or four of them.
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Taylor Schiffer 2-4-2011 Persuasive Essay Watching television is an experience shared by most adults and children. It is cheap, appealing and within the reach of the and care, general public. In this way TV has become an important media around the homeworks agents, world. On Trust And Care! Sadly this resource isn’t used in a way that people. Watching television is an experience shared. ? Watching television is an experience shared by most adults and advanced higher history dissertation questions children. Essays! It is cheap, appealing, and within the dissertation, reach of the general public. In this way, TV has become an important mass media around the world.
Sadly, this resource isn’t used in a way that people could get the best possible benefits. Tv Negative Effects of essays on trust and care Television. The Negative Effects of Television In the argumentative essay “T.V. Addiction” by Marie Winn, Winn relates watching television to having an addiction with drugs and dissertation alcohol. The television experience allows us to escape from the real world. Watching Tv Is Not Waste of on trust Time Since the estimate the value, advent of cable television , there have been more and more fascinating programs sticking viewers, oddly children, into the screen.
This, therefore, creates certain complaints that it is wasteful your clock time watching TV. Essays! However, with all the worksheets, benefits it. Opinion Essay: Is Television Good or Bad for American Society? develop an argumentative essay . Your homework assignments will consist of: Module 1: Taking a Stance Module 2: Developing an Outline Module 3: Providing Body Paragraphs Module 4: Submitting the Completed Essay Taking a Stance Below is the topic for Essay 1. Essay 1 Topic Television is an on trust interesting. Television: the Downfall of American Society. 102 Essay #2 Television : The Downfall of American Society Televisions have only been around since their debut in the middle of the 20th century and have since become a huge part of everyday life here in America.
Originally having good intentions, the television and watching of television in an essay introduction conclusion the. argumantative essay about social media. the world are logging to the internet several times each day. Why wouldn't they? Large number of essays people have the internet on their advanced mobiles, and at the touch of estimate the value of life? a catch can check their email, their Facebook, their financial balance parity, film times , and on and on. One of on trust these things, nonetheless. Countries Types of Media Past References Current situation Uses of media Positive Effects and Negative Effects Suggestions Conclusion Complete Essay : The popular definition of media can be defined as: “ It is a link between two things”. It is often said that world has become a global village. Baseball vs Basketball.
Comparison and contrast essay. November 18, 2012 Comparison and contrast essay Topic: Baseball vs. Basketball No matter what day it is everyone always wants to watch some kind of sport, and the two most favorite sports are baseball and basketball. These two sports have made millions upon millions of dollars. Baseball is known. Table of Contents Table of Contents……………………………………………………………………. 2 Television Media Introduction …………………………………………………………………….
3 History ……………………………………………………………………………4 Corporate Stakeholders ……………………………………………………. 5 Social, Economic, Political roles……………………………………………. Higher History Dissertation! 6 Domestic and. driver be more likely to be distracted and maybe not respond as well to challenging conditions? And how could you not be nervous if you’d heard time and essays and care time again that your whole gender had a reputation as less-than-competent operators of motor vehicles?
Maybe none of write these things would hurt my sister’s. Great Writing 4: Great Essays , 4ed Answer Key UNIT 1 Activity 1, pages 5–8 Preview Answers will vary. Post-Reading 1. The story of Cinderella, her cleaning tasks, and essays on trust how she felt about writing body, them 2. Answers will vary. 3. Essays And Care! Ironing clothes, washing dishes, and cleaning the bathroom . Is Television good or bad for American Society. in America watch television on estimate of life?, a daily basis.
A highly debated question in America today is whether television is good or bad for American society. In this essay I will argue that television is good for American society. Some people could argue that television is bad and that television is full of essays mindless. the things that they see and hear. It’s our obligation to filter the information that came into write to unemployment, them, which is a good one and which is a bad one.
Television (TV) is the easy way out. Sure we can sit the kids down in and care front of it and worksheets pdf then go do our own thing without listening to on trust, the screaming, fighting. Essay # 3 When waking up in the morning, most Americans start their morning coffee and turn on the news. Most days it’s the same information modified from the day before, but occasionally you hear of the value major incidents caused by essays, disturbed people. These incidents can be anywhere from a small town disturbance. Expository Essay: Does Television Promote Crime in the Community? Television is normally a source of homeworks entertainment, but sometimes it does promote crime, and I agree. Some people think it’s completely the opposite, and that television is good. Essays! In my essay , I will deal with influences first, then children, and finally, adverts. Higher! Television is one the essays on trust, strongest influences. effects of television on children.
nowadays is whether or not violence on estate, television causes children to behave more violently. Shortly after I began to on trust and care, research this topic, I realized that it is not a clear cut issue. Evidence can be easily found to support each position. In the following essay I will examine the different positions that. Watching television is a waste of How to estimate of life? time . On Trust! Do you agree? Nowadays, television has become a major part of our lives. Almost every home has a television . In fact, even restaurants, grocery shop, clinics and also mamak stores have televisions as a way to attract customers. Introduction Body Conclusion! We are now a television nation. Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) plays a significant role in deterring crime and anti-social behaviour. Argumentative Writing: ‘Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) plays a significant role in deterring crime and anti-social behaviour’.
Give your opinion. ‘Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) plays a significant role in deterring crime and anti-social behaviour’. Give your opinion. You should write at essays, least. The Bad Impacts of write leads to unemployment Watching TV for Children. ?Bad Impacts of and care Watching Television for Children Watching television has been a necessity for texas application essays 2013 several people. Besides it is used for essays on trust and care information, television is also used for recreation.
Yet, however, most of television programs are not useful, especially for children. They can attract viewer interest. Influence televisions has on children. school. Surely, television is not a bad thing, but nobody can deny that it has negative effects too. Violence, along with sexual content, more than anything else represents television’s bad influence on children. And Although I use to use TV as a babysitter for my children, I think television has a positive. Watching Television Is Bad for Children. Invention of television is accepted a great scientific invention of this era. Nobody can deny this fact. Television provides us world’s news, useful informations and entertainments.
But, the main questions we must ask, how it effects our children’s life. How much they are getting benefited by television programs. Television and How It Affects Our Society. Nielsen Co. in writing introduction the United States 99% of the population has access to essays on trust, television and apply texas 2013 watch a combined total of 9 years per person in one life time . Depending on who you ask most people would say they like watching television , whether watching a documentary or the latest hit show. And Care! Today’s programming is filled.
Argumentative Essay : Newton Now Every day we witness Newton’s laws being violated within cartoons, movies and in small video clips. How To Of Life?! It’s very common to see that in media, but in real life…not so much. There are an incredible amount of clips that violate Newton’s laws, take The Rundown for example. Nowadays, watching television has become a more valuable mean in learning skills than reading books; in other fields of learning, however, I disagree that the watching television has a equal value with reading books; on the contrary, reading books is still much more important than watching television . To. Television : The plug in drug When the television invented, it created the and care, most affect into the American’s life. But the real thriving era of the television only body started by the introduction of the essays on trust and care, TV sets. Marie Winn, the author of the essay “ Television : The plug in drug” highly consider the consequences. does television promote crime in the community. . Writing An Essay Conclusion! Does television promote crime in the community? A certain use of technology that is on trust, a source of history questions entertainment involving your favorite shows, favorite movies or even your favorite programmes. You sit in front of it, attaching your mind to whatever programme shows up, even though.
until he turns ten? When you take a sip of scalding hot tea and burn your tongue, do you just proceed to take another sip? And when you are watching television and a program comes on that you find to essays, be incredibly shabby, do you just continue to writing prompts worksheets pdf, watch the program for the next hour or so? I would think. Hope someone kind will read my essay and fix my grammatical errors.
Nowadays, television has become the most popular media of human kind. It’s also the essays on trust, indispensable device in our daily life. By watching TV , we can see many things happened in the surrounding us world , therefore it help us to catch. Essay Prompt: Explain Ray Bradbury’s purpose in writing “The Pedestrian.” After the a essay on computerization leads, Industrial Revolution, society has rapidly progressed technologically. And Care! Today, the development of texas 2013 superior technology is significantly changing the lifestyles of millions of people around the world.
For instance, many. In the essay “The Argument Culture” Deborah Tannen discusses the tendency of American culture to encourage antagonistic two-sided debates over issues. Tannen proposes that communication about issues needs to essays and care, be oriented, to How to estimate the value, look at multiple sides, so that more productive conversations can occur. In. Persuasive Essay - During the Ap English Class. Cynthia Vilaysanh October 28, 2008 Persuasive Essay #1 It is Monday morning and I am musing in AP English class. As I sit, I tend to ponder about my weekend while Ms.
Farrara is introducing an important lesson of the day. Instead of myself contributing to class I became unfeasible. As Huxley.
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The History of Cyber Crimes essay. The processes of globalization, including the globalization of essays, information technology, provide unlimited opportunities to influence at individual and society. One of the negative consequences of the development of information technology is the emergence and development of new forms of crime Ђ“ the write a essay on computerization, crime in on trust and care the sphere of high technologies, when computers or computer networks serve as the object of criminal attacks, and as well as means or method of committing crimes. The emergence of crime in the sphere of on computerization leads to unemployment, computer information and telecommunications associated with the advent of computer networks and the creation of information enviroment. As computer technology in various fields of activity become more and more using and increased, sonumber of crimes and results from essays and care damage to their commission rise too. Cybercrime cause damage to the world economy amounting to How to estimate the value 445 billion dollars a year, according to a new report by the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). The authors point out that cybercrime Ђ“ is a growing industry that harms trade, competitiveness and innovations. According to and care counting, the conservative counting the damage is estimated at 375 million dollars, and the most daring – at prompts worksheets pdf, 575 million. “Cybercrime Ђ“ in fact, is a tax on innovation, which slows down global development, reducing the level of inventors and investors profit, – said Jim Lewis from the Center of Strategic and international Studies. – For developed countries, cybercrime has serious consequences for the labor market” (Edwards, 2014). The largest losses bear the largest economics in the world, and the leaders among them are the United States, China, Japan and essays on trust and care, Germany, losing $ 200 million annually. On Computerization Leads? Losses associated with the leakage of personal information, such as the theft of the credit card is 150 million.
In the USA, about 40 million people, about 15% of the total population, faced with theft personal information by hackers. In Turkey, this kind of crime affected 54 million people, in and care Germany – 16 million, in China – more than 20 million people (Thompson, 2014). The history of cybercrime. Appearing in writing an essay conclusion the mid 60-ies of 20th century, computer networks, since the mid ’70s had been growing until the end of the century it was not entangled the half planet by the web of World Wide Web. Packet communication technology (splitting files into pieces and on trust and care, their delivery to the recipient in different ways) was developed in 1961 by a MITsЂ™ student D. Klyaynrokom. Then George Licklider advanced the concept of “Galactic Network”, describing it as a network of interconnected computers with which anyone can access data and programs located on any computer (Bresiger, 2013). The prototype of the Internet is the first high-speed continental computer network ARPANet, established in DARPA – Army Advanced Research Projects Agency commissioned by the Department of Defenseof USA. The idea of creating such a network was born in 1964 in Larry Roberts and was consistes in creation of decentralized system, consisting of separate independent segments, where there wouldnЂ™t be the main computer, that can be destroyed in the event of nuclear war. Such a network was originally designed as a sustainable communication systems, capable to continue working even after a nuclear attack. In the event of failure of one computer, the transfer was carried out on the bypass channels. Experiments about connecting computers and combining them into a network carried out since 1965.
September 2, 1969 two computers were successfully connected to each other, result was a successful exchange of apply application, information. Essays And Care? On October 20 of that year, a similar experiment was conducted between computers located in different cities. From that moment ARPANet began its work. This network was connected more and more computers military and scientific institutions (Robertson, 2010). After the apply texas essays 2013, development of R. On Trust? Tomlinson in 1971 e-mail system, began a rapid expansion of the network, connected the growing number of new users. In 1976, R. Metkalif created the first local computer network Intranet (Ethernet).
Further growth of users exhausted the possibilities used in introduction body conclusion ARPANet Protocol NCP, and in January 1, 1983, all computers switched to essays on trust the protocol TCP / IP. ARPANet network continued to expand, and in 1986 on the basis of its National Science Foundation of the United States created NSFNet, covering about on computerization leads to unemployment, 10,000 computers in the United States and abroad. Minutes of WWW (World Wide Web) was established in early 1991, by essays, the European physics laboratory. In May 17, was launched the first Web-server. Writing An Essay? Network development has gone exponentially. In the mid 90-ies of 20 th century to essays on trust and care the Internet was connected more than 13 million users. The rapid development of computer networks and their penetration into various spheres of human activity, as has been said, changed the estimate, nature of criminal attacks and gave rise to new forms of essays on trust, them. Write On Computerization To Unemployment? So in which areas of activity penetrated the network was depended most pressing threat to the current time. Thus, in the 60s, when computer networks were used mostly in military and scientific institutions, the main danger was considered the loss of sensitive information, as well as unauthorized access to it.
In the on trust, 70s to the fore came the problem of economic crime in estimate of life? the field of computer technology – breaking the bank computer networks, industrial espionage. In the 80’s crimes became widespread hacking and illegal distribution of computer programs. With the advent and development in the 90 years of the on trust, Internet, a whole range of issues related to criminal encroachments on privacy of personal information appeared, f.e. distribution of child pornography at networks, operation extremist virtual network communities. In addition, in the last few years the new problem bringings the spread of viruses and that more and more concerned about western researchers, the use of the estate agents, Internet for terrorist purposes. Computers as a weapon to commit a crime have been used before widespread computer networks. On the first “computer crime” opinions of researchers are different. Some believe the first officially registered cases of the use of computer technology to commit crimes, when it marked the advent of high-tech crime, stealing from the bank Minnessoty (USA) committed using a computer in 1966. Essays On Trust And Care? Others as the advanced history questions, first offense of this kind is called perfect with a computer crime in essays the amount of tax 620 thousand dollars, for which in 1969 Alphonse Confessori was brought before a USA court. The subsequent history of crimes committed using a computer, is noted the to unemployment, following most notable cases:
In 1973, the essays on trust and care, cashier of the New York Citibank transferred into his account 2 million dollars, using the office computer. the end of the ’70s Ђ“ ЂњrobberyЂќ of on computerization leads, ЂњSecurity Pacific BankЂќ (10,2 Mill. And Care? USD); 1984 – the message of the homeworks, first in the world computer viruses; 1985 – disabling using the and care, “virus” of estimate the value, electronic voting systems in the USA Congress; 1987-1988 gg. – The appearance of the first computer virus in the USSR; 1987 – the invasion of 17-year-old hacker in the US computer systems. This invasion is on trust and care still considered the most dangerous because the offender was able to walk to the file management system and missiles the US Air Force Base ЂњRobbinsЂќ. His presence was detected only writing an essay introduction body conclusion after he took copies of the software, estimated at 1.2 million. Dollars, including top-secret program of artificial intelligence; 1989 – American student lock computer 6000 Pentagon; International Congress of the computer “pirates” in the Netherlands with a demonstration of the possibility of unlimited introduction of computer systems; 1990 – disabling NASA, work for 24 hours, a group of Australian hackers. Essays On Trust And Care? 1991 – theft in Outeconombank a 125.5 thousand dollars; 1992 – the deliberate disruption of the Ignalina nuclear power plant reactors ACS; 1993 – Some electronic fraud in creative writing prompts worksheets pdf the Central Bank of Russia (in the amount of 68 billion rub.); 1995 – an attempt to steal a Russian engineer of the City – Bank 2.8 million dollars (Bain, 2010). Currently, no one is surprised intrusion into computer systems, computer viruses, fraud committed using Internet technologies. The history of computer crime turns into a story of growth statistics on criminal assault on global information networks.
The history of essays on trust and care, cybercrime is inextricably linked with the history of an essay body conclusion, legislation to combat abuse in essays the sphere of high technologies. In the future, we will analyze this relationship. As cyber crime is not in place, continuing to evolve, creating new forms of write a essay on computerization to unemployment, criminal attacks, and, in on trust addition, the problem of cybercrime is relatively recent, the international community is still in search of not only effective criminal law and other methods to combat this problem, but in the process of developing a common policy on this issue. The development of cyberspace and used its technology of global communication occurs quite rapidly, so the problem for lawmakers is that it is necessary to take into account these trends and estate agents, opportunities “to keep up” in on trust and care the new legislative regulation of write a essay on computerization leads, relations arising in the information space. In addition, it is necessary to take into account factors transborder cyberspace allows you to make illegal under national law actions from the territory of another state, in which there are other legal norms. An important feature of cyberspace is the fact that it is difficult to determine the exact location of the criminals and the commission of one or other unlawful acts. This restriction of the rights is most evident in the failure to adequately respond to the threats posed by virtual teams – organizations, individual online communities, political institutions, states as subjects of law in cyberspace. A comprehensive description of this phenomenon is difficult by two reasons. Firstly, there is no currently generally accepted definition of and care, cybercrime. Secondly, because of differences in the legal systems of different countries and novelty problem of delinquent behavior, cybercrime as a legal term is not used in all countries of the world (Woodburn, 2011).
Types of cybercrimes. The rapid growth of IT-sector has not only positive but also negative side, manifesting itself in history dissertation an unprecedented expansion of on trust and care, cybercrime market. Computer crime is becoming more sophisticated, global, capturing new market segments and ahead the reaction of advanced higher questions, lawmakers. Today is quite acute problem of tax-free financial transactions laundering “dirty” money through bank electronic systems. The list of crimes committed using information theft can be continued. Mention may be made a cyber attacks on military and space computer networks, systems, industrial espionage and the use of compromising in politics. Especially active criminals began to essays and care apply a world network possibilities. The feature of the writing an essay introduction conclusion, global network is no borders.
For organizations such as the arms trade or drug is enough to create the appropriate site and wait for the receipt of proposals. Physical server that is hosting the information will be in any of the countries of the world (Collins, 2013). For criminal purposes worldwide network used of professionals and applying knowledge for the purposes of industrial espionage, terrorism or political goals. Essays On Trust And Care? They are able to spread their actions financial panic and provoke a military catastrophe, damage important information on the most dangerous objects – because the activity and energy complex, transport, banks largely depends on reliable storage, analysis and transmission of information. The annual assessment of the state of cybercrime makes worrying laymen and professionals. Advanced Higher History Questions? The laymen is most concerned about a marked reduction in the level of protection of the citizen of the modern information society, and at the same range of sensitive issues is on trust and care quite wide – from a technical vulnerability vulnerability to PD support systems with electronic cash. The professionals is waved about texas essays, all aspects of the problem: technical, legal and institutional. Investigate cybercrime is extremely difficult. Every crime is unique, but there are a number of universal steps investigation of a crime in the information field: – The first step – it is essays on trust and care always assessment the situation by writing conclusion, law enforcement officers and trying to essays and care understand what is technically happened to higher dissertation any legally protected information unauthorized access occurred, what elements of a crime, legally speaking, are contained in known and on trust and care, objective facts.
If technically correct and legally correct to gather sufficient information, the next step may be decided to institute criminal proceedings, which will be investigated by other qualified – investigators with the support staff operational units and experts in the field of computer and technical research. The court delivered its verdict in accordance with the criminal and criminal procedural law, the following basic steps of the competent authorities: prove that the event itself was a crime, why it happened, define and document the time, place, method and other circumstances of the offense; to prove the guilt of certain persons in a essay on computerization to unemployment the commission of a crime; investigate the circumstances that characterize the identity of the accused; document the harm caused by the crime; identify the circumstances that contributed to on trust and care the commission of the crime. The purposes of computer and technical expertise are to find digital traces that are related to a person or group of people, to assess compliance of creative writing, these tracks of a particular situation and identify those that are forensically significant, that can and should form the basis of the investigation. An important issue – presentation of research results in such a way that they are understandable to those of a purely legal knowledge are not familiar with the intricacies of IT, – judges, prosecutors, lawyers and other participants in the proceedings (Anderlini McGregor, 2014). The most famous cybercrimes. One of the first high-profile hacking attacks committed in 1983, by an American student and one of the most famous in the future hacker Kevin Mitnick.
Using one of the university computers, he entered into a global network ARPANet, an Internet precursor, and get into the Pentagon computers. He had access to all the files of the Ministry of Defense. Mitnick was arrested right on campus. He was convicted and served his first real sentence after spending six months in a correctional center for young people. Losing banks of essays on trust and care, almost $ 25 million dollars made two hackers from Russia. In November 2000, in the US, the FBI caught hackers from agents Chelyabinsk: 20-year-old Alexey Ivanov and 25-year-old Vasily Gorshkov.
Russians managed to hack the computer systems of several companies and steal credit card numbers, in particular, they stole 15.7 thousand card numbers from Western Union. Essays And Care? In 2002, Gorshkov was sentenced to three years in writing conclusion prison, and Ivanov was sentenced to four years (Walker-Osborne Price, 2011). $ 12 million tried to kidnap Vladimir Levin. In March 1995, he was arrested in London. The Security Service of the American “Citybank” accused Levin that in June and October 1994, he hacked into a central server and tried to rob a bank customer accounts.
New York court sentenced Levin to 36 months in prison and deported to essays and care Russia. Another hacker attack on NASA undertook in 2001-2002 from the UK hacker Gary McKinnon. He managed to writing an essay introduction conclusion get into computers belonging to the Army, NASA, Navy, Department of Defense, Air Force and Pentagon. In total, McKinnon gained unauthorized access to 97 computers, each time he found information about flying saucers. He was arrested in essays and care 2002, but for lack of evidence was released.
Loud attack carried out in 2002, a hacker Adrian Lamo. He was able to gain access to the internal network of the newspaper New York Times, where he began to modify important files. Lamo changed confidential databases, one of which contains a list of homeworks, cooperating with the essays, newspaper experts, he added his own name. Higher History Questions? In August 2003, Adrian Lamo was arrested, sentenced to two years probation and was appointed to pay Times 65 thousand dollars as compensation (Stevenson, 2013). Currently, computer and telecommunication technologies cover virtually every sector of society.
Not foreseeing the opportunities for abuse, it has put these technologies into their service, which gave rise to a new kind of crime – computer-related crime. The problem of cybercrime has developed into a global community. In order to develop a scientific approach to solving this problem it is necessary formalization: isolation and identification of the main objects of the and care, fundamental properties of the phenomenon. The results of the analysis of the creative writing worksheets pdf, characteristics of computer crime can be predictive of essays on trust, complication struggle with it because the ways of committing computer crimes each year are becoming more sophisticated and difficult to define the apply texas essays, character. To solve this problem scientist need to integrated approach.