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Autism on the Seas “I Need a Special Vacation” Essay Contest Opens to Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi Families with Special Needs. Thesis! I Need a Special Vacation Essay Contest. (PRWEB) July 26, 2012. Autism on middle school the Seas (AotS), a niche travel company catering to vacationing families with special needs, and Skyeward Bound Ranch (SBR), a non-profit charity dedicated to providing social and niccolo recreational interaction for specially challenged youth, jointly announced today the tri-state kickoff of the “I Need a Special Vacation” Essay Contest in Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi. The essay winner, as well as the winner’s non-profit autism support group of choice each receive a special needs cruise or land resort vacation with AotS. Middle Contest 2013! “Now entering our third regional contest market, we are all pumped up on the joy and machiavelli excitement this initiative has created,” says Dalace-Skye Duvall, Founder and President of Skyeward Bound Ranch. What’s really wonderful about this whole campaign is the fact that we now have a growing list of terrific deserving families that we may be able to grant Autism on the Seas vacations to.” “We want to congratulate our recent Florida region winner, Candy Rhodes, and her family. Rhodes selected the Peace By Piece Learning Center in Fort Myers as her non-profit autism advocacy group of choice to receive a cruise donation,” says Mike Sobbell, founder and owner of seitz dissertation, Autism on the Seas. We’re excited and hope that this gift will help them to raise funds for their organization.” The unique partnership with Skyeward Bound Ranch has made it possible to offer the Autism community a chance to niccolo win a special needs vacation or receive a grant that will enable them to take a real vacation with Autism on on human the Seas and other like families, in an environment that is comfortable, accommodating, accepting and fun!” “I Need a Special Vacation” Essay Contest Kicks Off in Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi. Over the next year, AotS will run in-market contests with participating local autism advocacy groups, as well as local chapters of national organizations, such as Autism Speaks and the National Autism Association. Families interested in entering the contest will be asked to write a 250-word essay on why they need a special vacation.
The winner will receive a paid cruise or land resort vacation with AotS. Thesis! Additionally, the non-profit autism advocacy organization named on essay and humanities the entry form by the winner will also receive a cruise. The organization may use the cruise to raise funds or however they wish. Runner-up prizes will also be included. Contest rules and submission deadlines will be listed on the AotS website, AutismontheSeas.com. As the niccolo thesis, promotion is rolled out in each market, AotS will make announcements and post updates to their website. AotS is accepting entries from Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi contestants starting on wwii July 26th. The submission deadline is August 22nd; winning family and organization will be selected and notified by August 31st, 2012. Esteemed Panel of Contest Judges.
Dr. Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis! Stephen Shore, Assistant Professor, Special Education at Adelphi University, Author of “Beyond the Wall: Personal Experiences with Autism and Asperger Syndrome,” “Ask and Tell: Self-Advocacy and Disclosure for people on the Autism Spectrum” and Coauthor, “Understanding Autism for wwii Dummies” Kim Stagliano, Managing Editor of http://www.ageofautism.com, is the author of “All I Can Handle: I’m No Mother Teresa” and “House of niccolo machiavelli thesis, Cards,” writes for The Autism File and The Huffington Post Todd Tyler, Vice President of good statement on human, Marketing, DynaVox Technologies, the world leader in niccolo machiavelli thesis, communication and education solutions for the disabled. Propaganda Essay! Samir Patel, President of OxyHealth, LLC (http://www.oxyhealth.com), the leading manufacturer of niccolo machiavelli thesis, safe, medical grade, portable hyperbaric chambers for seitz clinical and personal use. Grant Program - Open for ALL Special Needs Families. Thesis! The SBR Grant Program is a program designed to financially assist families wishing to vacation with Autism on the Seas Cruises and Resort Stays who meet criteria set forth by Skyeward Bound Ranch. The grants may be awarded in any amount up to the full vacation cost for a family, minus the cornelia seitz, deposit*. A Request Form for SBR Grant applications can be found on the AotS website. Completed grant applications are screened and submitted for review to a five-person panel to determine each candidate#39;s eligibility by Skyeward Bound Ranch. Qualifying applicants will be notified of their Grant status within 30 business days of the date the completed application is niccolo received by Skyeward Bound Ranch. Check out the AotS or the SBR website for other financial assistance programs, such as the Gift Card Program, to statement trafficking assist families currently booked on an Autism on the Seas Cruise or Resort Stay with Staff.
About Autism on the Seas. Founded in niccolo thesis, 2006, Autism on seitz dissertation the Seas (AotS) is the flagship division of Special Needs on niccolo machiavelli Vacation, LLC. AotS is good statement on human a niche travel company that organizes and staffs cruise and land resort vacations for families with special needs. Our specially trained compassionate staffers provide care, attention and fun, as appropriate, to our special needs vacationers’ condition, comfort-level and ability. Our staff is accustomed to niccolo machiavelli working with special needs passengers with a broad range of conditions, including autism spectrum disorders, Down syndrome, cerebral palsy and seitz other cognitive and intellectual developmental impairments. AotS has a close-knit fan-base on Facebook and they love to hear success stories from families who have traveled with them – or are planning to!
Catch us on Facebook at http://www.facebook.com/autismontheseas and on Twitter @AutismontheSeas. Machiavelli Thesis! Skyeward Bound Ranch is a Non-Profit, Tax Exempt 501(c)3 Charitable Organization dedicated to providing social and recreational interaction of specially challenged youth. Middle Contest! Your support contributes significantly to our efforts to continue building an educational and entertaining program of the highest quality and national distinction with established and successful youth camps around the state of Texas. You are also serving as a standard of committed civic responsibility inspiring others to machiavelli thesis support important causes as well. Website: http://www.skyewardboundranch.org. *All families applying for trafficking financial assistance under the Skyeward Bound Ranch Grant Program are required to place their own deposit to secure their cruise/resort stay, upon being notified by Skyeward Bound Ranch that they have been awarded a grant. Vacation deposits usually range from $200.00 to niccolo $500.00 per named outline cabin/room based the length of the cruise or resort stay. Share article on social media or email: View article via: Questions about a news article you've read? Reach out to niccolo the author: contact and available social following information is desire listed in the top-right of all news releases. Questions about your PRWeb account or interested in learning more about our news services? Copyright 1997-2015, Vocus PRW Holdings, LLC.
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Moon Phases Essays and Research Papers. from the niccolo, right. The earth, of course, is at essay on the aims and humanities, the center of the diagram. The moon is shown at 8 key stages during its revolution around the . earth. The moon phase name is shown alongside the machiavelli, image. Show! The dotted line from the earth to niccolo thesis the moon represents your line of sight when looking at the moon . The large moon image shows what you would see at cornelia dissertation, that point in the cycle. Niccolo! For the waning gibbous, third quarter, and waning crescent phases you have to mentally turn yourself upside down when imagining the line. Crescent , Earth , Full moon 1092 Words | 4 Pages.
1st, 2012: The moon phase is seitz dissertation, a Waning Gibbous phase with 93% of the moon illuminated. Niccolo! When the . moon is in waning phases the moon is becoming less illuminated each night, while gibbous means that the wwii propaganda essay, moon is thesis, more than 50% illuminated but less than 100%. On The And Humanities! During this phase the Waning Gibbous moon occurs after the Full Moon and before the Last Quarter. Sunday, December 2nd, 2012: The moon phase is a Waning Gibbous phase with 87% of the moon illuminated. Compared to yesterday the thesis, moon is becoming less.
Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 2046 Words | 5 Pages. letter of your answer. 1. Which statement below best describes the motion of the Moon relative to the stars? a. The Moon moves . eastward relative to the stars about 1 degree per day. Dissertation! b. The Moon moves westward relative to the stars about niccolo thesis, 1 degree per day. c. The Moon moves eastward relative to the stars about wwii propaganda essay, 13 degrees per day. d. The Moon moves westward relative to niccolo machiavelli the stars about 13 degrees per school 2013 day. e. The Moon does not move relative to niccolo machiavelli thesis the stars. 2. How does the Moon's motion relative to. Corona , Earth , Ecliptic 1623 Words | 7 Pages. Lesson Plan in Integrated Science- Phases of the Moon. between Living and Non- living Things I. OBJECTIVES At the end of the lesson, students should be able to: 1. Identify the Phases of the . Moon . 2. Differentiate the Phases of the Moon from one another.
3. Appreciate the statement on human, importance of the Moon during nighttime. 4. Niccolo! Relate the cornelia seitz dissertation, occurrence of Tides and changes of niccolo machiavelli, Moon Phases . II. SUBJECT MATTER Topic: Phases of the Moon References: Integrated Science 2010 SEC Compliant pp. 300- 303 http://www.worldofteaching.com Instructional. Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 1032 Words | 7 Pages. Earth’s Moon The Earth’s Moon is the most important moon in the solar system in regards to Earth and all of the . living things within it. It is also the thesis, only Moon that Earth has, whereas other planets, like Mars, have multiple Moons . Machiavelli Thesis! The Moon is the only other Moon that humans have set foot on, which helped us to understand the formation, internal structure, and history of it. The “moon’s face” is the second brightest thing in the solar system after the Sun, and has a dark surface in actuality. Earth , Ecliptic , Impact crater 1580 Words | 5 Pages.
________________________________________ New Moon - When the essay on the aims of science and humanities, Moon is roughly in the same direction as the Sun, its illuminated . half is facing away from the Earth, and therefore the part that faces us is all dark: we have the new moon . When in thesis this phase , the Moon and the Sun rise and set at about the same time. ________________________________________ Waxing Crescent Moon - As the Moon moves around the Earth, we get to see more and more of the desire essay, illuminated half, and we say the Moon is waxing. At first we get a. Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 347 Words | 2 Pages. In astronomy, a phase of the Moon is any of the aspects or appearances presented by the Moon as seen from niccolo machiavelli thesis, Earth, . determined by cornelia dissertation, the portion of the Moon that is niccolo thesis, visibly illuminated by the Sun. The lunar phases vary cyclically as the Moon orbits the Earth, according to the relative positions of the Earth, the Moon , and the Sun. Since the Moon appears bright only due to the Sun's reflected light, only the half of the on the aims of science, Moon facing the Sun is illuminated. The lunar phase depends on the Moon's position.
Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 1937 Words | 5 Pages. Elementary Science: Phases of the Moon Lesson Plan. using the book Cry-baby Moon this science lesson will help teach students learn about objects in the sky, rainstorms, and . Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis! phases of the moon . Lesson Plan Objectives After this lesson, students will be able to better distinguish between different phases of the moon Children will learn about other objects in the sky, such as the clouds Students will learn about aims of science, what happens during a rain storm (Clouds-Rain-Lightning/Thunder-Rainbow) Materials Needed “Cry-Baby Moon ” Book Authors: Katerina. Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 617 Words | 3 Pages. Alabama Moon Notes Main Character: Moon Blake Supporting Characters: Kit Slip, Hal Mitchell, Constable Sanders, Mr. . Niccolo Machiavelli! Wellington, Mr. Mitchell, Mr.
Abroscotto, Pap(Oliver Blake) Plot: Moon Blake grows up in wwii essay the forest with his father because of his father's hatred for the government. But, when his father passes away suddenly, Moon is quickly thrown into a world he knows nothing about. On his way to machiavelli Alaska, he is taken as a ward of the state and put into Pinson, a boys' home. He escapes with. American films , Moon , The Shelter 1842 Words | 5 Pages. The Great “ Moon Hoax” Technical Communication The Great “ Moon Hoax” Conspiracy theories based on the . United States landing on the moon claim that the elements of the Apollo program and the associated Moon landing was a hoax staged by NASA and participating members of other organizations. Such conspiracy claims have been made by various groups and individuals since the mid 1970s.
The most notable claim is that the twelve Apollo astronauts did not walk on the Moon . Conspiracists. Apollo 11 , Apollo 16 , Apollo 17 852 Words | 3 Pages. face of the moon again if we don’t get the propaganda, funds to go back. “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” (Armstrong). It was . July 20th 1969, the day that reshaped our nation and niccolo, gave us dreams for the future. Essay! The impact of this day goes far beyond our pride and nationalism.
That day changed space exploration and technology forever. Thesis! It gave a glimpse of hope and was one of the greatest accomplishments of the school, 20th century. It’s been 44 years since we last visited the moon and we may. Apollo 11 , Moon , NASA 1393 Words | 4 Pages. The moon in machiavelli Shakespeare’s play symbolizes Diana, the Roman personification of the moon , and the Wheel of Fortune. What does the . Wheel of Fortune have to do with Diana? Shakespeare considered both of them to be much the same. Both have a cyclical nature: the of science, moon waxes and wanes just like Fortune waxes and wanes. Thesis! The motif of both figures in Shakespeare's plays reveals his belief that the moon is a symbol of the middle essay, fickleness and changeability of fortune and luck, at niccolo machiavelli, once an essay contest omen and a blessing, and. A Midsummer Night's Dream , Elizabeth I of England , Goddess 1755 Words | 6 Pages. surface of the moon . It was the first time in thesis the history of mankind that we would step on the surface of another celestial body.
John F. . Kennedy dared us to essay show dream, he inspired the nation to reach for the moon , to thesis set ourselves apart from the rest of the world. The Space Race was symbolic of many things. Our future as the technically dominate nation was secured in place; just as secure as Old Glory would be, when she was driven down into the soil of the essay fashion, moon . We not only reached the niccolo thesis, moon , we conquered. Apollo 11 , Apollo program , Moon 1282 Words | 3 Pages. The first chapter of the Moon Hoax appeared in the August 25, 1835 edition of the New York Sun on page two, under the heading Celestial . Discoveries.
The paper had published a series of articles describing the astonishing lunar discoveries that had recently been made by the famous astronomer John Herschel from his observatory at the Cape of “Good Hope”. The article described that by dissertation, using cutting-edge “hydro-oxygen magnifiers,” Herschel had developed a new telescope that could reach an amazing. Broadsheet , Edgar Allan Poe , John Herschel 1283 Words | 4 Pages. Moon Project Jessica Davidson Astronomy 7 Observation Time: 8:50 p.m. Obervation 1 A) Date amp; Location: September 24, . 2012. Mt.SAC Campus B) North determined by niccolo machiavelli thesis, IPhone App C) Altitude: 37 degrees D) Azimuth: 143 degrees E) F) Waxing Gibbous . Earth , Ecliptic , Full moon 1277 Words | 5 Pages. or decreasing temperature. We have worked with hot plates and contest 2013, thermometers in other labs before, so we know how to thesis be safe. I wonder what a graph of the . changing temperatures over time between the thesis statement on human trafficking, phases would look like. Niccolo Machiavelli! Hypothesis Based on prior learning, I predict that the graph of the good thesis statement on human trafficking, water phase changes will not be one straight slope, but instead will plateau, or be flat, and then slope between the change of ice to machiavelli water, plateau and slope once more between the good trafficking, change of water to steam, and. Fahrenheit , Heat , Liquid 757 Words | 4 Pages.
?The Sun and the Moon I make my way over the grass, which is covered in freckles of frost that make a soft crunch with each tiny step I take. . The trees that surround me are clustered together in company, yet look lonely without their companionship of leaves. They stand tall and strong, like an army of niccolo machiavelli thesis, ghost warriors that are ready for battle. I walk amongst them, lightly brushing against the rough and unkind bark as I go. There’s no sign of life in the park besides myself and a streetcar desire essay outline, the typical flock of. Book of Optics , Debut albums , Love 1152 Words | 3 Pages. Soon, the sky became dark. Then, one of the children saw the moon shaped like a crescent, and questioned her father :: Daddy, daddy, why one . part of the niccolo, moon is missing? : Did anyone eat the moon ? Or did anyone steal it? Narrator : Immediately daddy stared at them, and said :Daddy : Who on earth is going to eat or steal the moon ?! : Hmm. Essay Of Science! maybe a monkey? Daddy : A monkey?! : If it's not the niccolo machiavelli thesis, monkey, then where is that missing part of the moon ? Daddy : Argh, you'll know when you grow up. Narrator : The. 2005 singles , 2008 singles , American films 925 Words | 4 Pages.
?The 8 Phases of the Moon Phase 1 - New Moon - The side of the moon that is . facing the seitz dissertation, Earth is not lit up by the sun. At this time the thesis, moon is essay about show, not visible. Phase 2 - Waxing Crescent - A small part (less than 1/2) of the moon is lit up at thesis, this point. The part that is lit up is slowly getting bigger. Phase 3 - First Quarter - One half of the moon is lit up by the sun at this point. The part that is on the aims and humanities, lit up is slowly getting bigger. Phase 4 - Waxing Gibbous - At this time. Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 269 Words | 2 Pages. The first book about the subject, Bill Kaysing’s self-published We Never Went to the Moon : America’s Thirty Billion Dollar Swindle, was . released in 1974, two years after the Apollo Moon flights had ended. The Flat Earth Society was one of the niccolo machiavelli thesis, first organizations to accuse NASA of faking the about, landings, arguing that they were staged by Hollywood with Walt Disney sponsorship, based on machiavelli thesis a script by wwii essay, Arthur C. Clarke and directed by Stanley Kubrick.
Folklorist Linda Degh suggests that writer-director Peter. Apollo 11 , Apollo 17 , Apollo program 789 Words | 3 Pages. and Moon The sun and the moon are powerful beings that bring life and death to all living creatures. They control when it is . day or night, which season it is, and the weather. Niccolo Machiavelli! They fascinate humans and a considerable amount of mythology has been dedicated to the creation of the essay about fashion show, sun and moon and machiavelli thesis, why or how they travel across the sky during the day and night. This paper will discuss and compare some of these myths and the gods attributed to their care and existence. The sun and the moon are.
Apollo , Earth , Lunar deity 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Theories of the Origin of the Moon. The Moon is the only natural satellite of wwii propaganda essay, Earth. The distance from Earth is about 384,400km with a diameter of 3476km and machiavelli, a mass of desire essay outline, . 7.35*1022kg. Through history it has had many names: Called Luna by the Romans, Selene and Artemis by the Greeks. And of course, has been known through prehistoric times. Thesis! It is the second brightest object in the sky after the Sun. Cornelia Dissertation! Due to its size and composition, the Moon is sometimes classified as a terrestrial planet along with Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars.brbrbOrigin.
Dwarf planet , Earth , Giant impact hypothesis 1658 Words | 4 Pages. Moon Colonization July 20, 1989: President Bush uses the 20th anniversary of the first footsteps on the moon to niccolo machiavelli declare that . Cornelia Seitz! Americans should return, establish a permanent presence there, and go on to Mars (Hartmann). After Bush proposed this idea of niccolo, creating a permanent colony on the moon to named essay serve as a “pit stop” on the way to Mars, NASA took it as a mandate to start planning. This idea of moon colonies brought upon a mood that was not seen since the days of the Apollo missions. The possibilities. Earth , Moon , NASA 1095 Words | 3 Pages. Compare and Contrast of the machiavelli, Sun and Moon.
Head: THE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES OF THE SUN AND THE MOON The Similarities and Differences of the Sun and the . Moon Kelsey Linder Marion Technical College The Similarities and Differences of the Sun and statement on human trafficking, the Moon The solar system is one of the niccolo, very first things that a child will learn about in school. Children will learn why there is night and day, why there are seasons, the different shapes of the moon , and all of that important stuff that is too easily forgotten. Earth , Galaxy , General relativity 1422 Words | 4 Pages. Poetry Analysis of Silver and The Moon. Supervising the activities on Earth, the only natural satellite on the Water Planet is perceived differently amongst the good thesis trafficking, Homo sapiens roaming on it. Silver . by Walter de la Mare and The Moon by P.B. Shelley are two insights on the character of the moon . Despite Silver and The Moon both powerfully describing the nature of the moon , the two poems depicts distinct images. Machiavelli Thesis! 'Silver' by of science, Walter de la Mare is a bravura and meaningful poem with vivid imagery. Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis! In this innovated sonnet (with 14 lines, 7 couplets that. Alliteration , Assonance , Connotation 937 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Sun and The Moon “Mom, is the moon made out of cheese?” asked Jake. I laughed. “If that’s what you want to desire essay outline believe, then . yes.” “What do you think though?” “Well, scientifically speaking, the moon is made of rocks that once used to orbit the Earth, millions of years ago.
But there’s a story that my grandfather told me that I really like.” “Can you tell me about it?” “Why, yes.” Well, a very, very long time ago, there lived a young man who was very lonely and didn’t live with anyone but. 2001 singles , 2005 singles , 2006 albums 876 Words | 4 Pages. Full Moon Phenomenon A black cat crosses the machiavelli, road and it is bad luck, you aren’t supposed to open an umbrella inside of the cornelia seitz dissertation, house or a . building, or break a mirror. These are all superstitions are that people believe in, it starts as early as age eighteen months when children start to exhibit a form of magical thinking when they begin to create imaginary worlds while playing. Niccolo! One superstition I grew up thinking was true and until recently I still did was that crazy things happen when a full. Ecliptic , Illusory correlation , Luck 2849 Words | 7 Pages. million people worldwide heard these words as they watched Neil Armstrong became the first man to set foot on the moon . After a mad dash to . beat Russia, America had won the named desire essay outline, space race at last! Or did they? In the past few years, evidence has come into light to discredit the landing of men on the moon . Like many of my generation, I grew up on niccolo thesis the belief that man landed on the moon in 1969. I was 16 before I began to doubt my faith in my government-run school. Seitz! I was sitting at my run down desk staring.
Apollo 11 , Apollo program , Earth 1243 Words | 4 Pages. The function of the niccolo, moon in TAKETORI MONOGATARI. The world on the moon and the world of fashion, human beings. ?The function of the machiavelli thesis, moon in TAKETORI MONOGATARI. The world on the moon and the world of human beings. . Introduction The moon can be found in many literary works, and thesis statement, it is an element full of literary and narrative quality. The moon in the Taketori Monogatari, which is considered the ancestor of Japanese Narratives by niccolo machiavelli, the Japanese renowned writer Murasaki Shikibu, is without exception an indispensable part. According to NI, Jin-Dan, in literature, the concept of wwii essay, foreign land. Africa , Earth , Human 2375 Words | 6 Pages. Sending an machiavelli American Astronaut Back to the Moon. Man Back to the Moon Never before have so many people been attuned to one event at one time.
Millions of people from all across the globe . surrounded TV sets and radios to watch and listen in on as the cornelia seitz, first Earthling took the niccolo thesis, first steps on the Moon (Nolan). It was on essay about fashion this day in July 1969 that would change the way the world would look at thesis, space exploration. New frontiers for mankind opened up and waves of wwii propaganda, new information came roaring in. Machiavelli Thesis! Since then, in essay contest the span of only three years, six American. Apollo 11 , Apollo 17 , Mars 1235 Words | 3 Pages. Scott's Experience on thesis the Moon in Waliking on the Moon by David R. Scott. the moon in Waliking on the Moon by good on human, David R. Scott WALKING ON THE MOON by niccolo thesis, David R. Scott, an American . astronaut, is an account of his experiences on moon which he has narrated by good thesis, the use of niccolo, figurative language. Good Statement On Human! He has described each aspect with deep detail in order to portray the moon which is merely seen afar. Thesis! He has employed various techniques to describe the moon and to make his experiences comprehendible to all and sundry. Essay About! HE compares, every now and then, his experiences on the moon with. Earth , Human spaceflight , International Space Station 2002 Words | 5 Pages.
Apollo moon landing was a hoax The US Moon landing program was started by John F. Kennedy in response to the Soviet Union's . early successes in space exploration, just in case the niccolo machiavelli thesis, world decided that Communism was the fashion, way to go. Niccolo! The Moon landing hoax refers to the belief of good thesis statement trafficking, a small, but persistent, percentage of people who think that the Apollo Moon landings of the late 60s and thesis, early 70s were propaganda films produced by NASA to embarrass the USSR in the cold war. First I will start talking about. Apollo 11 , Apollo 13 , Apollo 16 1007 Words | 2 Pages. For other uses, see New moon (disambiguation). A graphic depicting the new moon phase In astronomy, new . moon is the first phase of the good thesis statement, Moon , when it lies closest to niccolo the Sun in a streetcar named desire the sky as seen from the niccolo thesis, Earth.
More precisely, it is the instant when the Moon and school 2013, the Sun have the same ecliptical longitude.  The Moon is not normally visible at this time except when it is seen in silhouette during a solar eclipse. See the article on phases of the Moon for further details. Niccolo Machiavelli! The original meaning. Earth , Full moon , Lunar calendar 2533 Words | 7 Pages. considered for the important role of being the first American on essay aims of science and humanities the moon . Then in January of 1969 Neil Armstrong was picked to niccolo be the . commander for Apollo 11, the first landing mission. On July 16 at 9: 32 A.M. Eastern Daylight Time Armstrong, with Micheal Collins and Edwin Aldrin, lifted off from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Essay On The! On July 18, Apollo 11 passed into the gravitational influence of the moon and circled the moon twice. Armstrong and Aldrin entered the machiavelli, lunar module, which they named. Apollo 11 , Apollo 8 , Apollo program 1194 Words | 3 Pages.
?The Dark Side Of The Moon Astronaut #1-A1 Astronaut#2-A2 Astronaut#3-A3 Astronaut#4-A4 NASA-N Scene 1: Take off 5,4,3,2,1 take off . Take off effect, flying through space effect, landing effect A1- were finally here on the moon A2- yah finally I am living my dream… but we should probably start setting up base A3- I guess I will get the tools and equipment A4- okay everyone lets get working we only have a short time here and we have lots to do Scene 2: Landed Power tools, hammers. 2006 albums , Egg , Highways in Croatia 1368 Words | 5 Pages. Effect of the Lunar Phase on Events of the Earth. Explore the effect of the about show, lunar phase on niccolo machiavelli thesis events on Earth - temperature and birth rates. Propaganda! Subject: Astronomy Grade level: High school - grades . 10-12 Project Type: Descriptive Cost: Low Awards: First place in the Leader Regional Science Fair 2003 Honorable Mention at the Canada Wide Science Fair 2003. Affiliation: Canada Wide Virtual Science Fair Link: http://www.virtualsciencefair.org/2003/sitte3b/public_html/ | Short Background | | Lunar phase (or Moon phase ) refers to the appearance of the.
Earth , Full moon , Lunar phase 1166 Words | 3 Pages. “The Man on the Moon ” On July 20th 1969 Apollo 11 was the first spacecraft to land on the moon . Over 600 million families . gathered around their televisions to watch this event take place. There is undeniable physical evidence that the moon landing of 1969 occurred; although many still feel like it was a hoax created by NASA. Some feel as if this was a “Race to Space” competition between countries, and the United States could not take that loss. While others feel as if it was cover up for the. Apollo 11 , Apollo 17 , Apollo program 1637 Words | 5 Pages. Informative Speech on the Theries of the Formatin of the Moon. Michael Koon Informative Speech Theories on the Formation of the machiavelli, Moon Intro A. Attention Getter “We are the essay on the aims, music makers, and we . Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis! are the essay show, dreamers of the dream. Wandering by lone sea breakers, and sitting by niccolo machiavelli thesis, desolate streams. World losers and world forsakers, for whom the pale moon gleams.” (O'Shaughnessy). Truer words could not have been spoken for the moon does gleam for us, it gives us light in thesis on human trafficking the darkest of nights, it controls are tidal shifts and some scientist even believe that.
Charles Darwin , Earth , Evolution 736 Words | 3 Pages. ? Reading Project – Short Stories – Extensive Reading A. Thesis! _____________________________________________________________________ 1. Cornelia Dissertation! Title of the . short story: The Return of the thesis, Moon Man. 2. Author: E.L.Malpass. 3. Middle School Essay Contest 2013! Genre: mystery/ romance/fantasy/suspense/other: Fantasy. Thesis! 4. Show! Number of pages: 6 pages. 5. Date you began reading: Wednesday, 14th April 2010 6. Date you finished reading: Friday, 16th April 2010 7. Niccolo Thesis! Where did you read this story: at home, at school or somewhere else? I read. Apollo 11 , Fiction , Moon 605 Words | 2 Pages. Reality of the school contest 2013, Moon Landing During the 1960s, the Cold War and the Vietnam War were in niccolo thesis full swing, and tensions grew internationally and . nationally.
People began to essay of science and humanities lose trust in the moral and niccolo, ethical behavior of the government. One example of this distrust occurred following a major historical event around the same time period. With millions of people watching, a United States astronaut was televised setting foot on the moon for the first time. Some skeptics thought that the moon landing was fabricated. Apollo 11 , Apollo 16 , Apollo 17 2708 Words | 7 Pages. Ashford Eng 121 Final, Sun and Moon. The Sun and Moon Elizabeth Milam ENG 121: English Composition I Kathy Conner March 5, 2012 The Sun and Moon The sun . and the moon have both been dated at thesis statement on human, 46 billion years old. Other than defining time in human experience, the thesis, sun and moon have very little in common.
Their differences range from wwii propaganda, physical attributes to functions. Since the beginning of civilization, both bodies have inspired a fascination in humans. Even though the sun and moon appear to thesis play similar roles, they are. Earth , Gravitation , Moon 740 Words | 3 Pages. Science Essay About Moons of Our Solar System. to something that we can survive on essay about fashion show like the moons of machiavelli, our solar system? Currently there are 95 moons in our solar system and . still counting.
Actually NASA actually plan on visiting some of the named desire, moons and sending probes to ones we can’t survive on but maybe can have life on it. There is thesis, Triton, the coldest moon of our solar system and largest moon of Neptune. Io, the hottest moon of our solar system, orbits Jupiter. Phobos is actually a very small moon that orbits Mars and has a very low gravity making. Earth , Jupiter , Moon 981 Words | 3 Pages. Negative Influences of the Full Moon. Negative Influences of the Full Moon The believed (this should be belief instead of believed) (I also think that ?is' should have been . used instead of fashion, that) that the machiavelli, full moon affects the essay of science, behaviors of both animals and niccolo machiavelli thesis, humankind alike. During a full moon the number of crimes, homicides, and suicides increase. Has the moon received an unjust verdict because of related superstitions or is it truly capable of rendering a sane man ?mad'. (Mary did not want us to use questions since she states. Full moon , Luck , Lunar phase 1039 Words | 3 Pages.
analysis of wwii propaganda essay, multiplication of sine and cosine signals. Niccolo! A SPICE simulation is used to illustrate QPSK modulation of a 1MHz sine wave. A phasor diagram shows . the impact of poor synchronization with the local oscillator. Essay About! Digital processing is niccolo machiavelli, used to remove phase and cornelia seitz dissertation, frequency errors. Since the early days of niccolo machiavelli thesis, electronics, as advances in technology were taking place, the boundaries of both local and global communication began eroding, resulting in a world that is wwii propaganda essay, smaller and machiavelli thesis, hence more easily accessible for the. Digital , Frequency modulation , Modulation 1491 Words | 5 Pages. Long and Short Term Causes of Moon Landing i. Establish Lunar Base - Wernher von Braun idea ii. Moon exploration program . started during Eienhower era iii.
Soviet success with Yuri Gagarin being put into space caused Kennedy to search for program to catch Americas imagination iv. Kennedy asked his vice president Lyndon Johnson to come up with such a plan. v. As Johnson was from Texas he proposed space idea because NASA base in Houston and would provide economically for them. vi. Kennedy said. Apollo 10 , Apollo 11 , Apollo program 843 Words | 3 Pages. The moon The moon is the only natural satellite of contest 2013, Earth. The moon orbits the Earth from 384,400 km and has an . average speed of 3700 km per hour. It has a diameter of 3476 km, which is about ? that of the Earth and has a mass of 7.35e22 kg. The moon is the second brightest object in the sky after the sun. Thesis! The gravitational forces between the Earth and the moon cause some interesting effects; tides are the most obvious. The moon has no atmosphere, but there is evidence by the United States.
Arctic Circle , Earth , Ecliptic 645 Words | 2 Pages. Why Should We Explore Jupiter’s Moon Europa? Should We Explore Jupiter’s Moon Europa? The planet Jupiter, some 500 million miles from Earth is a very unique planet. Besides being . 1200-1500 (estimates vary) times larger than the Earth, The planet Jupiter is surrounded by a small solar system by itself. The planet Jupiter has some 72 moons orbiting it at present count, and these moons come in thesis statement on human all shapes, sizes, and physical variations.
Many of these moons have quite interesting characteristics, such as the moon Io, which has volcanic geysers. Earth , Europa , Gravitation 987 Words | 3 Pages. References to the Moon in Paul Austers Moon Palace. References to the moon in Paul Austers Moon Palace * Frequently dealing with the moon * Already at niccolo thesis, the . Cornelia Dissertation! beginning the moon is mentioned with the first Landing on the moon * page 7 line 1: * “It was the summer that men first walked on the moon .“ Introduction of the machiavelli thesis, leitmotif; outlines the time in which the story approximately takes place * page 18/ 19: * “Moonlight Moods“;.“ Moon Men“ * page 38 line 21- 25: * “. Radiant Diana, I thought. “ Diana is the Roman. Apollo 11 , Moon , Moon landing 788 Words | 3 Pages. Did Apollo 11 Land on essay on the of science and humanities The Moon ? Tammy Getzloff Rasmussen College Author’s Note This research is being submitted on February 17th, 2013, . for Barton Pritzl’s G239/AST2002 course at Rasmussen College by Tammy Getzloff. Machiavelli! On July 16, 1969 three men, Neil Armstrong, Michael Collins and Buzz Aldrin waited anxiously 363 feet above the ground inside the top of the towering Saturn V rocket, to begin mankind’s most historic journey to landing on the moon . July 20, 1969 at essay about show, approximately 4:17 p.m. Apollo 10 , Apollo 11 , Apollo 13 1450 Words | 4 Pages. Compare and Contrast the niccolo thesis, Poems, ‘Esther’s Tomcat’ by Ted Hughes and ‘the Cat and the Moon’ by wwii essay, W.B.Yeates: The poems ‘Esther’s Tomcat’ by Ted Hughes and ‘The Cat And The Moon ’ by W.B.Yeates share many similarities and contrasts. The main communality . is that of the subject of the poems.
They are both about niccolo, cats. However the on human, cats have many contrasting qualities to niccolo one another. Both the poems are in first person narrative. Middle 2013! This makes the reader feel like the story of the poem is told directly to them, which involves them emotionally. However they vary in machiavelli that of structure.
Their structures are based on the. Cat , First-person narrative , Grammatical tense 1225 Words | 3 Pages. Observable phenomena related to the moon : - phases of the moon : depending on the . Moon ?s position relative to the Sun, we see different parts of the illuminated Moon . Propaganda Essay! - the month:? Moon changes through a complete cycle of phases in about 29.5 days - eclipses To understand these phenomena, we have to change our perspective and niccolo machiavelli, think about the Moon ?s orbit. Some properties of the propaganda essay, Moon : Radius 356,000 km 407,000 km 15% change from max to. Earth , Eclipse , Ecliptic 601 Words | 4 Pages.
The First Man On The Moon In the early 1950’s, the machiavelli thesis, United States of America and essay on the aims, the Soviet Union competed in the greatest race of . all time. This competition quickly gets the name of the niccolo thesis, race to space, more specifically the “race to the moon ” by different journalist and reporters from cornelia, both country Americans and Soviet.Many analysts and specialists of still confuse about the real reasons of this “race”, what start it, why they start it, why go on machiavelli thesis the moon . Two relevant articles inform. Apollo 11 , Apollo 17 , Apollo program 1741 Words | 5 Pages. Moon Landing 1969 “Ignition sequence starts, three, two, one, all engine running, zero, lift off.” On July 16th 9:32 a.m., Apollo 11 was . successfully launched as millions watched. Indeed, the lunar mission of the Apollo 11 was a new break through in the field of space exploration. Soon after, however, many controversies were raised on the authenticity of this event. Many critics of the middle school contest, lunar landing believe that this event was a hoax perpetuated to deceive the society. The debate, whether the moon. Apollo 11 , Apollo 16 , Apollo 17 1043 Words | 3 Pages. The Moon Landing Conspiracy Theory. English crown and Elvis.
The list is endless. In this paper we are going to thesis discuss the moon landing conspiracy. Apparently there are people . who believe the entire moon landing was a hoax. Essay Contest 2013! They believe that we did not actually land on the moon , but produced the event in a movie studio so that we would be able to beat Russia in the great “Space Race”. These people have taken all the evidence from the niccolo, moon landing and analyzed ever aspect and tried to find faults or inconsistencies with the evidence. Apollo 11 , Apollo program , Conspiracy theories 1515 Words | 4 Pages. has worked with the show, others before at some point.
This is where the thesis, forming begins Jim invites other astronauts over to watch the first landing on the . moon . Essay On The Of Science! All of these men have a common goal, which is going to the moon . Machiavelli Thesis! This is also Jim’s interpersonal need to middle essay be around others who want to go to the moon as well. The next phase is the storming phase . We know that people don’t always get along in groups. One great example of this is when Jim, Fred and Ken are in the simulator running case scenarios. Apollo 11 , Conclusion , Eugene Cernan 1043 Words | 3 Pages. The Moon Landing Hoax ConspiracyThe moon landing hoax controversy is still evident after 36 years. Machiavelli! On July 20th, 1969 our lives . changed forever. This was not due to any disastrous event that took place here on Earth, but an dissertation amazing event that took place in the heavens, when the first man walked on that wondrous thing people had gazed at and wondered about for centuries - the moon . Niccolo! Our world was changing at that time in leaps and bounds. It was a time of endless possibilities. Many people think of. Apollo 11 , Apollo 17 , Apollo program 2626 Words | 7 Pages.
? Phases of Change and the Concord Bookshop HCS/587 Creating Change Within Organizations . Phases of Change and school contest, the Concord Bookshop The need for organizational change is inevitable. Technological advances, variations in the consumer marketplace, and evidence-based research dictate that in order for an organization to remain viable, it needs to be amenable to change. This does not mean, however, that organizations change effectively (Spector, 2010). Scientists. Change management , Kurt Lewin , Management 989 Words | 3 Pages. Moon Palace by niccolo machiavelli, Paul Auster. A description of the plot and a creative diary task. MOON PALACE -PAUL AUSTER This is the story of Marco Stanley Fogg, an orphan searching for love, his father and the key to the riddle of his . origin and fate. Marco's mother was killed in a car accident when he was eleven years old, and he never knew who was his father. Since then he had lived with his Uncle Victor in good on human trafficking a small apartment on 112th Street in N.Y. His Uncle was a part of a band who was named Wally Moon and preformed at the Moon Palace diner.
When Stanley grew up he went to the University;. Academy Award for Best Picture , David Zimmer , Death 527 Words | 4 Pages. 21, 2014 Lunar phases For this second outside activity that I choose was to see the moon for each clear night y write down what . I saw. Niccolo Thesis! This activity was really interesting because it was my first time that I paid attention what and cornelia, how the moon works and moves also I love the moon when it projects a lot of niccolo, light. My observations started on cornelia dissertation September 20th and they end on thesis October 20th. During this time that I was looking for the moon there were many days that I couldn’t see the moon . With this activity. 1977 , Ecliptic , Lunar eclipse 731 Words | 2 Pages. gross structural changes.
These structural perturbations include phase separation of the membrane constituents and are associated with . characteristic disturbances of propaganda, function such as loss of machiavelli, selective permeability and transport processes. In most instances, the observed phase separations appear to essay aims be driven by phase changes in the membrane lipids. Some lipids extracted from algae and plant membranes are known to exist in a bilayer gel phase when dispersed in aqueous systems at the growth temperature while. Arithmetic mean , Boiling point , Cell 735 Words | 3 Pages.
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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. Niccolo Machiavelli? note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from Lateral Link’s team of named essay outline expert contributors. Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Niccolo Machiavelli? Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in essay on the aims and humanities government and niccolo machiavelli thesis romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain.
She is a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in French and Spanish (and dabbles in Portuguese and essay Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in niccolo thesis an effort to assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the middle school essay contest printer and reading only thesis what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. You need to make the most important stuff jump off the page. Use bold. Use bullet points.
Use headings. Give some thought to the format that will convey the cornelia necessary information in the most logical way. 2. Be concise and make every word count. Niccolo? This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the purpose of showing that you are the best candidate for wwii essay, the specific job.
It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Keep in the forefront of machiavelli your mind that you are applying for on the of science, a legal job. Thesis? Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to some general litigation spots and some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of your resume, with each tailored to the specific opening or category of opening. 4. Cornelia Dissertation? Be sure you can talk intelligently about machiavelli, every last thing you include on statement on human trafficking, your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews. Niccolo? You also must be prepared to good thesis statement trafficking, talk about the any legal matters you claim to machiavelli thesis, have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues.
5. When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from cornelia dissertation Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. Machiavelli Thesis? If you are no longer on good thesis statement on human trafficking, a committee, delete it from your resume or indicate the niccolo machiavelli thesis proper dates. Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the thesis on human trafficking descriptions of your prior jobs to niccolo machiavelli thesis, the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). Seitz Dissertation? No longer fluent in thesis French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of named essay outline mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot. Niccolo? Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of yours and dissertation not aspirational hobbies).
Maybe you and one of the niccolo machiavelli thesis interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on middle school contest 2013, a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Remember the essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in niccolo machiavelli your chair and confess that you are on the e-mail list for the committee but have yet to attend a meeting? 8. Education first or work experience first? This is a common question. Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to cornelia seitz, jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to machiavelli thesis, list education first.
If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at Wachtell, list work experience first. In the aims case of niccolo machiavelli thesis a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint. Essay Of Science And Humanities? Does the balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle.
Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Proofread your resume carefully. Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to thesis, proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Then proofread it again. Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake.
10?. Essay Fashion Show? Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of thesis you in dissertation the Bahamas in machiavelli your bikini? Shirtless?
You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at good statement, your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of niccolo machiavelli you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen. If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and so can the partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. I’m not asking you to stop using social media. But if you are indiscriminate about cornelia, your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of niccolo thesis designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of paper is your key to getting your foot in propaganda essay the door in the next step of your career… or not.
It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right. Niccolo Thesis? Lateral Link is one of the about show top-rated international legal recruiting firms. With over 14 offices world-wide, Lateral Link specializes in placing attorneys at thesis, the most prestigious law firms in the world. Managed by former practicing attorneys from top law schools, Lateral Link has a tradition of hiring lawyers to execute the a streetcar named lateral leaps of practicing attorneys. Click ::here:: to niccolo thesis, find out more about us. Sign up for our newsletter.
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fieldwork essay Visit the SocMag-Archive. Fieldwork in Social Work Education and Training: Issues and Challenges in thesis, the Case of Eastern and Southern Africa. Jotham Dhemba , National University of Lesotho. Social work is an international profession and similarly social work education internationally has always embraced both academic and practical components. Social work education comprises of a theoretical component taught in the classroom and field- based education involving integration of the contest, academic aspect and practice. Niccolo Machiavelli? Fieldwork, which is also known as field instruction, field placement, field education, practicum or internship is therefore an integral component of social work education. Though the good thesis on human trafficking, definition of social work seems to be a contested terrain, the International Association of Schools of Social Work (IASSW) and the International Federation of Social Workers (IFSW) (2004) convey, its basic meaning quite concisely.
They contend that, The social work profession promotes social change, problem- solving in niccolo, human relationships and the empowerment and liberation of people to enhance well-being. Utilising theories of essay on the of science human behavior and social systems, social work intervenes at the points where people interact with their environment. Principles of human rights and social justice are fundamental to social work. From this definition it is clear that social workers follow a formal procedure in niccolo thesis, helping clients to 2013 cope with their life tasks and to realise their aspirations. This involves developing their ability to deal with their problems more effectively at any given point in niccolo machiavelli thesis, time and also in the future. Furthermore, social work intervention helps people connect with needed resources and to negotiate problematic situations which might also involve changes to existing structures where these present blocks to human growth and development. To this end, social work is professional discipline anchored on a unified curriculum consisting of both theory and a streetcar essay outline, fieldwork components.
As shall be noted later, social work education started in Europe and North America in machiavelli, the last quarter of the 19th century. Its history goes back to the era of the Charity Organisation Societies when students learned social work by apprenticeship, that is, learning by doing. As Royse, Dhooper and Rompf (2007) observe, students obtained firsthand knowledge of poverty and adverse conditions through “applied philanthropy”. They also note that the apprenticeship model emphasised learning by doing and “deriving knowledge from that activity”. By the end of the 19th century, social work gradually evolved from the apprenticeship method with the launching of the first social work training in 1898. This was a summer school established at the New York City Charity Organisation Society.
Six years later, in essay contest 2013, 1904, the Society established the New York School of machiavelli Philanthropy, which offered eight months training in social work. Further to these developments, George, (1982) cited in Royse, et al (2007) contents that Mary Richmond, an early social work practitioner, teacher and theoretician, advocated for complementing field learning with academic education. Royse, et al (2007) also quote Austin (1986) who observes that early in social work education, students spent about half of their academic time in field settings. From the above, it is quite evident that fieldwork is the forerunner of social work education and that theory and practice are equally important. Leading social work scholars, among them, Kaseke (1986), Mupedziswa, (1997) and about fashion, Osie-Hwedie (1996) also unequivocally assert the importance of both field instruction (fieldwork) and classroom instruction. On the same note, Hall (1995:38) asserts that, “a generally accepted view today is that field instruction is of equal importance to academic instruction”. Niccolo Machiavelli? It is therefore self-evident, even from the history of social work in Europe and North America where it originated, that social work education and training has always embraced the view that fieldwork and classroom instruction are essential elements of social work education.
However, the reality at social work training institutions as Kaseke (1990) observes, is that fieldwork is marginalised when compared to its academic counterpart. Essay On The And Humanities? Kaseke asserts that, “there is very little written on this subject matter, thus leaving social work educators, students and field supervisors without any meaningful and niccolo machiavelli thesis, comprehensive guide to field instruction”. Mupedziswa (1997) also corroborates this view, contenting that “social work institutions need to recast their fieldwork in order to give it equal importance to academic instruction”. This study assessed the fieldwork programme at three social work training institutions in Eastern and on the aims of science, Southern Africa, namely the Institute of Social Work (ISW) in Tanzania, National University of niccolo Lesotho (NUL) and School of thesis on human Social Work, University of Zimbabwe. The International Association of Schools of Social Work Directory of 2002, an umbrella body of social work training institutions lists these training institutions as members. NUL and niccolo machiavelli, the School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe offer undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in social work, while at the time of the study the ISW offered a three year undergraduate Advanced Diploma in Social Work as its main programme. The study focused on the Advanced Diploma (ISW) and Bachelor of Social Work students. 2 The role of wwii fieldwork in social work education and training.
It is quite evident from the foregoing, that fieldwork has always been part of social work training and is an integral component of social work education. As Hepworth and Rooney and Larsen (2002) observe, fieldwork engages the student in supervised social work practice and provides opportunities to marry theory and practice. A widely used definition of fieldwork is one by niccolo machiavelli thesis, Hamilton and Else (1983) who view it as, “a consciously planned set of experiences occurring in a practice setting designed to move students from their initial level of understanding, skills and attitudes to levels associated with autonomous social work practice.” As the social work curriculum is based on both theory and practice, the provision of sound theory is essay on the aims of science, critical as is niccolo, fieldwork experience. It is critically important for social work students to dissertation acquire, in a classroom environment, practice principles, values and ethics and the scientific basis for practice. Equally important is the need to apply the theoretical content covered in the classroom, to machiavelli real life situations as part of a student’s preparation to become a professional social worker. It takes more than academic fitness, but also evidence-based knowledge, field- tested skills and a wealth of hands-on-experience to become a fully backed social worker.
As Shardlow and Doel (1996:6) observe, “..these two contexts for learning about social work practice, class and fieldwork need to be integrated, complementary and fashion show, mutually consistent”. They further point out niccolo thesis that the challenge for the student and agency supervisor, is to make this a reality”. Kaseke (1986:55) also observes that fieldwork is an instrument of essay socialisation since it prepares the machiavelli thesis, student for a future role as a social work practitioner. He further asserts that, “a meaningful fieldwork placement is one that enhances the students understanding of the social work profession and a streetcar named desire essay, the nature of the problems the profession addresses itself to”. Learning therefore takes place at various levels, that is, intellectually, emotionally and practically. Furthermore, fieldwork is an opportunity for aligning theoretical knowledge and learning, with the needs of society and the market place. It also affords students the opportunity to take responsibility for addressing people’s problems. Therefore, if handled effectively, fieldwork becomes an important tool in bringing about a social work curriculum that is appropriate and responsive to topical social development issues. Fieldwork also develops in students, skills that will enable them to respond appropriately to the needs of clients.
Furthermore, Safari (1986) observes that, “In the niccolo machiavelli thesis, field, the student comes into contact with needy people, their problems, their reactions to the problems and their attitude towards social workers and thus the student discovers his or her ability to help”. It is through observation and doing the job and feeling responsible for the job of helping people to cope with their problems, that social work students acquire skills. Likewise, fieldwork is designed to contest give the student exposure and experience on the functioning of social welfare agencies and social welfare provisioning. The general purpose of fieldwork is therefore, to acquaint students with actual social work situations, in machiavelli, preparation for professional social work practice. It is an instrument that is about, used to initiate students into the profession through among others, inculcation and assimilation of social work ethics, principles and values. It is widely accepted that it is a basic requirement of all professions to have a knowledge base, principles, values and ethics that guide and inform practice. Similarly, it is through opportunities to practice that students assimilate these principles, values and ethics of the niccolo thesis, profession. Statement of the problem.
While ideally, the academic and practical components of social work education are of equal importance, there are indications that fieldwork is marginalised. Named? Furthermore, there is evidence showing that agency supervisors who are responsible for the practical training of niccolo social work students are not sufficiently resourced to undertake their supervisory role and yet they are expected to provide opportunities for fashion show students to machiavelli thesis develop their professional knowledge and skills. Furthermore, as pointed out elsewhere, Kaseke (1990) observes that there is cornelia seitz dissertation, not much documented literature on this subject and as a result stakeholders do not have an adequate grasp of the issues involved, which inevitably compromises the niccolo, quality of students learning on fieldwork. Justification of the study. Considering that there is not much literature on fieldwork in social work education and training, this study is intended to make a contribution towards filling this gap. The study builds on existing knowledge on fieldwork, including but not limited to the fieldwork curriculum, the management of fieldwork and the needs and challenges faced by students, agency supervisors and training institutions.
The aim of this study was to examine the nature, form and challenges experienced in the management of fieldwork at social work training institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa. The specific objectives of the study were: · to establish the nature, form and content of fieldwork practice at selected social work training institutions in Eastern and Southern Africa. · to ascertain whether fieldwork is treated as being equally important to its theory counterpart (classroom instruction) at the selected training institutions. · to assess the needs and challenges faced by essay on the aims of science and humanities, training institutions, agency supervisors and students on machiavelli, fieldwork. This section covers the research design for essay on the aims and humanities the study, target population, sample and niccolo machiavelli thesis, sampling techniques, data gathering and data analysis. This study is essentially descriptive in nature though it has both quantitative and qualitative elements. The study covered fieldwork coordinators, agency supervisors and students on block fieldwork placement from the propaganda essay, Institute of Social Work (ISW) in Tanzania, the National University of Lesotho (NUL) and the School of niccolo machiavelli Social Work, University of about fashion show Zimbabwe.
An agency supervisor is an employee of the organisation providing the setting for social work students learning. He/she is responsible for niccolo the teaching and learning of wwii a social work student on practical attachment. A sample of 10 students and their agency supervisors participated in the study from the Institute of Social Work, where the author was on thesis, sabbatical leave in 2004. At the National University of Lesotho, a total of 78 fourth year students and six agency supervisors were covered in the study in 2009 and at good statement on human, the School of niccolo Social Work, University of Zimbabwe, a total of 16 second and third year students and their supervisors also participated the a streetcar, study in 2007 and 2008. Therefore, a total of 104 students and 32 agency supervisors from the three institutions participated in the study. Students and agency supervisors. In the case of the ISW and School of Social Work students and their agency supervisors, these were covered in the course of niccolo students’ assessments. The students who participated in the study were those allocated by essay, fieldwork coordinators at the respective institutions. There was therefore no attempt to stratify the study population as data were gathered from students that were allocated for niccolo machiavelli assessment. As for NUL students it was not possible to have a similar arrangement as students assessment was carried out as a team of school supervisors. This being the case, a 100% sample of fourth year students was covered after they had completed their fieldwork.
Purposive sampling was used for agency supervisors as it was quite convenient to select the contest 2013, supervisors of students who participated in the study. Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis? In the case of NUL only six agency supervisors were selected for the study also on the basis of thesis statement on human convenience and willingness to be interviewed. Purposive sampling was also used for fieldwork coordinators (a member of the fieldwork committee at Institute of niccolo machiavelli thesis Social Work and fashion show, a Lecturer involved with students placements at NUL) at the respective institutions. Data gathering techniques. An interview guide covering selected themes on the nature and machiavelli thesis, practice of fieldwork was used to named essay outline obtain information from the target population comprising of social work students, agency supervisors and fieldwork coordinators. However, in the case of NUL, a questionnaire was used for students and this was completed after they returned from fieldwork. Assessment of students at the National University of Lesotho was done as a team of school supervisors and logistically it was not convenient to machiavelli thesis interview them for the study at the time of their assessment. Relevant fieldwork documents at the selected institutions were also reviewed. Data was analysed on the basis of essay on the of science and humanities selected themes, including the thesis, nature and middle school contest 2013, form of fieldwork, duration of fieldwork, agency and school supervision, and challenges experienced in the management and practice of fieldwork among others.
Presentation and discussion of findings. The purpose of this study was basically to unravel the nature and form of fieldwork and challenges in machiavelli thesis, the management of fieldwork at the Institute of Social Work in Tanzania, National University of Lesotho and the School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe. The study is premised on the view that while theory and fieldwork are of about equal importance in social work education and training, the latter is marginalised and it is not accorded the importance that it deserves. The presentation and discussion of the study findings shall be done simultaneously in the sub-sections below. Forms of fieldwork. Social work training institutions generally use one of four forms of fieldwork, namely concurrent, block, a combination of both concurrent and block and in-service placements. The block placement arrangement is niccolo machiavelli, used at the three institutions. However, the ISW uses both concurrent and block placements. The National University of Lesotho also uses block placements at the undergraduate level and concurrent fieldwork at the postgraduate level (MSW).
A block fieldwork placement refers to a continuous full-time engagement of a social work student at a fieldwork agency for a period ranging from at least a month to one year depending on the institution. The School of Social Work, University of Zimbabwe, uses the block placement system with fieldwork occurring in the second and third year for a period of three months and three weeks. At the ISW, there is only one block placement which occurs in the third year for a period of three months. At the National University of about fashion show Lesotho, the block fieldwork occurs in niccolo machiavelli thesis, the second year for a month and in the third and fourth year for two months respectively. Concurrent fieldwork at the ISW occurs at the second year level. As pointed out earlier, the School of Social Work uses block placements only, but first year students also go for field visits in the second semester as part of their orientation to the profession. Concurrent fieldwork occurs simultaneously with classroom instruction.
The students’ time is divided between classroom learning and field based learning. Typically, students spend two or three days in a week at the field agency and they take classes for the remaining two or three days of the week. The beauty of the concurrent fieldwork arrangement lies in the simultaneous and immediate application of theory learnt in the classroom into practice. An added advantage of essay on the this form of fieldwork is that students can share and readily discuss their placements while at the training institution and this can contribute to effective integration of theory and practice. However a major limitation of this arrangement is that students have to be attached at agencies within the proximity of the training institution. Therefore, on this basis, students are denied the opportunity to work in niccolo thesis, remote rural areas where social work intervention is probably most needed as most social work training institutions are urban based. Thesis? Furthermore, this arrangement may not work well as the student has to be reporting to both his or her training institution and the agency supervisor. In support of this view, Hall (1990: 31) states that, “ the disadvantage is the possibility that the fieldwork experience becomes more fragmented and students are unable to do justice to either theory or practice because of the overlapping expectations of workplace and school”. It is also difficult to come up with a structured programme for a student working on a part-time basis. There is also the risk of machiavelli agency supervisors neglecting or forgetting about their students as they only meet them twice or thrice in a week. It appears the rationale for using concurrent placements initially at first or second year levels or both levels and then blocks at higher levels is to offer students an opportunity to essay about fashion gradually acquaint themselves with the niccolo machiavelli, profession.
This is so considering that in the first or second year of the course expectations are not very high. Middle School Contest? Students are required to observe the supervisor in niccolo, action and to perform tasks befitting their level. Placements at essay fashion show, this level are therefore of an exploratory character with the student carrying out tasks that are not too complex. However, at higher levels the student is niccolo machiavelli, expected to be active at a practical level, carrying out tasks that have considerable scope for increasingly independent execution of statement trafficking duties and skills. While the block placement allows students to immerse themselves in the work of an agency and is more conducive to the pursuit of intellectually and niccolo machiavelli thesis, professionally stimulating tasks, it also has its weaknesses. One problem is the postponement of application of middle school essay theory into practice until a certain level of theoretical knowledge is attained.
Additionally, there is a clear separation of the timing and context in which theory and niccolo machiavelli thesis, practice take place as students are away from the training institution for a period ranging from one month to a year. On the on the of science and humanities, other hand, in-service placements are appropriate in situations where social work training is designed as part of in-service training. Students go back to their places of employment, for fieldwork experience in the context of their existing jobs. Hall (1990) cites the example of the Department of Social Services, at Kaduna Polytechnic in Nigeria which offers an in-service training course and uses in-service placements for its fieldwork programme. However, such programmes are mounted on a one-off basis and are therefore not sustainable in the long term as it would be difficult to guarantee a regular supply of students from employers. It must however be appreciated that the niccolo machiavelli, choice of the most appropriate form or combination, is based on the demands of classroom instruction in terms of course configuration and the amount of time required for each subject. Each institution is therefore unique in propaganda essay, terms of prevailing circumstances and conditions but it is important to settle for the most effective form of fieldwork that guarantees professional growth and development for the student. Nature of niccolo machiavelli thesis fieldwork.
In describing the nature of fieldwork at the institutions covered in the study it is important to refer to the IASSW and good statement, IFSW (2004) Global Standards on Social Work Education and of special interest are standards relating to duration of fieldwork, expectations and requirements for agency supervision, the fieldwork curriculum. These shall be examined in the sections below. It also needs to be noted from the outset that it was very evident from the collation of data gathered that, in many regards, fieldwork at the three institutions is generally the same. Niccolo Thesis? There are however significant differences in the structure of fieldwork in terms of form, level at which it takes place and the duration of fieldwork. As pointed out earlier, the essay, block fieldwork placement is common at the three institutions, though there are differences in duration and the levels at which it occurs.
The other notable difference, as indicated previously, is that the ISW and NUL (at Masters Level only) also utilise concurrent fieldwork. Duration of fieldwork. As stipulated by the IASSW and IFSW the niccolo machiavelli, duration of fieldwork should be sufficient and about fashion show, challenging enough to prepare students for professional practice. Cumulatively, the total fieldwork time for block placements at undergraduate level (at the social work training institutions covered) is as follows: No. of block placements Total duration. Institute of Social Work (one block placement) 3 months.
National University of Lesotho (3 blocks at second, third. and fourth year) 5 months. School of Social Work (2 block placements at thesis, 6 months, 3 wks. Second and third year) (27 wks) It is clear from the table above, that if one considers block placements only, the total fieldwork time is longest at the School of Social Work, where it is 6 months and three weeks. It is shortest at the Institute of Social Work (as of 2004) where it is only three months.
This is probably because the Institute is essay, not a degree awarding institution as it offers a three-year Advanced Diploma in Social Work whereas the other institutions offer four-year degree programmes. The majority of the thesis, agency supervisors and students from the Institute of Social Work were of the view that three months of fieldwork is rather short. Considering that the students only have one block placement, it is understandable that they preferred a longer placement which enables both students and supervisors to essay aims of science pursue the niccolo, fieldwork objectives to the end. The majority of School of Social Work students and their supervisors were also of the opinion that their fieldwork was short. This is also understandable considering that the fieldwork takes place at two levels, that is, second and third year, for 8 and 15 weeks respectively. Though cumulatively, the fieldwork is thesis, longer at the School of Social Work, the time allocated per block placement was considered to be inadequate. While there are both advantages and disadvantages in having a single or multiple block placements at the undergraduate level, it is important to consider these in relation to the context in which training is taking place and the learning needs of students. An obvious advantage of at least two block placements is that students get varied experiences, which prepares them to function in machiavelli thesis, any social work setting when they qualify.
A single placement limits the student particularly in third world contexts where resources are scarce and essay aims of science, poverty abounds. At NUL, students go for block placement at niccolo machiavelli thesis, the beginning of second, third and fourth year. Though the duration of fieldwork was deemed to be generally inadequate by agency supervisors, 72% of the students expressed contentment with the two months fieldwork. Fewer students indicated that the fieldwork was too long. The main reason given for this position was that social work students do not have holidays, unlike students in other programmes. Fieldwork at NUL takes place during the long vacation from end of good thesis on human May to machiavelli July thus denying students their much needed break in between semesters. Some students actually wished it could be reduced to one month and wwii propaganda essay, they argued that it should be done during semester time, like the academic courses. The other problem raised was that students on fieldwork experience acute financial hardships as they do not get adequate financial support from government. One student summed up the problems pointing out that, “We endure so many hardships as a result of inadequate financial support when doing fieldwork. It is actually a mystery that some of us last the two months. Two months is too long without financial support for our upkeep and transport”.
Some also indicated that they did not have much work to occupy them and they were therefore idle most of the time. However, agency supervisors were of the feeling that eight weeks was too short considering that students needed time to learn and to adjust to the new situation. While it would be difficult to prescribe the form and duration of machiavelli thesis fieldwork as training institutions are unique in their own right, what is emerging from this study is the cornelia dissertation, need for block fieldwork to thesis be long enough for students to develop and essay of science and humanities, consolidate their skills. The Council on Social Work Education (CSWE) (in the USA), quoted in Royce, Dhooper and Rompf (2007) requires that undergraduate students do fieldwork for a minimum of 400 contact hours. This translates to a minimum fieldwork period of thesis three months. Therefore, if one is to use the CSWE standard to measure the good on human trafficking, adequacy of the duration of fieldwork, then clearly, the three institutions covered in this study meet this requirement. The study found that the three institutions covered in the study did not have a comprehensive fieldwork curriculum. At best, the fieldwork curriculum at the institutions is fragmented. However, when compared to its academic counterpart (classroom instruction) taught courses have a well-organised structure based on a clearly defined curriculum. This makes the learning and teaching manageable and focused.
Shardlow and Doel (1996:79-80) suggest the following advantages of having a fieldwork curriculum: the requirements of social work practice can shape the machiavelli thesis, content of what is learned by students through a practice curriculum. students are empowered through the existence of an explicit written practice curriculum; they can have an understanding of good thesis statement required learning at the start of the placement. practice teachers are empowered through the development of the machiavelli thesis, curriculum as a common currency, so there is an a streetcar desire outline, opportunity and a reason to become connected with each other. It is possible to organise practice learning so that simple or core skills, basic knowledge or fundamental values are learned before the more complex elements are attempted. It is possible with a practice curriculum to know when learning has been achieved in given areas, and thesis, then to move on to other components of the curriculum or to find ways to compensate for essay of science deficiencies in the learning environment – if, for example, live practice with clients is thesis, not generating appropriate learning experiences, other methods of learning can be used. The curriculum allows for a range of different learning opportunities and learning methods to essay be used: this can be well- organised and planned before the start of the placement. The examination of practice competence can be structured and niccolo machiavelli, harmonized to fit with the cornelia seitz dissertation, pace of learning. An analysis of the niccolo, fieldwork course materials at named desire outline, the institutions reveals that the only documents in niccolo, use are fieldwork placement forms, that is, background information forms, assessment forms, guidelines for writing fieldwork reports, contract forms in wwii, the case of the machiavelli, School of Social Work, and letters of introduction for students. Of concern was the lack of Fieldwork Manuals at two of the institutions. Manuals provide valuable reference material for students, agency supervisors and social work educators. Though the on the and humanities, School of Social Work has a fieldwork manual, which probably needs updating as it is a 1990 publication, agency supervisors indicated that they did not have this manual.
Commenting on the state of fieldwork at one of the training institutions one fieldwork coordinator had this to say, “Agency supervisors sometimes phone us wanting to know the expectations for fieldwork. To be honest with you we are also at a loss as to what to tell them. We do not have much documented materials on fieldwork apart from machiavelli thesis, students’ fieldwork reports and fieldwork placement forms. I believe this is also compounded by the fact that our students go to a diversity of agencies which makes it difficult to come up with a universally applicable fieldwork programme”. Criteria used in the choice of fieldwork agencies.
Students covered in the study were placed in a wide range of agencies including but not limited to government ministries and departments, local authorities and Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs), indicating flexibility in the criteria used to select fieldwork agencies. Understandably, agencies of first choice for students were those that pay allowances and named essay, other incentives. As most students did not get allowances for fieldwork, the need to machiavelli thesis minimise costs on transport and other expenses prompted them to choose agencies within close proximity to their places of residence and not necessarily those with the greatest potential for provision of wwii essay learning. However on the part of training institutions, the main consideration was to minimise the costs involved in fieldwork assessment visits (follow-ups). Machiavelli Thesis? Based on this reality, most placements were in urban settings. However, at the School of about fashion show Social Work, students did their fieldwork only in Harare (where it is niccolo, located). Furthermore, the fieldwork coordinator at one of the institutions pointed out that “there is an acute shortage of agencies willing to take students on placement which makes it difficult to secure placements for all the students if we are to follow a rigid selection criterion.
We have to be flexible if all students are to be placed”. However, on the same note, the Council on Social Work Education, quoted in Royse et al (2007:5) stipulates that fieldwork should occur in settings that reinforce students, “identification with the purposes, values, and essay of science, ethics of the machiavelli thesis, profession, fosters the integration of empirical and practice based knowledge and promotes the development of professional competency”. Quality of agency supervision. Though the use of essay contest qualified and experienced supervisors is quite critical in any professional training this study found the supervision of students by non-social workers to be a common practice. The study revealed that, 52.5% of agency supervisors of the School of Social Work students were not social workers. 50% of the ISW students indicated that their supervisors were not social workers. 63% of social work students at NUL indicated that they were supervised by thesis, non social workers. These findings are perhaps not surprising considering that there is an acute shortage of suitable fieldwork agencies and in the case of the School of Social Work in Zimbabwe this was also compounded by the massive exodus of qualified social workers during the period 2002-2009 as a result of political and economic challenges facing the school essay 2013, country then. Also problematic is that most of the agency supervisors did not have a programme showing how the machiavelli thesis, teaching and learning was to happen.
It was indicated that training institutions did not provide them with any guidelines and as a result they just ended up improvising. Propaganda Essay? An agency supervisor at one of the District Social Welfare Offices in Lesotho indicated that there was just an niccolo thesis, understanding with the student, that in a five-day week she would spend two days doing administrative work at the office and three days in thesis statement, the community carrying out home assessment visits. Similarly, the niccolo, majority of the students from the National University of Lesotho indicated that their programme was rather informal. Both students and agency supervisors revealed that school supervisors did not ask for any written material on their assessment visits. On this basis, it is named outline, clear that without a guide or programme (curriculum to follow) it is difficult to machiavelli achieve the objectives of fieldwork, let alone provide quality learning and mentoring for students, particularly in the case of unqualified supervisors. Support given to agency supervisors. It cannot be overstressed that field supervisors play an important role in the training of social workers. They are partners in the training process with responsibility to manage the transition from the classroom to the field and statement on human, this requires support and machiavelli thesis, continuous dialogue between the training institution, the essay on the of science and humanities, agency supervisor and machiavelli thesis, the agency. It is probably in recognition of this fact that the IASSW and IFSW spell out the need for training institutions to provide fieldwork manuals and orientation to agency supervisors.
This enables them to appreciate expectations of their role it also ensures that students are given optimum opportunity to develop professional knowledge and skill. Notwithstanding the recognition that the role of agency supervisor is ever more prominent and important, this study found that there is no clear exposition of the a streetcar, process and nature of the niccolo machiavelli thesis, teaching and learning required on fieldwork. It was reported that the training institutions are severely constrained in their efforts to empower agency supervisors to perform their roles effectively. As pointed out earlier, the majority of the wwii propaganda essay, agency supervisors were just groping in the dark as they did not have a clear understanding of the nature and type of learning to provide students on fieldwork. This is consistent with the view expressed by one non-social work agency supervisor that they experience problems completing students’ assessment forms at the end of the placement as some of them are not social workers and they also do not understand what is expected of them. ”As a result most of the assessment forms are returned to the training institution incomplete” commented the supervisor.
With the increasing use of non- social work agency supervisors, the provision of training and other supportive materials such as handbooks/manuals would go a long way in enhancing the quality of practice learning. Though the IASSW and IFSW (to which they are members) stipulate the niccolo, need for training institutions to capacitate agency supervisors, none of the institutions had provided training or fieldwork materials in the five years prior to thesis on human trafficking the study. In spite of the School of Social Work having a fieldwork-training manual, agency supervisors indicated that they did not have the manual, an niccolo thesis, indication that there is thesis statement on human trafficking, probably not much interaction between the institution and agency supervisors. Ironically, the niccolo thesis, study also found that all agency supervisors had not received any training or orientation prior to the commencement of fieldwork. Though it was reported that training workshops had been held in the past, such workshops need to be carried out regularly. Cornelia? In the case of the School of Social Work, the last training workshop was said to have taken place in 2001. As Shardlow and Doel (1996:4) observe, “learning, for a student on niccolo, placement, does not just happen by osmosis; it requires effort and planning by both student and contest 2013, practice teacher”. These problems were reported to be largely as a result of lack of or under-funding of fieldwork related activities. Challenges in the management of niccolo machiavelli fieldwork. The study also sought to find out challenges experienced in the management of fieldwork.
It was found that the shortage of qualified and experienced supervisors, shortage of suitable fieldwork agencies, inadequate funding and timing of fieldwork were the propaganda essay, major challenges the institutions have to thesis grapple with. Statement On Human Trafficking? These challenges are examined below: (a) Shortage of qualified agency supervisors. The shortage of niccolo qualified and experienced agency supervisors was found to be a common problem. About Fashion Show? Invariably, qualified and experienced social workers should handle practical training in niccolo thesis, social work. However, the situation obtaining in the three countries, that is, Lesotho, Tanzania and Zimbabwe is that not all social development and welfare agencies, where students can do their fieldwork, employ social workers. This is the case as it is not a requirement in the three countries for one to be registered as a social worker in order to practice social work. Good Statement? Resultantly, there is an infiltration of the profession as some of the social welfare agencies are employing workers from other disciplines to thesis carry out cornelia seitz dissertation social work roles. What is also worrisome is that even in some agencies that are primary social work settings, students can be supervised by non- social workers.
A typical example is that of the Department of Social Welfare in Zimbabwe, which started employing non- social workers from around 2002, ostensibly because of the shortage of social workers. Many social workers were reported to have left the country mainly to South Africa and the United Kingdom, owing to political and economic problems experienced then. In the niccolo, case of NUL, this problem is also compounded by the timing of fieldwork as second, third and fourth year students go for fieldwork at the same time. This is a big challenge considering that a total of about 300 students have to be accommodated in the few agencies operating in the country. However, as social work is practiced in a variety of cornelia seitz settings, it is inevitable that non- social workers will have to supervise social work students. Furthermore, in spite of this crippling shortage of qualified agency supervisors, it needs to be acknowledged that non-social work agency supervisors have contributed significantly to the survival of the fieldwork programme at niccolo machiavelli thesis, institutions covered in the study. (b) Shortage of suitable agencies for fieldwork. Both students and fieldwork coordinators confirmed that it was a nightmare securing fieldwork placements. In the case of the School of Social Work in Harare, this problem was compounded by the fact that students were restricted to Harare-based agencies only, where the School is situated. It was indicated that owing to financial constraints, it was difficult for school supervisors to follow up students on fieldwork outside Harare.
Furthermore, Departments of Social Welfare in the three countries, which ideally should host the bulk of the students on fieldwork, were reportedly seriously short-staffed and not well resourced in school essay contest, terms office space and transport. Niccolo Machiavelli? Resultantly only essay aims and humanities, a limited number of students could be absorbed. Also compounding the problem was competition from other programmes at the training institutions that were also sending their students for attachment at organisations that traditionally took social workers only. Apparently this was a problem at the three institutions covered in the study. Machiavelli? Furthermore, as pointed out earlier, the timing of fieldwork at NUL, where three groups go for the fieldwork at the same time is also contributing to the shortage of suitable agencies. The challenge is cornelia seitz, placing about 300 students at one go. Financial support for students on fieldwork. The majority of the students failed to understanding why they did not get fieldwork allowances and yet they had a longer academic year than other students. While third and fourth year students at machiavelli, NUL and at the ISW received allowances for fieldwork, the amount was considered to be very little and not even enough to cover their transport costs. School of Social Work students indicated that they did not get any allowances for essay on the aims of science fieldwork.
On this basis students wondered how they were expected to apply themselves seriously “on an empty stomach”. It was complained that support levels for social work students’ are the same with students in purely academic programmes without a practical component. This is also an anomaly, if one considers that the academic year for social work students, unlike students in other programmes is machiavelli thesis, extended by two to three months and cornelia, that they also have to contend with transport and subsistence costs while on fieldwork. Lack of visitation by school supervisors. While school supervision visits provide opportunities for students and machiavelli thesis, agency supervisors to get guidance in pursuing the objectives of the placement and also to assess their performance students such visits were reported to be erratic at one of the institutions. Cornelia Seitz Dissertation? This obviously diminishes the importance of machiavelli thesis fieldwork and it also undermines the learning process. A follow-up of this matter with the fieldwork coordinator concerned revealed that fieldwork does not always get a budgetary allocation and that if allocated it is always far from essay about show, adequate. “Sometimes school supervisors use their own resources for machiavelli supervision and essay about fashion, obviously there is limit to which they can subsidise fieldwork” commented the fieldwork coordinator.
Highlighting the importance of supervision visits by school supervisors, Raphael and Rosenblum (1987) observe that even the planning of these visits, has an energising effect on the placement. They assert that: “Knowing that a faculty member who represents the School will be coming on machiavelli thesis, a specific date to review progress stimulates the field instructor and student to assess their progress. The heightened energy available at such times should be consciously used to dissertation facilitate change for educational purposes” (1987:158) Failure by school supervisors to assess students on fieldwork can have a very damaging effect on niccolo machiavelli thesis, the morale of the student and agency supervisor and the placement in general. It can also affect relations between the training institution and fieldwork agencies. Essay Aims Of Science And Humanities? At one of the institutions it was reported that some agencies threatened to stop taking students if school supervisors did not make follow-up visits. While it is evident from the study that fieldwork in social work education is marginalised, there are indeed very promising prospects of raising its effectiveness and quality of training. Of significance is niccolo machiavelli thesis, that the institutions covered in the study treat fieldwork as a compulsory course notwithstanding the many challenges faced in its management. On The And Humanities? Furthermore, as pointed out elsewhere, it is also encouraging that the niccolo machiavelli, IASSW and IFSW came up with qualifying standards for wwii propaganda social work education, fieldwork included. If adopted, these would go a long way in transforming fieldwork practice.
Specifically, these include, among others, the need to appoint qualified and experienced agency supervisors, the need to provide orientation and training to the same, the need for social work training institutions to develop fieldwork manuals and also to ensure that the duration of fieldwork is sufficient. Furthermore, while the niccolo machiavelli thesis, challenges confronting the fieldwork component in the training of social workers require intervention at wwii propaganda essay, the highest level, that is government and management at training institutions, it is also necessary that those involved in fieldwork execute their roles and responsibilities effectively. Specifically, the fieldwork coordinator, agency supervisor, students and thesis, school supervisors should be competent and resourceful in discharging their roles and responsibilities. Suggestions on strengthening fieldwork. It is clear that fieldwork in social work education faces a number of challenges. While the wwii propaganda, primary responsibility for addressing these challenges lies with the social work department or unit, there are issues that need the intervention of central administration at the training institution. Chief among these is inadequate funding for fieldwork related activities. Second is the lack of a clear learning content for machiavelli thesis fieldwork. Cornelia Seitz? Third, and on machiavelli thesis, a related matter, is the lack of good trafficking training for agency supervisors. In order to develop fieldwork to its fullest potential and to machiavelli enhance the quality of learning, it is necessary to adopt the following measures:
There is need to allocate and to increase the budget for fieldwork. Social work is a professional discipline that has both theoretical and propaganda essay, practical components. There is therefore need for training institutions to allocate a separate budget for fieldwork in order to cater for the training of agency supervisors, school supervision, development of niccolo machiavelli fieldwork manuals and other related activities. Development of fieldwork manuals. It is imperative that schools of social work develop their own fieldwork manuals, covering the teaching and learning content for fieldwork. This is on the, particularly important considering that each institution is unique in terms of the prevailing socio-economic conditions, challenges and experiences, the social work education curriculum in niccolo machiavelli, a given country.
Manuals are a useful resource for social work educators, students and agency supervisors. Introduction of a taught course on fieldwork theory and statement, practice. While the academic component of social work education (theory courses) also prepares students for their field education, it is the view of the author that fieldwork should have a taught component (in class). This will address two concerns. Machiavelli Thesis? First, is the concern that students lack knowledge and understanding of learning experiences on essay, fieldwork. This would therefore prepare students for actual practice and also facilitate the learning process during fieldwork. Secondly, there seems to be a lack of interest on fieldwork issues among social work scholars, which partly explains the paucity of literature on the subject. Niccolo Machiavelli Thesis? A taught component on fieldwork would contribute towards generating research interest on fieldwork issues among social work scholars.
In making this suggestion, the author is aware that the Institute of Social Work in good, Tanzania has a theory course on field instruction that students take before proceeding for field practice. Total duration of block fieldwork. While the niccolo, duration of fieldwork varies at the three institutions, it is recommended that the total duration be at least six months, which is 960 contact hours. This is a streetcar outline, based on the view that fieldwork needs to be long enough for thesis students and field supervisors to accomplish their objectives for named desire the placement. Niccolo Thesis? With regard to the number of placements at the undergraduate level, it is necessary to have two, preferably in the last two years of training. However, this should be at different agencies, which gives students varied experience through learning to adjust to new situations. Dominelli, L. (2002) International Association of a streetcar desire essay Schools of Social Work Directory.
UK, IASSW and Department of Social Work, University of Southampton. Hall, N. (1990) Social Work Training in Africa: A Fieldwork Manual. Niccolo Thesis? Harare, Journal of Social Development in propaganda essay, Africa. Hepworth, D.H, Rooney, R. and Larsen, J.A. Niccolo? (2002) Direct Social Work Practice: Theory and essay contest 2013, Skills. U.S.A., Brooks/Cole.
IASSW and niccolo machiavelli, IFSW (2004) Global Standards for the Education and Training of the Social work Profession. Bern, Switzerland, Sage. Kaseke, E. (1986) The Role of Fieldwork in Social Work Training, in: Social Development and essay aims, Rural Fieldwork. Proceedings of a workshop held in Harare. Harare, Journal of Social Development in Africa, pp. 52-62. Kaseke, E. (1990) Foreword, in: Hall, N. Social Work Training in Africa: A Fieldwork Manual.
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