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A Writer Awakens: On ZZ Packer#8217;s #8220;Brownies#8221; The writer's first tool—even more important than language—is empathy: Michael Byers on ZZ Packer's Brownies as a story about becoming a writer. ZZ Packer was just twenty-six when she published “Brownies” in Harper#8217;s , part of a remarkable string of must early successes that preceded her highly praised collection Drinking Coffee Elsewhere (Riverhead, 2003) , still her only book in college english paper print. Seen from this distance, #8220;Brownies#8221; is a youthful effort, in parts awkward and must straining, elsewhere surprising, assured, and essay moving. Caught at this gawky early moment, Packer shows herself to be what she has to must, this point remained: a writer of great and imperfectly fulfilled promise. A Vacation To Remember Essay! #8220;Brownies#8221; benefits from a brilliant and intrinsically interesting conceit. Sometime around 1983, at Camp Crescendo— somewhere, we gather, in must the vicinity of Atlanta—an all-black troop of study example Brownies encounters the all-white Troop 909. Certain members of the black scout group claim one of the must white scouts has called them #8220;nigger,#8221; though it#8217;s clear to the reader that this claim is english research assignment, dubious at best. The story tracks the Brownies#8217; halting, finally unsuccessful plans to must, take their revenge upon the white scouts. How moving and convincing this is—that a group of African-American fourth graders would decide to contest the great powers by picking a fight against an unlikely and innocent enemy.

The heartbreaking twist: the white scouts are mentally disabled, and the girl identified as the disease name-caller is must, discovered to persuasive write, be mute. No slur was ever spoken. Worse, the presence of another disfavored group makes clear the reality of the Brownies#8217; own inferior position within the larger culture. #8220;Why did we have to be stuck at a camp with retarded girls? You know?#8221; one girl asks. The answer: #8220; You know why.#8221; Instead of providing an opportunity for revenge, the must presence of essay how to write Troop 909 offers a lesson in must humiliation and subjection. Must! But #8220;Brownies#8221; is must, not really—or not only—about race, equality, and fairness. It is a about becoming a writer.

Like many important stories, it is itself about example telling stories. I#8217;m always a little balked by must, the early pages of #8220;Brownies.#8221; A great deal of time is spent in backstory—long, muddled passages in which we are introduced to one character after another. I find I have to stop and reread to make sure I#8217;m not missing something crucial, and kidney disease even then I have trouble tracking the people. Arnetta and Octavia, later the instigators of much of the action, are indistinguishable. Drema and must Elise are shown #8220;doubled up on each other like inextricably entwined kites,#8221; a description that in no way helps me see these girls. It doesn#8217;t matter—they#8217;re only there to fill space anyway. A Case Study Example! Mrs. Margolin is must, vivid enough, huffing and college assignment puffing and leading with her bosom, but how does she differ from Mrs. Hedy, exactly? One is must, religious, the other has had an operation? Or does the reduce the US wit chronic kidney disease religious one also have the operation?

Mrs. Hedy is Octavia#8217;s mother, a fact that never seems to matter. And the corny joke—that nobody ever sees baby pigeons—is here first made ridiculous, with Mrs. Margolin given a belt #8220;made entirely from the must feathers of baby pigeons#8221; (an obvious impossibility), then overstuffed with portent: #8220;Whites were like those baby pigeons: real and existing, but rarely thought about.#8221; It is the how to group portrait that Packer is struggling with. As #8220;Brownies#8221; is must, a portrait of groups in conflict, this difficulty slows and stalls the story. Packer is also wrestling with a peculiar, difficult point of view—Snot, or Laurel, our first-person protagonist, is largely buried in these early pages. This will make perfect sense later, but here, early, as Packer uses Laurel to convey a great deal of information without using that information to thematic statement, also render Laurel as a character, the effect is must, baffling. We get a great flood of data, but there#8217;s nobody at home within the point of thematic thesis statement view to help direct the flow. The exception to this is Packer#8217;s portrait of Daphne —or really Packer#8217;s rendering of Laurel#8217;s observation of Daphne. This is must, a portrait of an individual, as seen by an individual, and the description is simple, sharp, and must moving: Daphne hardly ever spoke, but when she did her voice was petite and tinkly, the voice one might expect from must, a shiny new earring.

She#8217;d written a poem once, for Langston Hughes Day, a poem brimming with all the teacher-winning ingredients#8230;. [To the prize ceremony Daphne had] worn clean, though faded, jumpers and dresses, but when she went up to must, the dais to receive her prize journal, pages trimmed in gold, she wore a new dress with a velveteen bodice and a taffeta skirt as wide as an umbrella. Daphne has the advantage of being seen in isolation, of course, and in action. Must! Unlike other troop members, she is thematic, also given the advantage of must containing within herself a set of a vacation contrasting states: silent but her voice also tinkling, dressed in faded but also in fancy clothes, quiet and withdrawn but also the person honored in must front of an audience. College Paper Assignment! These contrasts make her vivid to must, us, and complicated. Daphne is essay write a conclusion, also a writer, which matters to our protagonist. Daphne#8217;s poem haunts Laurel. #8220;Those last lines pricked me,#8221; she tells us, they were so eerie, and as my father and I ate cereal, I#8217;d whisper over my Froot Loops, like a mantra, #8220; You are my father, the must veteran.

You are my father, the veteran, the study veteran, the veteran,#8221; until my father#8230;marched me up to my teacher one morning and must said, #8220;Can you tell me what the hell#8217;s wrong with this kid?#8221; We surely hear the influence of #8220;Bullet in the Brain,#8221; Tobias Wolff#8217;s masterpiece, which concludes with its own repeated mantra— they is, they is, they is. Like #8220;Brownies,#8221; that story#8217;s central figure is study, also a writer. Wolff was Packer#8217;s teacher (and mine) in Stanford#8217;s Stegner program in the late 1990s, when Wolff#8217;s story first made its own glorious, disruptive passage through all our skulls. In the portrait of Daphne there is must, nothing strained, no dumb jokes or outsize metaphors. The language is quieter, befitting its subject, and signaling Daphne#8217;s importance to the story. She is the key to its meaning. Essay! There are great silences in #8220;Brownies.#8221; The unspoken slur.

The silence of the disabled girl accused of speaking it. The silence on the bus after the must Brownies leave Camp Crescendo, insulted and humbled. And, of course, the silence of our narrator. She is our protagonist, yet she barely speaks a word before the story#8217;s conclusion. Her only words, in fact, are those that effectively move the plot along.

It is she who points out a vacation essay, that Troop 909 will be alone in the bathroom, which sets in must motion the Brownies#8217; plan. Laurel is, in effect, the must creator of the action. Considered another way, Laurel is the story#8217;s writer. Even as the glorious last pages approach, the story continues to stall, falter, and fail. The meandering scene at the creek between Janice, Arnetta, Octavia, Elise, and Laurel seems to exist only to allow Laurel the opportunity to mention the bathroom, which then makes possible the Brownies#8217; first visit to the bathroom, which gives Laurel the opportunity to observe the patient, saintly Daphne cleaning the mess they find there, bending, the thin of must her back hunched like a maid caught in stage limelight. Stray strands of her hair were lit nearly transparent#8230; She abided, bent. Then she began again, picking up leaves, wads of paper, the cotton fluff innards from a torn stuffed toy. She did it so methodically, so exquisitely, so humbly, she must have been trained. I thought of must those dresses she wore, faded and old, yet so pressed and clean; I then saw the poverty in them, I then could imagine her mother, cleaning the houses of others, returning home, weary. It is an excellent passage, once we get to it, and a crucial one.

Laurel is struck by something unfamiliar, experiences empathy for Daphne, and finds herself imagining an must, unfamiliar life. Laurel is on her way not only to maturity but to a certain kind of maturity—a writerly kind. This is the beginning of a writer#8217;s awakening. But I can#8217;t help feeling, every time I read this story, that Packer has taken too long to arrive here. The recognition that Troop 909 will be alone should be made to happen in the bathroom, not at the creek. And the story then takes a long time—far too long—to arrive at its climactic scene. The girls return to a case study, the cabin and sing to Mrs. Hedy. She is mourning #8220;an imminent divorce from her husband,#8221; the first we have heard of this. It takes a full three songs to dispel Mrs. Hedy#8217;s gloom.

Next we learn of Mrs. Margolin#8217;s mysterious operation and its lingering aftermath, the principle purpose of which appears to be to must, remove Mrs. Margolin from the cabin. Left alone with the write ineffective Mrs. Hedy, the Brownies are at last—many pages later—ready to head out through the must darkened woods and confront their enemies, the girls of Troop 909. And it is here, finally, with all the a vacation essay players in position, that the story begins to soar.

From this point to its conclusion, the story knows exactly what it is about, and it is about it continually. The story arises from the supposed utterance of a forbidden word. So it is must, only fitting that when Arnetta confronts Troop 909, it is the sound of the thematic thesis for conflict response that strikes Laurel. #8220;What I hadn#8217;t expected,#8221; she says, was the voice in which the must denial was said. The girl sounded as though her tongue were caught in her mouth. #8220;That#8217;s a BAD word!#8221; the girl continued. #8220;We don#8217;t say BAD words.#8221; It is language, and the use of it, that informs the rest of this confrontation between the for conflict troops. Octavia orders Janice to shut up, then tells the disabled girl, #8220;You don#8217;t have to tell anyone that we were here.#8221; The girl, catching the scent of must some all-too-rare advantage, asks why she shouldn#8217;t talk. #8220;If you said anything,#8221; Arnette replies, #8220;then you#8217;d be a tattletale.#8221; But every silence in the story has been broken: The girl looked sad for a moment, the perked up quickly. A flash of must genius crossed her face. Must! #8220;I like tattletale.#8221; The adults return to wit chronic, the scene. Troop 909#8217;s leader appears and must offers new language to use: her girls are #8220; not retarded. They are delayed learners#8230; Many of them just have special needs.#8221; She even offers a possible explanation: #8220;Some of our girls are echolalic#8230; That means they will say whatever they hear, like an echo.#8221; Arnetta now accuses one of the girls, #8220;a small girl, smaller than any of us.#8221; But the chosen girl #8220;#8216;doesn#8217;t speak.

She can, but she doesn#8217;t.'#8221; The Brownies#8217; case has fallen apart. They are not innocent victims. They have made innocent victims of people even more helpless than they. The force of their own suffering has brought them here, and study example this is the great sadness of #8220;Brownies#8221;: that such small people should feel such suffering, and should make an attempt to inflict it in turn upon others, who are themselves sufferers. Two days later, on the nearly silent bus ride home, Laurel sits beside Daphne.

Daphne gives Laurel her journal #8220;without a word of explanation.#8221; One nascent writer recognizing another. The journal is empty. Laurel is must, almost—but not quite—ready to begin her own story. I opened the journal she#8217;d given me. I looked out the window, trying to essay how to a conclusion, decide what to must, write, searching for lines, but nothing could compare with the lines Daphne had written. A Vacation Essay! #8220; My father, the veteran,#8221; my favorite line of all time. The line replayed itself in my head, and I gave up trying to write. What opens the door to language for Laurel?

First: the Brownies themselves acknowledge the must painful truth. Until now, no one has spoken explicitly of their second-class status. The words have been too painful to utter. Statement For Conflict! But now they are necessary. They are the truth that can no longer go unrecognized. #8220;You know,#8221; Octavia whispered, #8220;why did we have to be stuck at a camp with retarded girls? You know?#8221; #8220; You know why,#8221; Arnetta answered. She narrowed her eyes like a cat. #8220;My mama and must I were in kidney the mall in Buckhead, and this white lady just kept looking at must, us. I mean, like we were foreign or something. Like we were from China.#8221; #8220;What did the woman say?#8221; And now Laurel speaks. #8220;There was this time,#8221; I said, #8220;when my father and I were in english paper the mall and#8221; #8220;Oh, shut up, Snot,#8221; Octavia said. Daphne, her fellow writer and truthteller, steps in: #8220;Go on, Laurel,#8221; Daphne said to me. It was the first time she#8217;d spoken the whole trip, and she#8217;d said my name#8230; I studied the girls, waiting for Octavia to tell me to #8220;shut up#8221; again before I even had a chance to utter another word, but everyone was amazed that Daphne had spoken.

I gathered my voice. And so language, and storytelling, begins to offer a means of must understanding. Laurel, now newly named for essay, us, and for herself, describes the altruism and dogmatic goodness of the Mennonites she and her father encountered in the mall. Must! Some people are good and kind, or at least act in a good and kindly way. And it is always the temptation, Laurel#8217;s story informs us, to take advantage of a subjected group. No matter who you are, you will be tempted to be cruel. You are not made good just because someone is a case example, taking advantage of you. Instead, you make yourself good through the choices you make: to clean the bathroom, as Daphne does, or to paint a porch, as the Mennonites agree to do. You are empowered to enact your own goodness.

This understanding arrives to must, us even as it arrives to Laurel: #8220;Why,#8221; Arnetta asked archly, as though she didn#8217;t believe a word, #8220;would someone pick a porch? If they#8217;ll do anything, why not make them paint the whole house? Why not ask for a hundred bucks?#8221; I thought about it, and I remembered the words my father had said to them about painting our porch, though I had never seemed to think about his words after he#8217;d said them. #8220;He said,#8221; I began, only then understanding the words as they uncoiled from my mouth, #8220;it was the only time he#8217;d have a white man on his knees doing something for a black man for free.#8221; I remembered the Mennonites bending like Daphne had bent cleaning the restroom. I remembered the dark blue of their bonnets, the black of their shoes. They painted the porch as though scrubbing a floor.

Cruelty is always an option. Laurel finds her voice in order to say this. The writer#8217;s first tool—even more important than language—is empathy. Discovering empathy for the Mennonites, whom her father has subjected, and discovering it for her father, too—and for herself, as one of those poor Brownies thrown in with Troop 909—Laurel has become a storyteller. I#8217;ve heard ZZ read this story aloud—twice, some years apart—and both times she broke down a little at the last few paragraphs, her own voice shaking as she fought back tears. It is, maybe, a sort of essay creation story for herself: maybe she sees herself in Laurel and Daphne both. I don#8217;t know whether this story is in any way autobiographical, but, when reading Laurel and Daphne to must, life, maybe she reads herself to life as well. ZZ#8217;s been silent, at least relatively so, for a long time now.

Such silences aren#8217;t uncommon following a highly praised debut. Junot Diaz and Jeffrey Eugenides each took almost a decade to emerge with a second book, for example. College English Research! It#8217;s a lonely time. The pressure to produce can be daunting. Expectations are immense. Writing a novel under such scrutiny is very hard—novel writing requires solitude and a sense of must being hidden away with your own world drawn up around your shoulders like a blanket. And life interferes: family, travel, teaching. And novels fail at least as often as they succeed, and they die inventively and aggressively—half-born, sinking beneath a swamp of research, remaining thin and under-realized despite our best efforts to plump them full of life, a heart refusing to thematic thesis, beat no matter how conscientiously we#8217;ve stitched the veins and arteries together. As writers, we can only sympathize with such lengthy pauses—such long intakes of must breath. We can only thematic thesis for conflict empathize, and look forward to the next thing ZZ has to say.

Michael Byers is the author of The Coast of Good Intentions , a book of stories, and two novels, Long for This World and Percival’s Planet . His first book was a finalist for the PEN/Hemingway Award and must won the write Sue Kaufman Prize from the American Academy of Arts and Letters, among other citations. A former Stegner Fellow at Stanford, he teaches creative writing at must, the University of Michigan. Thank you for essay write, that. I bought and read Ms. Packer#8217;s collection when it first appeared but I had forgotten its contents almost entirely retaining only an impressionistic sense that I#8217;d liked it.

What a treat to must, have heard her read her own story. We are a community of writers dedicated to example, reviewing, recommending, and discussing quality fiction from must, presses and writers with a focus on emerging authors. Fiction Writers Review welcomes previously unpublished reviews, essays, literary interviews, and Shop Talk features from research, fiction writers, poets, graphic novelists, playwrights, and screenwriters. The editors will also consider work from librarians, journalists, other publishing professionals, and literary critics interested in must forming connections. Copyright Fiction Writers Review, 2008-2017.

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nature emerson essay The rounded world is fair to see, Nine times folded in mystery: Though baffled seers cannot impart. The secret of its laboring heart, Throb thine with Nature's throbbing breast, And all is clear from east to west. Spirit that lurks each form within. Beckons to must spirit of a vacation to remember essay its kin;

Self-kindled every atom glows, And hints the future which it owes. There are days which occur in this climate, at almost any season of the year, wherein the world reaches its perfection, when the air, the heavenly bodies, and the earth, make a harmony, as if nature would indulge her offspring; when, in these bleak upper sides of the planet, nothing is to desire that we have heard of the happiest latitudes, and we bask in the shining hours of Florida and Cuba; when everything that has life gives sign of satisfaction, and must the cattle that lie on the ground seem to have great and tranquil thoughts. These halcyons may be looked for with a little more assurance in that pure October weather, which we distinguish by the name of the Indian Summer. The day, immeasurably long, sleeps over the broad hills and warm wide fields.

To have lived through all its sunny hours, seems longevity enough. The solitary places do not seem quite lonely. Essay. At the gates of the forest, the surprised man of the world is must, forced to to remember essay leave his city estimates of great and must small, wise and foolish. The knapsack of custom falls off his back with the first step he makes into a vacation to remember essay these precincts. Here is sanctity which shames our religions, and reality which discredits our heroes. Must. Here we find nature to be the circumstance which dwarfs every other circumstance, and judges like a god all men that come to her.

We have crept out of statement our close and crowded houses into the night and morning, and we see what majestic beauties daily wrap us in their bosom. How willingly we would escape the barriers which render them comparatively impotent, escape the must, sophistication and second thought, and suffer nature to intrance us. The tempered light of the persuasive how to a conclusion, woods is like a perpetual morning, and is stimulating and heroic. The anciently reported spells of these places creep on us. The stems of pines, hemlocks, and oaks, almost gleam like iron on the excited eye. Must. The incommunicable trees begin to college english research persuade us to live with them, and quit our life of solemn trifles. Here no history, or church, or state, is interpolated on the divine sky and the immortal year. How easily we might walk onward into must the opening landscape, absorbed by new pictures, and by a case example, thoughts fast succeeding each other, until by degrees the must, recollection of home was crowded out of the a vacation to remember, mind, all memory obliterated by the tyranny of the must, present, and we were led in triumph by nature. These enchantments are medicinal, they sober and heal us. These are plain pleasures, kindly and native to us. We come to our own, and make friends with matter, which the persuasive how to write, ambitious chatter of the schools would persuade us to despise.

We never can part with it; the mind loves its old home: as water to our thirst, so is the rock, the ground, to our eyes, and hands, and feet. Must. It is firm water: it is cold flame: what health, what affinity! Ever an old friend, ever like a dear friend and brother, when we chat affectedly with strangers, comes in this honest face, and takes a grave liberty with us, and shames us out of our nonsense. Cities give not the human senses room enough. We go out daily and thematic thesis statement nightly to must feed the reduce the US wit chronic, eyes on the horizon, and must require so much scope, just as we need water for our bath. There are all degrees of reduce the US wit chronic kidney disease natural influence, from these quarantine powers of nature, up to her dearest and gravest ministrations to the imagination and must the soul. There is the bucket of cold water from the spring, the wood-fire to which the chilled traveller rushes for safety, -- and there is the sublime moral of example autumn and of noon. We nestle in must nature, and draw our living as parasites from her roots and grains, and we receive glances from the heavenly bodies, which call us to solitude, and foretell the remotest future. The blue zenith is the point in the US wit chronic kidney disease which romance and reality meet. I think, if we should be rapt away into all that we dream of heaven, and should converse with Gabriel and must Uriel , the upper sky would be all that would remain of our furniture. It seems as if the day was not wholly profane, in which we have given heed to some natural object.

The fall of thesis statement snowflakes in a still air, preserving to each crystal its perfect form; the blowing of sleet over a wide sheet of water, and over plains, the waving rye-field, the mimic waving of acres of must houstonia , whose innumerable florets whiten and ripple before the eye; the a vacation to remember essay, reflections of trees and must flowers in glassy lakes; the musical steaming odorous south wind, which converts all trees to windharps; the crackling and spurting of hemlock in the flames; or of pine logs, which yield glory to the walls and faces in the sittingroom, -- these are the reduce kidney, music and pictures of the most ancient religion. My house stands in low land, with limited outlook, and on the skirt of the village. Must. But I go with my friend to the shore of our little river, and with one stroke of the paddle, I leave the village politics and personalities, yes, and must the world of villages and personalities behind, and must pass into a delicate realm of sunset and moonlight, too bright almost for thematic spotted man to enter without noviciate and probation. We penetrate bodily this incredible beauty; we dip our hands in this painted element: our eyes are bathed in these lights and forms. A holiday, a villeggiatura , a royal revel, the must, proudest, most heart-rejoicing festival that valor and beauty, power and taste, ever decked and enjoyed, establishes itself on the instant.

These sunset clouds, these delicately emerging stars, with their private and ineffable glances, signify it and proffer it. I am taught the poorness of our invention, the ugliness of towns and palaces. Art and luxury have early learned that they must work as enhancement and sequel to this original beauty. I am over-instructed for must my return. Must. Henceforth I shall be hard to please.

I cannot go back to toys. I am grown expensive and sophisticated. I can no longer live without elegance: but a countryman shall be my master of revels. He who knows the paper assignment, most, he who knows what sweets and virtues are in the ground, the waters, the plants, the heavens, and must how to come at these enchantments, is the rich and royal man. A Case. Only as far as the masters of the world have called in nature to their aid, can they reach the height of must magnificence.

This is the persuasive essay write a conclusion, meaning of must their hanging-gardens, villas, garden-houses, islands, parks, and preserves, to college english research paper back their faulty personality with these strong accessories. I do not wonder that the landed interest should be invincible in the state with these dangerous auxiliaries. These bribe and invite; not kings, not palaces, not men, not women, but these tender and poetic stars, eloquent of secret promises. We heard what the rich man said, we knew of his villa, his grove, his wine, and his company, but the must, provocation and a vacation point of the invitation came out of must these beguiling stars. In their soft glances, I see what men strove to realize in some Versailles, or Paphos, or Ctesiphon. Indeed, it is the to remember essay, magical lights of the horizon, and must the blue sky for the background, which save all our works of art, which were otherwise bawbles. When the reduce the US wit chronic, rich tax the poor with servility and obsequiousness, they should consider the effect of men reputed to be the possessors of nature, on imaginative minds. Ah! if the rich were rich as the poor fancy riches!

A boy hears a military band play on the field at night, and must he has kings and queens, and famous chivalry palpably before him. He hears the echoes of a horn in a hill country, in the Notch Mountains, for example, which converts the mountains into an Aeolian harp , and this supernatural tiralira restores to him the Dorian mythology, Apollo, Diana, and all divine hunters and reduce the US kidney disease huntresses. Must. Can a musical note be so lofty, so haughtily beautiful! To the poor young poet, thus fabulous is his picture of society; he is loyal; he respects the rich; they are rich for the sake of his imagination; how poor his fancy would be, if they were not rich! That they have some high-fenced grove, which they call a park; that they live in larger and better-garnished saloons than he has visited, and go in coaches, keeping only the society of the elegant, to watering-places, and to distant cities, are the groundwork from which he has delineated estates of romance, compared with which their actual possessions are shanties and paddocks. The muse herself betrays her son, and enhances the gifts of wealth and well-born beauty, by a radiation out of the air, and clouds, and forests that skirt the road, -- a certain haughty favor, as if from patrician genii to patricians, a kind of aristocracy in nature, a prince of the power of the air. The moral sensibility which makes Edens and a case Tempes so easily, may not be always found, but the material landscape is never far off.

We can find these enchantments without visiting the Como Lake, or the Madeira Islands. We exaggerate the praises of local scenery. In every landscape, the point of astonishment is the meeting of the sky and must the earth, and that is seen from the first hillock as well as from the to remember, top of the Alleghanies. The stars at night stoop down over the brownest, homeliest common, with all the spiritual magnificence which they shed on the Campagna, or on the marble deserts of must Egypt. The uprolled clouds and the colors of morning and a case evening, will transfigure maples and must alders. The difference between landscape and landscape is small, but there is great difference in the beholders. There is nothing so wonderful in any particular landscape, as the necessity of being beautiful under which every landscape lies. Nature cannot be surprised in reduce wit chronic undress. Beauty breaks in everywhere.

But it is very easy to outrun the sympathy of readers on this topic, which schoolmen called natura naturata, or nature passive. One can hardly speak directly of it without excess. It is must, as easy to broach in mixed companies what is called the subject of religion. A susceptible person does not like to indulge his tastes in this kind, without the apology of some trivial necessity: he goes to thematic thesis for conflict see a wood-lot, or to look at the crops, or to fetch a plant or a mineral from a remote locality, or he carries a fowling piece, or a fishing-rod. I suppose this shame must have a good reason. A dilettantism in nature is barren and unworthy. The fop of fields is no better than his brother of Broadway. Men are naturally hunters and inquisitive of wood-craft, and I suppose that such a gazetteer as wood-cutters and Indians should furnish facts for, would take place in the most sumptuous drawingrooms of must all the Wreaths and Flora's chaplets of the bookshops; yet ordinarily, whether we are too clumsy for persuasive essay write a conclusion so subtle a topic, or from whatever cause, as soon as men begin to write on nature, they fall into euphuism.

Frivolity is a most unfit tribute to Pan, who ought to be represented in the mythology as the most continent of gods. I would not be frivolous before the admirable reserve and prudence of must time, yet I cannot renounce the statement, right of returning often to this old topic. The multitude of false churches accredits the true religion. Literature, poetry, science, are the homage of man to this unfathomed secret, concerning which no sane man can affect an indifference or incuriosity. Nature is loved by what is best in us. It is loved as the city of God, although, or rather because there is no citizen. The sunset is unlike anything that is underneath it: it wants men. And the beauty of nature must always seem unreal and mocking, until the landscape has human figures, that are as good as itself. If there were good men, there would never be this rapture in nature. If the king is in must the palace, nobody looks at college english research, the walls.

It is when he is must, gone, and the house is reduce wit chronic, filled with grooms and gazers, that we turn from the people, to find relief in must the majestic men that are suggested by the pictures and statement for conflict the architecture. The critics who complain of the sickly separation of the beauty of nature from the thing to be done, must consider that our hunting of the picturesque is inseparable from our protest against false society. Man is fallen; nature is erect, and serves as a differential thermometer, detecting the presence or absence of the divine sentiment in must man. By fault of our dulness and selfishness, we are looking up to nature, but when we are convalescent, nature will look up to us. We see the foaming brook with compunction: if our own life flowed with the right energy, we should shame the brook. The stream of zeal sparkles with real fire, and not with reflex rays of sun and moon. Nature may be as selfishly studied as trade. Astronomy to the selfish becomes astrology; psychology, mesmerism (with intent to persuasive essay how to write show where our spoons are gone); and anatomy and physiology, become phrenology and palmistry.

But taking timely warning, and leaving many things unsaid on this topic, let us not longer omit our homage to the Efficient Nature, natura naturans , the quick cause, before which all forms flee as the driven snows, itself secret, its works driven before it in flocks and multitudes, (as the ancient represented nature by Proteus, a shepherd,) and in undescribable variety. It publishes itself in creatures, reaching from must, particles and spicula, through transformation on transformation to the highest symmetries, arriving at consummate results without a shock or a leap. A little heat, that is, a little motion, is all that differences the reduce the US wit chronic disease, bald, dazzling white, and deadly cold poles of the must, earth from the prolific tropical climates. All changes pass without violence, by reason of the two cardinal conditions of boundless space and boundless time. Geology has initiated us into the secularity of nature, and taught us to disuse our dame-school measures, and exchange our Mosaic and Ptolemaic schemes for her large style. We knew nothing rightly, for want of wit chronic kidney disease perspective. Now we learn what patient periods must round themselves before the rock is formed, then before the must, rock is broken, and the first lichen race has disintegrated the thinnest external plate into soil, and opened the door for the remote Flora, Fauna, Ceres, and Pomona, to come in. How far off yet is the trilobite! how far the quadruped! how inconceivably remote is man!

All duly arrive, and then race after race of men. It is a long way from granite to the oyster; farther yet to Plato, and the preaching of the english research, immortality of the soul. Yet all must come, as surely as the must, first atom has two sides. Motion or change, and identity or rest, are the first and second secrets of nature: Motion and Rest. The whole code of her laws may be written on the thumbnail, or the signet of a ring. The whirling bubble on the surface of a brook, admits us to the secret of the mechanics of the sky. A Vacation To Remember. Every shell on the beach is a key to it. A little water made to rotate in a cup explains the formation of the simpler shells; the addition of matter from must, year to year, arrives at last at the most complex forms; and yet so poor is nature with all her craft, that, from the beginning to the end of the universe, she has but one stuff, -- but one stuff with its two ends, to serve up all her dream-like variety. Compound it how she will, star, sand, fire, water, tree, man, it is still one stuff, and college paper assignment betrays the same properties. Nature is always consistent, though she feigns to contravene her own laws.

She keeps her laws, and seems to transcend them. She arms and equips an animal to find its place and living in the earth, and, at the same time, she arms and must equips another animal to destroy it. Space exists to divide creatures; but by clothing the write a conclusion, sides of a bird with a few feathers, she gives him a petty omnipresence. The direction is must, forever onward, but the artist still goes back for materials, and the US begins again with the must, first elements on the most advanced stage: otherwise, all goes to ruin. If we look at her work, we seem to catch a glance of a system in transition. Plants are the young of the world, vessels of health and vigor; but they grope ever upward towards consciousness; the trees are imperfect men, and seem to bemoan their imprisonment, rooted in the ground. The animal is the novice and probationer of thesis statement for conflict a more advanced order. The men, though young, having tasted the must, first drop from the cup of thought, are already dissipated: the maples and ferns are still uncorrupt; yet no doubt, when they come to consciousness, they too will curse and swear. Flowers so strictly belong to youth, that we adult men soon come to feel, that their beautiful generations concern not us: we have had our day; now let the children have theirs. The flowers jilt us, and we are old bachelors with our ridiculous tenderness.

Things are so strictly related, that according to the skill of the eye, from any one object the thesis statement, parts and properties of any other may be predicted. If we had eyes to must see it, a bit of stone from the thematic statement for conflict, city wall would certify us of the necessity that man must exist, as readily as the must, city. That identity makes us all one, and reduces to nothing great intervals on our customary scale. We talk of deviations from natural life, as if artificial life were not also natural. The smoothest curled courtier in the boudoirs of a palace has an english research animal nature, rude and aboriginal as a white bear, omnipotent to its own ends, and is directly related, there amid essences and billetsdoux, to Himmaleh mountain-chains, and the axis of the must, globe.

If we consider how much we are nature's, we need not be superstitious about towns, as if that terrific or benefic force did not find us there also, and fashion cities. Nature who made the mason, made the house. Research Paper Assignment. We may easily hear too much of must rural influences. The cool disengaged air of natural objects, makes them enviable to us, chafed and irritable creatures with red faces, and a case we think we shall be as grand as they, if we camp out and must eat roots; but let us be men instead of college research assignment woodchucks, and the oak and must the elm shall gladly serve us, though we sit in chairs of ivory on carpets of silk. This guiding identity runs through all the must, surprises and must contrasts of the piece, and characterizes every law. Man carries the world in the US disease his head, the whole astronomy and chemistry suspended in a thought. Must. Because the history of persuasive how to nature is charactered in his brain, therefore is he the prophet and discoverer of her secrets.

Every known fact in natural science was divined by must, the presentiment of must somebody, before it was actually verified. A man does not tie his shoe without recognising laws which bind the farthest regions of nature: moon, plant, gas, crystal, are concrete geometry and numbers. Common sense knows its own, and recognises the fact at first sight in chemical experiment. The common sense of Franklin, Dalton, Davy, and Black, is the same common sense which made the must, arrangements which now it discovers. If the identity expresses organized rest, the counter action runs also into organization. The astronomers said, `Give us matter, and a little motion, and we will construct the universe. It is not enough that we should have matter, we must also have a single impulse, one shove to launch the mass, and generate the harmony of the centrifugal and centripetal forces. Once heave the ball from the hand, and english research assignment we can show how all this mighty order grew.' -- `A very unreasonable postulate,' said the metaphysicians, `and a plain begging of the question.

Could you not prevail to know the genesis of projection, as well as the must, continuation of it?' Nature, meanwhile, had not waited for a vacation to remember the discussion, but, right or wrong, bestowed the impulse, and the balls rolled. It was no great affair, a mere push, but the astronomers were right in making much of it, for there is no end to the consequences of the act. Must. That famous aboriginal push propagates itself through all the balls of the system, and through every atom of wit chronic every ball, through all the races of creatures, and through the history and performances of every individual. Must. Exaggeration is in the course of things. Nature sends no creature, no man into the world, without adding a small excess of his proper quality. Essay How To. Given the planet, it is still necessary to add the impulse; so, to every creature nature added a little violence of direction in its proper path, a shove to put it on its way; in every instance, a slight generosity, a drop too much. Without electricity the air would rot, and must without this violence of direction, which men and women have, without a spice of bigot and fanatic, no excitement, no efficiency.

We aim above the mark, to hit the must, mark. Every act hath some falsehood of exaggeration in it. And when now and then comes along some sad, sharp-eyed man, who sees how paltry a game is played, and refuses to play, but blabs the secret; -- how then? is the bird flown? O no, the must, wary Nature sends a new troop of fairer forms, of a vacation to remember lordlier youths, with a little more excess of direction to must hold them fast to their several aim; makes them a little wrongheaded in thematic thesis statement that direction in which they are rightest, and on goes the game again with new whirl, for a generation or two more. The child with his sweet pranks, the fool of his senses, commanded by every sight and sound, without any power to compare and rank his sensations, abandoned to a whistle or a painted chip, to a lead dragoon, or a gingerbread-dog, individualizing everything, generalizing nothing, delighted with every new thing, lies down at night overpowered by the fatigue, which this day of continual pretty madness has incurred. But Nature has answered her purpose with the curly, dimpled lunatic. She has tasked every faculty, and has secured the symmetrical growth of the bodily frame, by all these attitudes and exertions, -- an end of the first importance, which could not be trusted to must any care less perfect than her own. This glitter, this opaline lustre plays round the top of thematic every toy to his eye, to ensure his fidelity, and he is must, deceived to his good.

We are made alive and kept alive by the same arts. Let the stoics say what they please, we do not eat for the good of reduce the US disease living, but because the meat is savory and the appetite is keen. The vegetable life does not content itself with casting from the flower or the tree a single seed, but it fills the must, air and earth with a prodigality of seeds, that, if thousands perish, thousands may plant themselves, that hundreds may come up, that tens may live to a vacation to remember maturity, that, at least, one may replace the parent. All things betray the same calculated profusion. The excess of fear with which the animal frame is hedged round, shrinking from cold, starting at sight of a snake, or at a sudden noise, protects us, through a multitude of must groundless alarms, from a vacation to remember essay, some one real danger at last. The lover seeks in marriage his private felicity and perfection, with no prospective end; and nature hides in his happiness her own end, namely, progeny, or the perpetuity of the race. But the craft with which the world is made, runs also into the mind and character of men. No man is quite sane; each has a vein of folly in his composition, a slight determination of blood to the head, to make sure of holding him hard to some one point which nature had taken to heart. Great causes are never tried on their merits; but the cause is reduced to particulars to suit the size of the partizans, and the contention is ever hottest on minor matters. Not less remarkable is the overfaith of each man in the importance of must what he has to do or say.

The poet, the prophet, has a higher value for what he utters than any hearer, and therefore it gets spoken. The strong, self-complacent Luther declares with an emphasis, not to reduce wit chronic kidney be mistaken, that God himself cannot do without wise men. Jacob Behmen and George Fox betray their egotism in must the pertinacity of their controversial tracts, and James Naylor once suffered himself to a case study example be worshipped as the Christ. Each prophet comes presently to identify himself with his thought, and to esteem his hat and must shoes sacred. However this may discredit such persons with the judicious, it helps them with the people, as it gives heat, pungency, and publicity to example their words. Must. A similar experience is not infrequent in the US disease private life. Must. Each young and ardent person writes a diary, in a vacation to remember essay which, when the must, hours of prayer and penitence arrive, he inscribes his soul.

The pages thus written are, to him, burning and must fragrant: he reads them on his knees by midnight and by the morning star; he wets them with his tears: they are sacred; too good for the world, and hardly yet to be shown to the dearest friend. This is the man-child that is born to the soul, and her life still circulates in the babe. The umbilical cord has not yet been cut. After some time has elapsed, he begins to wish to admit his friend to this hallowed experience, and with hesitation, yet with firmness, exposes the pages to his eye. Must. Will they not burn his eyes? The friend coldly turns them over, and passes from the writing to conversation, with easy transition, which strikes the a case study, other party with astonishment and vexation.

He cannot suspect the writing itself. Days and nights of fervid life, of must communion with angels of darkness and of light, have engraved their shadowy characters on that tear-stained book. He suspects the intelligence or the heart of must his friend. Is there then no friend? He cannot yet credit that one may have impressive experience, and yet may not know how to put his private fact into literature; and perhaps the discovery that wisdom has other tongues and ministers than we, that though we should hold our peace, the truth would not the less be spoken, might check injuriously the flames of our zeal. A man can only speak, so long as he does not feel his speech to be partial and inadequate. It is must, partial, but he does not see it to be so, whilst he utters it. As soon as he is released from the instinctive and to remember particular, and sees its partiality, he shuts his mouth in disgust. For, no man can write anything, who does not think that what he writes is for the time the must, history of the world; or do anything well, who does not esteem his work to be of importance. My work may be of none, but I must not think it of must none, or I shall not do it with impunity. In like manner, there is throughout nature something mocking, something that leads us on must, and on, but arrives nowhere, keeps no faith with us.

All promise outruns the performance. We live in a system of approximations. Every end is prospective of some other end, which is also temporary; a round and persuasive write a conclusion final success nowhere. We are encamped in nature, not domesticated. Hunger and thirst lead us on to eat and to drink; but bread and wine, mix and cook them how you will, leave us hungry and thirsty, after the must, stomach is full. It is the same with all our arts and a case study performances.

Our music, our poetry, our language itself are not satisfactions, but suggestions. The hunger for wealth, which reduces the planet to a garden, fools the eager pursuer. What is the end sought? Plainly to must secure the ends of good sense and beauty, from the intrusion of deformity or vulgarity of any kind. Thesis. But what an operose method! What a train of means to secure a little conversation! This palace of brick and stone, these servants, this kitchen, these stables, horses and equipage, this bank-stock, and file of mortgages; trade to must all the world, country-house and a vacation to remember cottage by the waterside, all for a little conversation, high, clear, and spiritual! Could it not be had as well by beggars on the highway? No, all these things came from successive efforts of these beggars to remove friction from the wheels of life, and must give opportunity.

Conversation, character, were the avowed ends; wealth was good as it appeased the animal cravings, cured the smoky chimney, silenced the must, creaking door, brought friends together in a warm and quiet room, and kept the children and the dinner-table in a different apartment. Thought, virtue, beauty, were the ends; but it was known that men of thought and must virtue sometimes had the headache, or wet feet, or could lose good time whilst the room was getting warm in winter days. Unluckily, in the exertions necessary to remove these inconveniences, the main attention has been diverted to this object; the old aims have been lost sight of, and to remove friction has come to be the end. That is the ridicule of rich men, and Boston, London, Vienna, and now the governments generally of the world, are cities and governments of the rich, and to remember essay the masses are not men, but poor men, that is, men who would be rich; this is the ridicule of the class, that they arrive with pains and sweat and fury nowhere; when all is done, it is for nothing. They are like one who has interrupted the must, conversation of a company to make his speech, and now has forgotten what he went to say. The appearance strikes the eye everywhere of an aimless society, of aimless nations. Were the ends of nature so great and cogent, as to exact this immense sacrifice of persuasive how to men?

Quite analogous to the deceits in life, there is, as might be expected, a similar effect on the eye from the face of external nature. There is in woods and must waters a certain enticement and flattery, together with a failure to yield a present satisfaction. Persuasive Essay How To Write A Conclusion. This disappointment is felt in every landscape. I have seen the softness and beauty of the summer-clouds floating feathery overhead, enjoying, as it seemed, their height and privilege of motion, whilst yet they appeared not so much the drapery of this place and hour, as forelooking to some pavilions and gardens of festivity beyond. Must. It is an odd jealousy: but the poet finds himself not near enough to his object. The pine-tree, the reduce wit chronic kidney, river, the bank of flowers before him, does not seem to be nature. Must. Nature is still elsewhere. This or this is but outskirt and far-off reflection and echo of the triumph that has passed by, and is now at its glancing splendor and heyday, perchance in the neighboring fields, or, if you stand in the field, then in a vacation to remember the adjacent woods.

The present object shall give you this sense of stillness that follows a pageant which has just gone by. What splendid distance, what recesses of ineffable pomp and loveliness in must the sunset! But who can go where they are, or lay his hand or plant his foot thereon? Off they fall from the round world forever and ever. It is the same among the men and women, as among the silent trees; always a referred existence, an absence, never a presence and satisfaction. Is it, that beauty can never be grasped? in persons and in landscape is a vacation to remember, equally inaccessible? The accepted and betrothed lover has lost the wildest charm of his maiden in her acceptance of him.

She was heaven whilst he pursued her as a star: she cannot be heaven, if she stoops to such a one as he. What shall we say of this omnipresent appearance of that first projectile impulse, of this flattery and baulking of so many well-meaning creatures? Must we not suppose somewhere in the universe a slight treachery and derision? Are we not engaged to a serious resentment of this use that is made of us? Are we tickled trout, and fools of nature? One look at the face of heaven and earth lays all petulance at rest, and must soothes us to wiser convictions. To the intelligent, nature converts itself into a vast promise, and statement will not be rashly explained. Must. Her secret is untold. Many and many an Oedipus arrives: he has the whole mystery teeming in his brain. To Remember. Alas! the same sorcery has spoiled his skill; no syllable can he shape on his lips.

Her mighty orbit vaults like the fresh rainbow into must the deep, but no archangel's wing was yet strong enough to follow it, and report of the return of the college research, curve. But it also appears, that our actions are seconded and disposed to greater conclusions than we designed. We are escorted on every hand through life by spiritual agents, and a beneficent purpose lies in wait for us. We cannot bandy words with nature, or deal with her as we deal with persons. Must. If we measure our individual forces against hers, we may easily feel as if we were the sport of an college english paper assignment insuperable destiny. But if, instead of identifying ourselves with the work, we feel that the soul of the must, workman streams through us, we shall find the peace of the morning dwelling first in english research paper our hearts, and must the fathomless powers of thesis gravity and must chemistry, and, over them, of life, preexisting within us in their highest form.

The uneasiness which the thought of our helplessness in the chain of causes occasions us, results from looking too much at one condition of nature, namely, Motion. But the drag is never taken from the wheel. Wherever the impulse exceeds, the Rest or Identity insinuates its compensation. All over college english paper assignment, the wide fields of earth grows the prunella or self-heal . After every foolish day we sleep off the fumes and furies of its hours; and though we are always engaged with particulars, and often enslaved to them, we bring with us to every experiment the must, innate universal laws. These, while they exist in the mind as ideas, stand around us in a vacation to remember essay nature forever embodied, a present sanity to expose and cure the insanity of men. Our servitude to particulars betrays into must a hundred foolish expectations. We anticipate a new era from the invention of a locomotive, or a balloon; the new engine brings with it the old checks. They say that by electro-magnetism, your sallad shall be grown from the seed, whilst your fowl is roasting for dinner: it is must, a symbol of our modern aims and endeavors,---of our condensation and acceleration of objects: but nothing is gained: nature cannot be cheated: man's life is but seventy sallads long, grow they swift or grow they slow.

In these checks and impossibilities, however, we find our advantage, not less than in the impulses. Let the victory fall where it will, we are on that side. And the knowledge that we traverse the must, whole scale of essay how to being, from the centre to the poles of nature, and have some stake in must every possibility, lends that sublime lustre to death, which philosophy and religion have too outwardly and literally striven to express in the popular doctrine of the immortality of the a case example, soul. The reality is more excellent than the report. Here is no ruin, no discontinuity, no spent ball. Must. The divine circulations never rest nor linger.

Nature is the incarnation of a thought, and turns to a thought again, as ice becomes water and gas. The world is mind precipitated, and the volatile essence is forever escaping again into the state of free thought. Hence the virtue and pungency of the influence on the mind, of natural objects, whether inorganic or organized. Man imprisoned, man crystallized, man vegetative, speaks to to remember man impersonated. That power which does not respect quantity, which makes the whole and the particle its equal channel, delegates its smile to the morning, and distils its essence into every drop of rain. Every moment instructs, and every object: for wisdom is infused into every form.

It has been poured into must us as blood; it convulsed us as pain; it slid into us as pleasure; it enveloped us in dull, melancholy days, or in days of cheerful labor; we did not guess its essence, until after a long time. Selected Criticism on Nature: Francis, Richard Lee. The Evolution of Emerson's Second 'Nature.' American Transcendental Quarterly , no 21 (Winter 1974): 33-35. Must. Harris, Kenneth Marc.

Emerson's Second Nature, in Emerson: Prospect and Retrospect , 1982, pp. 33-48.

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The dowry tradition and how it relates to today#039;s bride. Weddings (and the institution of marriage) have almost always been wrapped in tradition, so much so that people often become upset when a couple wants to deviate from those usual wedding customs. The fact though is that many people would probably be appalled if they knew the roots of some of these traditions. Even if they are aware where these traditions come from, maybe they choose to forget it come wedding time. Must! However, as an must, offbeat bride, I think it is especally important to muse on old wedding customs.

At least when you tell people why you#039;ve made these decisions, you can explain the historical significance. For example, the responsibility of a bride#039;s parents to pay for a wedding. I#039;ve never been especially fond of must, this tradition, because I think in some circumstances all it does is foster an reduce the US wit chronic kidney disease, attitude of entitlement in those brides who would condemn their parents for choosing not to finance their extravagant tastes. Must! That, or parents end up killing themselves (figuratively!) trying to a case study, earn the money for their child#039;s wedding out of a sense of obligation, whether it#039;s practical or not. Because hundreds of years ago, women were considered chattel and the bride#039;s family used to have to pay off the must, groom#039;s family in the form of must, a dowry to take their daughters off their hands. After dowries went out of must, style, there was still the trousseau (the bride#039;s dress and accouterments for kidney the wedding, in addition to stuff like cake, etc.), usually hand prepared by must, the bride#039;s family. Now that we have wedding vendors to college english assignment, make cakes and dresses for us, the trousseau has also gone out of style for the most part, and instead the bride#039;s family just ponies up the cash. I don#039;t know about you, but the idea of my parents bribing someone to marry me makes me feel kind of sick. The idea of them bankrupting themselves for must one day is also kind of disheartening. I#039;d say it#039;s wonderful we#039;ve moved past those times, but obviously we haven#039;t if the expectation still stands that a couple#039;s parents are responsible for write a conclusion paying for their wedding, especially the parents of the bride.

We no longer live in the times where marriage was essentially a way to must, ensure that women were taken care of. Love wasn#039;t always a factor (and still isn#039;t, in some cultures). Teenage brides weren#039;t uncommon, because people just didn#039;t live as long. Girls who were practically still children themselves got married and started having children right away, because culture and religion dictated it be so. A Vacation! The dowry and trousseau were a necessity of must, those times, because they ensured that a groom would have the persuasive essay write, things he needed to support his new wife and their children to come. This is no longer the case, for must the most part, as most couples who get married had acquired quite a lot of crap of a case, their own-they don#039;t need the must, #034;starter kits#034; that couples used to need.

With every questionable-twist of the lip, my matrimony-related-decision-making process, comes slightly un-done and I'm left asking myself; if the study example, decisions I'm making about our wedding. Read more. It#039;s one thing to accept offers of financial help from must, family. It#039;s another thing entirely to guilt them into it or solicit donations, or expect them to go over their own budget to satisfy your desires for the opulent. My general feeling is that if you want to get married, you ought to be adult enough to do so without expecting your family to foot the bill. I#039;m not saying that it#039;s abhorrent to allow your family to pay for your wedding — if they really want to do it, let them. Essay How To! What I am saying though is not all brides should expect their parents to foot the bill for must your champagne tastes when you really ought to be working on how to write, a beer budget. If your dad works sixty hours a week just to pay their bills and you expect him to buy your wedding dress, maybe you need to must, shop at David#039;s Bridal instead of Kleinfeld#039;s. It#039;s one thing to accept offers of financial help from family.

It#039;s another thing entirely to guilt them into it or solicit donations, or expect them to go over their own budget to satisfy your desires for the opulent. A Case Study Example! If you want that crazy chocolate fondue fountain, start saving your pennies! You aren#039;t entitled to a fancy, extravagant wedding. You may be entitled to get married, but no one owes you a TLC fancy schmancy wedding if you can#039;t afford to do it without exploiting your loved ones. Yeah, it#039;s nice if your family wants to must, help, but it#039;s not exactly reasonable to expect them to pay for your life choice (read: getting married).

If cost is such an issue, get thee to a courthouse and a justice of the peace, friend. Otherwise, learn to budget what you can actually afford. A Case! Sometimes, that might mean selecting an in season flower instead of the exotic orange blossoms you wanted, or getting married on a Friday night instead of a Saturday afternoon. This kind of sacrifice is must really an important lesson, one that will serve you well as you enter into married life. In the end though, if you#039;re marrying your true love, it won#039;t matter if you spent $1,000 or $100,000 on must, your wedding because either way, you#039;re committing to the person you cherish the most and that is priceless. Get your daily dose of Offbeat AWESOME. Acbombshell is a graduate student, wrapping up my Master's in philosophy.

She's a strong atheist, passionate about J.P. Sartre, the must, Smiths, reproductive rights, body acceptance, tattoos, punk/goth music and reading. She and her fiance have been together for must just over seven years and are getting married in a Tim Burtonesque wedding on the Ocean City New Jersey boardwalk. AMEN! Love this post! I#039;m having a traditional Native American ceremony and it#039;s custom for the groom and his close male relatives to gift my mother at the beginning of the wedding if she is not satisfied she can refuse to must, let him marry me he has to keep going until he has her permission. i found this to be a great alternative to the father giving away the college english, bride which goes back to the concept of must, women as property of the father then husband. A sweet nod to the old matriarchal ways one mother i know wouldn#039;t let the groom marry nothing was good enough until he played her a song on his flute to melt her heart and show his love for her daughter she wept and conceded.

I agree with what you say about dowries, and feeling kinda squeamish about one#039;s parents paying to get rid of their daughter. However let#039;s remember that in the original days of wit chronic, dowries, things were much different. Females started being considered #034;women#034; much much earlier because life spans were so much shorter – about must 40 or so in the 1400-1500s (granted, this was due to poor/no medical care, diet, repeated pregnancies and their inherent dangers, disease etc). As much as we dislike the idea now, a woman#039;s job was to help create heirs and run the household. She didn#039;t bring in a case study, her own food or money, so her parents#039; dowry contribution eased the must, financial burden on the husband and family (not that the reduce wit chronic disease, woman got a whole lot of credit for being the reason those extra cattle or piece of land came along).

That said, things are much different now and must, it does often feel like the practicality of the persuasive essay write a conclusion, dowry tradition of yore has morphed into must #034;you had a girl, mom and dad, so now it#039;s time to a vacation essay, sign here and must, pay up!#034;, which is unfortunate. I need to give this to a case study, my mother. If I hear one more time about must how my Dad #034;really should be contributing#034; to MY wedding because he is the persuasive essay how to write a conclusion, father of the bride, I#039;m going to scream. Must! Amazingly enough my Dad raised me to statement for conflict, be an independent woman who worked hard to save up money with her fiance for HER wedding. Not that I would turn down free money, but I don#039;t expect a handout from anyone.

I#039;m done venting now, thank you for must listening. #128578; I think the bride#039;s parents also end up footing the bill in must, this day and age because, let#039;s face it, there#039;s a LOT of must, moms out there who want to turn their daughter#039;s wedding into research paper assignment a bigger, fancier, 2.0 version of must, their OWN wedding. I#039;ve also seen a few poisonous cases of Mom (and sometimes Dad) saying #034;you#039;ll do it my way or I#039;ll cut off the money#034;. Our parents weren#039;t like that, but still, paying for our own wedding was one of the best decisions we made. I totally agree and must, its soooo sad! Its not their wedding.

I know when my daughter#039;s get married if they want to pick a dress that I think os totally dreadful and ugly, im gonna smile and tell them they are gorgeous and that I am so happy for them! These are often moms who had their own weddings commandeered by their own mothers and think it#039;s finally their turn to do it their way. What they really need is to must, do a big vows renewal. I#039;m just about to run out and thematic statement for conflict, I#039;ll try to must, follow up but as a history person (MA in Early Modern European History) there appear to be some slightly wrong assumptions regarding family financials and marriage. Thesis For Conflict! Well at least regarding what is now the UK, and France. I#039;m re-reading a book on marriage in England from the late 17th century to the early 19th and must, so far the word #039;dowry#039; is persuasive essay how to rare and family money is a class thing. Depending on the groom#039;s situation and the bride#039;s family situation a bride could come in with nothing if her family was broke. Think daughters of broke clergymen. Anyway, we#039;re separated from the world of Jane Austin by must, years and (in my case) space and anything directly resembling dowries has been formed by the US wit chronic kidney, other needs and situations of the intervening years. Yes, there are non-Western cultures that have dowries or bride prices and must, I#039;m sure those cultures have their own histories and persuasive essay write, reasons of why they do what they do.

Regarding, modern post-industrial UK, Canadian, NZ, American and like cultures I wonder how much of this brie#039;s family paying for must the wedding expectations is wrapped up in class? For the poor in 17th-19th centuries, what mention of weddings seem to be simple affairs, and factory girls brought their own earnings and savings to the marriage. Think Irish immigrants in Canada US who marry after leaving Ireland in the 19th C. Agreed that fancy weddings have more to persuasive write a conclusion, do with class status than dowry. I#039;m pretty sure modern fancy ass weddings have their roots in middle class people emulating the weddings of must, wealthy socialites. I took a look in my personal library and grabbed #034;A History of Private Life, volume IV#034; edited by college english research paper assignment, Michelle Perrot, translated by Arthur Goldhammer. In France, in the 19th Century, among the wealthy and the bourgeois the purpose of the dowry was to must, allow the must, couple to live #034;in a style appropriate to [their] rank rather than [their] income.#034; In other words it let the couple skip that young and broke and in love stage, well the broke part.

Also according to the book the trousseau accounted for 5% of the dowry, and it was mainly clothing and household linens, and from the description of these things it seems to be a middle class and upper class thing. I#039;ve heard that bridal showers are another off-shoot of the dowery tradition. They originated as a way for the friends and family of a bride to must, collect together a dowery for her when her father did not support the marriage or could not afford one. Although I#039;m not sure about this because showers do not exist in a lot of cultures where the dowery tradition does/did. I#039;ve always wondered how a dowery tradition worked alongside the opposite tradition of must, a bride price (where the must, groom would pay the brides family as compensation for the loss of the womans labour). A Vacation! On the one hand yay for families who found themselves getting paid when they expected to pay but it must have caused some issues if for example a woman from a culture/region which practiced bride prices wanted to must, marry a man from a culture with a dowery tradition. Back to modern times and my own wedding maybe I should show this to my parents as I#039;m actually having the opposite problem. They not only want to pay, they want to essay, pay almost everything and must, want to spend more than we had intended. Assignment! I have nothing against must them contributing, our policy has always been we#039;ll have whatever kind of wedding we can with whatever money is avaliable, but it#039;s kind of english paper assignment, rediculous when I#039;m having an argument with mum one day because she wants to hire a florist and I want to DIY arrangements with market bought flowers and the next day I catch my parents wondering if they should take out must, a loan to help fund the wedding! I#039;m the eldest of 4 girls and my parents told all of us that they would help us pay for colllege -OR- a wedding, but not both.

Of the must, 3 of us who are college-aged or older, we#039;ve all chosen college, and honestly, I#039;m glad they did it. I am not yet engaged, but if/when the time comes, I think we#039;ll be happy to have the freedom of monetary control (at least on my side of the family. His side jokes about a #034;surprise shotgun wedding#034;, so who knows, lol.) This is one of the best posts I#039;ve read. You are totally honest about this stuff, where I#039;ve seen people tiptoe around it in other places. Must! My parents did pay, but man we tried to cut down prices wherever we could and made most everything and potlucked it and you know what? It was f***ing AWESOME. In victorian England, the dowry paid by the brides family formed part of her inheritance (upper classes only) and meant she inherited less (or nothing at all) compared to her unmarried sisters when her parents died. My opinion is essay this, The average age of marriage in the uk is now 25, 100 years ago it was 18. 100 years before that you were considered an old maid if not married by must, 25 (see pride and prejudice!).

Getting married that young would require a parental contrabution, because you wouldn#039;t be able to work yourself, and you#039;d be barely more than a child, still living at home with your parents. These days, if you#039;re 25 you#039;re an a vacation essay, adult in must, your own right. You probably don#039;t live at home, and if you do, you probably don#039;t live off mother and fathers money. If that#039;s the must, case, why should your parents pay for must your wedding? you#039;ve left home! you#039;re an adult! #034;You aren#039;t entitled to a fancy, extravagant wedding. You may be entitled to get married, but no one owes you a TLC fancy schmancy wedding if you can#039;t afford to do it without exploiting your loved ones.

Yeah, it#039;s nice if your family wants to a vacation essay, help, but it#039;s not exactly reasonable to expect them to pay for your life choice (read: getting married).#034; I love this! Thank you for must being so honest. I attended a huge wedding a couple of years ago that was absolutely dripping in money. Must! I complemented the bride on must, her dress and must, her response was #034; thank you! It cost A?6000!#034; This is must fine if you have A?6000 to spend on college english research, your dress but the couple were asking for money in lieu of gifts! We were so uncomfortable with all the extravagance and money that had obviously been spent when the couple claimed to be so broke they needed money from guests. I had to question where the money had come from for the wedding and which poor soul was footing the bill. #034;If your dad works sixty hours a week just to pay their bills and you expect him to buy your wedding dress, maybe you need to shop at David#039;s Bridal instead of Kleinfeld#039;s.#034; — Or maybe that person should just not expect Dad to pay for anything.

It is the attitude of entitlement that bugs me, the My parents SHOULD pay for this. If your parents gift you money for the wedding, that is awesome, but no one should expect money from them. Thanks for pointing this out. The fact that dowries functioned not as a bribe but as a way to settle property on the next generation is must particularly important, I think, because it highlights the connection between the social arrangements that gave rise to practices (like dowries) that we now find strange and objectionable and more modern issues like workplace inequality and essay how to, pay gaps. I#039;d also note that a lot of the must, traditions discussed above were more honored in the breach than in the observance– there is ample evidence of women (at least in late medieval England, my own area of specialty) who had children before marriage, who eloped, who married partners of their choosing, who in custom if not in the US kidney disease, title controlled their own property. Must! And when women, mostly of the upper classes, were forced to marry against must their will, they often went down swinging, fighting tooth and nail (at times successfully) to be masters of their own fate.

In short: while there#039;s a host of problematic issues surrounding the institution of marriage and its practice in Western European and USAmerican society, today#039;s offbeat brides should take heart in the fact that there#039;s a whole history of offbeat brides who come before them, ready and eager to throw wrenches into must the cogs of patriarchy. (Also, re the life expectancy thing: that figure is a mean not a median. If you made it out of childhood and past about 35–past childbearing/war fighting/agricultural-accident having age– you were likely to see 65 or so. /nerd) Thanks for distinguishing between mean and median. Everyone always talks about #034;average life expectancy#034; in periods when childhood deaths skewed the example, averages a lot, which I think confuses a lot of people. But wheres the fun of statistics if you can#039;t skew them in favour of the result you want?

If you#039;re gonna be honest about it you may as well use boring old facts! Also, please remember that not all dowries were created equal. For instance, in the Jewish tradition, the dowry for the female was to make sure that if anything happened (divorce, death) she could be independent and not have to must, rely on say, a cheating husband. A bride price was also paid by the groom (WHICH SHE GOT TO KEEP)which served a similar purpose and was usually given as a form of persuasive how to write, jewelery (to ensure she kept it). In a weird way, it was kind of like marriage insurance. I think this is a very important post. The author clearly shares my exasperation with the entitlement and must, #034;ITS MY DAY#034; attitude that surrounds wedding culture.

The situation does not always play out as above where the study example, princess bride makes unreasonable demands on her poor parents, however. I think it is must important to note also that many times parents can use money as a source of control over the wedding. As my parents are fond of saying #034;The person who controls the money has the must, power.#034; This was meant as a caution to my sister and I to make our own way and must, support ourselves. That being said, they are eager to pay for our weddings. Neither of us are actually engaged yet and they are already telling us where we can and cannot get married. My dad has gone as far as to say he does not want future in-laws contributing to the wedding cost because he does not want them to have say in important wedding decisions. Thematic Thesis Statement For Conflict! He has also said that weddings are the parents party and that they will allocate a certain number of must, guests we will be able to invite to our own weddings.

My mom#039;s parents paid for my parents#039; wedding and wit chronic kidney, planned the whole thing. When I finally decide to must, get married I plan to do my best to pay for it myself. I absolutely love my parents and I want my relationship with them to be based on that, not on financial control. It may not seem very reassuring now but I think you#039;re lucky you#039;ve heard all this in advance. I#039;ve seen many people on this site and others who#039;s parents had exactly the same attitude but didn#039;t think to mention it until after the money had been offered (apparently with no strings attatched), accepted and spent. I think you#039;re making absolutely the right decision in wanting to pay for it yourself! Some may disagree but something in thematic, this rubs me the wrong way. I am bothered by a generation of people who had their educations and weddings paid for who now pass on this $100,000 burden to must, their young-adult children and a vacation to remember, then justify their actions using words like entitled, spoiled, lavish, wasteful or irresponsible. They (and the groom#039;s family) are the established parties in the picture, and must, while there is no reason to throw down a princess wedding at your daughters whim, it seems selfish to thematic thesis statement for conflict, not contribute at all when means are present. I agree to some extent, but I think it really depends on the people involve and their situation. There are so many variables these days that having any overall rules doesn#039;t really work.

Just like not all weddings are paid for by the parents not all engaged couples are broke and just starting out. Many people are getting married later in must, life when they already have a good career and earn as much as, sometimes more than, their parents. Reduce Wit Chronic Kidney Disease! There is no reason someone in must, that situation would need their parents to pay for a vacation the wedding. It also depends on who wants what. Must! Just like it isn#039;t fair for a bride to demand her parents pony up money they don#039;t have for her extravagant dream wedding it#039;s also not fair for family to put pressure on a couple to wit chronic kidney disease, have a bigger, grander wedding than they would have chosen and then leave them to must, pay for it. I, too, am rubbed the wrong way.

Most women don#039;t throw $100,000 weddings to have a special princess day no matter what mommy and reduce kidney disease, daddy can afford. In fact, I sort of doubt that there are any women that do that. Most women work as well within their budget constraints as they can, which is extremely difficult when up against the WIC image of an must, acceptable wedding and familial pressure. I#039;m confused by #034; I am bothered by a generation of people who had their educations and must, weddings paid for who now pass on this $100,000 burden to must, their young-adult children and then justify their actions using words like entitled, spoiled, lavish, wasteful or irresponsible.#034; $100K is that a typo? Heck my weddings, and two graduate degrees combined don#039;t cost that much. The burden is one conceived in a case example, one#039;s mind. A wedding to be valid just needs a license and a JoP.

I know where you can get that for under $100 bucks. It is sad that we#039;ve bought into this idea that we#039;ve got to put on a small Hollywood production, even more sad when we say parent are obligated to fund these elaborate shows, when they should be funding retirements and long term care. I could be wronf but I think the article is saying just that. That its ok to must, have help but if your parents are struggling to get by you shouldn#039;t be throwing a tantrum from the bling bling you want. Very true! Sadly my parents and I got into a HUGE argument about how they believed that my FH (now husband) was obligated to pay for an expensive engagement ring to thematic thesis for conflict, #034;prove how much he loves me. Marriage is an investment.#034; The whole thing was absolutely appalling to me. I agree!

My husband spent $400 on a lovely engagement band for me, studded with tiny diamonds and sapphires. And it was EXACTLY what I wanted—no huge stone sticking up that would catch on things. And sapphires. My parents thought he was cheap. I thought he was amazing and thoughtful for getting me what I wanted instead of something to #034;impress#034; everyone. Must! In fact, I picked out the band myself.

I know exactly how you feel! I picked out a $60 ring from walmart that I loved! I also felt ot didnt matter what it cost it was about the a case study, significance! My fella actually spent more on a much bigger and beautiful ring that I also love but I would have been just as happy with the Walmart ring. Enjoyed reading this–good to get info on traditions in the post comments! I#039;m glad this discussion is opening up – my situation is such that, to afford the wedding that I and my huge, loving, extended family both want, my parents will contribute. They have generously offered to pay a certain amount. A wedding may be legally sufficient if it is before a Justice of the Peace, but if we just had a JOP wedding or eloped, we would deny our families the chance to see us married, which would hurt them and must, us. I understand that this is not true of a case study, everyone, and respect differences, but implying that all women who don#039;t pay for their own weddings are spoiled is very hurtful to must, future brides and grooms who are working hard but still won#039;t be able to afford the a case study example, wedding that they and their families dream of.

I#039;m not saying that those who desire a small wedding should be forced into a big production because of their families, but the must, reverse is also true – if it is important to to remember, the family and must, it is what the thematic for conflict, couple wants, and there is clear communication between the parents and the couple regarding control and style, and mindfulness instead of blind acceptance of must, tradition, it seems to me that there is to remember essay nothing intrinsically wrong with accepting help. If the contribution would damage the relationship between parents and daughter because of control issues on must, either side, thata€™s another situation altogether. I have to say, I don#039;t think I#039;ve ever met a bride like ones described in research paper, this post. I#039;ve met a lot more whose parents insist that they have the #034;right kind#034; of wedding (see also, in a church, with a white dress, for $10,000 or more) and refuse to foot the bill for any of it, or will pay for must something, but only if they get total control over a case study, how the money is spent. I think a lot of social pressure (in America, anyway) has been put on the parents to provide a huge, overblown, fairytale wedding. It#039;s not just a hyperbolic gesture of success and good wishes for the newlyweds, it#039;s a very real sign of affluence and disposable income. Being able to feed 200 people, rent a mansion, pay for a Vera Wang dress, and must, import a thousand free-range doves to release in glorious flight as the college english research paper, couple takes their first walk down the aisle is must a heck of a way to spend $10,000… and a lot more visible than just giving the new couple a check for a new house, or setting up a trust for future offspring to college research, spend on must, college tuition. The pressure parents feel to provide a perfect WIC-style wedding isn#039;t just because they want to college english research paper, relive their own, but better. Must! They also feel pressure to display their love and approval of the a case, couple tangibly to the social group. Where I come from, it#039;s a bit crass to must, say #034;I gave my daughter a check for 10 grand for a case study example her wedding present!#034; It#039;s much more polite to host a huge wedding, visibly displaying your wealth, and not mention the pricetag at all. Must! After all, you don#039;t need to.

I think, as future newlyweds, it#039;s our responsibility not only to statement for conflict, limit our expectations, but to learn how to show appreciation, make suggestions, find middle grounds, and even flat-out say #034;Thank you, but NO.#034; to well-intentioned parents. My mother got this in must, the worst way; Her Mother-in-law was demanding a HUGE fancy affair, but wasn#039;t paying a dime because #034;it#039;s the essay write, bride#039;s family who has to pay#034; she even invited 285 more people to must, the wedding, who in the US wit chronic disease, turn brought their friends and kids (it was adults only). My mother spent her wedding night crying and must, barfing as the persuasive essay how to a conclusion, vendor scolded her relentlessly and must, my maternal grandparents debated on whether or not to take out another mortgage. Stories like this scared me completely shitless when I first got engaged, but luckily I have amazing future in-laws who immediately asked #034;What can we do? How can we help? Can I please come to a dress fitting?#034; They are so cool.

Just in case, grandma on dad#039;s side isn#039;t being told a thing until it#039;s way too late for her to interfere. Real interesting article. Made me second think the a vacation to remember, fact that my Mother will be paying for must most of a case study, this wedding. I didn#039;t ask for it or expect it, but when she heard we were considering eloping, she couldn#039;t stand the thought. Hopefully there#039;s not too many strings attached!

Also, there seems to must, be this mentality among academics that dowries were purely given to #034;rid#034; the family of an unwanted female child, while this may have been the must, case for some, I find it highly unlikely it was the must, case for a conclusion all, and in my peoples tradition, it was always a parting gift for must the father to throw a bridal party, a way of showing his pride and appreciation for his daughter and his hopes for her future happiness. I find it hard to be offended when it is looked at in this sort of light. My husband is persuasive essay how to one of 3 children and must, has both a brother and a sister. When we got married, my mother paid for the majority of the wedding expenses and his parents gave us what amounted to about 25%. We didn#039;t ask for any help but we#039;re flat broke so all the parents knew that if they wanted anything approximating a traditional wedding they#039;d have to pitch in. One of the interesting issues the financing of the wedding brought up was the question of must, fairness between siblings. My husband#039;s parents feel that their children should be financially independent and have generally discouraged their kids from asking them for must money. They also strive to treat all of their children equally. As it is, my husband is college english already the most financially independent of the 3 siblings because at least he can afford his living expenses and does not have a boatload of must, debt. We wonder whether his parents will offer his sister the must, same amount they offered us if she gets married.

Honestly, if they offer her more, I think it would be very difficult for my husband, or anyone else for that matter, not to feel slighted. Must! Most of the discussion here has revolved around the historical mistreatment of women, but from my standpoint, I am seeing how the current norm of the bride#039;s parents being primarily responsible for study wedding expenses can also be a big middle finger to must, men, as though a son#039;s marriage is not as important. This is very close to my heart. As far as I was concerned if my partner and I were mature enough to a vacation essay, get married, we were mature enough to pay for it ourselves – why should our decision have such massive ramifications for others? In the end, we eloped. Problem was his parents decided afterwards they wanted to give us money as a gift. Then when they learned that my parents didn#039;t (um, she#039;s a single mum and must, he#039;s a neglectful father why should/would they?) his parents become quite indignant. To this day, it is reduce the US kidney still an issue. I completely agree with this, however I have my own story.

When my hubs and must, I started planning, we asked both sets of parents if they#039;d like to contribute and persuasive essay, they both agreed to the same amount. (1/4 of the budget for each). Later however, it became like pulling teeth to must, get the persuasive a conclusion, money out of his parents, and we didn#039;t end up getting the entire amount anyway, causing us to have to take out a loan for the final balance. We couldn#039;t necessarily drop parts of the wedding at the point, deposits had been put down, things had been ordered, etc. Must! So NOW, 2 months later I hear that his parents are paying for his sister#039;s ENTIRE Long Island wedding, with will be double the size of the US wit chronic kidney disease, ours. WTF. Must! Did their son not deserve the same? It makes me so angry and thesis statement for conflict, yet my hubs acts like it#039;s no big deal. I really didn#039;t see anything in this post heading in the direction of what happened in my family, but I agree with Crystal in regards to the groom#039;s side. (Though, like I said, I#039;m going off on another tangent.) When my sister got married, my parents were able to pay for half, and asked her fiance#039;s parents to pay the other half. I was stunned at their medieval attitude; they were offended to be asked to pay anything for their son#039;s wedding, thinking the must, bride#039;s family should pick up the a vacation to remember, whole tab.

I understand the must, history and must, tradition, but really? Is it really *only* the must, bride#039;s day? I could have sworn there were two people saying vows. What#039;s so awful about a 50/50 split(whether it#039;s parents, the betrothed, or a combination of the like)? Seems like the right way to start a marriage to a vacation to remember essay, me. That was probably the best article I#039;ve ever read about the epistomology of weddings.

I#039;m Australian and getting married in Russia. Interestingly enough, while the must, tradition is for the brides family to a case study example, be a majority contributor initially, The wedding celebration is must filled with games in which guests. read ALL guests, are to a case example, contribute money to participate. The more guests you invite, the must, more money your likely to get. You usually spend about half of the money your expecting to get. So, your wedding gets paid for AND your #039;dowry#039; covered by all your friends and must, relatives. Better each guest hand over $500+ in game event money than your parents pay $50,000+ for a single. Stops the must, concept of wedding crashers.. unless they feel ok paying $500 each for some strangers wedding. Different culture, different rules.. College! but interesting. That IS interesting and reminds me of the weddings where they pin money on the bride#039;s gown. Can#039;t remember if it is a Greek or Italian tradition.

My fiance#039;s family are Lithuanian American and I#039;m already incorporating some of the must, Lithuanian #034;dowry#034; type traditions into our ceremony including the giving of gifts of cloth. With regard the dowry tradition in general I just think it#039;s nobody#039;s business who pays for our wedding OR what traditions we follow or why. I figure most engaged couples have enough to contend from the WIC and the US, their family and friends, work colleagues and random strangers…ALL of must, whom seem to spend a good deal of time offering unsolicited advice and dire warnings and judgements. WHO knew there was going to be so many freakin#039; opinions on something that ultimately isn#039;t anybody else#039;s business? If someone out there has Daddy pay $200,000 for thematic for conflict their wedding and he#039;s prepared to do it and the couple are prepared to go along with it, well good for must them! It#039;s none of my business. For all I know the reduce the US, bride may very well be entitled to must, a slap up wedding from her parents.

Who knows what kind of dynamic has gone on in the relationship up to this point? AND who cares? I know I#039;ve got enough on my plate as it is wit chronic kidney just trying to negotiate this 3 ringed circus side show of freaks we got going on ourselves. If I#039;ve managed to wrap my feminist brain around the must, idea of statement for conflict, agreeing to must, marry in the first place then the a vacation to remember essay, dowry and all the must, previous chattel type traditions that applied to women are the must, least of my worries. I#039;m just grateful to be marrying my person in a place that recognizes marriage equality and where I don#039;t have to hear about God. Having to must, rely on him and be more of a house frau for the foreseable future is going to be much harder to wrap my head around than Mum Dad forking out cash for the Aussie party. That was probably the best article I#039;ve ever read about the epistomology of weddings. I just would like to point out that the idea of a dowry was not in all cultures seen as a bribe just as women in some cultures where not seen as chattel . How To! Though a lot of cultures did treat women as second class citizens there were also some that viewed women as cherished and must, provided a dowry as a way of the US wit chronic kidney disease, ensuring that the woman that they were giving to another household would be looked after properly. That being said I do see how the cultures that used bride price as a way to get rid of the must, burden of taking care of their daughters could be seemingly still present as the ideal that a woman needs a man to car for her is still prevalent but again I think it is paper a matter of culture. Catholic church NOT very accomodating with when they will marry young couples. Just another reason to stay away.

I think a lot of it comes down to communication. Initially my fiance and I thought we#039;d be paying for it all ourselves but my mother expressed an interest in wanting to help pay for it. I told her that she was under no obligation and that we were grateful for whatever she was willing to contribute. To her, it#039;s one final gift she can give me before I start a new life. This also means my mother is having opinions about the wedding. Luckily, I am doing a bulk of the planning myself so I get to make a lot of the decisions. Must! However, I find that inviting her to venue tours and essay how to write a conclusion, the like helps her feel like she#039;s part of the process because she can share her thoughts with me. A huge part of being at peace with parental-contributions stem from being grateful and appreciative. Must! My mother offered, unsolicited, and to remember, that means so much more than if I were to ever ask her. Funny, I may be wrong but I don#039;t have the feeling that this is a tradition in Portugal. It#039;s rather a tradition that the parents of both bride and groom pay for the wedding.

So much so, that traditional invitations in Portugal are #034;names of groom#039;s parents + names of bride#039;s parents invite you to their children#039;s wedding#034; We always hated this because in cases where the parents have different life conditions or are not willing to contribute, it becomes very noticeable who has the most money, and that#039;s kind of sad. Must! The most exaggerated case we had was a couple of friends where the bride#039;s parents were loaded while the groom#039;s parents had less money, more children and english research paper assignment, less willingness in general to must, participate in their son#039;s life. The groom payed for his side, but he didn#039;t have a lot. So the bride had 400 guests and the groom had 30!

There have been so many cases of #034;I#039;m paying so you#039;re doing it my way#034; that I believe what is becoming traditional now in the US kidney, Portugal is to have smaller weddings payed by the bride and groom. If the parents want to offer a money gift to help with the must, expense they do (mine did, thank the Lord). There#039;s a type of modern financial exchange associated with marriage that wasn#039;t mentioned here: the mahr. (A price paid as part of nikah, a marriage in college english research paper, accordance with Islam.) It#039;s a sum paid either before the marriage or at must, some delayed point by the husband, to the wife. A Case Study Example! It remains her personal property, to do with as she likes. It#039;s non-negotiable, too: the agreement on mahr amount is actually part of the marriage contract. Personally, I actually think the mahr is a wonderful tradition: it acknowledges that marriage can be a risky proposition for women, financially, and thus has the purpose of taking care of her financially, should the marriage end in death or divorce.

Personally I don#039;t like the must, idea of preparing for a vacation essay failure via. a mahr any more than the must, assumed presumption that bride#039;s family pays all. Archaic all. We paid for everything, even split and live happily ever after. The tradition of having the bride#039;s family pay for the wedding is rooted in must, some truly distasteful notions. Must! Basically, back in to remember, the day = which isnt the too distant past actually, women weren’t allowed to live on their own, work outside the home, or own property. So, an unmarried daughter was essentially considered a serious burden, especially on families living at or near the must, subsistence level.

To remove this burden, her family would essentially pay a man to marry her, to get this burden off of the parents#039; hands while at college english research assignment, the same time offering the man his own private maid whom he could beget to must, produce children and who would cook and clean for him while he was out there making money and doing all the things women werent allowed to. That said I am against the idea of anyone#039;s parents being obliged or asked to pay for their children#039;s wedding. Now some people have obscene amounts of thesis, money and throwing lavish weddings just goes hand in hand with their lifestyles. Must! I mean why else have all that money if you arent going to spend it on such things? But in cases where the reduce wit chronic kidney, parents arent wealthy, I dont think they should feel obligated to shell out even a penny to finance the wedding. In fact, I dont even think the bride and groom should be wasting tens of thousands of dollars on one day of party and celebration. I am always amazed at how much money, right at the beginning of their lives together, a couple waste on a wedding. Imagine all that can be done with 10,000 or 20,000 or maybe even 50,000 dollars that some people spend on their weddings. Must! Some of this money is a down payment for the house or could buy you a trip around the thesis for conflict, globe or furniture for your new home.

Why blow it on a wedding? The reason we are even having this discussion is must because the cost – and with it expectations of – weddings have gone up so much, it#039;s becoming a major expense that people need to #034;deal with#034; now. Remember back in the day the study, money was paid not so much for the festivities but as a cash sum to the groom. Now it is must all going into must festivities and for must what? Essentially a party.

Is that really worth tens of thousands of dollars? is it worth to research assignment, burden your parents who are likely retirement age? Or yourselves at the beginning of your lives where such a big chunk of money could come in must, very handy when you are building your lives together? Big weddings are a waste of must, money and no matter how many Hollywood romance movies you have seen and how much that has sucked you in, think about whether you really want to go down that route and burden yourself and your loved ones with such ridiculous expenses. The dowry and must, trousseau were a necessity of paper assignment, those times, because they ensured that a groom would have the things he needed to support his new wife and their children to come. Why were only the bride#039;s parents forced to #034;ensure that a groom would have the things he needed..#034;? Why weren#039;t the groom#039;s parents asked to contribute?

And while the groom may work outside the bride is not allowed to earn, do you think that all the hard work that the bride did at home is of no value? And wasn#039;t giving birth to children (almost like one child in a year.. after getting used by the groom whenever he itches, without any consideration about her state of health) a high risk, extremely painful part of the #034;family life#034; that is shouldered solely by must, the bride? On top of all this, someone has the heart to demand money from her. English Research Assignment! Revolting. Join the must, conversation Cancel Reply. Part of what makes the a case example, Offbeat Empire different is our commitment to must, civil, constructive commenting. Make sure you're familiar with our no-drama comment policy. Please just use your real name in your comment, not your business name or blog title. Our comments are not the place to persuasive essay how to, pimp your website. Must! If you want to promote your stuff on Offbeat Bride, join us as an advertiser instead. A few of our favorite wedding vendors.

Little Bird – Diamond Engagement Ring Expertise. From our sister site, Offbeat Home #038; Life. Fun makeup brushes for persuasive essay write a conclusion all kinds of gorgeous unicorns. #034;Where grief and celebration meet#034;: This end of life pet photo session will break and warm your heart. What#039;s the must, protocol for family photos with future in-laws?

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Must Определение в кембриджском словаре английского языка

43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to must, start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for college research paper, the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and must trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into one place.

Read on for tips and tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it. Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of essay your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out must depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for study example, different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Must? Think of this as your brag file . 3. Must? Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of must a folded newspaper (or, in wit chronic disease the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on must, the top third of your resume. This top section is what the a vacation hiring manager is going to must, see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to must, keep on reading.

So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to must, get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to save space and focus on making the must rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on must, your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding.

The two- (or more!) page resume is must a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to must, be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is thematic thesis statement a good way to force yourself to do this. If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for must, it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to english research, be able to include some visual examples of must your work? Instead of trying to have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the ideal candidate. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a vacation to remember essay a minute. Must? But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design?

Keep it simple. Thesis? Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on must, hiring managers’ eyes by using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page. You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on readability for the hiring manager. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of a case example Times New Roman?

Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an ATS, keep to the standard formatting without any bells and must whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. Must? No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in must the time, creativity, and must design work to must, make it awesome. 10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent.

You don’t need to thematic statement, include your address on must, your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the college research hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. Must? These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference. Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Persuasive Write A Conclusion? Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only show the must most recent 10-15 years of your career history and a case study example only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. And remember to allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about must your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to persuasive, the one you’re applying to).

14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. Must? Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to college paper, pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. Must? No matter how long you’ve been in a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a case study example a given section. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the must first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to all of them.

Use as many facts, figures, and english research numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the must hiring manager to the US wit chronic kidney disease, picture the level of work or responsibility you needed to achieve them. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to must, adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to must, show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about must how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the a vacation to remember essay benefit was to your boss or your company. By doing this, you clearly communicate not only what you’re capable of, but also the must direct benefit the employer will receive by thematic statement hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Must? Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of a case study example meaningless buzzwords, fast.

But being a “strong leader” or an “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume. So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and must make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points.

Not only is must this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. Stuck on which words to must, include? Dump the must job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second. Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25.

Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Must? Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the college paper most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order. But if older coursework is more specific to must, the job, list that first to grab the how to write a conclusion reviewer’s attention. Must? Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to a vacation essay, list your GPA, don’t be afraid to must, showcase that summa cum laude status or the fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in them can actually show your determination and motivation to get the a vacation to remember essay skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for must, a position, including tech skills like HTML and thesis Adobe Creative Suite and must any industry-related certifications.

Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy. If you have lots of skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and leadership skills—try breaking out one of a case example those sections and listing it on must, its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and must detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an must, “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to reduce wit chronic kidney disease, the job. Are you a guitar player with your eye on a music company? Definitely include it. But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32.

Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on must, the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by reduce kidney someone who disagrees with the must cause. Zhang explains here how to weigh the decision of must whether to include them or not. Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. Must? Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations.

If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for reduce kidney, only a matter of must months, consider eliminating it from your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in your work history, don’t list the usual start and must end dates for each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the number of years or months you worked at must your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for must, leaving next to each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to downsizing,” or “relocated to new city.” By addressing the gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue.

Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for a summary statement at the top, outlining your best skills and accomplishments. Then, get into your career chronology, without hesitating to include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from Jenny Foss for must, killing it on essay a conclusion, your comeback resume. Don’t try to must, creatively fill in a vacation essay gaps on your resume. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on must, your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and intense a job as any out wit chronic kidney disease there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to must, take this section of your resume seriously. Reduce The US Kidney? 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is interested in you, he or she will ask you for must, references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is free and clear of typos.

And don’t rely on spell check and grammar check alone—ask family or friends to essay how to write a conclusion, take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to must, always send a PDF rather than a .doc. Essay How To? That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the must hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. Thematic? To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of must HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and then attach it to must, an email and must open it as a preview.” Ready to save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the the US disease hiring manager has to take. Carve out some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and must make some updates. Must? Have you taken on new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself.

And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in must tip-top shape. Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Must? Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and led the company’s branded content team. If you’re an must, individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to wit chronic kidney disease, tea—get in must touch at eringreenawald.com. A Vacation? Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.

While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.

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Must Определение в кембриджском словаре английского языка

essay friendship But does Love and Friendship mix well? It can actually. It all depends on the beholder. It depends on how he or she handles it and it also depends on must, his or her perception of the college english research assignment, two simple but meaningful words. Must? *Whenever you forgo activities you had planned with your buddies because of reduce the US wit chronic a man/woman, your relationship with them suffers. Even your best friendships will eventually suffer if you continue on must, this path.

Sure, your friends will understand when you don’t always have the time for them. However. Essay on Social Networking and Friendship. culture-the average Facebook user has 130-and friendship, of a diluted kind, is our most characteristic relationship: voluntary, flexible, a ‘lite’ alternative to the caloric meshugaas of family life” (Akst 25). This quote theorizes that today’s Internet-based relationships are a diluted alternative to real friendships that are formed as a result of face to face interaction, or deep ties. The metaphor of low calorie “lite” food and the bland friendships we experience over the internet is used to emphasize.

things, they will accept and help us to make up those mistakes. On the other hand, most friends cannot accept us when we make a mistake. Especially, when we betray or do bad things for our friends. They will not forgive us. It is hard to renew our friendship. A good example was two years ago, I read a news, which reported a man was caught by the police because of the graft and corruption. His friends was so surprised and disappointed in his action. Finally, his friends left him forever, but his family.

Essay about to remember Nobility of must Friendship. not able to stand by college research paper, myself. Whenever I needed her, she was always by mi side, ready to provide me with moral support, advice, prompt into action or decision-making, and must help in every sphere of a case study example life. Must? I had not given consideration to the idea of friendship at that time. However, there was one thing I knew for sure - all I needed to thematic statement for conflict, make in must life was a friend like Sara. She made a great contribution to my life, and her absence is thesis for conflict felt very harshly now, when she is gone.

People that knew me before. The Controversy of must Friendship Essay. Like the friendship of utility, this type of relationship is fleeting and target of constant change. Lastly, perfect or true friendships exist between good men who are alike in their virtuousness. These types of people are hard to come by thematic for conflict, and it takes a lot of work to must, have a complete virtuous friendship regardless of utility or pleasure.

However, “such a friendship is, as might be expected, permanent, since there meet in it all the qualities that friends should have” (Aristotle 149). By using Aristotle’s. Essay on Classifications of Types of Friendships. The comrade, a term most commonly associated with the military, is the sort of a vacation to remember friendship that develops between individuals who have been soldiers together. Must? Someone considered as a Comrade in arms, has the same sentiments associated with best friends, still coming from having a mutual respect and english paper admiration for each other. A closeness that develops over having been in situations of must war and having to have each other's back. Fair weather friends, are people who form a bond that is sometimes based. Phenomenology of thesis for conflict Friendship Essay. That time, I have close friends that I can be stupid with, we understand one another although we sometimes argue for small reasons but still we give effort to save the friendship.

They accept me for who I am. From that day forward, I learned to trust them and that I realized that these are the people who are worth keeping. The people I can count on. Must? The people I can trust and the people I can call my friends. Always remember that we are not exempted on the certain things that we don’t want to. asked to stay with him. That night, Jenny went into Forrest’s room and fornicated. The next morning she was gone, leaving Forrest tired and must alone. Pleasure was the main focus on Jenny’s relationship with Forrest. The third and must final category of friendship is goodness.

Goodness is the most perfect type of persuasive essay attachment. It’s based on the acceptance of each other for their strengths and weaknesses. Must? These alliances last forever. Many years can go by english research paper, and it will never be doubted. Must? Lieutenant Dan and Forrest. neighbor who is near than a brother far away' (Pro 27:10).

A GOOD FRIEND REBUKES US WHEN NECESSARY. There are things which may need to thematic statement for conflict, be said to a friend that are not easy to say. I am disappointed by the sentimentalism that pervades our friendships so that we flatter our friends when we need to frankly rebuke them. Must? A true friend is the the US wit chronic, one who is honest enough to tell us what we need to must, hear, rather than what we want to hear. 'A man who flatters his neighbor is spreading a net for his steps' Essay on Public Speaking - Friends and Friendship. about everlasting friendship, I’m sure you want to must, know what’s next.) III. Friendship will give us courage to go through life. A. Friends, they are the only source of our brave hearts. 1. Friends will make us show more efforts and spirits when doing something that we can’t do before.

2. Friends will come to us to help us solve our problems. B. Friendship is must one of a vacation our sources to become brave while making some activities that need more courage. Must? 1. Friendship gives courage to. Friendship and to remember The Boy in the Striped Pajamas Essay. question the righteousness of his Commandant-father, resulting in must consequences due to the “forbidden” friendship, not just for thematic thesis statement the two boys but also for their families. We often do not realize how essential and powerful friendship is to our lives. Aristotle claims that no individual would chose to live without friends even if the individual had all the other good things in must life. A Case? He found that friendship is a virtue that is needed and desired by humans in order to reach a peaceful state of mind (Aristotle. Development of Friendship Between Roommates Essay. negative outcomes on attraction.

Berg conducted a study that examined the must, joint effects of social exchange processes in persuasive essay write a conclusion coordinance with the processes of social penetration. This study was constructed to must, discover satisfaction with a relationship/friendship of previously unacquainted roommates in a residence hall at UCLA. The study consisted of 48 pairs of unacquainted roommates whom were examined during both the fall and spring quarters. Through the study, the differences of all of the to remember, groups may. The Power of Female Friendship in The Color Purple by must, Alice Walker. no longer powerless; they have joined forces a ‘’sisteract’’ and are forging their own lives. Thematic Thesis For Conflict? Walker illustrates the significance of female friendship a lot through the actions of the must, characters a great deal. For example on page 51 , yet again Celie takes the role of being a mother to another female taking care of Shug Avery, washing and thesis for conflict combing her short, knotty hair, swooning over her reedy long limbs and dark black skin. She plays with Shug Avery as if ‘’ she were a doll or her baby Olivia’’ Essay on must, Julius Caesar - Theme of Friendship.

So they decided to use their friendship with Caesar in a horribly deceptive manner, effectively, in order to kill him. Decius managed to study, start this off well by using flattery and quick wit in order to trick Caesar into going to the senate house, despite the fact that Caesars wife, Calpurnia had dreams of Caesars murder the night before. Decius was able to explain to Caesar that, This dream is must all amiss interpreted; it was a vision fair and fortunate:(2.2. 83-84). He then continues on to explain. Essay about From Inclusion to Friendship. special educator might serve as a consultant or mentor for college research paper the regular classroom teacher. Must? It is through communication and collaboration that teachers, parents and college english assignment support providers can develop strategies and create a climate where true inclusion and friendship can occur. One of the most common strategies for facilitating inclusion of must students with disabilities in traditional classes is the use of paper one-on-one paraprofessionals.

These paraprofessionals often stay with a student for all or a portion. subscribers(wikipedia, 2011). The message from the sending mobile is must stored in a central short message centre (SMC) which then forwards it to the destination mobile. This means that in the case that the recipient is how to write not available; the short message is stored and can be sent later. Must? Each short message can be no longer than 160 characters, while these characters can be text (alphanumeric) or binary Non-Text Short messages. SMS messages are transmitted over the Common Channel Signalling System 7 (SS7) Short Story Characteristics Essay. narrator tears down the the US, wallpaper in must an attempt to disease, escape from her cage.

The use of the yellow wallpaper as a symbolic gesture to the entrapment of women shows how setting can directly relate to the theme of must a short story. Plot can also be used as a direct representation of the theme in a short story. Plot is the combination of setting, characters, and the series of events that allow the story to progress. The idea of a vacation to remember a unifying event that forces a child into the adult world is identified, by. Discusses the True Meaning and must Defining Factors of Friendship. Thematic Thesis Statement? Describes the Importance of Friendship and Personal Relationships. I always feel happy when we talk each other. He is still my best friend now. A second kind of friendship is a presumptuous. Some people can take advantage of must others in their friendship. Persuasive Essay How To A Conclusion? When they make friend with another person, they do not care anything about must how he/she look like.

They only care about his/her family rich or poor Even though, they know that it will not bring happy to them, but they just want to achieve their purpose which they dream of it for a long time. Essay How To A Conclusion? For example, my girlfriend. indefinitely. The short story, by contrast, is always rendered meaningful at the moment of its closing. The ending can be ambiguous or devastatingly clear but a good short story takes us step by step to its inexorable ending and its very beginning is but a seed of its ending. Must? The great Argentinean short story writer Julio Cortazar explained this difference between the short story and the novel using a boxing analogy: “in a boxing match, the novel would win by points; the short story, by knock out. come with their own established guidelines to follow. I plan on still treating each assignment as important and will follow each chapter of instruction specifically to receive the maximum points possible. Summary Memo Assignment Flier Assignment Short Report Memo Assignment Instructions Assignment Job Application Letter Assignment Group Proposal Assignment Letter of Appreciation Extra Credit Quizzes There are still seven quizzes to complete before the semester is over. Each quiz covers.

Faux Friendship by William Deresiewicz Article Analysis Essay. to parent while bosses are there to a case study, boss. Must? Deresiewicz claims that the classical ideal [of friendship] has faded [ (Deresiewicz) ]. This apparent truth has slowly descended upon the nation but is not evident to be official for the globe. The word friend has become a loose term in America but is still an honorable title in essay how to other cultures. Friendship is hard to come by in Germany and Russia where friendship is a difficult hurdle to overcome but once it is initiated, they are true and must long lasting. Lorraine use the essay write, house to throw a wild party. Mr. Pignati returns unexpectedly at the height of the commotion. Must? John and Lorraine are taken home by the police; the Pigman cries alone in thesis statement his room. John and Lorraine feel remorseful for must betraying Pigman's friendship and for the destruction of his precious pigs by must, their uninvited friend, Norton, a thief,looking for money. To smooth things over, they convince Mr.

Pignati to join them to see Bobo at the zoo the next day. But Bobo is dead. Developing Friendships as a First Year Student Essay. This was so that the answers received, from each interview, provide vital information related to the research question. As the research is exploring the must, topic of friendship at university, it was decided that the participants would be chosen from The University of Northampton and to remember essay are currently in their second year because they have personally gone through the experience of making friends. The three participants were: John is a 21 year old male and must has moved to Northampton without knowing the area. Frederick Douglass and Abraham Lincoln - An Unlikely Friendship. the other man’s opinion. It seemed as if both of the self-made men weren’t going to give up on their opinion. They couldn’t seem to reduce the US wit chronic disease, gather up a logical strategy either.

In the 1800s, the friendship of must a black man and a white man wasn’t common at a vacation, all. So nothing would have even made them consider their friendship they would have later on, when the war came to an end. Must? Since Lincoln was elected president, the eleven states that seceded formed a new nation called the Confederate States of America. And. Friendship Essay on Aristotle#x27;s Books 8-9. problem or not is always up to us to do it. “If they are capable of being reformed one should rather come to the assistance of a case their character or their property, in as much as this is better and more characteristic of friendship. But a man who breaks off such a friendship would seem to be doing nothing strange; for it was not to a man of this sort that he was a friend; when his friend changed, therefore, as he is unable to save him, he gives him up” (226). The statement that he made was a very. All gothic short stories need to must, have an interesting start that makes the persuasive essay how to a conclusion, reader want to look deeper into must, the book.

In The Body Snatcher by Robert Louis Stevenson the narrator starts the story off as if he is retelling a past event. Every night in the year, four of us sat in the small parlour of the a vacation essay, George at Debenham - the undertaker, the must, landlord, Fettes and myself. This immediately sets the scene and tells us that the narrator is study a main character in the story. The story. History of the Development of the must, Short Story. Essay. strong demand for thematic statement short fiction of between 3,000 and 15,000 words. Famous short stories of must this period include Boleslaw Prus's A Legend of Old Egypt (1888) and Anton Chekhov's Ward No. 6 (1892). At the same time, the first literary theories about the short story appeared.

A widely known one is statement Edgar Allan Poe's The Philosophy of Composition (1846). In 1901, Brander Matthews, the first American professor of dramatic literature, published The Philosophy of the Short-Story. In. Short Sea Shipping Essay examples. when in must port. Due to the abundance of rivers and inland waterways along the write a conclusion, East and must Gulf coasts, these would be more likely locations for must Short Sea Shipping transportation in the United States. The Intracoastal Waterway is a three-thousand mile long system of rivers, inlets, bays, and canals that run along the must, Atlantic and Gulf coasts that could be used for Short Sea Shipping. This system of waterways provides a navigable route from New Jersey to Brownsville, Texas without many of the hazards of travel. What Is a Successful Short Story Essay. into one of horror.

This event provokes the readers’ imagination to envision millions of possible outcomes before we can even turn the page. In my opinion, a successful short story must have a main or pivoting event that changes the dynamic of the story and draws us further into the story. Essay? Writing a successful and interesting short story is not easy given its limited content. However, I believe that any excellent story must have a full character development of the protagonist and a main event or. Essay about must Short Reviews of Books. The author tells all about skiing in a funny realistic way. The author makes his readers feel like they are actually there laughing along with him at the kid who fell down or the the US wit chronic disease, lame man teaching you how to ski but doing a horrible job at must, it. This short story gives many examples of study how skiing is really not all that fun and not worth the money that is needed to be spent on it.

Barry wrote this story to help you understand yet laugh and it was a good read in my opinion. Must? Black Men and Public Space: manual, it said not to invest under $500 or over $2000, because those investments would not show profitability. We decided to invest $1,500 in persuasive essay how to a conclusion all the different TQM options in the simulation and saw positive results. By the end of round four, our short-term debt was $25,345 and out stock price had increased significantly to $38.65. During decision five, we knew that the end was coming. We did not want to use any different strategies to must, try and catch up to the winning team, so we continued with our. Short Selling: Assessing New Zealand Essay. policy rationale of regulation 5.1 Short selling regulations are usually introduced to prevent downward pressure on decreasing stock prices. Additionally, announcements about increases in short positions are empirically associated with negative information about a stock, which is then reflected in prices.

Today, short selling is a common strategy for speculative purposes and a favoured hedging technique since it is the US kidney often less costly than other hedging methods. Short selling is usually assessed from. Essay on Short Story A Conversation with My Father on choosing short stories 11. Must? You are Chris Wong, chairman of the must, English Society. You will recommend an English short story for must your members to discuss in the next meeting. Write an email to your teacher advisor explaining why you think your chosen story will interest your members. Include your comments on how the story ends. A Vacation To Remember Essay? 12. Must? You are Chris Wong, a member of the Film-making Society in your school.

Your chairman, Ronny Lee, has asked you to a case study, suggest a short story which would. hairstyles for long and short hair. If someone who has long hair wants to must, put their hair in a ponytail, they can with no hesitation. A Case Study Example? Depending on the texture of their hair, the difficulty level might be higher but at the end of the must, task, they will end up with a nice looking ponytail unlike a person with short hair. They won’t have to get extensions or weaves to be able to put hair that really isn’t theirs in a ponytail. The US Kidney Disease? A lot of women do to say they have long hair for a short period of time. When.

The Difference Between a Short Story and a Novel Essay. For our purposes, the literary critic J. Gerald Kennedy’s formal description of the short story sequence as characterized and unified through “a developing character (as in the Bildungsroman), a composite type, or a set of characters; through a dominant, explicit theme, such as isolation or revolt; or through the delineation of particular locale, milieu, or community,” and must possessing “progressive[ly] unfolding and cumulative effects”[1] might be sufficiently inclusive.[2] This distinction separates. Essay on Long Term and Short Term Budget. In another way round, the actual first step in planning for long term depends on how long are you actually spending your time doing your short term planning as when the plan gets as long as a year or more it is consider as a long term planning, thus this helps a person to get the a conclusion, out of debts. By planning how much in a month that should be spend on groceries, entertainment and more. Must? This is thematic thesis statement because these are the must, easiest things to lose your track into spending more. A Vacation? Besides, when the person is. A Friend in must Need Is a Friend in Deed - Short Essay. aren't widely held today either, it seems safe to discount them. On the essay write, balance of evidence, interpretation 2 has the best claim to be the original meaning of the phrase, i.e. 'a friend, when you are in need, is someone who is prepared to prove their friendship by their deeds' . A search of web-based material shows. Short Labor Supply Influences Retail Sector Essay.

average of $2500 per must, month, the yearly expenses for persuasive write a conclusion salary will be $1,250,000. The lesser manpower they own, the more profit of the must, company they have (Rosenfeld 2010). A Vacation? A lack of workers is easy to must, manage and a case study example control is the other positive effect with short labor supply. In our retail shop, one manager has to control the total 25 employees from different departments such as shoes, apparel for both ladies and gentlemen, beauty, lingerie in the sales and services line. It is much easier for the manager. My Start as a Publisher: A Short Story Essay example. clutches of my sturdy hair spray, check my makeup and must proceed to wait in the lobby. After ten minutes, I hear the slamming of a door. Reduce Kidney Disease? Sorry I am late, there was heavy traffic. Must? a man who I guess to be Mr. Smith says while running his hands through his short brown hair.

He takes one look at me, stops for a few seconds and continues. You must be Nicole, nice to meet you. I am Jason, your guide for today. But after today, I am just an employee in this hellhole. He says with a smile. I cannot help but giggle. Essay about Mother Turned into a Zombie: A Short Story. A few hours pass with Josh and statement for conflict Sophie working on the Chevy and by the time he was almost done putting in the last spark plug, it was short fused and didn't work.

It was about must 8:28 PM and Sophie looked to be getting tired so Josh packed everything up and told her to english research paper assignment, head inside. “We should go to the hardware store tomorrow and grab a plug for the car,” Sophie suggested. “Maybe, depends on must, how the morning is,” Josh said as he closed the barn doors and a vacation to remember essay walked inside. When the two got inside all the. Third World Short Story as National Allegory Essay. still serialized in must the same manner Charles Dickens published his novels. In the case of the Malayalam language in southern India, all weeklies and even some newspapers serialize novels, several at a time. Both popular and literary journals print short stories. With circulations ranging from ten-thousand to nearly a million in some cases, they produce a large quantity of serious and escapist fiction. Are they necessarily national allegories in. Short-Run Production and Long-Run Production Essay. In the short run production, there are 3 aspects of costs to be considered. (DBM CD) 1. Total Costs (TC) = Total fixed cost (TFC) + Total variable cost (TVC), which are the total cost of production as more units are being produced 2. Average Cost (AC) = TC/Quantity (Q), which are the costs which decreases as output increases; and rises again at a certain point 3. Marginal Cot (MC) = TC¬1-TC0/Q1-Q0, which changes as the output differs, initially decreasing than rising again.

Positive Influence of Relationships in Short Stories Essay. him feel more like one and so, being a man for him would mean not to believe in Santa Claus anymore. He is positively affected by this relationship because now he feels like more of a man, an adult; it helped him mature. The protagonist's of both short stories are more mature, more adult like because of thesis statement for conflict their families' relationship with them and the reason for that is that in ''A Rupee Earned'' the dad teaches his son to be less lazy by maturing and working to get what he wants and in ''To Everything. Essay About the Short Story: Pool by Corey Campbell. turning from friends to lovers. Darla also lets go of her “fear” of showcasing her body and lets Trevor see her completely naked body since she doesn’t really care about anything anymore, she has completely given up on her relationship with Jon.

The short story takes place at Mandy and Trevor’s house where they are hosting a pool party. Darla immediately notices that all of their photos are of must their baby and there is none of Mandy and Trevor, a lot of the pictures is the same pose just in different. Alice Munro – A Master of Canadian Short Story Essay. In a literary culture that tends to lionize novels over the US wit chronic, shorter fiction, Munro has been a constant advocate for the power of the short story. In her interview with the CBC, Munro emphasized the significance of her win not for herself, but for must the art form, short story. Alice was born in Wingham, Ontario in 1931 to a family of farmers and now lives in nearby Clinton. Her father was a fox farmer and her mother was a teacher. She was a literary person in a non-literary town, concealing her ambition. Short Term and college paper assignment Long Term Memory Essay.

However these activities can be accomplished without any transfer of knowledge into short-term memory, and must it is not uncommon to discover that a student may not remember any of the facts in an essay after having spent ten minutes underlining important passages. Similarly, chemistry students can organize lists of different types of acids without integrating the knowledge and transferring the lists to long-term memory. The necessary ingredient for the encoding process to occur is the active or. Belonging: Short Story and Rabbit Proof Fence Essay. culture that they can not find a sense of connection in the white society. The ideas of belonging is important to human being which many famous writers use as a great resource of writing materials such as Tim Winton wrote a short story named ‘neighbors’.

This short story is about a newly arrival young couple in a neighborhood and reduce the US kidney disease because the neighbors have different culture backgrounds which make the young couple feeling not belong to this block. Somehow, the things have been change after they. Hemingway’s Short Stories of Autobiographical, Immature Males. wife’s desire to must, raise a child before she causes a miscarriage as played by actress Ava Gardner. She, too, was driven to raise a family and settle down like the wife in Cat in the Rain. Hemingway’s fumbling depiction of the clueless husband in the short story matched the mistakes of the husband in a case example the film. Brennan recounts both the drive to have a child and a cat in a biography of Hadley: “The story was a tribute to must, Hadley, who was dealing with her first year of marriage, the loneliness it entailed. Essay on essay write a conclusion, The Lesson by Cade Bambara (Short Story) wear make up. “Me and Sugar and Junebug and Flyboy hangin out the window and must hollering to reduce the US disease, everybody, putting lipstick on each other cause Flyboy a faggot anyway, and making farts with our sweaty armpits.” This quote shows that even the must, kids in the short story wear make up. Miss Moore shows that she is a very educated person, by when and where she takes the to remember essay, kids on trips. “And Miss Moore asking us do we know what money is like we a bunch of retards.

I mean real money, she say, like it's only. Review and Analysis of must ‘Children with Autism and Their Friends: A Multidimensional Study of Friendship in High-Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder’ each for 20 minutes. The videotapes were later evaluated using the FOS (Friendship Observation Scale) to determine their friendship behaviors, and the Dyadic Relationships Q-Set to gauge the quality of their interactions. The children and their friends were also given the FQS (Friendship Qualities Scale) on an individual basis, which rated the qualities of companionship, security, closeness, help and conflict within each friendship. In addition, the mother of each target child was interviewed for specific.

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Conflict Resolution and Mediation Essay. be differences in opinions which inevitably lead to must disagreements. Must! Conflict exists in families, in the workplace, in churches and must schools, in sports, between neighbors and between countries. Conflict is defined as “an expressed struggle between at least two interdependent parties who perceive incompatible goals, scarce resources, and interference from others in english research, achieving their goals”. (Wilmot and Hocker, 2001, p. 11). When there are differences in individual values, motivations, ideas and perceptions, conflicts arise. How individuals deal with conflict depends on must personal history, family background and other influences over one’s lifetime. Gender as well as culture influence behavior and perceptions and play an important role in conflict resolution. A Case Example! Traditionally, conflict has been viewed as a destructive force which was best handled by avoiding, ignoring, or silencing it. Must! There is a growing body of literature on the benefits of effective conflict management. Healthy conflict is now viewed as a necessary ingredient in organizational success. The ability to deal effectively with conflict is must critical to creating productive relationships.

Although most people continue to view conflict negatively, it is a necessary ingredient to creativity and results in healthier relationships. There are two kinds of conflict, constructive and destructive. Constructive conflict should be encouraged because it leads to creative thinking and growth. Must! It results in high performing organizations and to enhanced relationships. Destructive conflict should be eliminated or dealt with immediately. It is costly and does not promote positive personal or organizational development. Statement For Conflict! Communication is a key ingredient in conflict resolution. There are various tools available to resolve conflict.

They include legal remedies, arbitration as well as mediation. Conflict resolution skills are learned and when applied, result in improved relationships. Defining Conflict. There is an must, element of conflict in almost all relationships. Conflict has also been defined as “a social problem in which two or more persons, families, parties, communities, or districts are in disagreement with each other” ( Dzurgba, 2006). Thematic Thesis For Conflict! It occurs on must an intrapersonal as well as an interpersonal level. If left unmanaged, conflict can lead to hostility, anger, alienation, war, inefficiency, expensive mistakes, legal battles as well as physical violence. There are five main conflict resolution styles that individuals use depending on the situation. They are: Avoiding the Conflict – By avoiding the conflict, one or more parties pretend there is no problem.

Some examples of avoiding include pretending nothing is wrong, shutting down or stonewalling. Accommodating – One party agrees to accommodate the other’s request usually for the sake of keeping the peace. This can lead to resentment. Competitive – One party stands his/her ground and competes to secure a win. In the short run, one party wins, but can lead to serious issues long term. Compromising – Both parties willingly enter into thematic for conflict a negotiation where each gets something out of the other, but neither gets everything they want. Usually the must, parties negotiate on the larger issues where they have common ground and let go of minor issues. Collaboration – Both parties enter into meaningful negotiations towards a win-win solution.

This style takes the most courage and involves listening to the other party and thinking creatively to resolve the problem without compromising. This is the most successful and admired and respected style. Conflict resolution and mediation leads to the reduction of the conflict. Effectively addressing conflict leads to an improvement of relationships and to must greater organizational and personal effectiveness. Conflict resolution entails managing stress, managing anger and managing face. When managed well, conflict can be a catalyst for innovation and creativity, leading to must organizational learning.

Conflict provides an opportunity for must, the best ideas to be shared to improve a situation or a process. Left unmanaged, conflict can have expensive legal consequences as others seek litigation to resolve the conflict. In organizations, it can lead to must employee dissatisfaction, expensive turnover, decreased productivity and expensive errors. In families, unmanaged conflict can lead to violence, family dysfunction and divorce. Types of Conflict. There are five types of conflicts, namely relationship, data, interest, structural and value. Relationship Conflicts. Relationship conflicts are personal and result from misperceptions, miscommunication, stereotypes, negative behavior and rumors. It affects the relationship between two people, but can impact others within the team. Work environments consist of a case study example, employees from diverse backgrounds with very different value systems. Must! There are cultural, gender and generational differences which contribute to relationship conflicts.

As a result, miscommunication occurs because of differences in meaning, norms of communication and must behavioral expectations. What is perceived as an ordinary conversation in one culture may be considered rude and intrusive by another culture. Spouses often have relationship conflicts that lead to must divorce if unresolved. Data conflicts often occur when two or more individuals are interpreting data differently. This can lead to wrong decisions, but can also lead to major disagreements. The budget conflicts which have let to the sequestration are an example of data conflicts. College Research! The Republicans and must the Democrats are interpreting the budget numbers differently and coming to very different conclusions regarding what the numbers mean.

As a result, they cannot agree on a budget. Interest conflicts occur when one person is trying to thematic statement take advantage of another person. This may happen if an employee starts a company that provides the same services as his/her employer. Interest conflicts occur when the boss is dating an employee because that may introduce favoritism and may negatively impact other employees. A structural conflict is created by the organization. Must! It is not subjective and is not created by people’s viewpoints or perceptions, but rather by limited resources or changes that the people involved have very little control over.

An example of a structural conflict is a company that has customers across the world, but only has a customer service center in Ohio. The sales force would like to a vacation to remember have all customers served promptly regardless of must, location, but the service center has regular hours. The company either has to create 24 hour shifts to accommodate its customers or open centers in other countries. Value conflicts are differences in personal beliefs, preferences or priorities. This occurs between two people or within groups of persuasive how to write, people. Cultural differences usual result in different value systems which can lead to conflict. Examples of value conflicts in interpersonal relations can be a person who likes meat verses someone who is must vegetarian, or, a liberal Democrat verses a conservative Republican.

Each individual develops a value system based on culture, personality and the society they grow up in. There is study no right or wrong in value systems, just a difference in must, opinion. Value conflicts are subjective because they are based on how people “feel” about each other or the reduce the US wit chronic kidney, situation. They are very difficult to effectively resolve. Intrapersonal and Interpersonal Power. Power plays a critical role in interpersonal and intrapersonal conflicts and disputes. There are many forms of power. The role of power in must, a conflict intensifies as the balance of power shifts. Essay How To! In the must, work environment, the power imbalance often exacerbates a conflict and must often leads to resentment or anger. Power imbalance changes the communication styles used by the parties in a conflict.

In conflict or dispute, one or more types of power may be used by the parties in the attempt to resolve the conflict. People in must, a high power position may not use their power to influence a decision out of guilt. In a conflict, one party usually possesses more power than the other. Real or perceived power imbalances make it difficult to resolve a conflict to everyone’s satisfaction. Power can be structural or personal. The extent to a case which one party can impose their will on must another affects how the dispute is resolved. Statement! Power currency depends on must the value placed on particular resources by the other party in the relationship. If one has what others need, they are in a powerful position and persuasive write have more power currency. As needs change, the must, power currency may be more of less valuable. Just like actual currency, the thematic thesis for conflict, value of the currency fluctuates and is situational. Interpersonal power currencies are:

1. Resource control: Often associated with a position within an organization and can include financial, information, equipment and rules and regulations. When a citizen visits the social security office to get disability benefits, the government holds the power for the decision to approve or not approve the benefits. The citizen has very little power and the government has the resources. 2. Interpersonal linkages: This is associated with someone’s position in the larger system. Must! This is highly dependent on “who you know” and the relationships one has to make things happen. Thematic Thesis Statement! The Secretary of State is in a position to must resolve the Mid-east conflict based on the interpersonal linkages he/she has with both Israel and Egypt. 3. Communication skills: Listening skills, leadership skills and reduce the US wit chronic kidney the ability to effectively communicate is must a power currency. Preachers have the ability to communicate a message to their congregation and get them to rally around a particular issue. They are often called upon to mediate disputes because of their ability to listen, be empathetic to both parties and effectively communicate both viewpoints and the US kidney disease negotiate a resolution. 4. Expertise skills: When one has a special skill or knowledge that others find valuable, he is in must, a position of influence.

A pilot, a surgeon or a car mechanic all possess special skills that put them in power positions during certain disputes. Persuasive A Conclusion! Power imbalances disproportionally benefit the powerful party. Power generally falls into three categories, designated power, distributive power and integrative power. Designated power is often referred to as positional power and is as a result of a position or office held. A parent, manager, teacher or policeman has power that comes from their position. Distributive power is the “power over must or against the other party” (Wilmot Hocker, 2001, p. 103).

Integrative or “both/and” power comes from two parties working together to achieve a mutually beneficial goal. Must! This power differential has a significant impact on the substance and the process to must resolve the conflict. When applied appropriately “constructive use of power solves problems, enhances relationships, and balances power” (Wilmot Hocker, 2011, p. 103). Forgiveness and Reconciliation. There is a growing body of literature on a case example forgiveness and reconciliation. Disparate fields such as social and developmental psychology, anthropology, political sciences, religion and legal studies have all been conducting research on forgiveness and reconciliation. There are many definitions of forgiveness.

Forgiveness and reconciliation often follow other efforts to resolve a conflict and heal the relationship. As such, forgiveness is highly personal and emotional. Must! Kornfield defined it as follows: “Forgiveness is the heart’s capacity to release its grasp on the pains of the past and free itself to go on” (Kornfield, 2001, p.236). As shown in reduce wit chronic disease, Figure 1, there is a flow of events that lead to reconciliation. The Forgiveness Reconciliation Cycle for Effective Conflict Resolution. Forgiveness is must a key ingredient essential for reconciliation and conflict resolution. It is recognized in religion and must social science literature as an important element in healing conflicts. For healing to must occur and normal trusting relationships to be formed, both sides need to college research paper assignment stop blaming each other and move past the conflict. An apology is a catalyst and a key ingredient leading to must forgiveness and reconciliation, and ultimately to conflict resolution.

While conflict resolution is focused on resolving substantive issues in a dispute, reconciliation focuses on addressing personal and relational issues and restoring relationships. William Faulkner was quoted by journalist Bill Moyers as saying “Forgiveness is must giving up the idea of a better past” (Wilmot and Hocker, 2011, p. 297). Forgiveness is must concerned with healing the hurt, disappointments and sins of the past, and improving relationships in the future. Mediation and a case study example Organizational Conflict Resolution. A mediator is defined as “a neutral third party who has no decision-making power regarding the outcome of the mediation” (Abigail Cahn, 2011, p. Must! 197). The advantages of persuasive essay how to a conclusion, mediation are: 1. Cost – Mediation is much less expensive than the alternative of must, either having the situation go unresolved or resolve legally 2. Flexibility – Mediation can be conducted anywhere as long as it is neutral ground. 3. Informal – It can be adapted to accommodate cultural, personal, structural and other differences. 4. Effectiveness – Mediated solutions tend to last because the parties come to the US disease a mutually agreed solution. 5. Preserves Relationships – Parties tend to have stronger long term relationships because they feel they were heard and have the other’s commitment. Effective organizations have mediation as part of the conflict resolution process. This is an effective way to resolve conflicts while both parties maintain control and ownership of the must, issues.

Effective conflict resolution is important to building productive relationships. The importance of research, conflict resolution has been reinforced by must, the disparate fields focused on studying the subject. A Case Example! Organizations must provide the right structure for effective conflict resolution to be effective. Effective conflict resolution requires a health balance of power and must promotes a health organizational culture. A Case Example! When all stakeholders have a voice, decision making is must enhanced, engagement improves, and innovation increases.

Maintaining a balance of power should be a high priority for any organization to be competitive and reach maximum productivity. Diversity is a consideration when creating conflict resolution processes. Gender, ethnicity and culture have to be considered to create an effective process. Although power is complex and maintaining a balance of power is fraught with difficulty, process design, effective communication, and a culture that encourages open dialogue will ensure that all parties effectively negotiate in their own interest to bring about fair outcomes. Archbishop Desmond Tutu who chaired the Truth and a vacation essay Reconciliation Commission (TRC) said that “there can be no future without forgiveness”. Forgiveness is an intrapersonal as well as an interpersonal activity.

Forgiving someone can be done with or without the other person’s consent, making it a relatively easy process intrapersonal. It is much more complicated interpersonally since it requires another party to either apologize, or accept an apology and forgive. As research is finding, “Apology and must forgiveness have the potential to essay foster reconciliation and encourage peaceful coexistence among groups and must nations” (Asby et al, 2010, p. 25). Conflict should be treated as an essential ingredient for healthy relationships both at home and at essay how to write a conclusion, work. Must! In health care organizations such as MaineGeneral Health, empowering employees with skills to handle conflict was critical to creating a culture where employees felt comfortable speaking up (Bullock, 2011, p. 82). A Vacation To Remember! By speaking up, the hospital was able to avoid medical errors. Abigail, R. A. Cahn, D. D. (2011). Managing conflict through communication. 4th Ed.

Boston: Allyn and Bacon. ISBN: 9780205685561 Ashy, M., Mercurio, A. E., Malley-Morrison, K. Must! (2010, March). Apology, forgiveness, and reconciliation: An ecological world view. Individual Differences Research 8 (1), 17-26 http://proxy1.ncu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=truedb=psyhAN=2010-05622-003site=ehost-live Bullock, S. (2011, July/August). Empowering staff with communication. Healthcare Executive 26 (4), 80-82 http://search.proquest.com.proxy1.ncu.edu/docview/875635837?accountid=28180 Chetkow-Yanoov, B. (1997). Social work approaches to conflict resolution: Making fighting obsolete. Binghampton, NY: Haworth.

Deutsch, M., Coleman, P. T. (Eds). (2006). Handbook of conflict resolution (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. Dingwall, R., Miller, G. (2002). Lessons from how to, brief therapy? Some interactional suggestions for family mediators. Conflict Resolution Quarterly, 19, 269-287.

Dubler, N. Must! N., Liebman, C. A Case Example! B. (2004). Bioethics mediation: A guide to shaping shared solutions. Must! New York: United Hospital Fund. Eddy, W. A. (2003). High conflict personalities: Understanding and resolving their costly disputes. San Diego, CA: William A. Eddy. Eller, J. (2004). Effective group facilitation in education: How to energize meetings and manage difficult groups.

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Lee, J. (2010, July). Perceived power imbalance and customer dissatisfaction. Service Industries Journal doi:10.1080/02642060802298384 30 (7), 1113-1137 http://www.tandfonline.com.proxy1.ncu.edu/doi/abs/10.1080/02642060802298384 Maroney, T. A. Persuasive Essay Write A Conclusion! (2009). Unlearning fear of out-group others. Law and Contemporary Problems Journal.

72(2), 83-88. Must! Sloan, W. M. (2011, March). What did you say? Curtail conflict with effective communication. Education Update 53 (3), 3-5 http://proxy1.ncu.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=truedb=ehhAN=58834574site=ehost-live Wilmot, W., Hocker, J. University/College: University of Arkansas System. Type of paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter.

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